Premiere Pro CS6 Essential Training
Illustration by John Hersey

Using transitions


Premiere Pro CS6 Essential Training

with Abba Shapiro

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Video: Using transitions

In this chapter we are going to look at putting transitions into your final program. Now believe it or not, you've actually been putting transitions in, because a cut is a transition, and it's the transition that you probably should use most of the time. But if you need to smooth out and edit or actually call attention to a cut, a lot of times you are going to put a transition on such as a dissolve or a wipe and then there is a whole slew of even fancier transitions you can drop on your show. Now rule of thumb, keep it simple. Cuts and dissolves work best, and maybe an occasional wipe.
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  1. 56s
    1. What is Premiere Pro?
  2. 2m 49s
    1. Welcome
      1m 7s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 42s
  3. 27m 52s
    1. Launching the application for the first time
      3m 27s
    2. A tour of the interface
      4m 55s
    3. Customizing the window layout and the interface
      7m 0s
    4. Exploring the different ways to drive Premiere Pro CS6
      4m 33s
    5. Understanding system configuration and the Mercury Playback Engine
      3m 17s
    6. Adjusting essential preferences
      4m 40s
  4. 40m 7s
    1. Importing files and folders
      11m 2s
    2. Importing card-based media
      6m 1s
    3. Capturing from tape
      4m 10s
    4. Organizing media
      12m 3s
    5. Reconnecting offline media
      6m 51s
  5. 21m 0s
    1. Basic editing overview
      4m 44s
    2. Previewing and marking media in the Project panel
      7m 11s
    3. Previewing and marking clips in the Source panel
      9m 5s
  6. 33m 38s
    1. Editing clips into the Timeline
      7m 56s
    2. Marking and targeting destinations in the Timeline
      2m 53s
    3. Moving clips in the Timeline and performing a swap edit
      4m 11s
    4. Adjusting edit points in the Timeline
      2m 6s
    5. Splitting clips using the Razor tool
      2m 16s
    6. Deleting clips
      2m 38s
    7. Performing an insert edit
      4m 14s
    8. Performing an overwrite edit
      3m 10s
    9. Dragging to a second layer to edit cutaways
      4m 14s
  7. 43m 16s
    1. Performing a three-point edit
      7m 23s
    2. Performing a replace edit
      3m 48s
    3. Targeting specific tracks in the Timeline
      3m 1s
    4. Linking and unlinking audio and video tracks
      3m 51s
    5. Performing roll and ripple edits
      6m 51s
    6. Performing slip and slide edits
      6m 42s
    7. Creating subclips
      4m 29s
    8. Locating and working with different versions of a clip using Match Frame
      7m 11s
  8. 42m 52s
    1. Taking control of your Timeline
      7m 57s
    2. Adding video and audio tracks
      5m 32s
    3. Performing audio-only and video-only edits
      4m 49s
    4. Changing track visibility and locking tracks
      5m 42s
    5. Rendering
      7m 43s
    6. Using the History panel to undo multiple actions
      2m 31s
    7. Creating keyboard shortcuts
      5m 35s
    8. Creating buttons
      3m 3s
  9. 23m 28s
    1. Working with audio
      5m 22s
    2. Adjusting audio levels in the Source Monitor
      3m 0s
    3. Adjusting audio levels in the Timeline
      10m 10s
    4. Adjusting the audio mix on the fly
      4m 56s
  10. 9m 4s
    1. Inserting markers
      4m 8s
    2. Snapping markers to each other
      4m 56s
  11. 29m 52s
    1. Working with stills
      10m 57s
    2. Moving on stills
      5m 54s
    3. Exporting and re-importing stills
      3m 47s
    4. Working with still and animated graphics with transparency
      2m 39s
    5. Working with layered Photoshop files
      6m 35s
  12. 20m 58s
    1. Changing speed and reversing a clip
      6m 22s
    2. Changing speed at a variable rate
      9m 10s
    3. Creating and using freeze frames
      5m 26s
  13. 28m 22s
    1. Using transitions
      9m 36s
    2. Understanding the nuances of transitions
      6m 24s
    3. Modifying transitions
      8m 37s
    4. Setting default transitions and applying multiple transitions
      3m 45s
  14. 36m 36s
    1. Applying and modifying effects
      4m 51s
    2. Applying presets and motion effects
      5m 42s
    3. Saving favorites
      3m 50s
    4. Understanding color correction
      4m 4s
    5. Using adjustment layers
      3m 23s
    6. Working with green screen and chroma key footage
      6m 36s
    7. Using the Warp Stabilizer to stabilize clips
      6m 27s
    8. Applying filters to audio
      1m 43s
  15. 27m 45s
    1. Creating static titles
      7m 8s
    2. Creating lower thirds
      10m 2s
    3. Creating a credit roll and crawls
      6m 41s
    4. Using Photoshop for titles
      3m 54s
  16. 20m 0s
    1. Introducing multicam editing
      1m 46s
    2. Creating a multicam clip with timecode
      3m 25s
    3. Creating a multicam clip using sync points
      4m 1s
    4. Editing a multicam clip in a Timeline
      4m 26s
    5. Refining a multicam edit
      6m 22s
  17. 9m 51s
    1. Exporting a movie
      4m 12s
    2. Sending to Adobe Media Encoder
      3m 44s
    3. Printing to video
      1m 55s
  18. 1m 22s
    1. Next steps
      1m 22s

