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Creating and using groove templates

From: Pro Tools 9 Essential Training

Video: Creating and using groove templates

If you want to quantize a MIDI performance, and you're not confident in your quantization skills, or you prefer the sound of pre-made quantization maps derived from real musical performances, you can use groove quantization. You can choose from a variety of pre-made groove quantization maps or groove templates. If we go to Event > Event Operations > Quantize, and go down into the Quantize Grid, we can see the groove templates listed in these folders. Now it's difficult for me to describe how these templates will affect the sound of your track, but fortunately you can get some information about the template if you click the Show Comments button.

Creating and using groove templates

If you want to quantize a MIDI performance, and you're not confident in your quantization skills, or you prefer the sound of pre-made quantization maps derived from real musical performances, you can use groove quantization. You can choose from a variety of pre-made groove quantization maps or groove templates. If we go to Event > Event Operations > Quantize, and go down into the Quantize Grid, we can see the groove templates listed in these folders. Now it's difficult for me to describe how these templates will affect the sound of your track, but fortunately you can get some information about the template if you click the Show Comments button.

So first I am going to choose this MPC 57 % 16th note Swing, and you see template contains 1 bar of 4/4 time. I can click on Show Comments, and it will show some more information about this template. By adjusting the timing, duration, velocity, and other parameters, you can alter how the groove templates affect your MIDI performance data. At a setting of 100%--the default setting for timing, duration, and velocity--the MIDI data will follow the groove templates field exactly.

At 0%, the MIDI notes will not be altered from their original state; thus the groove template will have no effect. At 200%, the MIDI notes will be altered twice as much as the groove template would usually alter them. Velocities and durations will become exaggerated versions of the groove template settings, and the timing of the notes will be moved to twice the difference between the original note locations and where they would normally be placed within the groove template. You can also choose to pre-quantize the MIDI notes, which hard quantizes the notes to a 16th note grid before applying groove quantize.

This is a great thing to use if the rhythm of the MIDI performance that you are trying to quantize is a little dodgy to begin with. So let's apply a groove template to some MIDI notes. And I am going to turn this Pre-Quantize off, choose the Grabber tool and select this Drum Beat. And before I apply it I am going to press Play, so we can hear the before and after. (Music playing.) So I have already selected this MPC 57% 16th note Swing template.

So I am going to change the timing here to 100%, so that it follows the template exactly, and now I am going to hit Apply. Let's listen. (Drums playing.) That sounds pretty good actually. Now you can make your own groove templates using Beat Detective. Let's close this up, so if you go to the Event menu and choose Beat Detective-- Now Beat Detective can analyze audio and MIDI data to define dynamic and rhythmic relationships in a performance and create a groove template from that information.

Beat Detective generates triggers for bars, beats, and sub-beats that map the rhythmic relationship of a groove, as well as the amplitude of audio tracks to MIDI velocity. The Beat Detective window has options for working with both audio and MIDI. Here we will choose MIDI, and I am going to choose Groove Template Extraction, and I am going to create a groove template from this drumbeat. Now I know that we just applied a groove template to this already, but imagine that we have a track here that we want to extract a groove from, and that's what we are going to do.

So we have got the Groove Template Extraction. We are going to capture the selection and time, so we have got exactly 16 bars selected here. If you need to change your selection, you can just go into these fields and change them. Next we will go on to the Detection area, and we will choose Normal detection, and we will choose to analyze the lowest note. So this will have Pro Tools focus on the kick drum from the groove to give us the basis for this groove template. And now I am going to click Analyze.

Let's go zoom in on this track. Now as I drag this sensitivity slider, you are going to see beat triggers up here on the beats and sub beats of your selection. Bar trigger lines are the thick lines and beat triggers are medium lines, and the sub-beats are thin lines. Now since we chose the lowest note, it's really only analyzing these lower notes. And to show you this, so the thick line here is at the bar line, bar 2, and this thin line is a sub-beat trigger shown at this particular 16th note.

I'll go up here now and choose Extract. So we have 16 bars, Time Signature 4/4. Now I am going to save this to disk. And this automatically puts us right into the Grooves folder. I am going to create a new groove folder for my grooves and then call this groove1. So now we have extracted a groove. And if I go to the Event Operations > Quantize window, I can actually choose that groove right here.

Now I use groove templates a lot. I prefer the MPC style1s mostly. Sometimes I'll make my own from audio files or from drum loops that I'll bring into Pro Tools. They're a terrific way to get your MIDI tracks quantized really quickly using proven quantization feels.

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This video is part of

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Pro Tools 9 Essential Training

