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Premiere Pro CS5 Essential Training
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The importance of ambient audio


From:

Premiere Pro CS5 Essential Training

with Chad Perkins

Video: The importance of ambient audio

In the world of low-budget video, it's actually not video that's the biggest problem. It is audio. Audio is the dead giveaway that something is just a really poor production. Try that next time. Next time you look at an independent film, see if you can stand it if the audio is bad. Chances are you will not be able to. You might be able to find a lot of independent movies that you can tolerate if the video is bad, even if the quality of the video is poor. But if the quality of the audio is poor, there's no tolerance for that. So, in this chapter, we're going to look at the powerful world of audio.
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  1. 4m 1s
    1. Welcome
      55s
    2. What is Premiere Pro CS5?
      1m 41s
    3. Using the exercise files
      1m 25s
  2. 16m 44s
    1. The Premiere Pro workflow
      2m 21s
    2. Adding footage to the Timeline
      2m 19s
    3. Understanding timecode
      3m 3s
    4. Making basic edits
      5m 15s
    5. Getting familiar with the interface
      3m 46s
  3. 21m 59s
    1. Setting up a new project
      3m 48s
    2. Creating a new sequence
      5m 30s
    3. Capturing and ingesting footage
      2m 51s
    4. Importing files
      5m 23s
    5. Sorting and organizing clips
      4m 27s
  4. 33m 19s
    1. Making a rough cut
      4m 0s
    2. Making preliminary edits
      4m 55s
    3. Creating overlay and insert edits
      4m 16s
    4. Using video layers to add B-roll
      3m 47s
    5. Using ripple edits and ripple delete
      3m 1s
    6. Performing slip edits
      2m 54s
    7. Using the Razor tool
      3m 51s
    8. Moving edit points
      3m 47s
    9. Navigating efficiently in the Timeline
      2m 48s
  5. 28m 45s
    1. The job of an editor
      2m 59s
    2. When to cut
      5m 54s
    3. Avoiding bad edits
      6m 31s
    4. The pacing of edits
      3m 47s
    5. Using establishing shots
      2m 44s
    6. Using emotional cutaways
      2m 1s
    7. Fixing problems with cutaways
      2m 48s
    8. Matching action
      2m 1s
  6. 21m 38s
    1. Using markers
      3m 31s
    2. Replacing clips
      2m 36s
    3. Exporting a still frame
      1m 51s
    4. Creating alternate cuts
      1m 25s
    5. Rearranging clips in the Timeline
      2m 15s
    6. Targeting tracks
      2m 32s
    7. Disconnecting audio and video
      5m 0s
    8. Reconnecting offline media
      2m 28s
  7. 9m 46s
    1. Adjusting the rubber band
      3m 13s
    2. Adjusting clip position
      1m 21s
    3. Moving the anchor point
      2m 50s
    4. Adjusting clip size and rotation
      2m 22s
  8. 8m 15s
    1. Changing the speed of a clip
      1m 58s
    2. Using the Rate Stretch tool
      1m 57s
    3. Playing a clip backward
      4m 20s
  9. 10m 26s
    1. Understanding pixel aspect ratio
      5m 15s
    2. Understanding frame rates
      2m 15s
    3. About HD standards
      2m 56s
  10. 10m 32s
    1. Using layered Photoshop files
      2m 31s
    2. Animating clip position
      3m 33s
    3. Fading layers in and out
      4m 28s
  11. 12m 40s
    1. Applying transitions
      6m 2s
    2. Using transitions effectively
      4m 41s
    3. Setting up the default transition
      1m 57s
  12. 38m 31s
    1. The importance of ambient audio
      6m 35s
    2. Cutting video to music
      7m 38s
    3. Changing audio volume over time
      9m 55s
    4. Fixing audio problems
      9m 57s
    5. Censoring audio
      4m 26s
  13. 16m 25s
    1. Creating censored video
      5m 22s
    2. Creating a lens flare
      2m 20s
    3. Creating a logo bug
      3m 27s
    4. Creating background textures
      5m 16s
  14. 13m 23s
    1. Intro to compositing
      1m 11s
    2. Removing a green screen background
      9m 14s
    3. Compositing with blend modes
      2m 58s
  15. 22m 37s
    1. Adjusting white balance
      2m 24s
    2. Increasing contrast
      3m 5s
    3. Adjusting luminance
      4m 30s
    4. Creating cinematic color
      5m 21s
    5. Creating a vignette
      3m 12s
    6. Creating a day-for-night shot
      4m 5s
  16. 16m 5s
    1. Creating titles
      4m 55s
    2. Creating a lower third
      9m 12s
    3. Animating rolling credits
      1m 58s
  17. 14m 13s
    1. Exporting sequences from Premiere
      3m 57s
    2. Exporting with the Adobe Media Encoder
      2m 13s
    3. The most common formats and codecs
      4m 42s
    4. Exporting portions of a sequence
      1m 54s
    5. Rendering letterboxed footage
      1m 27s
  18. 6m 46s
    1. Examining the other apps that come with Premiere
      4m 25s
    2. Working with Final Cut Pro
      2m 21s
  19. 20s
    1. Goodbye
      20s

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Premiere Pro CS5 Essential Training
5h 6m Beginner Apr 30, 2010

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In Premiere Pro CS5 Essential Training, author Chad Perkins shows not only how to edit video with Premiere Pro, but he also explains how to use video to tell compelling stories. This course covers the Premiere Pro workflow from a high level, providing a background on how projects go from start to finish before diving into basic clip adjustments, such as color correcting scenes for more dramatic impact, applying transitions effectively, and slowing down and speeding up clip playback. The course includes creative techniques, such as making titles and removing a green screen background from a shot. Exercise files are included with the course.