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Watch the Online Video Course Premiere Pro CS6 Essential Training
6h 59m Beginner May 07, 2012

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

This course introduces Adobe Premiere Pro CS6, using a project-based approach that introduces video editors to all the skills necessary to cut their own program. Using a short commercial project as an example, author Abba Shapiro walks viewers through a complete and logical workflow that begins with importing media, creating a basic rough edit, and then refining the cut with music and sound effects, transitions, visual effects, and titles. The course also includes troubleshooting advice, such as reconnecting offline media and using the History panel to undo multiple actions.

Topics include:
  • Customizing the window layout and the interface
  • Importing card-based media
  • Capturing media from tape
  • Marking and selecting the best takes from clips
  • Editing clips into the Timeline
  • Performing insert and overwrite edits
  • Performing more advanced editing tasks, such as 3-point editing, replace edits, and trimming using ripple and roll edits
  • Mixing audio
  • Editing more efficiently using markers
  • Working with stills and graphics
  • Creating speed changes on clips
  • Adding transitions and effects
  • Creating titles, credit rolls, and lower thirds
  • Demonstrating multicamera editing techniques
  • Stabilizing shaky footage
  • Exporting your final project to the web, mobile devices, and tape
Premiere Pro
Abba Shapiro

Using transitions

In this chapter we are going to look at putting transitions into your final program. Now believe it or not, you've actually been putting transitions in, because a cut is a transition, and it's the transition that you probably should use most of the time. But if you need to smooth out and edit or actually call attention to a cut, a lot of times you are going to put a transition on such as a dissolve or a wipe and then there is a whole slew of even fancier transitions you can drop on your show. Now rule of thumb, keep it simple. Cuts and dissolves work best, and maybe an occasional wipe.

Let's go ahead and see how we can put transitions on clips that are video only, and then we'll look at putting transitions on an audio file and then on an interview that has both video and audio connected. If you take a look at our Timeline we start off with four clips, three of them are video clips and one is actually a still image, and I am going to zoom in so you can see that a little better, I am going to press the Plus key just so we can focus on those four cuts. Now to put a transition on a clip you can go into the Effects tab, and in the Effects tab there is a variety of tabs here that you can open and close, and yours may have some open and close depending on if you've actually played around with this. If they are open, go ahead and close them all. If there's any words typed here, go ahead and hit the Reset key, and that way we are all in the same playing field.

So the first transition we are going to work with, and the transition you should work with the most is the Dissolve. Now this can be found in the Video Transitions folder, and you could dig down and then find Video Transitions and then dig down and say Dissolve. That's there. Which dissolve do I pick? There is the Cross Dissolve. Well, if you want to find any transition very quickly, I am going to go ahead and close all of these disclosure triangles and just start typing in the word dissolve. And as you can see, as I type in each letter it refines my search field, and I can just jump right down to all the different dissolves, and the dissolve that you're going to primarily use is a Cross Dissolve.

