Easy-to-follow video tutorials help you learn software, creative, and business skills.Become a member

Editing MIDI data with Event Operations

From: Pro Tools 10 Essential Training

Video: Editing MIDI data with Event Operations

While the edit tools and MIDI Event List enable you to edit specific notes or groups of notes, the editing possibilities found in the Event Operations window can have even more impact on your MIDI and instrument tracks. Let's go up to Event > Event Operations. The operations in the Event Operations window enable you to enter and alter the pitch, dynamics, timing, and phrasing of any MIDI performance. And we've already covered Input Quantize and Step Input here, but now I'll give explanations of the others, and then I'll dedicate a separate video to the most enigmatic of these operations, quantization.

Editing MIDI data with Event Operations

While the edit tools and MIDI Event List enable you to edit specific notes or groups of notes, the editing possibilities found in the Event Operations window can have even more impact on your MIDI and instrument tracks. Let's go up to Event > Event Operations. The operations in the Event Operations window enable you to enter and alter the pitch, dynamics, timing, and phrasing of any MIDI performance. And we've already covered Input Quantize and Step Input here, but now I'll give explanations of the others, and then I'll dedicate a separate video to the most enigmatic of these operations, quantization.

Let's start with Change Velocity. The Change Velocity function adjusts the attack and release velocities for selected MIDI notes. It's useful for creating dynamic changes that weren't recorded with the original MIDI data. So, if I were to select these notes right here on the trumpet track, I can choose to change the velocity of the note on or the note off. I can set them all to a particular value, and I could use this slider or I can type in a value.

Now, I just hit Return and that changed all of these to 100. Let's open that back up and look at some of the other options. We can add an amount or subtract an amount from the velocity, we can scale it, and we can change the velocity smoothly by percentages or from certain values. We can also randomize. If I hit Randomize and hit Apply, you'll see that the velocities are kind of all over the place now.

Let's undo that. Let's move on to the Change Duration window. The Change Duration function is good for making a MIDI or instrument track more staccato for shorter notes or more legato for longer smoother phrasing. You can also use it to remove overlapping notes and transform sustain pedal data into duration data, which can be helpful if a piano player is too heavy on the sustain pedal while recording MIDI data. In this case, I'm going to change this short staccato trumpet part into a more legato performance.

First, let's listen to it once as it is. (Music Playing) Now, I'm going to change this to Legato and keep all of this the same and hit Apply. Now, you see that these notes have become much longer, and let's listen to this. (Music Playing) Changing the durations here can affect the whole feel of this track. Next, let's move on to Transpose.

The Transpose function moves selected notes up or down in pitch. This is what you want to use if you want to change the key of a part without rerecording the part, or to move the MIDI part up or down an octave to make it sound in a better range, or to change a triggered sample on a repeated note. So, we could use this to change the sound of a high hat to a ride cymbal. Now, let's take a listen to this track before we transpose anything. So I'm going to close this window first and unsolo that track and then hit Return to go back to the beginning of the song.

(Music Playing) So that's the original key. If we go up here to Transpose, open that up, you'll see that we've got the transposition set here at three semitones, and I'm going to apply that to all of these notes here in the bass, trumpets and piano. And you saw all the notes move here, and now let's press Play and hear this.

(Music Playing) That's an easy way to try out a different key for your song. I'm going to undo that now. Now, you note that I did not transpose the drumbeat, because if you transpose the drum tracks, they'll move the pitches away from the actual drums that you wanted. They won't actually change the pitch of the drums; they'll change the samples, and we don't want that here.

Let's move on to the Select/Split Notes. The Select/Split Notes function allows you to select notes based on pitch, velocity, duration, and position, whether you're a selecting a single note or a range. And this is particularly useful for altering a single note for the entire length of a clip or track. Let's go back down to the trumpet here, and in this example, we're going to change an A major chord to an A minor by selecting the C sharp note and moving it down to C, which creates a minor third instead of a major third.

