Pro Tools 8 Essential Training
Illustration by Richard Downs

Adjusting the I/O setup


Pro Tools 8 Essential Training

with David Franz

Video: Adjusting the I/O setup

It's important to understand how signals flow in Pro Tools, so you always know where your signals are traveling within Pro Tools as well as if you send them out and back into Pro Tools. In this video, I'm going to talk about the inputs and outputs on tracks as well as the I/O Setup window. Let's look at this session here. On each track, we have an I/O section. Over here on the audio tracks, if we click the Input Selector, we see that we can choose from any of the interface connections or any of the buses within Pro Tools.
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  1. 12m 54s
    1. Welcome
      1m 16s
    2. Exploring the different versions of Pro Tools
      2m 30s
    3. Optimizing your computer before installing Pro Tools
      3m 51s
    4. Troubleshooting
      3m 1s
    5. Using the exercise files
      2m 16s
  2. 23m 41s
    1. Connecting your Pro Tools system
      5m 8s
    2. Powering up and powering down
    3. Optimizing Pro Tools performance
      6m 55s
    4. Setting essential preferences
      3m 42s
    5. Creating a Pro Tools session
      3m 56s
    6. Identifying elements in a session folder
      3m 2s
  3. 47m 10s
    1. Exploring the Edit window
      4m 51s
    2. Exploring the Mix window
      2m 21s
    3. Exploring the Transport and Big Counter windows
      4m 0s
    4. Using the Color palette and window arrangements
      2m 55s
    5. Investigating Pro Tools menus
      4m 37s
    6. Creating new tracks
      4m 10s
    7. Understanding samples and ticks
      3m 36s
    8. Viewing and manipulating tracks
      5m 54s
    9. Adjusting the I/O setup
      7m 7s
    10. Understanding signal paths and gain stages
      3m 50s
    11. Utilizing keyboard shortcuts and keyboard focus
      3m 49s
  4. 30m 45s
    1. Using DigiBase and the Workspace browser
      5m 6s
    2. Importing audio
      5m 13s
    3. Importing MIDI
      3m 56s
    4. Importing session data
      6m 17s
    5. Importing tracks from a CD
      4m 18s
    6. Importing video
      2m 57s
    7. Unmounting a hard drive
      2m 58s
  5. 1h 2m
    1. Recording audio
      5m 6s
    2. Playing back audio
      10m 31s
    3. Creating a Click track
      4m 53s
    4. Overdubbing and using the record modes
      9m 25s
    5. Recording with playlists and the Loop Record mode
      3m 6s
    6. Punch recording and using the monitoring modes
      5m 28s
    7. Dealing with latency
      4m 17s
    8. Creating a group
      4m 33s
    9. Adding effects while recording
      7m 41s
    10. Creating a headphone (cue) mix
      5m 35s
    11. Assigning disk allocation
      2m 13s
  6. 1h 26m
    1. Understanding nondestructive editing and region types
      3m 31s
    2. Using the Selector and Grabber tools
      3m 29s
    3. Using the Trimmer and Scrubber tools
      6m 57s
    4. Using the Zoomer tool and Zoom presets
      5m 14s
    5. Using the Pencil tool
      3m 27s
    6. Using the Smart tool
      1m 26s
    7. Understanding the edit modes
      7m 54s
    8. Arranging regions
      8m 38s
    9. Undoing an edit
      2m 3s
    10. Utilizing fades and crossfades
      10m 29s
    11. Building a comp track using playlists
      5m 28s
    12. Locking and muting regions
      3m 36s
    13. Special buttons in the Editing window
      8m 16s
    14. Creating an audio loop
      5m 11s
    15. Editing a voiceover
      10m 59s
  7. 18m 43s
    1. Working with region groups
      5m 47s
    2. Setting time, tempo, meter, key, and chord
      5m 46s
    3. Creating memory locations
      7m 10s
  8. 35m 30s
    1. Setting up MIDI on a Mac
      4m 25s
    2. Setting up MIDI on a PC
      2m 50s
    3. Setting up MIDI in Pro Tools
      2m 46s
    4. Recording MIDI data
      5m 24s
    5. Recording multiple MIDI tracks with one virtual instrument
      2m 15s
    6. Recording options for MIDI
      6m 27s
    7. Using step input
      4m 45s
    8. Making a drum loop with MIDI Merge
      2m 51s
    9. Composing with virtual instruments
      3m 47s
  9. 48m 41s
    1. Using the edit tools for editing MIDI data
      8m 23s
    2. Editing MIDI data with the MIDI Editor
      7m 20s
    3. Working with the MIDI event list
      2m 41s
    4. Editing MIDI data with event operations
      8m 25s
    5. Quantizing MIDI tracks
      11m 31s
    6. Creating and using groove templates
      5m 59s
    7. Utilizing real-time properties
      4m 22s
  10. 18m 51s
    1. Exploring the Score Editor
      5m 22s
    2. Using the Score Editor
      6m 33s
    3. Setting up a score
      4m 30s
    4. Printing and exporting a score
      2m 26s
  11. 19m 0s
    1. Utilizing the Time Shift plug-in
      7m 41s
    2. Editing with Elastic Time
      8m 30s
    3. Editing with Elastic Pitch
      2m 49s
  12. 48m 20s
    1. Working with Boom
      11m 23s
    2. Working with Xpand2
      7m 21s
    3. Working with DB-33
      6m 58s
    4. Working with Vacuum
      7m 55s
    5. Working with Structure Free
      7m 12s
    6. Working with Mini Grand
      3m 57s
    7. Using Midi Learn
      3m 34s
  13. 25m 56s
    1. Writing and editing automation
      6m 4s
    2. Drawing automation with the Pencil tool
      4m 56s
    3. Editing automation with the Trimmer and Grabber tools
      2m 9s
    4. Cutting, copying, pasting, and clearing automation
      4m 6s
    5. Turning automation on and off
      4m 25s
    6. Automating plug-ins and virtual instruments
      4m 16s
  14. 1h 40m
    1. Setting up a session for mixing
      8m 0s
    2. Setting up an effects loop
      9m 18s
    3. Working with plug-ins
      3m 53s
    4. Dealing with delay compensation
      6m 52s
    5. Applying EQ
      9m 19s
    6. Adding compression
      11m 17s
    7. Applying limiters
      2m 57s
    8. Using Gates and Expanders
      4m 40s
    9. Working with Side Chains
      3m 35s
    10. Working with De-Essers
      3m 4s
    11. Adding delay
      7m 34s
    12. Utilizing modulation effects
      4m 43s
    13. Adding reverb
      7m 5s
    14. Adding harmonic effects
      5m 7s
    15. Renting and purchasing plug-ins
      2m 2s
    16. Applying AudioSuite plug-ins
      5m 20s
    17. Bouncing down a mix
      5m 51s
  15. 25m 45s
    1. Setting up a session for mastering
      8m 56s
    2. Using plug-ins for mastering
      8m 48s
    3. Applying Dither and Noise shaping
      4m 5s
    4. Bouncing down master recordings
      3m 56s
  16. 19m 53s
    1. Importing and displaying video files
      4m 21s
    2. Adding music, foley, ADR, and FX
      12m 28s
    3. Bouncing down video and audio together
      3m 4s
  17. 4m 50s
    1. Archiving an entire session
      4m 50s
  18. 31s
    1. Goodbye

