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Creating new tracks is obliviously an essential part of using Pro Tools. In this video, I'm going to show you the different types of tracks and how to create them. Go to the Track menu and choose New. This opens the New Tracks dialog. You can also use the key commands, Command+Shift+N on a Mac or Ctrl+Shift+N on a Windows machine. In this window, we can create 1 new Mono Audio track. We can also change the numbers here whatever we want. I'll stick with one. We can choose between Mono and Stereo and we can choose the track type.
Let's talk about the track types here. Audio tracks are used to record and arrange recorded or imported audio files and regions. It's important to remember that a Pro Tools session document doesn't actually contain audio files. It references them from a hard drive. Audio tracks can be either mono, stereo or multichannel on HD Systems only. Aux Input tracks are used for effect returns, sub-mixing and for a variety of other signal routing tasks. Aux Input tracks can be mono, stereo or multichannel on HD systems only.
Master Fader tracks control the overall level of all audio signals routed through the main output paths. For instance, if you have 12 audio tracks all routed to analog outputs 1 and 2, a Master Fader track with its output assigned to analog out 1 and 2, will control the combined output level of all 12 of those audio tracks. Master Fader tracks can be mono, stereo or multichannel on HD systems only. And I recommend putting a Stereo Master Fader track into every Pro Tools music session that you create to monitor the overall stereo output level.
MIDI tracks are used to record MIDI performance data, such as notes, velocity and pitchbend. Because no audio passes through them, there is no option for mono, stereo or multichannel around. Instrument tracks are essentially a combination of a MIDI track and an Aux Input. They allow MIDI recording as well as audio monitoring of an inserted software or hardware instrument on that track. A track type not shown here because it's a Pro Tools' HD feature only. VCA Master tracks emulate voltage controlled amplifier channels on analog recording and mixing consoles, and are used to control tracks in a mix group that are assigned to VCA Master. They do not pass audio so they don't have an input and output inserts or sends.
Yet they can be mono, stereo or multichannel. Also video tracks not shown in the track list here are available on HD systems and LE Systems with the DV Toolkit option. However you can import a video into Pro Tools, any version of Pro Tools and a video track will automatically be created. We'll cover more about video tracks later in this course. Now let's create one of each of these tracks, click the Plus button here to add more tracks. Create a Stereo Aux track, Stereo Master Fader track, create a MIDI track which doesn't have Mono or Stereo options and we'll create a stereo instrument track.
Now you'll notice that the time base for the audio track, the aux input and the Master Fader tracks are all in Samples and the MIDI track and instrument track are in Ticks and we'll talk about these time bases in another movie. Press Create and there you go, your five tracks. So now you know how to create tracks and what the differences are between each type of track. Check out the video on Samples and Ticks to learn about these two time bases and why to choose Samples and Ticks on each of these types of tracks.
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