106 video lessons · 11366 viewers

David Franz
Author

 
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  1. 13m 13s
    1. Welcome
      1m 16s
    2. Exploring the different versions of Pro Tools
      2m 30s
    3. Optimizing your computer before installing Pro Tools
      4m 6s
    4. Troubleshooting
      2m 18s
    5. Using the exercise files
      3m 3s
  2. 31m 3s
    1. Installing and authorizing Pro Tools
      1m 50s
    2. Connecting your Pro Tools system
      4m 1s
    3. Powering up and powering down
      58s
    4. Choosing the Playback Engine and Hardware settings
      4m 13s
    5. Optimizing Pro Tools performance
      5m 52s
    6. Utilizing Automatic Delay Compensation (ADC)
      1m 38s
    7. Setting essential preferences
      2m 35s
    8. Creating a Pro Tools session
      3m 43s
    9. Identifying elements in a session folder
      2m 33s
    10. Creating new tracks
      3m 40s
  3. 42m 9s
    1. Exploring the Edit window
      6m 52s
    2. Exploring the Mix window
      3m 11s
    3. Exploring the Transport and Big Counter windows
      2m 57s
    4. Using the Color palette and window arrangements
      2m 36s
    5. Investigating the menus
      3m 13s
    6. Understanding samples and ticks
      3m 34s
    7. Viewing and manipulating tracks
      4m 31s
    8. Selecting inputs, outputs, and buses
      3m 58s
    9. Selecting an I/O Settings file
      4m 12s
    10. Understanding signal paths and gain stages
      3m 46s
    11. Utilizing keyboard shortcuts and keyboard focus
      3m 19s
  4. 19m 31s
    1. Using DigiBase and the Workspace browser
      4m 22s
    2. Importing audio
      3m 1s
    3. Importing MIDI
      2m 46s
    4. Importing session data
      3m 44s
    5. Importing tracks from a CD
      2m 44s
    6. Importing video
      2m 54s
  5. 1h 0m
    1. Recording audio
      6m 14s
    2. Playing back audio
      10m 0s
    3. Creating a click track
      5m 25s
    4. Overdubbing and using the record modes
      8m 29s
    5. Recording with playlists and Loop Record
      4m 3s
    6. Punch recording and using the monitoring modes
      4m 17s
    7. Dealing with latency and ADC
      4m 58s
    8. Creating a group
      4m 52s
    9. Adding effects while recording
      5m 17s
    10. Creating a headphone (cue) mix
      4m 29s
    11. Assigning disk allocation
      2m 17s
  6. 1h 19m
    1. Understanding nondestructive editing and region types
      3m 3s
    2. Using the Selector and Grabber tools
      3m 29s
    3. Using the Trimmer and Scrubber tools
      8m 16s
    4. Using the Zoomer tool and Zoom presets
      5m 41s
    5. Using the Pencil tool
      2m 46s
    6. Using the Smart tool
      1m 28s
    7. Understanding the Edit modes
      5m 9s
    8. Arranging regions
      5m 33s
    9. Undoing an edit
      2m 8s
    10. Utilizing fades and crossfades
      7m 22s
    11. Building a comp track using playlists
      4m 50s
    12. Locking and muting regions
      2m 52s
    13. Special Edit window buttons
      6m 47s
    14. Creating an audio loop
      4m 13s
    15. Editing a voiceover
      8m 37s
    16. Using Elastic Time and Elastic Pitch
      7m 38s
  7. 19m 27s
    1. Working with region groups
      6m 39s
    2. Using time, tempo, meter, key, and chord
      5m 37s
    3. Creating memory locations
      7m 11s
  8. 30m 47s
    1. Setting up MIDI on a Mac
      4m 7s
    2. Setting up MIDI on a PC
      2m 13s
    3. Setting up MIDI in Pro Tools
      2m 37s
    4. Recording MIDI data
      3m 7s
    5. Recording multiple MIDI tracks with one virtual instrument
      2m 17s
    6. Recording options for MIDI
      5m 44s
    7. Using step input
      4m 14s
    8. Making a drum loop with MIDI Merge
      3m 36s
    9. Composing with virtual instruments
      2m 52s
  9. 54m 25s
    1. Using the edit tools for editing MIDI data
      9m 47s
    2. Editing MIDI data in the MIDI Editor
      8m 17s
    3. Working with the MIDI event list
      2m 13s
    4. Editing MIDI data with event operations
      8m 35s
    5. Quantizing MIDI tracks
      12m 16s
    6. Creating and using groove templates
      5m 35s
    7. Utilizing real-time properties
      3m 49s
    8. Using MIDI Learn
      3m 53s
  10. 17m 44s
    1. Exploring the Score Editor
      5m 56s
    2. Using the Score Editor
      5m 11s
    3. Setting up a score
      4m 48s
    4. Printing and exporting a score
      1m 49s
  11. 25m 45s
    1. Writing and editing automation
      7m 21s
    2. Drawing automation with the Pencil tool
      3m 58s
    3. Editing automation with the Trimmer and Grabber tools
      2m 26s
    4. Cutting, copying, pasting, and clearing automation
      4m 2s
    5. Turning automation on and off
      4m 0s
    6. Automating plug-ins and virtual instruments
      3m 58s
  12. 1h 33m
    1. Setting up a session for mixing
      7m 53s
    2. Setting up an effects loop
      9m 30s
    3. Working with plug-ins
      4m 33s
    4. Utilizing ADC while mixing
      9m 11s
    5. Applying EQ
      9m 25s
    6. Adding compression and limiting
      13m 27s
    7. Adding depth effects: Delay and reverb
      12m 45s
    8. Applying AudioSuite plug-ins
      4m 14s
    9. Bouncing down a mix and making an MP3
      5m 44s
    10. Setting up a session for mastering
      4m 36s
    11. Mastering a session
      7m 35s
    12. Bouncing down master recordings with Dither and Noise Shaping
      4m 52s
  13. 10m 6s
    1. Importing and displaying video files
      2m 42s
    2. Adding music, foley, ADR, and FX
      4m 32s
    3. Bouncing down video and audio together
      2m 52s
  14. 4m 22s
    1. Archiving an entire session
      4m 22s
  15. 52s
    1. Further Recommendations
      52s

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