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Watch the Online Video Course Pro Tools 8 Essential Training
10h 30m Beginner Jul 10, 2009

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Pro Tools 8 Essential Training unveils the inner workings of the industry-standard software for music and post-production. Musician, producer, and educator David Franz demonstrates all the concepts and techniques necessary for recording, editing, mixing, and mastering in Pro Tools 8. He teaches how to create music with virtual instruments and plug-ins, edit with elastic audio for time and pitch manipulation, create a musical score, and mix with effects loops. This course can help any music producer, sound engineer, or hobbyist become proficient in Pro Tools 8. Exercise files accompany the course.

Topics include:
  • Exploring all facets of the Pro Tools interface
  • Setting up Pro Tools hardware and software properly
  • Recording and editing audio and MIDI
  • Comping a track using playlists
  • Importing data and working with video
  • Working with automation and controller lanes
  • Applying dither
  • Archiving a session for storage
Audio + Music
Pro Tools
David Franz

Adjusting the I/O setup

It's important to understand how signals flow in Pro Tools, so you always know where your signals are traveling within Pro Tools as well as if you send them out and back into Pro Tools. In this video, I'm going to talk about the inputs and outputs on tracks as well as the I/O Setup window. Let's look at this session here. On each track, we have an I/O section. Over here on the audio tracks, if we click the Input Selector, we see that we can choose from any of the interface connections or any of the buses within Pro Tools.

