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Arranging regions


Pro Tools 8 Essential Training

with David Franz

Video: Arranging regions

There is very little that you can't do while editing audio on Pro Tools. Here we'll talk about some of the most basic editing tasks, Separating, cutting, copying, pasting, clearing, duplicating, moving, and nudging audio regions. First, let's talk about separating an audio region. Separating means to chop a region into two pieces or to create a separate region within a region. Let me show you how to do it. I have got the Selector tool here, and I'm going to go onto Grid mode.
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  1. 12m 54s
    1. Welcome
      1m 16s
    2. Exploring the different versions of Pro Tools
      2m 30s
    3. Optimizing your computer before installing Pro Tools
      3m 51s
    4. Troubleshooting
      3m 1s
    5. Using the exercise files
      2m 16s
  2. 23m 41s
    1. Connecting your Pro Tools system
      5m 8s
    2. Powering up and powering down
    3. Optimizing Pro Tools performance
      6m 55s
    4. Setting essential preferences
      3m 42s
    5. Creating a Pro Tools session
      3m 56s
    6. Identifying elements in a session folder
      3m 2s
  3. 47m 10s
    1. Exploring the Edit window
      4m 51s
    2. Exploring the Mix window
      2m 21s
    3. Exploring the Transport and Big Counter windows
      4m 0s
    4. Using the Color palette and window arrangements
      2m 55s
    5. Investigating Pro Tools menus
      4m 37s
    6. Creating new tracks
      4m 10s
    7. Understanding samples and ticks
      3m 36s
    8. Viewing and manipulating tracks
      5m 54s
    9. Adjusting the I/O setup
      7m 7s
    10. Understanding signal paths and gain stages
      3m 50s
    11. Utilizing keyboard shortcuts and keyboard focus
      3m 49s
  4. 30m 45s
    1. Using DigiBase and the Workspace browser
      5m 6s
    2. Importing audio
      5m 13s
    3. Importing MIDI
      3m 56s
    4. Importing session data
      6m 17s
    5. Importing tracks from a CD
      4m 18s
    6. Importing video
      2m 57s
    7. Unmounting a hard drive
      2m 58s
  5. 1h 2m
    1. Recording audio
      5m 6s
    2. Playing back audio
      10m 31s
    3. Creating a Click track
      4m 53s
    4. Overdubbing and using the record modes
      9m 25s
    5. Recording with playlists and the Loop Record mode
      3m 6s
    6. Punch recording and using the monitoring modes
      5m 28s
    7. Dealing with latency
      4m 17s
    8. Creating a group
      4m 33s
    9. Adding effects while recording
      7m 41s
    10. Creating a headphone (cue) mix
      5m 35s
    11. Assigning disk allocation
      2m 13s
  6. 1h 26m
    1. Understanding nondestructive editing and region types
      3m 31s
    2. Using the Selector and Grabber tools
      3m 29s
    3. Using the Trimmer and Scrubber tools
      6m 57s
    4. Using the Zoomer tool and Zoom presets
      5m 14s
    5. Using the Pencil tool
      3m 27s
    6. Using the Smart tool
      1m 26s
    7. Understanding the edit modes
      7m 54s
    8. Arranging regions
      8m 38s
    9. Undoing an edit
      2m 3s
    10. Utilizing fades and crossfades
      10m 29s
    11. Building a comp track using playlists
      5m 28s
    12. Locking and muting regions
      3m 36s
    13. Special buttons in the Editing window
      8m 16s
    14. Creating an audio loop
      5m 11s
    15. Editing a voiceover
      10m 59s
  7. 18m 43s
    1. Working with region groups
      5m 47s
    2. Setting time, tempo, meter, key, and chord
      5m 46s
    3. Creating memory locations
      7m 10s
  8. 35m 30s
    1. Setting up MIDI on a Mac
      4m 25s
    2. Setting up MIDI on a PC
      2m 50s
    3. Setting up MIDI in Pro Tools
      2m 46s
    4. Recording MIDI data
      5m 24s
    5. Recording multiple MIDI tracks with one virtual instrument
      2m 15s
    6. Recording options for MIDI
      6m 27s
    7. Using step input
      4m 45s
    8. Making a drum loop with MIDI Merge
      2m 51s
    9. Composing with virtual instruments
      3m 47s
  9. 48m 41s
    1. Using the edit tools for editing MIDI data
      8m 23s
    2. Editing MIDI data with the MIDI Editor
      7m 20s
    3. Working with the MIDI event list
      2m 41s
    4. Editing MIDI data with event operations
      8m 25s
    5. Quantizing MIDI tracks
      11m 31s
    6. Creating and using groove templates
      5m 59s
    7. Utilizing real-time properties
      4m 22s
  10. 18m 51s
    1. Exploring the Score Editor
      5m 22s
    2. Using the Score Editor
      6m 33s
    3. Setting up a score
      4m 30s
    4. Printing and exporting a score
      2m 26s
  11. 19m 0s
    1. Utilizing the Time Shift plug-in
      7m 41s
    2. Editing with Elastic Time
      8m 30s
    3. Editing with Elastic Pitch
      2m 49s
  12. 48m 20s
    1. Working with Boom
      11m 23s
    2. Working with Xpand2
      7m 21s
    3. Working with DB-33
      6m 58s
    4. Working with Vacuum
      7m 55s
    5. Working with Structure Free
      7m 12s
    6. Working with Mini Grand
      3m 57s
    7. Using Midi Learn
      3m 34s
  13. 25m 56s
    1. Writing and editing automation
      6m 4s
    2. Drawing automation with the Pencil tool
      4m 56s
    3. Editing automation with the Trimmer and Grabber tools
      2m 9s
    4. Cutting, copying, pasting, and clearing automation
      4m 6s
    5. Turning automation on and off
      4m 25s
    6. Automating plug-ins and virtual instruments
      4m 16s
  14. 1h 40m
    1. Setting up a session for mixing
      8m 0s
    2. Setting up an effects loop
      9m 18s
    3. Working with plug-ins
      3m 53s
    4. Dealing with delay compensation
      6m 52s
    5. Applying EQ
      9m 19s
    6. Adding compression
      11m 17s
    7. Applying limiters
      2m 57s
    8. Using Gates and Expanders
      4m 40s
    9. Working with Side Chains
      3m 35s
    10. Working with De-Essers
      3m 4s
    11. Adding delay
      7m 34s
    12. Utilizing modulation effects
      4m 43s
    13. Adding reverb
      7m 5s
    14. Adding harmonic effects
      5m 7s
    15. Renting and purchasing plug-ins
      2m 2s
    16. Applying AudioSuite plug-ins
      5m 20s
    17. Bouncing down a mix
      5m 51s
  15. 25m 45s
    1. Setting up a session for mastering
      8m 56s
    2. Using plug-ins for mastering
      8m 48s
    3. Applying Dither and Noise shaping
      4m 5s
    4. Bouncing down master recordings
      3m 56s
  16. 19m 53s
    1. Importing and displaying video files
      4m 21s
    2. Adding music, foley, ADR, and FX
      12m 28s
    3. Bouncing down video and audio together
      3m 4s
  17. 4m 50s
    1. Archiving an entire session
      4m 50s
  18. 31s
    1. Goodbye

