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Trade-offs with shutter adjustment

From: Up and Running with DSLR Filmmaking

Video: Trade-offs with shutter adjustment

Chad Perkins: Shutter speed is another way to adjust exposure but I almost never fiddle with it. I usually keep it set at 1/50th of a second, because I usually shoot 24 frames per second. Sometimes if I shoot 30 frames per second I'll go up to 1/60th, and if I'm going to do slow motion, 60 frames per second, I would do 1/120th of a second, but these cameras typically only go to 1/125th of a second, so I leave it set there. And the reason why I don't adjust the shutter speed that much is because of how it affects the motion blur.

Trade-offs with shutter adjustment

Chad Perkins: Shutter speed is another way to adjust exposure but I almost never fiddle with it. I usually keep it set at 1/50th of a second, because I usually shoot 24 frames per second. Sometimes if I shoot 30 frames per second I'll go up to 1/60th, and if I'm going to do slow motion, 60 frames per second, I would do 1/120th of a second, but these cameras typically only go to 1/125th of a second, so I leave it set there. And the reason why I don't adjust the shutter speed that much is because of how it affects the motion blur.

Brian Liepe: Right, so motion blur is the streaking or smearing of quickly moving objects in a photograph or video. It's a totally natural thing and it smooths motion from frame to frame and even though it may not be obvious, our vision contains some motion blur. Chad Perkins: So shutter speed affects motion blur and exposure. For example, if I were to speed up the shutter speed then that's going to make the action crisp because it decreases the motion blur, but it also lowers the exposure which darkens the image a little bit.

The opposite is also true. If we slow down the shutter speed, then that allows more light to hit the sensor and increases our exposure, but it also adds more motion blur, kind of makes things all creamy. Brian Liepe: So if you are going to adjust your shutter from the standard setting and crank it up, you're going to get a really crisp image like Chad said, and this may be appropriate for scenes that have a lot of action, or it's a highly dramatic scene, or sports; it's just going to give that edge to it and boost the intensity. Now a way to amplify this effect is to shoot this handheld, the foreground elements, the background elements, the subject, they are all going to kind of come together with this edgy look.

If you put the camera on a tripod and you boost your shutter speed, yeah, it will still be crisp when the subject is moving, but the effect just won't quite be there. Now if you open up your shutter and slow it down a little bit, that can also create some cool effects. It's going to be wispy and there is going to be more blur, but you can affect your footage this way and create a certain style. Chad Perkins: Now sometimes this really isn't that big of a deal. Recently, I went out with my family to the zoo, we got some footage at the zoo, and I was--I had my aperture exactly where I wanted it. I had my ISO exactly where I wanted it, and I was just getting animals that were very lazy, that were not moving very much, and so my shutter speed really didn't matter. I could really make dramatic changes to my shutter speed and it really didn't make that big of a difference.

Brian Liepe: Now it's not the best way to adjust exposure, but if you're going for a different look with your motion blur, then it might work for you.

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This video is part of

Image for Up and Running with DSLR Filmmaking
Up and Running with DSLR Filmmaking

43 video lessons · 25774 viewers

Chad Perkins
Author

 
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  1. 2m 10s
    1. Welcome
      1m 25s
    2. About the camera used in this course
      45s
  2. 11m 35s
    1. Understanding photography
      44s
    2. Understanding aperture
      1m 51s
    3. Trade-offs with aperture adjustment
      2m 32s
    4. Understanding shutter speed
      1m 26s
    5. Trade-offs with shutter adjustment
      2m 41s
    6. Understanding ISO
      44s
    7. Trade-offs with ISO adjustment
      1m 37s
  3. 6m 37s
    1. Understanding sensor size
      1m 19s
    2. Protecting highlights and native ISO
      1m 24s
    3. Getting a custom white balance
      2m 27s
    4. Focusing for video
      1m 27s
  4. 9m 24s
    1. Using lenses
      1m 51s
    2. Understanding wide lenses
      2m 39s
    3. Understanding long lenses
      2m 32s
    4. Getting shallow depth of field
      2m 22s
  5. 12m 34s
    1. Using graphs to gauge exposure
      2m 1s
    2. Recording audio
      2m 42s
    3. Using a clapperboard
      1m 13s
    4. Shooting a "flat" image
      51s
    5. Using custom color profiles
      54s
    6. Shooting slow motion
      1m 19s
    7. Getting a beautiful shot
      3m 34s
  6. 13m 33s
    1. Why use Premiere Pro for editing?
      1m 21s
    2. Transcoding video
      2m 29s
    3. Combining video and audio streams
      2m 7s
    4. Cleaning up noise and adding grain
      3m 26s
    5. Color correcting footage
      4m 10s
  7. 6m 1s
    1. About DSLR pitfalls
      30s
    2. Avoiding rolling shutter
      51s
    3. Avoiding moiré
      1m 6s
    4. About limited latitude
      1m 56s
    5. About extreme compression
      1m 38s
  8. 7m 27s
    1. Why you need a monitor
      58s
    2. Using a viewfinder
      52s
    3. Stabilizing your camera
      1m 43s
    4. Moving your camera
      35s
    5. Using a follow focus
      37s
    6. Using a matte box
      1m 8s
    7. Using neutral density filters
      1m 34s
  9. 1m 17s
    1. The future of DSLR video
      54s
    2. Final thoughts
      23s

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