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In this chapter we are going to look at putting transitions into your final program. Now believe it or not, you've actually been putting transitions in, because a cut is a transition, and it's the transition that you probably should use most of the time. But if you need to smooth out and edit or actually call attention to a cut, a lot of times you are going to put a transition on such as a dissolve or a wipe and then there is a whole slew of even fancier transitions you can drop on your show. Now rule of thumb, keep it simple. Cuts and dissolves work best, and maybe an occasional wipe.
Let's go ahead and see how we can put transitions on clips that are video only, and then we'll look at putting transitions on an audio file and then on an interview that has both video and audio connected. If you take a look at our Timeline we start off with four clips, three of them are video clips and one is actually a still image, and I am going to zoom in so you can see that a little better, I am going to press the Plus key just so we can focus on those four cuts. Now to put a transition on a clip you can go into the Effects tab, and in the Effects tab there is a variety of tabs here that you can open and close, and yours may have some open and close depending on if you've actually played around with this. If they are open, go ahead and close them all. If there's any words typed here, go ahead and hit the Reset key, and that way we are all in the same playing field.
So the first transition we are going to work with, and the transition you should work with the most is the Dissolve. Now this can be found in the Video Transitions folder, and you could dig down and then find Video Transitions and then dig down and say Dissolve. That's there. Which dissolve do I pick? There is the Cross Dissolve. Well, if you want to find any transition very quickly, I am going to go ahead and close all of these disclosure triangles and just start typing in the word dissolve. And as you can see, as I type in each letter it refines my search field, and I can just jump right down to all the different dissolves, and the dissolve that you're going to primarily use is a Cross Dissolve.
Now you may see three different icons here, and these indicate whether it's a real-time effect accelerated with your graphics card or whether it's 32 or 64 bit. The truth is I wouldn't worry too much about this. Just put the effects on that you want and see if it plays back, and if it doesn't, you may have to render. And you can refer back to the rendering movie in an earlier chapter. So let's go ahead and put a Cross Dissolve between the microwave clip and the Copier clip. Before we do that, I want you to see what the cut looks like, and it works okay.
It's a little abrupt because we go from light to dark. So I am going to just grab the Cross Dissolve and drop it directly on the edit point. Premiere Pro automatically places the dissolve in. This is a real-time effect, and I can see how it looks. It's much smoother and a much more gradual transition, and it doesn't call attention to itself when the viewer is watching your show. Now by default, all transitions are 1 second in duration. We are going to look at changing the duration of your transitions in the next movie.
Right now I want you just to get comfortable with putting transitions on edit points and removing them. Another way you can put a transition on a clip is just to right-click on the edit point, and as you see, it says Apply Default Transitions. In this case the Cross Dissolve is your default transition out of the box. I'll also show you how to modify that in the next movie. Now it's important to keep in mind that whenever you put a transition on a clip you need to make sure that you have enough handles or media after your Out Point of the first clip and before the In Point of your following clip to make sure you have some media to dissolve from and to dissolve to.
And for our final video transition, I'm going to go ahead and use a keyboard shortcut to put a transition between the windmill footage and a still image, just to show you that still images use transitions exactly the same way. Now the keyboard shortcuts for this is Command+D on a Macintosh and Ctrl+D on a Windows machine. Now it's important that if you are going to use the keyboard shortcut that your Playhead is parked between the two clips. My Playhead right now is parked between the two clips, so when I hit Command+D, it automatically places the default video transition where I want it to go.
I am going to hit undo and show you what happens if it's parked in the middle of the clip. I am going to press Command+D, and as you see, nothing happened. So if you're hitting a keyboard shortcut to put a transition on a clip, make sure the Playhead is positioned on an edit point, and you can very quickly jump to an edit point as we learned in earlier movies by using the Up and Down Arrow keys to move forward or backwards in your Timeline. Now by pressing Command+D my transition appears.
Let's move forward and take a look at audio transitions. I'm going to go ahead and press the H key to switch to the Hand tool, and I can just slide down and find the exact point where I want to show you my edit. I have a cut in the music because I needed to tighten it up. I am going to zoom back just a little bit. I am going to hit the Minus key a couple of times just so you have a little perspective there, and there we go, I needed to shorten the music. I am going to switch back to my Selection tool and play this cut. (music playing) It's not too bad. The audience may not notice, because I cut right on the beat, but I'd like to smooth that out a little bit, and I put an audio transition on the same way I put on a video transition.
Now if you're looking for them in the Effects folder, you will notice them under Audio Transitions. Let me go ahead and click and open this folder, and you'll notice nothing is there. And I did this intentionally because this is a huge gotcha that frustrates people when they're learning to work in the Effects tab. The reason I see nothing is because I had typed in diss earlier looking for my dissolve. As soon as I erase that by clicking the X right here, I can see all of the transitions inside my audio folder.
So if for some reason, transitions or effects--which we'll learn later-- aren't appearing, make sure nothing is typed into this space. So the default transition is a constant power transition, and this is most likely what you'll want to use when transitioning from one audio source to another. Now I can once again simply grab and drag and drop it on the cut of music, or just like with video, I could've used a keyboard shortcut. The keyboard shortcut for an audio transition is Shift+Command+D, and that will put the default audio transition on your edit points.
Let's take a listen and hear how that sounds. (music playing) Even though the other one worked as a cut, it's a lot nicer and a lot smoother with a little bit of a dissolve. Finally, let's take a look at putting a transition on a clip that has both video and audio. I am going to over here, and I'll move my Playhead, and let's zoom in by hitting the Plus key so we can focus just on these two clips. If I right-click and say Apply Default Transitions, please note that there is an S on Transitions, it actually puts the dissolving on both the video and the audio.
I am going to go ahead and play this. (video playing) Well, I really don't want to have a video transition because a cut works well. Actually, it calls attention to itself by dissolving from the wide shot to the close-up, but the audio is much smoother. Let's go ahead and delete this transition, and to delete a transition you can simply click on it to select it and press Delete. Now if you noticed, I was able to delete the video without deleting the audio, and I am exactly where I want to be. (video playing) So I have smoothed out the audio and the video is a nice cut.
But that was just one step to many in my mind. So I am going to go ahead and remove this transition and show you how you can place just a video or just an audio transition on your clip. Of course, I could go back to the Effects Browser and just drag in the audio transition or just drag in the video transition, but that actually takes a little bit longer, and I have to dig for it. I want to be able to do it quickly. So this is a case where you can either use the keyboard shortcut, and I am going to go ahead and park my Playhead over the clip--and remember, you can either snap to it if you hold down the Shift key, or I could use the Up and Down Arrow.
And now by using the keyboard shortcut of Command+D on a Macintosh or Ctrl+D on a Windows machine I can put just a video transition in. I am going to hit Undo--Command+Z to remove that--and if I want an Audio Only Transition, that's Shift+Command+D and it just puts the audio transition on my clip. So as you can see, it's very easy with the right keyboard shortcut to put the exact transition you want where you want it. In the next movie we're going take a look at modifying these transitions if you want them longer or shorter or you need them to be a little bit different, perhaps a wipe instead of a dissolve.
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