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Watch the Online Video Course Pro Tools 8 Essential Training
10h 30m Beginner Jul 10, 2009

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Pro Tools 8 Essential Training unveils the inner workings of the industry-standard software for music and post-production. Musician, producer, and educator David Franz demonstrates all the concepts and techniques necessary for recording, editing, mixing, and mastering in Pro Tools 8. He teaches how to create music with virtual instruments and plug-ins, edit with elastic audio for time and pitch manipulation, create a musical score, and mix with effects loops. This course can help any music producer, sound engineer, or hobbyist become proficient in Pro Tools 8. Exercise files accompany the course.

Topics include:
  • Exploring all facets of the Pro Tools interface
  • Setting up Pro Tools hardware and software properly
  • Recording and editing audio and MIDI
  • Comping a track using playlists
  • Importing data and working with video
  • Working with automation and controller lanes
  • Applying dither
  • Archiving a session for storage
Audio + Music
Pro Tools
David Franz

Arranging regions

There is very little that you can't do while editing audio on Pro Tools. Here we'll talk about some of the most basic editing tasks, Separating, cutting, copying, pasting, clearing, duplicating, moving, and nudging audio regions. First, let's talk about separating an audio region. Separating means to chop a region into two pieces or to create a separate region within a region. Let me show you how to do it. I have got the Selector tool here, and I'm going to go onto Grid mode.

If I drop the Selector just like click right there and then I hit Edit > Separate Region > At Selection. You also can also use the key command, Command+E on a Mac or Ctrl+E on Windows. When I click that, it separates this one region into two. If I click-and-drag with the Selector to select an area in the region, I can also do the same, and create a new region that way.

You'll probably want to get use to using the keyboard commands for this action, because you will be separating a lot of regions in Pro Tools while you are editing. Let's move on to cutting, copying, pasting, and clearing. Now, these actions are just like in any other software program except that here, we are working with Audio and MIDI regions. Let's go to the Edit menu. We can choose Cut, Copy, Paste, and Clear. In this case, I'll choose Cut. You'll see both this MIDI region and this Audio region have now disappeared.

