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Premiere Pro CS5 Essential Training

Using transitions effectively


From:

Premiere Pro CS5 Essential Training

with Chad Perkins

Video: Using transitions effectively

Okay, so in my last movie, I basically give you the charge to go out and play with those video transitions and see what you can come up with, just kind of experiment and explore, play around. That's all fine and good. The problem is that many new users to Premiere come up with final projects that look like this. (Music playing) (Male speaker: Beautiful scenery.) (Male speaker: Plenty of places to ride.) (Male speaker: Beautiful weather.) (Male speaker: It just doesn't get any better than this.) Okay, so you noticed that there are all these crazy transitions from every clip.
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  1. 4m 1s
    1. Welcome
      55s
    2. What is Premiere Pro CS5?
      1m 41s
    3. Using the exercise files
      1m 25s
  2. 16m 44s
    1. The Premiere Pro workflow
      2m 21s
    2. Adding footage to the Timeline
      2m 19s
    3. Understanding timecode
      3m 3s
    4. Making basic edits
      5m 15s
    5. Getting familiar with the interface
      3m 46s
  3. 21m 59s
    1. Setting up a new project
      3m 48s
    2. Creating a new sequence
      5m 30s
    3. Capturing and ingesting footage
      2m 51s
    4. Importing files
      5m 23s
    5. Sorting and organizing clips
      4m 27s
  4. 33m 19s
    1. Making a rough cut
      4m 0s
    2. Making preliminary edits
      4m 55s
    3. Creating overlay and insert edits
      4m 16s
    4. Using video layers to add B-roll
      3m 47s
    5. Using ripple edits and ripple delete
      3m 1s
    6. Performing slip edits
      2m 54s
    7. Using the Razor tool
      3m 51s
    8. Moving edit points
      3m 47s
    9. Navigating efficiently in the Timeline
      2m 48s
  5. 28m 45s
    1. The job of an editor
      2m 59s
    2. When to cut
      5m 54s
    3. Avoiding bad edits
      6m 31s
    4. The pacing of edits
      3m 47s
    5. Using establishing shots
      2m 44s
    6. Using emotional cutaways
      2m 1s
    7. Fixing problems with cutaways
      2m 48s
    8. Matching action
      2m 1s
  6. 21m 38s
    1. Using markers
      3m 31s
    2. Replacing clips
      2m 36s
    3. Exporting a still frame
      1m 51s
    4. Creating alternate cuts
      1m 25s
    5. Rearranging clips in the Timeline
      2m 15s
    6. Targeting tracks
      2m 32s
    7. Disconnecting audio and video
      5m 0s
    8. Reconnecting offline media
      2m 28s
  7. 9m 46s
    1. Adjusting the rubber band
      3m 13s
    2. Adjusting clip position
      1m 21s
    3. Moving the anchor point
      2m 50s
    4. Adjusting clip size and rotation
      2m 22s
  8. 8m 15s
    1. Changing the speed of a clip
      1m 58s
    2. Using the Rate Stretch tool
      1m 57s
    3. Playing a clip backward
      4m 20s
  9. 10m 26s
    1. Understanding pixel aspect ratio
      5m 15s
    2. Understanding frame rates
      2m 15s
    3. About HD standards
      2m 56s
  10. 10m 32s
    1. Using layered Photoshop files
      2m 31s
    2. Animating clip position
      3m 33s
    3. Fading layers in and out
      4m 28s
  11. 12m 40s
    1. Applying transitions
      6m 2s
    2. Using transitions effectively
      4m 41s
    3. Setting up the default transition
      1m 57s
  12. 38m 31s
    1. The importance of ambient audio
      6m 35s
    2. Cutting video to music
      7m 38s
    3. Changing audio volume over time
      9m 55s
    4. Fixing audio problems
      9m 57s
    5. Censoring audio
      4m 26s
  13. 16m 25s
    1. Creating censored video
      5m 22s
    2. Creating a lens flare
      2m 20s
    3. Creating a logo bug
      3m 27s
    4. Creating background textures
      5m 16s
  14. 13m 23s
    1. Intro to compositing
      1m 11s
    2. Removing a green screen background
      9m 14s
    3. Compositing with blend modes
      2m 58s
  15. 22m 37s
    1. Adjusting white balance
      2m 24s
    2. Increasing contrast
      3m 5s
    3. Adjusting luminance
      4m 30s
    4. Creating cinematic color
      5m 21s
    5. Creating a vignette
      3m 12s
    6. Creating a day-for-night shot
      4m 5s
  16. 16m 5s
    1. Creating titles
      4m 55s
    2. Creating a lower third
      9m 12s
    3. Animating rolling credits
      1m 58s
  17. 14m 13s
    1. Exporting sequences from Premiere
      3m 57s
    2. Exporting with the Adobe Media Encoder
      2m 13s
    3. The most common formats and codecs
      4m 42s
    4. Exporting portions of a sequence
      1m 54s
    5. Rendering letterboxed footage
      1m 27s
  18. 6m 46s
    1. Examining the other apps that come with Premiere
      4m 25s
    2. Working with Final Cut Pro
      2m 21s
  19. 20s
    1. Goodbye
      20s