Topics include:
  • Adding footage to the Timeline
  • Creating dynamically linked content
  • Making overlay and insert edits
  • Moving edit points
  • Playing a clip backwards
  • Understanding pixel aspect ratio and frame rate
  • Applying motion effects
  • Cutting video to music
  • Compositing with green screen and blend modes
  • Correcting color
  • Creating titles and lower thirds
  • Exporting sequences
Subjects:
Video Video Editing
Software:
Premiere Pro
Author:
Chad Perkins

The importance of ambient audio

In the world of low-budget video, it's actually not video that's the biggest problem. It is audio. Audio is the dead giveaway that something is just a really poor production. Try that next time. Next time you look at an independent film, see if you can stand it if the audio is bad. Chances are you will not be able to. You might be able to find a lot of independent movies that you can tolerate if the video is bad, even if the quality of the video is poor. But if the quality of the audio is poor, there's no tolerance for that. So, in this chapter, we're going to look at the powerful world of audio.

In this movie, we're going to talk about something called ambient audio. Now, in our main project here, early on in this training series when we were talking about the Razor tool, we split this main clip of this interview here, this guy's interview, we split this up into several little segments, where he says something and then there is a break and then he says something, there is a break. But there is an audio problem there with that gap. Let's listen and basically what I want you to listen for is the sound of the ocean waves while he is talking. (Music Playing) (Male speaker: Beautiful scenery.) (Male speaker: Plenty of places to ride.) (Male speaker: Beautiful weather.) (Male speaker: It just doesn't get any better.) So, we have the ocean waves in the background.

You could see as it goes over these gaps that there is no ocean waves sounding off. So, there is definitely a weird jarring silence that happens as we're waiting for these ocean waves. Because these ocean waves are part of the main talent's clips, we can't get rid of those ocean waves, not very easily anyways. Then we need to fill in these gaps with additional ocean waves. So, this is referred to as ambient audio. When we are in a scene, we're doing a shoot, let's say we're here, we'd want to capture like a few minutes of just the sound of the ocean waves for this very purpose, so we could plug that sound into these holes and make things sound more complete.

If this was an interior shot, we refer to that extra audio as room tone. Now, how to fix this? In the Audio folder in the Project panel, I have some ambient ocean audio. I got this from another clip, but the pitch of the ocean is about the same. (Waves crashing) I think it's going to work. So what I'm going to do is I'm going to resize my Timeline panel here. I have a few ways that I can do this. I can drag-and-drop this to a separate audio track. Then I can just chop this at these different cut points here.

Let's say with this audio track selected here, I could hit Page Down. Then with this audio track selected as well, I could hit Command+K. And I continue to press Page Down, hit Command+K, Page Down, Command+K, Page Down, Command+K, and this is also Ctrl+K on the PC. So, I'm basically splitting the audio wherever there are cut points on the main audio. Then I could select the duplicate audio where the ambient ocean track I just added and the original source audio line up. I could just delete those.

The reason why we wouldn't want this audio track to be continuous is that because when the speaker would come on, we'd have two layers of ocean noise. And that would bury his voice and we don't want that. So, that's one way to do it. But because this audio track is pretty much the same thing the whole time, we could double-click it to open it up in the Source Monitor. Then this is just another technique. So whichever one you prefer is fine. I'm going to go out in time just a little bit, just like a few frames here, a small amount. And then I'm going to set the out point here. Click this to set the out point.

Then I'm going to grab the Speaker icon and drag this down to my timeline. I'm going to drag that to the beginning of that gap. Then I'm going to just trim it there. We could continue doing that. We could drag this to the beginning and then extend it with the Trim feature in Premiere. There we have it. We missed one gap here, because I think that our initial trim was a little bit too big to fit there. So actually, I might want to go and just get a few frames and make that the new out point, drag the speaker icon to that gap, make it all the way left flush with the end of the previous clip.

Then I could extend this again by clicking on the right side of the clip. I might need to press the plus key to zoom in on the timeline here a little bit. Press Home and then extend that. So, either way, we wouldn't want to do both of these ways. We wouldn't want to have the double layer of the ambient ocean audio. But these are two ways that you can do this. If you do choose to go this route and put it all on the same track, then you do have the benefit of using the audio transition, which is actually what I did in the original project.