Go back up here, I can paste them back in. So you can see it's just like using any other software program. Notice the keyboard commands here, Command+X, Command+C, Command+V and Command+B for their respective commands here. On a PC, it's Ctrl+X, Ctrl+C, Ctrl+V, and Ctrl+B, pretty standard stuff. Now, I want to talk about Master Views for a second here. On an audio track, the Waveform View which we can access here on the Track View menu, as well as the Blocks View and when I go back to Waveform, those two views are called Master Views.

If you edit a region in one of those two views, the edits apply to all the data on that track, including automation. For example, I'm going to show you right here, I'm going to clear this region, and you will see down here in the volume automation that the volume automation data that's there will also be cleared. Now, you see the straight line here. All this automation data has been erased. As well as the regions that use to exist here. I'm going to go ahead and undo that, and you'll see the automation also reappear here.

Now this is different if I just click-and-drag down here in the volume automation playlist and I go to erase that by clearing it. I can clear that without clearing the Audio or the MIDI on these tracks. So the Master Views on an audio track are Waveform and Blocks. And on a MIDI track, they are Regions, Notes and Blocks. So any edits you do to the Regions, Notes, or Blocks view on a MIDI track will affect all of this other automation and controller data.

One more word about automation in addition to the Cut, Copy, Paste and Clear commands we have up here. There is also Cut Special, Copy Special, Paste Special, and Clear Special. Now these are actually helpful when editing automation playlists, like volume, mute, and pan, and MIDI controller data. We'll actually cover those in a later video about editing automation. So let's get back to editing audio regions now. To move a region in time, the easiest way is to use the Time Grabber tool.

Click on the Grabber and choose Time. That gives the Time Grabber tool. We also should be aware of the Edit mode that we want to choose. Right now, I have got it on Grid, so that anything that I move here will be moved in intervals of the grid. So you can see it hopped from one grid value to the next. I am going to undo that. If we use Slip, we can move this without being tied to the Grid, and Shuffle, if we grab a region and move it, it will place it either before or in between regions, and then slide the regions around it accordingly.

So that just flip-flop these two regions right here. In Spot mode if I try to move it, we'll get the Spot dialog and there you can type-in where you want the region to be moved to. Now, let's try to nudge a region. This is a great feature if you want to line up a straight base note with a kick drum note for a solid downbeat, or in this case, I'm going to align the downbeat of a Sitar track with the Piano.

First, I'm going to zoom-in, go to Slip mode, and you can see right here that this downbeat is a little bit late. I want to line it up with the grid right here. So I have already created a new region for this area that I want to nudge. So I'm going to go up to the Nudge menu right here and choose my Nudge value and you can do it with time or you can use Bars and Beats, do certain Note values, or even number of samples.

Now, I personally like to use 10 milliseconds as my default Nudge value. It's not too much, but it's not too little. So now I'm going to go and use the Grabber tool to select the area that I want to nudge, and on the numerical keypad, you hit plus to move the piece of audio forward or minus to move it back. Now, on a laptop computer, you may need to use the Function key or another modifier to access the numerical keypad functions on your laptop keyboard.

In fact, some of the new Mac laptops don't even have the numerical keypad on them. In that case, you'll have to hook up a separate keyboard to your laptop to use the Nudge function. So in this case, I'm going to hit the Minus key and bring this whole region back, so that this particular note is hitting right on the downbeat, bar 27. Now, if you want to get really fancy, you can nudge while pressing the Start key in Windows, or the Ctrl key in Mac. You can actually nudge the contents of a region without changing the region's start and end points. Let me show you how to do this.

So I have got the Ctrl button down on my Mac. I'm going to hit the Plus key and the Minus key to move the region back and forth without moving the beginning of this region. Now, if we were doing regular nudging, and I hit the Minus or Plus key, you'd see the region start point moving. But I actually like using the Ctrl key to do this Nudge where the start of the region stays where it is. Now, this only works if there is audio material on the outside of the region over on this side or on the backside. Now, one thing I want to mention about nudging is that you should be careful using this technique, because you can kind of go crazy trying to align every single note, killing way too much time while you are editing and taking away from the real performance of the part.

My suggestion is if the part needs that much fixing where you are nudging all these notes, you might want to consider rerecording it. So as you can see here in this video, editing audio in Pro Tools using these commands is pretty straightforward and you can apply your knowledge of almost any other software program you know to the intuitive editing techniques here.

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