Now you may see three different icons here, and these indicate whether it's a real-time effect accelerated with your graphics card or whether it's 32 or 64 bit. The truth is I wouldn't worry too much about this. Just put the effects on that you want and see if it plays back, and if it doesn't, you may have to render. And you can refer back to the rendering movie in an earlier chapter. So let's go ahead and put a Cross Dissolve between the microwave clip and the Copier clip. Before we do that, I want you to see what the cut looks like, and it works okay.

It's a little abrupt because we go from light to dark. So I am going to just grab the Cross Dissolve and drop it directly on the edit point. Premiere Pro automatically places the dissolve in. This is a real-time effect, and I can see how it looks. It's much smoother and a much more gradual transition, and it doesn't call attention to itself when the viewer is watching your show. Now by default, all transitions are 1 second in duration. We are going to look at changing the duration of your transitions in the next movie.

Right now I want you just to get comfortable with putting transitions on edit points and removing them. Another way you can put a transition on a clip is just to right-click on the edit point, and as you see, it says Apply Default Transitions. In this case the Cross Dissolve is your default transition out of the box. I'll also show you how to modify that in the next movie. Now it's important to keep in mind that whenever you put a transition on a clip you need to make sure that you have enough handles or media after your Out Point of the first clip and before the In Point of your following clip to make sure you have some media to dissolve from and to dissolve to.

And for our final video transition, I'm going to go ahead and use a keyboard shortcut to put a transition between the windmill footage and a still image, just to show you that still images use transitions exactly the same way. Now the keyboard shortcuts for this is Command+D on a Macintosh and Ctrl+D on a Windows machine. Now it's important that if you are going to use the keyboard shortcut that your Playhead is parked between the two clips. My Playhead right now is parked between the two clips, so when I hit Command+D, it automatically places the default video transition where I want it to go.

I am going to hit undo and show you what happens if it's parked in the middle of the clip. I am going to press Command+D, and as you see, nothing happened. So if you're hitting a keyboard shortcut to put a transition on a clip, make sure the Playhead is positioned on an edit point, and you can very quickly jump to an edit point as we learned in earlier movies by using the Up and Down Arrow keys to move forward or backwards in your Timeline. Now by pressing Command+D my transition appears.

Let's move forward and take a look at audio transitions. I'm going to go ahead and press the H key to switch to the Hand tool, and I can just slide down and find the exact point where I want to show you my edit. I have a cut in the music because I needed to tighten it up. I am going to zoom back just a little bit. I am going to hit the Minus key a couple of times just so you have a little perspective there, and there we go, I needed to shorten the music. I am going to switch back to my Selection tool and play this cut. (music playing) It's not too bad. The audience may not notice, because I cut right on the beat, but I'd like to smooth that out a little bit, and I put an audio transition on the same way I put on a video transition.

Now if you're looking for them in the Effects folder, you will notice them under Audio Transitions. Let me go ahead and click and open this folder, and you'll notice nothing is there. And I did this intentionally because this is a huge gotcha that frustrates people when they're learning to work in the Effects tab. The reason I see nothing is because I had typed in diss earlier looking for my dissolve. As soon as I erase that by clicking the X right here, I can see all of the transitions inside my audio folder.

So if for some reason, transitions or effects--which we'll learn later-- aren't appearing, make sure nothing is typed into this space. So the default transition is a constant power transition, and this is most likely what you'll want to use when transitioning from one audio source to another. Now I can once again simply grab and drag and drop it on the cut of music, or just like with video, I could've used a keyboard shortcut. The keyboard shortcut for an audio transition is Shift+Command+D, and that will put the default audio transition on your edit points.

Let's take a listen and hear how that sounds. (music playing) Even though the other one worked as a cut, it's a lot nicer and a lot smoother with a little bit of a dissolve. Finally, let's take a look at putting a transition on a clip that has both video and audio. I am going to over here, and I'll move my Playhead, and let's zoom in by hitting the Plus key so we can focus just on these two clips. If I right-click and say Apply Default Transitions, please note that there is an S on Transitions, it actually puts the dissolving on both the video and the audio.