So, first I'm going to select this note area that I want, and I want to say notes between C#3 and C#3, so that only selects this one particular note, and the Action is going to be Select notes. If I hit Apply, then Pro Tools selects only the notes that are chosen in here in the Pitch criteria. Now, if I triple-click in this track to select all the notes and then hit Apply again, you'll see that it'll select all of the notes on this track just for the C#3.

Now, I can take the Grabber tool and move all of these notes down by a half step. (Music Playing) Now, I've just change this chord from an A major to an A minor by changing this pitch from C# to C. More advanced than the Select Notes function, the Split Notes function helps you to divide notes into ranges, and this is very useful for splitting up parts that were played on a single track into multiple tracks. Some examples include splitting chords into individual notes for horn charts or for splitting up a full drum kit into individual tracks, and let me show you how to do that.

I'm going to scroll up to the drum track here and triple-click in here to select all the notes. Then I'm going to go over to the Action in the Split/Select Notes function and choose Split notes. I'm also going to choose All notes in the Pitch Criteria. Then I'm going to choose Copy, and a new track per pitch. When I hit Apply, you'll see that Pro Tools automatically splits this track into three new tracks, with one pitch per track.

So now I have the kick, snare, and cymbal separated onto three separate tracks. Let's move on to the Restore Performance function. The Restore Performance function enables you to undo any timing, pitch, duration, and velocity edits that you made using the MIDI-editing functions in the Event Operations window--even after the session has been saved. It can also be used to remove quantization that was applied using Input Quantize. However, when you manually move a MIDI note, the Restore Performance function does not undo the move, and this includes cutting, copying, pasting, and trimming.

Also note that the Restore Performance command cannot be undone. In this window here, we can choose what attributes to restore: Timing, Duration, Velocity, and Pitch. Hit the Apply button to restore the original performance data. Let's move on to Flatten Performance. Once you finalize some or all of the edits on a MIDI or instrument track, you can choose Flatten Performance and save the edits permanently. I recommend making a duplicate playlist of the edited track before flattening it, and I personally don't really see the need for doing this operation, so I don't really use it-- I guess because I always like to have the option to go back to previous edits if necessary.

However, some people might like to lock in their edits with this function. Here in this video you've seen many powerful editing features that are part of the Event Operations window, and we haven't even touched quantization yet. Get to know these features; they can make potentially cumbersome data manipulation into quick and easy edits.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Pro Tools 10 Essential Training
Pro Tools 10 Essential Training