I went to Crossfade and then you could see that Constant Power is the default audio transition. Basically, what that does is kind of like a Cross Dissolve but for audio. So I can hit Page Down here. Actually let me select my Timeline panel. Hit Page Down to go to the next spot between clips. Now that I'm at the cut p oint between these two audio clips, I can drag-and-drop Constant Power to the cut point between these. I want to do that between all of these clips here. Actually, let me undo that and I probably want to zoom in a little bit closer. Again, I'm hitting the Plus key on my keyboard to do that.

So we could put this transition here so that as one ocean sound goes to the next, it kind of like fades out and then the other clip fades in. So it's less of a harsh transition between these two ocean noises. I'm actually going to hit Backslash here and I'm going to click-and-drag a marquee to select all of the audio on audio track 3 and hit Delete. I'm not going to bother with adding the transitions to the remaining clips. I think this is going to work just fine as is. But let's hear the difference now with the ambient audio, where we don't have those big audio gaps in between the subject speaking. (Music playing) (Male speaker: Beautiful scenery.) (Male speaker: Plenty of places to ride.) (Male speaker: Beautiful weather.) (Male speaker: It just doesn't get any better than this.) Now, you might notice that the pitch, the tone of the ambient audio, the ocean waves, is a little bit different than that of the ocean waves as this guy is speaking.

(Music Playing) (Male speaker: Beautiful weather.) It's a little bit higher in pitch. So we could actually use audio effects, which we'll talk about later in this chapter, to lower that. Or again, we can add this transition, which makes it a smoother transition so as that crossfades it would slowly appear to go up and down and tone and be less noticeable for the viewer. But I can't stress enough how important it is to have ambient audio. If you have any kind of control over the shooting of the video that you'll be editing, make sure they get plenty of room tone or ambient audio, whatever you want to call it, but just get that, because it really does save your skin in a lot of cases like this.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Premiere Pro CS5 Essential Training.


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Q: When attempting to open the project exercise files into Premiere Pro CS5, an error message appears: 
This project contained a sequence that could not be opened. No sequence preview preset file codec could be associated with this sequence type. 
What could be causing the error, and how can the files be opened?
A: There are a few possible explanations. 

First, if the projects are not importing correctly, the error could be with the codecs being used on a particular machine. Check to make sure the Video Previews codec setting matches the file type being used.

Another possible issue could stem from using the trial version of Premiere CS5. Some codecs for encoding MPEG formats are available only with the full version of Premiere CS5. 

Additionally, the "Video Previews" codec setting for the Custom Sequence Presets could cause the issue if it is defaulting to “I-Frame Only MPEG”. Changing the setting to Microsoft AVI might fix the problem.


Lastly, if the projects are not importing into Premiere, try importing the video footage by itself, rather than the entire project file.
Q: How does one perform internal edits within a piece of video in Adobe Premiere? For example, if I have a single clip of video, comprised of multiple segments strung together, how would I go about removing gaps and/or cleaning up each segment and then assembling the clips in a desired order? Most tutorials emphasize laying down multiple clips on the Sceneline or Timeline, but not editing one clip of video.
A: To remove footage from a single video clip:
  • Drag the Current Time Indicator (CTI) to the first frame of the segment to be deleted, click the Split Clip button in the Monitor panel, drag the CTI to the last frame of the segment to be deleted, and then click the Split Clip button again.
  • Delete the segment by clicking on the clip and either choosing Edit > Delete And Close Gap, or pressing the Delete or Backspace key. That will remove the segment and the rest of the projectwill slide over to the left to fill the gap.
Q: I can't view the exercise files.
A: Most of the video clips in the training were encoded using H.264. If you are on a PC, you may need to download the latest version of the free
QuickTime player from quicktime.com. Be sure to install QuickTime with your Adobe applications closed. QuickTime installs a series of codecs on your
machine, and many Adobe apps require QuickTime components to function properly.
Q: Why are many of the video files H.264 if some users must download additional components to view them?
A: This is one of the most common video formats in the world right now, certainly for distribution. This is because it is currently the most optimal
way to provide high quality video at the low files sizes that we need to be able to distribute these assets online. Even though it may require an extra
download for some users, this is the best way to be able to get you the highest quality exercise files. There isn't another video standard that is
cross platform that is free and that works as well as H.264.
Q: What is the most effective way to import a JPEG into Premiere Pro (i.e. best quality resolution, best playback speed)? When I import a photo as a JPEG and add it to a sequence, only a very small part of my photo is shown, because of the high resolution of these photos. Should they be resized in Photoshop first? Will changing it using effects provide the quality I am looking for?
A: Images can be scaled down using the Scale Transform in the Effect Controls panel as explained in the training. You can also scale down the images in Photoshop to match the size of your sequence in Premiere. But I prefer to use the Scale Transform as it gives me more flexibility and allows me to "zoom in" (aka scale up) photos without loss in quality. You'll probably want to make sure that the proportions of the image match the sequence though.
Q: Does Premiere Pro offer Z-axis editing like After Effects?
A: Premiere Pro does not offer 3D as After Effects does, but you can use the Basic 3D effect in Premiere to simulate that environment.
 
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