I am going to go ahead and play this. (video playing) Well, I really don't want to have a video transition because a cut works well. Actually, it calls attention to itself by dissolving from the wide shot to the close-up, but the audio is much smoother. Let's go ahead and delete this transition, and to delete a transition you can simply click on it to select it and press Delete. Now if you noticed, I was able to delete the video without deleting the audio, and I am exactly where I want to be. (video playing) So I have smoothed out the audio and the video is a nice cut.

But that was just one step to many in my mind. So I am going to go ahead and remove this transition and show you how you can place just a video or just an audio transition on your clip. Of course, I could go back to the Effects Browser and just drag in the audio transition or just drag in the video transition, but that actually takes a little bit longer, and I have to dig for it. I want to be able to do it quickly. So this is a case where you can either use the keyboard shortcut, and I am going to go ahead and park my Playhead over the clip--and remember, you can either snap to it if you hold down the Shift key, or I could use the Up and Down Arrow.

And now by using the keyboard shortcut of Command+D on a Macintosh or Ctrl+D on a Windows machine I can put just a video transition in. I am going to hit Undo--Command+Z to remove that--and if I want an Audio Only Transition, that's Shift+Command+D and it just puts the audio transition on my clip. So as you can see, it's very easy with the right keyboard shortcut to put the exact transition you want where you want it. In the next movie we're going take a look at modifying these transitions if you want them longer or shorter or you need them to be a little bit different, perhaps a wipe instead of a dissolve.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Premiere Pro CS6 Essential Training .

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Q: The exercise files don't work for me. I get an error message stating the sequence(s) could not be loaded and it returns me to the Welcome screen. I am using the trial version of Premiere Pro and the correct codecs do not seem to be included.
A: All the required codecs are included in the trial version of Premiere. You just need to activate the trial with your Adobe ID. If you don't sign into Adobe, anything with MPEG compression will be unavailable. Signing resolves that issue and restores all MPEG-based support.
Q: I'm receiving the following error message from Premiere Pro. "This project contained a sequence that could not be opened. No sequence preview preset file or codec could be associated with this sequence type." How do I resolve it?
Additionally, when I try to create a project, I only have DV sequence presets available.
A: Solution 1: Deactivate, and then reactivate Adobe Premiere Pro.
Launch Adobe Premiere Pro by clicking the application icon. Do not attempt to load a project file. Choose New Project, then create a project. The settings you choose in this step are not important.
Launch Premiere Pro so that the Help menu is available. Choose Help > Deactivate. Then on the Deactivate, screen click the Deactivate button. On Premiere Pro CC Choose Help > Sign out ...Then sign back in. Launch Adobe Premiere Pro as you did in Step 1. On the Sign In Required screen, click the Sign in button. If prompted, sign in with your Adobe ID. The full list of sequence presets is reinitialized. Open the project the generated the error to ensure that it opens correctly. If you are still unable to open your project, contact Adobe Technical Support.
Solution 2: Re-create the Adobe Premiere Pro preferences and plug-in cache.
Get ready to press the Alt (Option) + Shift keys simultaneously. Launch Adobe Premiere Pro by clicking the application icon, and immediately press and hold the Alt (Option) + Shift keys. Continue to hold the Alt (Option) + Shift keys down until you see the Welcome Screen. Note: If the preferences have been reset successfully, the Recent Projects area of the welcome screen will be blank. (Holding Alt (Option) alone on launch will reset the preferences. Holding Shift alone will delete the plugin cache.)
Q: When I tried to open the exercise files for this course, the following message popped up.
"This project was last used with Mercury Playback Engine GPU Acceleration (CUDA), which is not available on this system. Mercury Playback Engine Software only will be used?"
What do I have to do to solve the issue?
Luckily, there is no issue. This is how Premiere Pro operates. "Mercury Playback Engine Software only will be used" is an indication that the machine that is being used does not have an approved/fast enough graphics card. However, all the files and media for this course will work just fine.
You can read more about the system requirements for Premiere Pro here and here

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