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The pacing of edits

From: Premiere Pro CS5 Essential Training

Video: The pacing of edits

One of the story elements that you have total control of as the editor is the pacing of the cuts. And man, what a difference that they make. Here are two clips from "Night of the Living Dead." Here is the first clip here and we are going to watch this. Notice how often that we cut from shot to shot. (Female speaker: 6 o'clock and it's still light!) (Male speaker: A lot of good the extra daylight does us.) (Male speaker: Now we've still got a 3-hour drive back. We're not going to be home until after midnight.) Actually, I'll just go ahead and keep scrubbing this. But notice there is no cuts yet, no change in clips, no change in clips, and like that's it.

The pacing of edits

One of the story elements that you have total control of as the editor is the pacing of the cuts. And man, what a difference that they make. Here are two clips from "Night of the Living Dead." Here is the first clip here and we are going to watch this. Notice how often that we cut from shot to shot. (Female speaker: 6 o'clock and it's still light!) (Male speaker: A lot of good the extra daylight does us.) (Male speaker: Now we've still got a 3-hour drive back. We're not going to be home until after midnight.) Actually, I'll just go ahead and keep scrubbing this. But notice there is no cuts yet, no change in clips, no change in clips, and like that's it.

That entire shot was almost 27 seconds long. This is before any zombies happen at the beginning of the movie. Nothing scary yet. So 27 seconds, which is a really long time for a single cut. Now contrast that with later in the movie when they are getting attacked by zombies. Notice all the cuts here. (Music playing) (Female speaker: I'm going with them!) (Male speaker: Get back in the cellar!) (Female speaker: I'm going!) (Male speaker: It's too late!) (Music playing) So here in even a less period of time we have far more cuts.

Some of them only lasting a split-second. And so we are constantly cutting. And this makes it feel a lot more intense. Just like the speed of the cuts. How many cuts are coming per second or per minute? Much faster. Again, what this is doing is its kind of mimicking what's happening with the human heart. Like in the beginning our heartbeat is slow. Nothing much going on, everything is normal. But at the end, our heart rate is supposed to be up. It supposed to be beating a little bit more intensely. So that's what's happening here with the speed of the cuts. So again, as we go from frame to frame here, we go and then he looks back and there is a cut of her exiting the door.

A couple of seconds later, there is a cut of him turning his head. And there's only a few frames of that. Another cut of him closing the door. Another cut of her turning her head and another cut in just a second of his face again. So we are constantly cutting, cutting, cutting, cutting. And again, it's that frenetic pace that makes you just feel really on the edge of your seat. Again, the editor has total control of the pacing and the speed of the movie, which is very important.

Also, one other thing, you want to keep in mind your audience. Here is a clip from "Jesse James Meets Frankenstein's Daughter." And I am just going to play this without the audio on and talk over it. Notice how long this shot goes on. This movie was made in the 60s, and again it goes on and on and on and on and on without a cut. So it goes on over a minute long which is almost unheard of in movies today. So you need to take into consideration the audience that you are speaking to.

If you were making a piece for National Geographic, then you could have longer cuts. You could have cuts that are 10 seconds long and that's okay, because the audience could pay attention. But if you are making something for MTV, you need to speed up the pace of those cuts. If you've ever watched something on MTV, the cuts only last a few seconds apiece or maybe even a split-second, because people that are watching have a very short attention span. So if you are having a younger audience, then you want to keep their interest and their excitement by doing what "Night of the Living Dead" did, where you are constantly moving, you are constantly changing. But if you have an older audience, you can just take your time a little bit, because they have a little bit longer of an attention span.

You might find exceptions to this. Like your grandma might get bored really easily and you might be able to sit and watch a two-minute sequence without a cut and be fine with it. But that is the general rule.

