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Adding delay

From: Pro Tools 8 Essential Training

Video: Adding delay

In this video, I wanted to discuss how Delay effects work and how to apply them well in your Pro Tools session. Delay effects record a signal, then play it back at a user selected time delay. A single Delay of less than 35 milliseconds is called a Double because this effect makes the track sound like there are two of the same part being played and sung at basically the same time. A slap back Delay is a single repeat with a Delay time over 35 milliseconds. Slap back Delay times of 35-75 milliseconds are good for thickening vocal or instrumental tracks. While Delays of 125 -350 milliseconds are useful for making a vocal or guitar track sound large. Longer Delay times will yield echo like effects. I'm going to open up the extra long Delay plug-in on this Aux track here. Now it's usually a good idea to set the Delay time in relation to the beat and tempo of the song. That is, an eighth note, a quarter note and in this case, I have it set as a whole note. The rhythm you create with the Delay can add a nice groove element to your mix.

Adding delay

In this video, I wanted to discuss how Delay effects work and how to apply them well in your Pro Tools session. Delay effects record a signal, then play it back at a user selected time delay. A single Delay of less than 35 milliseconds is called a Double because this effect makes the track sound like there are two of the same part being played and sung at basically the same time. A slap back Delay is a single repeat with a Delay time over 35 milliseconds. Slap back Delay times of 35-75 milliseconds are good for thickening vocal or instrumental tracks. While Delays of 125 -350 milliseconds are useful for making a vocal or guitar track sound large. Longer Delay times will yield echo like effects. I'm going to open up the extra long Delay plug-in on this Aux track here. Now it's usually a good idea to set the Delay time in relation to the beat and tempo of the song. That is, an eighth note, a quarter note and in this case, I have it set as a whole note. The rhythm you create with the Delay can add a nice groove element to your mix.

To do this, make use of the Tempo Sync function in most Pro Tools Delay plug-ins which will synchronize the Delays to the Session Tempo, just click the Tempo Sync icon, the little metronome or the Sync button and set your plug-in parameters as you want. Let's listen to an example that I have got set up here. In this session, I have an Effects Loop that I have set up on Bus 5 and 6. These tracks are routed to this extra long Delay on this Aux track. Notice how I have got a whole note set as the Delay time, which is going to make for a very long Delay. I'm going to press Play and listen for the delayed signal that's a whole note past when the original signal is played. (Music playing.) Let's take a look at some of the parameters that are here in this Delay plug-in. First, we have got the Gain. This affects the volume level of what's going to come out of this Delay plug- in. The mix determines how much of the original signal is being delayed. Often if we have set up an Effects loop like this, we'll use 100% as the Mix value.

LPF stands for low pass filter and this is used to filter out the high end, so that it doesn't build up if you are using a lot of feedback. Delay is the Delay Length, in this case, 1700 milliseconds, pretty long. Depth and Rate refer to the amount of modulation and the rate of modulation and we'll cover this stuff in the modulation video later in this course. Feedback refers to the amount of signal that is sent back into the Delay input creating a Delay of the delayed signal. The higher the feedback level, the more delays are created.

Obviously, we see down here that the Tempo is locked up with the tempo of the session because we have our little Tempo Sync button activated. If we inactivate this, we'll see that we could actually change this by dragging and you see that the Delay length changes as we change the Tempo, I'm going to re-lock that up. We can change the meter, we can also change the note value or add triplets or dot the notes and we can change the Groove percentage. Now I'm going to switch over to a different plug-in, I'm going to bypass this one and add in this new AIR Dynamic Delay plug-in and you will note that the Sync button here is active and that means that it's Tempo Synced with the session.

Now we'll use this one to playback and listen to a bunch of feedback, we have got 100% feedback in here. So that's going to create a lot of delays that are repeated on themselves. We can use this feedback actually to smooth out the sound of a track or given an infinite never-ending field, let's play a track and listen to this. (Music playing.) So as you can hear on that last note, the feedback continues and continues and so I roll that off to actually stop it. In this plug-in, there is a lot of different parameters that we can tweak. Obviously the Delay time, we have got the left and right ratio and the stereo width, which can be used to change up how this effect is used in the stereo field. We also have Feedback mode, which is mono, stereo or we can cross the left and the right.