108 video lessons · 15233 viewers

David Franz
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 13m 44s
    1. Welcome
      1m 20s
    2. Exploring the different versions of Pro Tools
      3m 22s
    3. Optimizing your computer before installing Pro Tools
      4m 18s
    4. Troubleshooting
      2m 19s
    5. Using the exercise files
      2m 25s
  2. 36m 55s
    1. Installing and authorizing Pro Tools
      1m 49s
    2. Connecting your Pro Tools system
      4m 31s
    3. Powering up and powering down
      58s
    4. Choosing the Playback Engine and Hardware settings
      5m 55s
    5. Optimizing Pro Tools' performance
      6m 26s
    6. Utilizing Automatic Delay Compensation (ADC)
      3m 36s
    7. Setting essential preferences
      2m 35s
    8. Creating a Pro Tools session
      4m 31s
    9. Identifying elements in a session folder
      2m 36s
    10. Creating new tracks
      3m 58s
  3. 42m 5s
    1. Exploring the Edit window
      6m 44s
    2. Exploring the Mix window
      3m 11s
    3. Exploring the Transport and Big Counter windows
      2m 57s
    4. Using the Color palette and window arrangements
      2m 35s
    5. Investigating the menus
      3m 22s
    6. Understanding samples and ticks
      3m 34s
    7. Viewing and manipulating tracks
      4m 31s
    8. Selecting inputs, outputs, and busses
      3m 58s
    9. Selecting an I/O settings file
      4m 12s
    10. Understanding signal paths and gain stages
      3m 46s
    11. Utilizing keyboard shortcuts and Keyboard Focus
      3m 15s
  4. 21m 11s
    1. Using DigiBase and the Workspace browser
      4m 14s
    2. Importing audio
      3m 0s
    3. Importing MIDI
      2m 48s
    4. Importing session data
      5m 34s
    5. Importing tracks from a CD
      2m 51s
    6. Importing video
      2m 44s
  5. 56m 46s
    1. Recording audio
      6m 13s
    2. Playing back audio and Edit window scrolling
      4m 52s
    3. Creating a click track
      5m 24s
    4. Overdubbing and using the record modes
      8m 52s
    5. Recording with playlists and Loop Record
      4m 6s
    6. Punch recording and using the monitoring modes
      4m 14s
    7. Dealing with latency and ADC
      4m 58s
    8. Creating a group
      6m 5s
    9. Adding effects while recording
      5m 16s
    10. Creating a headphone (cue) mix
      4m 29s
    11. Assigning disk allocation
      2m 17s
  6. 1h 28m
    1. Understanding nondestructive editing and region types
      3m 19s
    2. Using the Selector and Grabber tools
      3m 37s
    3. Using the Trim and Scrubber tools
      7m 5s
    4. Using the Zoomer tool and zoom presets
      5m 51s
    5. Using the Pencil tool
      3m 10s
    6. Using the Smart tool
      1m 27s
    7. Understanding the Edit modes
      5m 51s
    8. Arranging clips
      6m 40s
    9. Undoing an edit
      2m 44s
    10. Utilizing fades and crossfades
      9m 41s
    11. Building a comp track using playlists
      5m 17s
    12. Locking and muting clips
      2m 48s
    13. Special Edit window buttons
      7m 15s
    14. Creating an audio loop
      5m 19s
    15. Editing a voiceover
      9m 41s
    16. Using Elastic Time and Elastic Pitch
      9m 12s
  7. 17m 21s
    1. Working with clip groups
      4m 33s
    2. Using time, tempo, meter, key, and chord
      5m 37s
    3. Creating memory locations
      7m 11s
  8. 33m 10s
    1. Setting up MIDI on a Mac
      4m 17s
    2. Setting up MIDI on a PC
      2m 14s
    3. Setting up MIDI in Pro Tools
      2m 44s
    4. Recording MIDI data
      3m 14s
    5. Recording multiple MIDI tracks with one virtual instrument
      2m 17s
    6. Recording options for MIDI
      6m 21s
    7. Using Step Input
      4m 35s
    8. Making a drum loop with MIDI Merge
      3m 36s
    9. Composing with virtual instruments
      3m 52s
  9. 57m 1s
    1. Using the edit tools for editing MIDI data
      10m 0s
    2. Editing MIDI data in the MIDI Editor
      7m 31s
    3. Working with the MIDI Event List
      2m 12s
    4. Editing MIDI data with Event Operations
      8m 33s
    5. Quantizing MIDI tracks
      12m 16s
    6. Creating and using Groove Templates
      5m 35s
    7. Utilizing real-time properties
      5m 50s
    8. Using MIDI Learn
      5m 4s
  10. 17m 30s
    1. Exploring the Score Editor
      5m 49s
    2. Using the Score Editor
      5m 5s
    3. Setting up a score
      4m 48s
    4. Printing and exporting a score
      1m 48s
  11. 25m 39s
    1. Writing and editing automation
      6m 40s
    2. Drawing automation with the Pencil tool
      4m 2s
    3. Editing automation with the Trim and Grabber tools
      2m 58s
    4. Cutting, copying, pasting, and clearing automation
      4m 12s
    5. Turning automation on and off
      3m 52s
    6. Automating plug-ins and virtual instruments
      3m 55s
  12. 1h 49m
    1. Setting up a session for mixing
      8m 50s
    2. Setting up an effects loop
      9m 30s
    3. Working with plug-ins
      4m 33s
    4. Utilizing ADC while mixing
      9m 8s
    5. Applying EQ
      12m 43s
    6. Adding compression and limiting
      14m 25s
    7. Using delay effects
      6m 52s
    8. Applying AudioSuite plug-ins
      6m 24s
    9. Adding reverb to your mix
      6m 50s
    10. Bouncing down a mix
      4m 15s
    11. Making an MP3 for iTunes and SoundCloud
      2m 53s
    12. Setting up a session for mastering
      4m 58s
    13. Mastering a session
      10m 37s
    14. Bouncing down master recordings with Dither and Noise Shaping
      7m 24s
  13. 9m 59s
    1. Importing and displaying video files
      2m 38s
    2. Adding music, foley, ADR, and FX
      4m 29s
    3. Bouncing down video and audio together
      2m 52s
  14. 4m 0s
    1. Archiving an entire session
      4m 0s
  15. 58s
    1. Further recommendations
      58s

Start learning today

Get unlimited access to all courses for just $25/month.

