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Premiere Pro CS5 Essential Training

Playing a clip backward


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Premiere Pro CS5 Essential Training

with Chad Perkins

Video: Playing a clip backward

Now we're going to look at a couple of ways to play a clip backwards. I have this footage here that I used when I created that music video I mentioned before. It is kind of like this cool rack focus, which is between the spider and the bushes in back. I'm a terrible cameraman, admittedly, and so we don't really have too good of focus in either spot, but you kind of get the idea. Now, I'd like to change this a little bit because right now we have a spider that's kind of in focus with a very blurry background, and then if I move in time a little bit then slowly the focus changes from the spider to the background and actually it doesn't get quite in focus.
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  1. 4m 1s
    1. Welcome
      55s
    2. What is Premiere Pro CS5?
      1m 41s
    3. Using the exercise files
      1m 25s
  2. 16m 44s
    1. The Premiere Pro workflow
      2m 21s
    2. Adding footage to the Timeline
      2m 19s
    3. Understanding timecode
      3m 3s
    4. Making basic edits
      5m 15s
    5. Getting familiar with the interface
      3m 46s
  3. 21m 59s
    1. Setting up a new project
      3m 48s
    2. Creating a new sequence
      5m 30s
    3. Capturing and ingesting footage
      2m 51s
    4. Importing files
      5m 23s
    5. Sorting and organizing clips
      4m 27s
  4. 33m 19s
    1. Making a rough cut
      4m 0s
    2. Making preliminary edits
      4m 55s
    3. Creating overlay and insert edits
      4m 16s
    4. Using video layers to add B-roll
      3m 47s
    5. Using ripple edits and ripple delete
      3m 1s
    6. Performing slip edits
      2m 54s
    7. Using the Razor tool
      3m 51s
    8. Moving edit points
      3m 47s
    9. Navigating efficiently in the Timeline
      2m 48s
  5. 28m 45s
    1. The job of an editor
      2m 59s
    2. When to cut
      5m 54s
    3. Avoiding bad edits
      6m 31s
    4. The pacing of edits
      3m 47s
    5. Using establishing shots
      2m 44s
    6. Using emotional cutaways
      2m 1s
    7. Fixing problems with cutaways
      2m 48s
    8. Matching action
      2m 1s
  6. 21m 38s
    1. Using markers
      3m 31s
    2. Replacing clips
      2m 36s
    3. Exporting a still frame
      1m 51s
    4. Creating alternate cuts
      1m 25s
    5. Rearranging clips in the Timeline
      2m 15s
    6. Targeting tracks
      2m 32s
    7. Disconnecting audio and video
      5m 0s
    8. Reconnecting offline media
      2m 28s
  7. 9m 46s
    1. Adjusting the rubber band
      3m 13s
    2. Adjusting clip position
      1m 21s
    3. Moving the anchor point
      2m 50s
    4. Adjusting clip size and rotation
      2m 22s
  8. 8m 15s
    1. Changing the speed of a clip
      1m 58s
    2. Using the Rate Stretch tool
      1m 57s
    3. Playing a clip backward
      4m 20s
  9. 10m 26s
    1. Understanding pixel aspect ratio
      5m 15s
    2. Understanding frame rates
      2m 15s
    3. About HD standards
      2m 56s
  10. 10m 32s
    1. Using layered Photoshop files
      2m 31s
    2. Animating clip position
      3m 33s
    3. Fading layers in and out
      4m 28s
  11. 12m 40s
    1. Applying transitions
      6m 2s
    2. Using transitions effectively
      4m 41s
    3. Setting up the default transition
      1m 57s
  12. 38m 31s
    1. The importance of ambient audio
      6m 35s
    2. Cutting video to music
      7m 38s
    3. Changing audio volume over time
      9m 55s
    4. Fixing audio problems
      9m 57s
    5. Censoring audio
      4m 26s
  13. 16m 25s
    1. Creating censored video
      5m 22s
    2. Creating a lens flare
      2m 20s
    3. Creating a logo bug
      3m 27s
    4. Creating background textures
      5m 16s
  14. 13m 23s
    1. Intro to compositing
      1m 11s
    2. Removing a green screen background
      9m 14s
    3. Compositing with blend modes
      2m 58s
  15. 22m 37s
    1. Adjusting white balance
      2m 24s
    2. Increasing contrast
      3m 5s
    3. Adjusting luminance
      4m 30s
    4. Creating cinematic color
      5m 21s
    5. Creating a vignette
      3m 12s
    6. Creating a day-for-night shot
      4m 5s
  16. 16m 5s
    1. Creating titles
      4m 55s
    2. Creating a lower third
      9m 12s
    3. Animating rolling credits
      1m 58s
  17. 14m 13s
    1. Exporting sequences from Premiere
      3m 57s
    2. Exporting with the Adobe Media Encoder
      2m 13s
    3. The most common formats and codecs
      4m 42s
    4. Exporting portions of a sequence
      1m 54s
    5. Rendering letterboxed footage
      1m 27s
  18. 6m 46s
    1. Examining the other apps that come with Premiere
      4m 25s
    2. Working with Final Cut Pro
      2m 21s
  19. 20s
    1. Goodbye
      20s

