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Now in the last movie we learned how easy it is to put a transition on an edit point between two clips, but in real life you're going to hit a few bumps in the road, and I want to help you get your head wrapped around the idea of transitions and something called handles or extra media. So let's go ahead and take a look at my Timeline. I actually have what appears to be the same set of clips three times in my Timeline. But there is a nuance of difference, and that nuance could really surprise you when you try to put a transition on these clips, so let's jump over to the Effects tab to grab our transitions, and we're going to look at the video transitions and the traditional dissolve. And we learned that was in the Dissolve folder, and I'm going to manually dig down now.
So there it is, our Cross Dissolve. And I'm going to go ahead and I'm going to drop it on this first set of clips, and it's going to work perfectly. And that's because on these two clips there is plenty of handles or extra media at the end of the first clip, in the beginning of the following clip, so that there is mediate transition from and mediate transition to. Let's go ahead and zoom in a little closer on our Timeline. We can see our transition has worked perfectly. I'm going to go ahead and remove this by selecting it and hit Delete, and then I'm going to load each of these two clips individually back into the Source Monitor.
I'll do this by double-clicking on them, and I can see that's my in point and that's my out point. Now after the out point I've shot a lot of extra footage, and that's what the transition is using to create the dissolve. I'm actually seeing about a half a second of additional footage as it dissolves out. The same is true for the incoming clip. Let's double-click to load the solar panels into our Source Monitor. And as you see, there's plenty of media at the head, and it's just using some of this media to dissolve in, that's a perfect world.
Let me show you what happens when it's not a perfect world, and in the next movie I'm actually going to show you how to fix that problem. So we have these two clips, and before I move ahead I want you to take a quick look at the very top corners right here and right here. Let's go ahead and zoom out by hitting the Backslash key. I'm going to place my cursor directly over the next edit point and hit the Plus key to zoom in. Now remember, I pointed out, take a look at where these two clips touch. You'll notice there is a little triangle in the upper right-hand corner of the first clip, and the upper left-hand corner of the second clip.
They are actually touching, so it looks like a single triangle. That's an indication that there is no extra media on these clips. So if you bring a clip and use the entire piece of media, when I double-click to load this into the Source panel--and I'm going to zoom out so you can see I marked an In Point here--but I used every possible frame of footage. The same thing is true of the Solarpanels. When I load that into the Source Monitor, I can see that I use every single frame at the beginning, so in this case there is no media. There is no extra handles. What's going to happen when I put that Cross Dissolve on? Well, it gives me a warning, Insufficient media. The transition will contain repeated frames.
I'm going to say OK, but what does that really mean? What it means is that Premiere Pro is going to actually create a freeze frame to fill in the extra media you need to get that full 1-second transition. I got the warning box, but visually I also see crosshatching in my dissolve, and that indicates that it's used a freeze frame. Let's go ahead and play it so you can see how it looks. Now in the case of the Solarpanels, you really couldn't tell that it froze, but this was a little distracting that at the last moment he seemed to freeze.
So I don't like that. As a matter of fact, if I double-click on any transition, I can load it into the Source Monitor, and I can see right here I've run out of media, and it actually had to create these freeze frames. Let's just go ahead and step back, using the Up Arrow key, to the previous set where it had plenty of space. Let me just quickly put the transition in with a right-click, and when I load this into the viewer you see no crosshatch. Not only do I see where the transition is, but I see that there is extra media after the transition, and that's why I know that that transition is going to do exactly what I expect it to do.
I am going to hit the Backslash key and show you one more quick example just so you can see how it looks. In this case what I've done is I've brought the two clips in, but for the SolarInstall, I'm going to double-click and load this into our Source Monitor-- no extra media at the end. But the Solarpanels has plenty of extra media. Double-click to load that in. Plenty at the head. Visually you can see if you look closely, there is a triangle on the upper right-hand corner. Just make note of that, it's a great visual indication that you've used all the media at the end of that clip.
In this case, when I apply the transition, Premiere Pro is smart enough to know I didn't have enough media on my first clip for it to full dissolve. So what did it do? It took all the 30 frames for that 1-second dissolve and moved it to the left, and I'm going to load this back into the Source Monitor because I want you to see something. I ran out of media here, plenty of media here, it put on a transition that has a different alignment, it ended it on the cut, it tried to fix my problem, it adjusted my transition, and solved the problem before it even happened, which would have been those freeze frames.
If I force it to center on the cut, and this is the default, what you can see is that it uses the live media here and then creates 15 frames of a still image in the second part of the transition. Let's take a look at how that appears. And you notice that was a little bit distracting where we froze on him. So what I want you to be aware of is that Premiere Pro is intelligent enough to help you edit faster, but be aware that it may do something that you're not really going to be happy with the end results on some clips.
In the next movie we'll look at adjusting these transitions so you can work around the idea of a Freeze Frame.
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