We can change the EQ by cutting some of the highs and the lows and we can change the Envelope Modulation as well as the Mix percentage. Now, I'm going to show you another Delay technique. In this session I have got two separate acoustic guitar tracks record. Two different performances. One here and one here. I'm going to solo those to actually first and you can hear the differences between the two performances. (Music playing.) Pretty well played, pretty tight, but if I want to make this tighter and even more rhythmically aligned, but also keep the doubled sound. I can electronically double one of the guitar tracks and not use the second one, here is how. On this acoustic guitar track, I have set up a Send and busted out Bus 7 to this Aux track, which is receiving it on Bus 7.

So I'm doubling this track, sending this signal to this Aux track and then I add a short Delay with just 16 milliseconds as the Delay length and then I have kept all of these other parameters at 0, have the Mix at 100%. Let me solo both of those. Note that I have made this Send Prefader, so that the Volume fader on the original track doesn't affect the Send level. I have also panned this track to the left and the Aux track to the right. So that we can have the stereo spread.

Now, I'm going to play just these two tracks and you can compare that to the double tracks that I played before. (Music playing.) So, you have to be the judge as to what you like better between the two doubling techniques. But as you can hear, they both have their advantages.

There are numerable Delay effects to choose from. Experiment with all the parameters, check out all the presents and create your own. You can definitely have some fun with Delay effects and get very creative in your mix.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Pro Tools 8 Essential Training
Pro Tools 8 Essential Training

