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Music Editing for TV and Film in Pro Tools
Illustration by John Hersey

Conforming the edit if a shot's length changes within the scene


From:

Music Editing for TV and Film in Pro Tools

with Skye Lewin

Video: Conforming the edit if a shot's length changes within the scene

Another type of conform that we're going to look at is the type that can occur within a queue. So perhaps the movie is the same before your queue, but during your queue the shot has been shortened. What that means is that the end of your music queue, everything after that shot that has been shortened is no longer going to play in sync that way you initially intended it to. So what we're going to need to do in a case like that is re-edit the music to work with the new picture. So first, let's import our new picture file-- File > Import > Video--and we're going to select ELI_Clip 3.
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  1. 2m 49s
    1. Welcome
      52s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 32s
    3. A word about the film and music used in this course
      25s
  2. 25m 4s
    1. Creating a template session for working to picture
      7m 29s
    2. Importing a picture file
      3m 17s
    3. What is time code?
      4m 17s
    4. Syncing picture to Pro Tools
      6m 58s
    5. Importing audio files
      3m 3s
  3. 48m 36s
    1. Using the Zoom and View commands
      9m 54s
    2. Utilizing the edit modes
      7m 59s
    3. Navigating with key commands
      7m 57s
    4. Creating and using sync points
      3m 20s
    5. Using the snap editing commands
      5m 16s
    6. Using memory locations
      8m 12s
    7. Customizing crossfades
      5m 58s
  4. 1h 11m
    1. Auditioning music to picture
      10m 21s
    2. Editing to acquire multiple sync points within the same "cue"
      6m 2s
    3. Editing to maintain or change the arc/build of the cue to fit the scene
      15m 11s
    4. Editing the start and end of the cue
      9m 55s
    5. Setting up for a 30-second condensed edit
      4m 5s
    6. First pass of a 30-second condensed edit
      11m 17s
    7. Improving the 30-second condensed edit
      14m 41s
  5. 26m 49s
    1. Exploring alternate edits of the same song
      8m 17s
    2. Editing different songs to the same scene
      18m 32s
  6. 11m 25s
    1. Mixing the edit
      5m 26s
    2. Bouncing down the edit
      2m 47s
    3. Compressing the QuickTime files
      3m 12s
  7. 12m 19s
    1. Conforming the edit to picture if the scene has shifted
      5m 27s
    2. Conforming the edit if a shot's length changes within the scene
      6m 52s
  8. 10m 34s
    1. Removing profanities by reversing audio
      2m 8s
    2. Removing profanities with instrumentals
      2m 36s
    3. Keeping a song in sequence
      1m 19s
    4. Layering audio
      1m 36s
    5. Time stretching
      2m 55s
  9. 38s
    1. Goodbye
      38s

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Music Editing for TV and Film in Pro Tools
3h 29m Intermediate Oct 27, 2011

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Let music editor and producer Skye Lewin show you a selection of audio editing techniques for cutting music to picture in this course on Pro Tools. He covers the basics of timecode, syncing a QuickTime movie with the Pro Tools timeline, alignment of music to picture, editing music, and editorial techniques that may require editing rights. The course also covers creating alternative edits, conforming edits, and exporting QuickTime movies for presentation.

Topics include:
  • Importing audio and video files
  • Creating and using sync points
  • Using snap editing commands
  • Customizing crossfades
  • Editing to acquire multiple sync points within the same cue
  • Creating a 30-second condensed edit
  • Exploring alternate edits and alternate songs
  • Mixing and bouncing down the edit
  • Compressing QuickTime movies
  • Conforming an edit if the length of a shot changes or if a scene has shifted
Subjects:
Audio + Music Film Scoring Video Audio for Video Post Production
Software:
Pro Tools
Author:
Skye Lewin

Conforming the edit if a shot's length changes within the scene

Another type of conform that we're going to look at is the type that can occur within a queue. So perhaps the movie is the same before your queue, but during your queue the shot has been shortened. What that means is that the end of your music queue, everything after that shot that has been shortened is no longer going to play in sync that way you initially intended it to. So what we're going to need to do in a case like that is re-edit the music to work with the new picture. So first, let's import our new picture file-- File > Import > Video--and we're going to select ELI_Clip 3.

