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Pro Tools 8 Essential Training unveils the inner workings of the industry-standard software for music and post-production. Musician, producer, and educator David Franz demonstrates all the concepts and techniques necessary for recording, editing, mixing, and mastering in Pro Tools 8. He teaches how to create music with virtual instruments and plug-ins, edit with elastic audio for time and pitch manipulation, create a musical score, and mix with effects loops. This course can help any music producer, sound engineer, or hobbyist become proficient in Pro Tools 8. Exercise files accompany the course.
If you prefer the sound of pre-made quantization maps derived from real musical performances or you're not confident in your quantization skills, use Groove Quantization. You can choose from a variety of pre- made groove quantization maps or groove templates. Let's choose Event > Event Operations > Quantize and let's go down here into the Quantize Grid and instead of choosing a note value, let's look at some of the groove templates. We've got Cubase Style Grooves, Feel Injector Templates, Logic Style Grooves, and MPC Style Grooves. See, we just chose this MPC 57%, 16th note, Swing groove template.
By adjusting the Timing, Duration and Velocity, you can alter how the groove template affects your MIDI performance data. At a setting of 100%, the MIDI data will follow the groove template's exact field. If you bring that down to 0, the MIDI notes will not be altered from their original position. Thus, the groove template will have no effect. If you bring it up to 200%, the MIDI notes will be altered twice as much as the groove template would usually alter them. Let's bring it back down to 100 or 101.
You can also choose to pre-quantize the MIDI notes, which hard quantizes the notes to 16th note grid before applying groove quantize. This is a great thing to use if the rhythm of the MIDI performance that you're trying to quantize is a little dodgy to begin with. So let's apply a Groove template to some MIDI notes. I'm going to take the Pre-Quantize off, and we've got the Timing here. We've got the MPC 57% 16th note Swing, as the Groove template and I'm actually going to go to the Grabber tool and apply this to the Drum track. So let's play the Drum track before we apply it and then after. (Music playing.) Okay, now let's apply it and hear the difference and you saw the MIDI notes move, let's hear how that sounds.
(Music playing.) You can definitely hear more swing in this beat and it sounds pretty good actually. So if you like it, then you can keep it, if not, just go up here and try out some different ones. A great feature too is that you can actually create your own Groove templates using Beat Detective. Let me show you how to do that. Let's go to Event > Beat Detective.
Now, Beat Detective can analyze Audio and MIDI data to define dynamic and rhythmic relationships in a performance and create a Groove template based on that information. Beat Detective generates triggers for Bars, Beats and Sub-Beats that map to the rhythmic relationship of a groove and the amplitude of audio tracks to MIDI velocity. The Beat Detective window has options for working with MIDI and Audio. In this case, we're going to choose MIDI. So let's create a Groove template based on this drum track that we have here.
Now, I know that we just applied a Groove template to this, but imagine that we have a track that we want to actually extract groove from. So we choose MIDI > Groove Template Extraction. Over in this area, we need to select the track area that we want to analyze. For example, the Bars and Beats. So we can set the Start Bar and Beat, the End Bar and Beat, and the Time Signature. In this particular case, we can just hit Capture Selection, because we have 16 bars down here already selected, and we can see that is reflected here.
Now, we need to choose what we want to analyze. In this case, we'll select the Lowest Note, but there are other things that we could choose from if we wanted to. We'll hit Analyze. Now, we'll pull up the Sensitivity, and you'll see these lines forming down here. These are the beat triggers that appear on the Beats and Sub-Beats of your selection. If we zoom in, we can see that the Bar triggers are thick lines and the beat triggers are medium lines, the sub- beat triggers are thin lines. I'm going to pull this up even further, and you'll see these lines in here.
So now if we go to click Extract, we can extract this 16 bar groove template and we'll make a little Comment, df groove template, and we can save it either to the Groove Clipboard or to Disk and in this particular case, it takes us right to the Grooves folder and I'm going to actually make my own groove folder. So df grooves, df groove 1. I'll save it. So when you make your own groove templates, if you organize them, like I just did in this sub folder within the Grooves folder, they will actually be displayed in the Quantize window. Let's have a look at that. There it is, my little groove template.
Ultimately, the Groove template files are found here. I actually use groove templates a lot. I prefer the MPC Style ones mostly. Sometimes, I'll make my own from audio files or drum loops that I'll bring in. They are a terrific way to get your MIDI tracks quantize really quickly and using proven quantization fields.
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