120 video lessons · 10702 viewers

David Franz
Author

 
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  1. 12m 54s
    1. Welcome
      1m 16s
    2. Exploring the different versions of Pro Tools
      2m 30s
    3. Optimizing your computer before installing Pro Tools
      3m 51s
    4. Troubleshooting
      3m 1s
    5. Using the exercise files
      2m 16s
  2. 23m 41s
    1. Connecting your Pro Tools system
      5m 8s
    2. Powering up and powering down
      58s
    3. Optimizing Pro Tools performance
      6m 55s
    4. Setting essential preferences
      3m 42s
    5. Creating a Pro Tools session
      3m 56s
    6. Identifying elements in a session folder
      3m 2s
  3. 47m 9s
    1. Exploring the Edit window
      4m 50s
    2. Exploring the Mix window
      2m 21s
    3. Exploring the Transport and Big Counter windows
      4m 0s
    4. Using the Color palette and window arrangements
      2m 55s
    5. Investigating Pro Tools menus
      4m 37s
    6. Creating new tracks
      4m 10s
    7. Understanding samples and ticks
      3m 36s
    8. Viewing and manipulating tracks
      5m 54s
    9. Adjusting the I/O setup
      7m 7s
    10. Understanding signal paths and gain stages
      3m 50s
    11. Utilizing keyboard shortcuts and keyboard focus
      3m 49s
  4. 30m 43s
    1. Using DigiBase and the Workspace browser
      5m 6s
    2. Importing audio
      5m 13s
    3. Importing MIDI
      3m 55s
    4. Importing session data
      6m 17s
    5. Importing tracks from a CD
      4m 18s
    6. Importing video
      2m 57s
    7. Unmounting a hard drive
      2m 57s
  5. 1h 2m
    1. Recording audio
      5m 6s
    2. Playing back audio
      10m 31s
    3. Creating a Click track
      4m 53s
    4. Overdubbing and using the record modes
      9m 25s
    5. Recording with playlists and the Loop Record mode
      3m 6s
    6. Punch recording and using the monitoring modes
      5m 28s
    7. Dealing with latency
      4m 17s
    8. Creating a group
      4m 33s
    9. Adding effects while recording
      7m 41s
    10. Creating a headphone (cue) mix
      5m 34s
    11. Assigning disk allocation
      2m 13s
  6. 1h 26m
    1. Understanding nondestructive editing and region types
      3m 31s
    2. Using the Selector and Grabber tools
      3m 29s
    3. Using the Trimmer and Scrubber tools
      6m 57s
    4. Using the Zoomer tool and Zoom presets
      5m 14s
    5. Using the Pencil tool
      3m 27s
    6. Using the Smart tool
      1m 26s
    7. Understanding the edit modes
      7m 54s
    8. Arranging regions
      8m 38s
    9. Undoing an edit
      2m 3s
    10. Utilizing fades and crossfades
      10m 29s
    11. Building a comp track using playlists
      5m 28s
    12. Locking and muting regions
      3m 36s
    13. Special buttons in the Editing window
      8m 16s
    14. Creating an audio loop
      5m 11s
    15. Editing a voiceover
      10m 59s
  7. 18m 43s
    1. Working with region groups
      5m 47s
    2. Setting time, tempo, meter, key, and chord
      5m 46s
    3. Creating memory locations
      7m 10s
  8. 35m 30s
    1. Setting up MIDI on a Mac
      4m 25s
    2. Setting up MIDI on a PC
      2m 50s
    3. Setting up MIDI in Pro Tools
      2m 46s
    4. Recording MIDI data
      5m 24s
    5. Recording multiple MIDI tracks with one virtual instrument
      2m 15s
    6. Recording options for MIDI
      6m 27s
    7. Using step input
      4m 45s
    8. Making a drum loop with MIDI Merge
      2m 51s
    9. Composing with virtual instruments
      3m 47s
  9. 48m 41s
    1. Using the edit tools for editing MIDI data
      8m 23s
    2. Editing MIDI data with the MIDI Editor
      7m 20s
    3. Working with the MIDI event list
      2m 41s
    4. Editing MIDI data with event operations
      8m 25s
    5. Quantizing MIDI tracks
      11m 31s
    6. Creating and using groove templates
      5m 59s
    7. Utilizing real-time properties
      4m 22s
  10. 18m 51s
    1. Exploring the Score Editor
      5m 22s
    2. Using the Score Editor
      6m 33s
    3. Setting up a score
      4m 30s
    4. Printing and exporting a score
      2m 26s
  11. 19m 0s
    1. Utilizing the Time Shift plug-in
      7m 41s
    2. Editing with Elastic Time
      8m 30s
    3. Editing with Elastic Pitch
      2m 49s
  12. 48m 20s
    1. Working with Boom
      11m 23s
    2. Working with Xpand2
      7m 21s
    3. Working with DB-33
      6m 58s
    4. Working with Vacuum
      7m 55s
    5. Working with Structure Free
      7m 12s
    6. Working with Mini Grand
      3m 57s
    7. Using Midi Learn
      3m 34s
  13. 25m 55s
    1. Writing and editing automation
      6m 4s
    2. Drawing automation with the Pencil tool
      4m 56s
    3. Editing automation with the Trimmer and Grabber tools
      2m 9s
    4. Cutting, copying, pasting, and clearing automation
      4m 5s
    5. Turning automation on and off
      4m 25s
    6. Automating plug-ins and virtual instruments
      4m 16s
  14. 1h 40m
    1. Setting up a session for mixing
      8m 0s
    2. Setting up an effects loop
      9m 18s
    3. Working with plug-ins
      3m 53s
    4. Dealing with delay compensation
      6m 51s
    5. Applying EQ
      9m 19s
    6. Adding compression
      11m 17s
    7. Applying limiters
      2m 57s
    8. Using Gates and Expanders
      4m 40s
    9. Working with Side Chains
      3m 35s
    10. Working with De-Essers
      3m 4s
    11. Adding delay
      7m 34s
    12. Utilizing modulation effects
      4m 43s
    13. Adding reverb
      7m 5s
    14. Adding harmonic effects
      5m 7s
    15. Renting and purchasing plug-ins
      2m 2s
    16. Applying AudioSuite plug-ins
      5m 19s
    17. Bouncing down a mix
      5m 50s
  15. 25m 44s
    1. Setting up a session for mastering
      8m 56s
    2. Using plug-ins for mastering
      8m 47s
    3. Applying Dither and Noise shaping
      4m 5s
    4. Bouncing down master recordings
      3m 56s
  16. 19m 52s
    1. Importing and displaying video files
      4m 20s
    2. Adding music, foley, ADR, and FX
      12m 28s
    3. Bouncing down video and audio together
      3m 4s
  17. 4m 50s
    1. Archiving an entire session
      4m 50s
  18. 31s
    1. Goodbye
      31s

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