You can click OK to remove the previous movie from the session, and click OK again and choose where you want to save the guide tracks that you're importing from the picture file. Now let's zoom all the way out again with Option+A or Alt+A. And before we move on, let's mute the old audio from the old clip since we don't need to hear that, and now let's spot the new picture into place. So let's go into Spot mode with F3, click, and enter the time code for the start of the video. And this time let's sync our audio to the video without using spot.

We've done this once before, but again, another way to do it is to use our snapping technique by Ctrl+Clicking the audio file, which will snap it to the start of our selected picture file. We're going to lock both of these. So I'm going to reselect the audio file we had selected last, and I'm going to zoom in real quick. And if you want, you can make the picture look like it did before, Ctrl+Command, or Ctrl+Start+Left Arrow to hide the thumbnails, and Ctrl+Down Arrow to shrink the size of the video track.

We can see that at the beginning of the video the audio on the new guide track from Clip 3 and the audio on the old guide track from Clip 1 are in sync up until at certain point, but then we can see that they're no longer in sync, because their waveforms no longer match. So let's take a quick look and see what's changed. First I am going to mute the music, so we can just hear the audio only. (clip playing) In this particular case, our conform has happened right here. We're going to scrub the video track by moving our cursor along the audio track until we find the very first frame where the edit happened, which is right here.

This shot of Eli running in the door is now shorter than it was, because in the original version the camera zoomed in to the nurse standing in the hallway, and now it cuts directly to Eli as he runs down the hall. What that means is we need to make our music now match the shorter version of the picture. Let's look at our music. The end, which we had synced up to Eli putting the broom through the door, will probably no longer sync like that. So let's see where it plays now. (music playing) And as we expected, that place in the music now plays later than the place in the timeline where Eli puts the broom through the door.

So what we need to do is conform the music somewhere near where the picture change was made, so that all of the music afterwards plays roughly as intended. Right around this break might be a good place for us to look. What we can do is start by shortening the break and see if we can make a musical edit in here that will allow us to keep our sync at the end of the queue. So I'm going to cut right on the transient, halfway through the break. I'm going to select the rest of my edit and cut it, and we'll try shortening the break by a bar.

(music playing) We'd be pasting the rest of the queue starting on this downbeat, but we want to make sure it lines up here. So let's have a listen to this. (music playing) So now we can see this displays much more closely to how it was initially intended to the original version of the picture, but we need to clean up our edit still.

So let's take a look at that again. (music playing) And this actually works pretty well, but there were some cool effects that we had in the middle of this break. So let's say if we can get some of those back in there. (music playing) Let's make sure we get everything in there very cleanly. It looks like this is slightly different, timing-wise. We're going to need to make sure that we get this edit in the right place.

So again, a quick way to move everything is to select from the cursor to the end by Shift+Clicking after and cut Option+ Tab and paste. Or another technique would be to use a region group, which is Command+Option+G or Ctrl+Alt+G, and then you can literally move the entire region group all at once and un-group it later with Command+Option+U, or Ctrl+Alt+U. So once we've copied the end of the edit earlier, we can place our cursor where we want to paste it, cut the tail off of that region with the S key, and paste it into place.

And now we can take a listen to this edit and make sure it plays properly. (music playing) And so we are doing a bit of a stutter, but in the electronic genre that actually works pretty well. If we wanted to smooth this out, we could perhaps do a longer crossfade across here with the F key and have a slightly smoother transition between the two sounds. (music playing) It sounds a little bit like a filter sweep. Or we could just do a very quick and abrupt edit, either of which I think worked perfectly fine for this.

So now that we've conformed one of our queues, the next thing would be to conform any other versions of those queues or any other queues that we had cut to the same picture. Feel free to do that on your own if you'd like, but we're not going to do that in this video. But if you can't get it to look exactly like it did, just trust your instincts and try and sync up the main points, or find new sync points that make it look good in a different way.

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