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Premiere Pro CS5 Essential Training
5h 6m Beginner Apr 30, 2010

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In Premiere Pro CS5 Essential Training, author Chad Perkins shows not only how to edit video with Premiere Pro, but he also explains how to use video to tell compelling stories. This course covers the Premiere Pro workflow from a high level, providing a background on how projects go from start to finish before diving into basic clip adjustments, such as color correcting scenes for more dramatic impact, applying transitions effectively, and slowing down and speeding up clip playback. The course includes creative techniques, such as making titles and removing a green screen background from a shot. Exercise files are included with the course.

Topics include:
  • Adding footage to the Timeline
  • Creating dynamically linked content
  • Making overlay and insert edits
  • Moving edit points
  • Playing a clip backwards
  • Understanding pixel aspect ratio and frame rate
  • Applying motion effects
  • Cutting video to music
  • Compositing with green screen and blend modes
  • Correcting color
  • Creating titles and lower thirds
  • Exporting sequences
Subjects:
Video Video Editing
Software:
Premiere Pro
Author:
Chad Perkins

Using transitions effectively

Okay, so in my last movie, I basically give you the charge to go out and play with those video transitions and see what you can come up with, just kind of experiment and explore, play around. That's all fine and good. The problem is that many new users to Premiere come up with final projects that look like this. (Music playing) (Male speaker: Beautiful scenery.) (Male speaker: Plenty of places to ride.) (Male speaker: Beautiful weather.) (Male speaker: It just doesn't get any better than this.) Okay, so you noticed that there are all these crazy transitions from every clip.

So first, there is like this Center Split, and then there is the Page Peel, the ever-popular Page Peel. And then we have the Cube Spin. We have an Iris Diamond, then we have Barn Doors. These are all just default transitions found here in the Video Transitions category, not changed or altered by me in any way. It's just the default settings. The problem with this is this is very distracting. Again, as we've been talking about that the entire training series, we as editors are storytellers. So everything that we do needs to have a purpose.

It needs to support the greater story being told here. We are trying to get people to go to this Explore California website and purchase travel from them. So, how do these Barn Doors support that? How does this Iris Diamond support that and this Cube Spin? So, oftentimes again, a lot of people that are new to these transitions will go crazy and use these effects just because it feels good to use them and say, hey, look what I can do with my computer. But what is this Page Peel doing for the story that we're trying to tell? Here's the ultimate test that you can ask yourself to see if you're using a transition effectively.

If you are wondering between whether you should use some cool-looking effect like a Page Peel or some other cool- looking effect like the Center or Split here, then you don't need either one, because if you're not using it to tell a story effectively, again, it doesn't matter. You might want to use the Page Peel if you had an author and you're looking at a book. So he turns the page and so you might want to turn the page as well, or turn the page to the next scene if you wanted to do that. Because that would kind of go with what is happening in the story.

But even then, when you use these big what are called wipes, where you have like these big things where like some thing is coming in and very significantly changing the shot, as you move from one to the next, that's referred to as a wipe. So, most of these are referred to as wipes here, and they are very jarring as you're watching a video. They take you out of this and instead of thinking about Explore California I started thinking about the Cube Spin. I might like it, I might hate it, but that's where my focus goes. I don't think about buying stuff from this company anymore.

I'm now thinking about the Cube Spin or the Iris Diamond. Even if I love the effect, I'm still talking about the effect and not the company. That's not what you want. Most of the time, we just use the big old Cross Dissolve effect that we talked about before. Cross Dissolve, again, is that one word. It fades out from one to another. As we talked about earlier in this training series, when we talked about artistically editing, dissolves can show a passage of time or of distance. Basically, it's saying like meanwhile, such and such is happening, or if we want to show again a soft transition between one clip to the next to make it little bit more relaxing, then that's something you could do as well.