Become a member
Sometimes @lynda teaches me how to use a program and sometimes Lynda.com changes my life forever. @JosefShutter
@lynda lynda.com is an absolute life saver when it comes to learning todays software. Definitely recommend it! #higherlearning @Michael_Caraway
@lynda The best thing online! Your database of courses is great! To the mark and very helpful. Thanks! @ru22more
Got to create something yesterday I never thought I could do. #thanks @lynda @Ngventurella
I really do love @lynda as a learning platform. Never stop learning and developing, it’s probably our greatest gift as a species! @soundslikedavid
@lynda just subscribed to lynda.com all I can say its brilliant join now trust me @ButchSamurai
@lynda is an awesome resource. The membership is priceless if you take advantage of it. @diabetic_techie
One of the best decision I made this year. Buy a 1yr subscription to @lynda @cybercaptive
guys lynda.com (@lynda) is the best. So far I’ve learned Java, principles of OO programming, and now learning about MS project @lucasmitchell
Signed back up to @lynda dot com. I’ve missed it!! Proper geeking out right now! #timetolearn #geek @JayGodbold
Share a link to this course

What are exercise files?

Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course. Save time by downloading the author's files instead of setting up your own files, and learn by following along with the instructor.

Can I take this course without the exercise files?

Yes! If you decide you would like the exercise files later, you can upgrade to a premium account any time.

Become a member Download sample files See plans and pricing

Please wait... please wait ...
Upgrade to get access to exercise files.

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Learn by watching, listening, and doing, Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along Premium memberships include access to all exercise files in the library.


Exercise files

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

For additional information on downloading and using exercise files, watch our instructional video or read the instructions in the FAQ.

This course includes free exercise files, so you can practice while you watch the course. To access all the exercise files in our library, become a Premium Member.

Join now "Already a member? Log in

Are you sure you want to mark all the videos in this course as unwatched?

This will not affect your course history, your reports, or your certificates of completion for this course.


Mark all as unwatched Cancel

Congratulations

You have completed Pro Tools 10 Essential Training.

Return to your organization's learning portal to continue training, or close this page.


OK
Become a member to add this course to a playlist

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses—and create as many playlists as you like.

Get started

Already a member?

Become a member to like this course.

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses.

Get started

Already a member?

Exercise files

Learn by watching, listening, and doing! Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along. Exercise files are available with all Premium memberships. Learn more

Get started

Already a Premium member?

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Ask a question

Thanks for contacting us.
You’ll hear from our Customer Service team within 24 hours.

Please enter the text shown below:

The classic layout automatically defaults to the latest Flash Player.

To choose a different player, hold the cursor over your name at the top right of any lynda.com page and choose Site preferencesfrom the dropdown menu.

Continue to classic layout Stay on new layout
Exercise files

Access exercise files from a button right under the course name.

Mark videos as unwatched

Remove icons showing you already watched videos if you want to start over.

Control your viewing experience

Make the video wide, narrow, full-screen, or pop the player out of the page into its own window.

Interactive transcripts

Click on text in the transcript to jump to that spot in the video. As the video plays, the relevant spot in the transcript will be highlighted.

Are you sure you want to delete this note?

No

Your file was successfully uploaded.

Thanks for signing up.

We’ll send you a confirmation email shortly.


Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

Keep up with news, tips, and latest courses with emails from lynda.com.

Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

   
submit Lightbox submit clicked
Terms and conditions of use

We've updated our terms and conditions (now called terms of service).Go
Review and accept our updated terms of service.