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This video is part of

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Premiere Pro CS5 Essential Training

83 video lessons · 51478 viewers

Chad Perkins
Author

 
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  1. 4m 1s
    1. Welcome
      55s
    2. What is Premiere Pro CS5?
      1m 41s
    3. Using the exercise files
      1m 25s
  2. 16m 44s
    1. The Premiere Pro workflow
      2m 21s
    2. Adding footage to the Timeline
      2m 19s
    3. Understanding timecode
      3m 3s
    4. Making basic edits
      5m 15s
    5. Getting familiar with the interface
      3m 46s
  3. 21m 59s
    1. Setting up a new project
      3m 48s
    2. Creating a new sequence
      5m 30s
    3. Capturing and ingesting footage
      2m 51s
    4. Importing files
      5m 23s
    5. Sorting and organizing clips
      4m 27s
  4. 33m 19s
    1. Making a rough cut
      4m 0s
    2. Making preliminary edits
      4m 55s
    3. Creating overlay and insert edits
      4m 16s
    4. Using video layers to add B-roll
      3m 47s
    5. Using ripple edits and ripple delete
      3m 1s
    6. Performing slip edits
      2m 54s
    7. Using the Razor tool
      3m 51s
    8. Moving edit points
      3m 47s
    9. Navigating efficiently in the Timeline
      2m 48s
  5. 28m 45s
    1. The job of an editor
      2m 59s
    2. When to cut
      5m 54s
    3. Avoiding bad edits
      6m 31s
    4. The pacing of edits
      3m 47s
    5. Using establishing shots
      2m 44s
    6. Using emotional cutaways
      2m 1s
    7. Fixing problems with cutaways
      2m 48s
    8. Matching action
      2m 1s
  6. 21m 38s
    1. Using markers
      3m 31s
    2. Replacing clips
      2m 36s
    3. Exporting a still frame
      1m 51s
    4. Creating alternate cuts
      1m 25s
    5. Rearranging clips in the Timeline
      2m 15s
    6. Targeting tracks
      2m 32s
    7. Disconnecting audio and video
      5m 0s
    8. Reconnecting offline media
      2m 28s
  7. 9m 46s
    1. Adjusting the rubber band
      3m 13s
    2. Adjusting clip position
      1m 21s
    3. Moving the anchor point
      2m 50s
    4. Adjusting clip size and rotation
      2m 22s
  8. 8m 15s
    1. Changing the speed of a clip
      1m 58s
    2. Using the Rate Stretch tool
      1m 57s
    3. Playing a clip backward
      4m 20s
  9. 10m 26s
    1. Understanding pixel aspect ratio
      5m 15s
    2. Understanding frame rates
      2m 15s
    3. About HD standards
      2m 56s
  10. 10m 32s
    1. Using layered Photoshop files
      2m 31s
    2. Animating clip position
      3m 33s
    3. Fading layers in and out
      4m 28s
  11. 12m 40s
    1. Applying transitions
      6m 2s
    2. Using transitions effectively
      4m 41s
    3. Setting up the default transition
      1m 57s
  12. 38m 31s
    1. The importance of ambient audio
      6m 35s
    2. Cutting video to music
      7m 38s
    3. Changing audio volume over time
      9m 55s
    4. Fixing audio problems
      9m 57s
    5. Censoring audio
      4m 26s
  13. 16m 25s
    1. Creating censored video
      5m 22s
    2. Creating a lens flare
      2m 20s
    3. Creating a logo bug
      3m 27s
    4. Creating background textures
      5m 16s
  14. 13m 23s
    1. Intro to compositing
      1m 11s
    2. Removing a green screen background
      9m 14s
    3. Compositing with blend modes
      2m 58s
  15. 22m 37s
    1. Adjusting white balance
      2m 24s
    2. Increasing contrast
      3m 5s
    3. Adjusting luminance
      4m 30s
    4. Creating cinematic color
      5m 21s
    5. Creating a vignette
      3m 12s
    6. Creating a day-for-night shot
      4m 5s
  16. 16m 5s
    1. Creating titles
      4m 55s
    2. Creating a lower third
      9m 12s
    3. Animating rolling credits
      1m 58s
  17. 14m 13s
    1. Exporting sequences from Premiere
      3m 57s
    2. Exporting with the Adobe Media Encoder
      2m 13s
    3. The most common formats and codecs
      4m 42s
    4. Exporting portions of a sequence
      1m 54s
    5. Rendering letterboxed footage
      1m 27s
  18. 6m 46s
    1. Examining the other apps that come with Premiere
      4m 25s
    2. Working with Final Cut Pro
      2m 21s
  19. 20s
    1. Goodbye
      20s

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