But the Cube Spin, you're going to have to try really hard to find a good artistic purpose to use that Cube Spin. Now, there were times in "Star Wars," if I go down to the Wipe area and then just grab Wipe, and I'll just go ahead and drag-and-drop it on the Cube Spin, which will actually replaced the Cube Spin, so I don't need to delete it, which I could do by selecting in the transition and hitting Delete. But if I just drag-and-drop a new transition on an old transition, it will trade them out. There were several times in "Star Wars" when there was a wipe used.

Now, this is typically a very big no-no. This is not something that you ever want to do in a movie. But George Lucas used a huge wipe like this to show a huge distance in space, so that his world was so big that just a regular cross dissolve from one world to another planet in the "Star Wars" scheme of things, that was a huge transition. So, that's why he used a wipe. So he had a real purpose. You might say that it didn't really work, but still he used them with a purpose.

If you are going to use a wipe or something that can really jar the viewer, take them out of the scene, then make sure you do so very wisely and with serious intent.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Premiere Pro CS5 Essential Training.


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Q: When attempting to open the project exercise files into Premiere Pro CS5, an error message appears: 
This project contained a sequence that could not be opened. No sequence preview preset file codec could be associated with this sequence type. 
What could be causing the error, and how can the files be opened?
A: There are a few possible explanations. 

First, if the projects are not importing correctly, the error could be with the codecs being used on a particular machine. Check to make sure the Video Previews codec setting matches the file type being used.

Another possible issue could stem from using the trial version of Premiere CS5. Some codecs for encoding MPEG formats are available only with the full version of Premiere CS5. 

Additionally, the "Video Previews" codec setting for the Custom Sequence Presets could cause the issue if it is defaulting to “I-Frame Only MPEG”. Changing the setting to Microsoft AVI might fix the problem.


Lastly, if the projects are not importing into Premiere, try importing the video footage by itself, rather than the entire project file.
Q: How does one perform internal edits within a piece of video in Adobe Premiere? For example, if I have a single clip of video, comprised of multiple segments strung together, how would I go about removing gaps and/or cleaning up each segment and then assembling the clips in a desired order? Most tutorials emphasize laying down multiple clips on the Sceneline or Timeline, but not editing one clip of video.
A: To remove footage from a single video clip:
  • Drag the Current Time Indicator (CTI) to the first frame of the segment to be deleted, click the Split Clip button in the Monitor panel, drag the CTI to the last frame of the segment to be deleted, and then click the Split Clip button again.
  • Delete the segment by clicking on the clip and either choosing Edit > Delete And Close Gap, or pressing the Delete or Backspace key. That will remove the segment and the rest of the projectwill slide over to the left to fill the gap.
Q: I can't view the exercise files.
A: Most of the video clips in the training were encoded using H.264. If you are on a PC, you may need to download the latest version of the free
QuickTime player from quicktime.com. Be sure to install QuickTime with your Adobe applications closed. QuickTime installs a series of codecs on your
machine, and many Adobe apps require QuickTime components to function properly.
Q: Why are many of the video files H.264 if some users must download additional components to view them?
A: This is one of the most common video formats in the world right now, certainly for distribution. This is because it is currently the most optimal
way to provide high quality video at the low files sizes that we need to be able to distribute these assets online. Even though it may require an extra
download for some users, this is the best way to be able to get you the highest quality exercise files. There isn't another video standard that is
cross platform that is free and that works as well as H.264.
Q: What is the most effective way to import a JPEG into Premiere Pro (i.e. best quality resolution, best playback speed)? When I import a photo as a JPEG and add it to a sequence, only a very small part of my photo is shown, because of the high resolution of these photos. Should they be resized in Photoshop first? Will changing it using effects provide the quality I am looking for?
A: Images can be scaled down using the Scale Transform in the Effect Controls panel as explained in the training. You can also scale down the images in Photoshop to match the size of your sequence in Premiere. But I prefer to use the Scale Transform as it gives me more flexibility and allows me to "zoom in" (aka scale up) photos without loss in quality. You'll probably want to make sure that the proportions of the image match the sequence though.
Q: Does Premiere Pro offer Z-axis editing like After Effects?
A: Premiere Pro does not offer 3D as After Effects does, but you can use the Basic 3D effect in Premiere to simulate that environment.
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