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After you've recorded or added a region, you don't want to unintentionally move that region. To guard against that, you can lock the region in place. There're two ways to lock a region. The first is called edit lock. I'm going to double-click on these regions here and then go up to the Region menu and choose Edit Lock. You'll see down in these regions a solid lock icon. Now if I go to the Grabber tool here and I try to grab these and move them, I get this warning, "This command will affect one or more locked regions." You can either cancel or allow it, but at least you'll know that this region is locked, and you won't accidentally or unintentionally move that region.
I'm going to hit Cancel. There are key commands for edit locking: Command+L on a Mac or Ctrl+L in Windows. You can toggle any regions that are locked by using this command. Time lock is a slightly more lenient type of locking. The region will be locked in time, but you can edit it as long as the edits don't move the region in time. Let's take a look at that. I'm going to highlight these regions. Go to Region > Time Lock.
You'll notice that the icon is an outline of a lock, not a solid lock, like the Edit Lock icon. The Time Lock command also has keyboard shortcuts: Ctrl+Option+L on a Mac or Start+Alt+L in Windows. So now with these regions time-locked, I'm going to try and click and drag them, and you can't even do it at all. So time lock doesn't even have the same Allow feature that edit lock does. However, if I go to the Trim tool, I can actually trim these regions, because I'm not changing the timing of what is in this region.
Now let's talk about muting a region. Muting a region simply means to make it silent, but not to delete it. So let's try muting these regions. Hit the Grabber tool, highlight them, go to Edit > Mute Regions. Since they're locked, it's letting us know that this command will affect the locked regions, but I'm going to allow it. So they get grayed out, and that's how you know that they're muted. Now there are key commands for this as well; Command+M on a Mac or Ctrl+M in Windows will mute or unmute a region.
Muting is a great way to help build the song arrangement of loop-based music production, as well as a simple tool for creating space in a mix. I also recommend locking your regions once you've done some editing to a session, or at least once you start mixing your song. You don't want to spend time realigning regions that you move by accident while mixing. I'm sure you'll utilize these commands a lot while using Pro Tools.
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