On the Output Selector, we can do the same. Choose any of the output selections for the interface or any internal Buses. On the MIDI track, the Input Selector refers to the MIDI controller that will be controlling or inputting MIDI on to this track. In this case, we probably just want to keep it on All, so that any MIDI controller that you have connected to your system will provide the input to this track. For the output, we probably want to change that because that is where you direct your MIDI signal to an instrument or a sound module.

In this case, we have some virtual instruments in this session and we can choose in this case, Boom 1-channel-1. So any MIDI information on this track will be routed to the instrument, which is inserted over on this track right here. And this is an instrument track. This is an interesting situation here where we have both an input and output for the MIDI part of the instrument track, which is up here. Notice that we have the All input right here and this is the same as the All input down here on the MIDI track. So this is the MIDI Input Selector for the instrument track and the Output Selector, which automatically goes to Boom when you insert Boom as an insert on the instrument track.

Below that, we now have the audio Input Path and the Output Path because instrument tracks have both a MIDI component and an audio component because the audio in this track is being created by this virtual instrument on the track, we don't actually have to choose an input because the input is already in the track. There is no external input coming into this track. So we can leave this as No Input. However, we do want to make sure that the output goes to our main outputs, which are chosen here as Analog 1 and 2. Now all outputs that are routed to Analog 1 and 2 will go to your main speakers or whatever you have connected to your Analog 1 and 2. This could also be headphones and if you insert Stereo Master Fader, that is routed through Analog 1 and 2. All of these tracks with Analog 1 and 2 as their outputs first go through this Stereo Master Fader track and this Fader controls the volume of all of the tracks in the session.

Now if you find that the input and output names don't match up with the interface that you have connected with your system, then you can go into the I/O Setup window, Setup > I/O. The session that I created that we are looking at here was actually made on an Mbox 2 but we are now using a 003. So these inputs and outputs don't line up with this interface that we have here. So, let's go down to the Default button and click that, and you will see that now we have the output labels for every output options that we have for the 003. If we go to the input, well these are incorrect, so we need to go to the Default and relabel those as well. We can go through all of these, the Insert, the Buses as well, and click Default, and now we have all the inputs labeled properly, all the outputs labeled properly the Inserts and the Buses.

Realistically, you'll only want to use this I/O Setup for two reasons. One is to reset the default I/O Setups in case you make a session with one studio setup like I did with the session here with the Mbox 2, and then open it with another interface that has a different I /O Setup. And the second reason to open the I/O Setup is to customize it for your own studio setup. So we can go over here actually and rename any of these Inputs, Outputs, Inserts, or Buses by simply double- clicking on the name. Let's say we want to call Analog 1-2 output, Speakers, so we know exactly where we are routing our signals. And maybe we want to go to the Input window and if we click this little arrow, we can name each mono part of the stereo input. Let's call this Vocal Mic and maybe we connect our Guitar always to Input 2.

So now we can create our own customized I/O Setup and once we have done this, we can actually export those settings and it automatically will save them to this I/O Settings folder that is within your Digidesign folder and we'll call this vocal guitar. I'll save that and I'm going to press OK. For now, I'll come back to this in a second and let me show you where this pops up in your Digidesign.

Within your Pro Tools folder, we have I/O settings and now we can see this vocal guitar.pio file, which is our I/ O Setup. Let's go back to Pro Tools and now I can see in the I/O that these have automatically changed. The first choice on the interface is the Vocal Mic. We can also choose Guitar and notice that the Outputs are now called Speakers instead of Analog 1 and 2.

Let's say we actually want to open up a different I/O Setting document. We can come in here to the I/O Setups and choose Import Settings and it will bring us right back to the I/O Settings folder. Let's choose Last Used. Open that up. It will ask you, if you want to delete existing unused paths. I usually choose Yes. Now it just so happens that the Last Use was the same one that we just created. So the names are the same. But if you have a different I/O Setup that would pop up here and all the names would be different or whatever that would be for that setup.

So now you know how to change your I/O Setup and create your own I/O Settings file. As you can see, Pro Tools offers a lot of flexibility in its signal routing using the I/O Setup window. Use it to your advantage to customize your I/O Settings.

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