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Premiere Pro CS5 Essential Training
5h 6m Beginner Apr 30, 2010

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In Premiere Pro CS5 Essential Training, author Chad Perkins shows not only how to edit video with Premiere Pro, but he also explains how to use video to tell compelling stories. This course covers the Premiere Pro workflow from a high level, providing a background on how projects go from start to finish before diving into basic clip adjustments, such as color correcting scenes for more dramatic impact, applying transitions effectively, and slowing down and speeding up clip playback. The course includes creative techniques, such as making titles and removing a green screen background from a shot. Exercise files are included with the course.

Topics include:
  • Adding footage to the Timeline
  • Creating dynamically linked content
  • Making overlay and insert edits
  • Moving edit points
  • Playing a clip backwards
  • Understanding pixel aspect ratio and frame rate
  • Applying motion effects
  • Cutting video to music
  • Compositing with green screen and blend modes
  • Correcting color
  • Creating titles and lower thirds
  • Exporting sequences
Subjects:
Video Video Editing
Software:
Premiere Pro
Author:
Chad Perkins

Playing a clip backward

Now we're going to look at a couple of ways to play a clip backwards. I have this footage here that I used when I created that music video I mentioned before. It is kind of like this cool rack focus, which is between the spider and the bushes in back. I'm a terrible cameraman, admittedly, and so we don't really have too good of focus in either spot, but you kind of get the idea. Now, I'd like to change this a little bit because right now we have a spider that's kind of in focus with a very blurry background, and then if I move in time a little bit then slowly the focus changes from the spider to the background and actually it doesn't get quite in focus.

But the spider gets way more out of focus than the bushes. So, what we want to do is flip this, because the spider is the real mystery. By starting with the spider and then going to leaves, that's not really that interesting. So, I'd like to flip this clip in time. So, I'm going to right-click on it in the Timeline panel and I'm going to go to Speed/Duration. I'm not going to change the Speed value this time. Instead I'm just going to select Reverse Speed. Click OK and again the duration does not change, but when I play this clip back, it will start with the bushes in the back and that's what I will be looking at and all of a sudden well, hello, Mr. Spider.

So that's pretty awesome there. Now, there is another more complicated way to do this referred to as Time Remapping. Now, Time Remapping also allows us to animate timing changes. What I'm going to do is I'm going to click Opacity: Opacity, which makes this rubber band control opacity as we've discussed previously. I'm going to click this, go to Time Remapping > Speed, and now this rubber band controls speed. So, by default it's at 100%. This train plays back normally.

If I were to click-and-drag this downwards then we would slow this thing down. We can also click-and-drag upwards to speed it up, etcetera. I'm just going to hit Command+Z or Ctrl+Z to undo that. What I'm going to do is I'm going to click-and-drag upwards on this to take this speed up to-- I don't know. Let's say 200%, somewhere around there. And then I'm going to go out in time here and when the train gets about here and may back up a little about right, about there, about the 12 frame mark, I'm going to hold the Command key down and I'm going to get that icon that's instead of a white arrow with an up and down arrow next to it, I'm going to get a plus icon and if click that it's going to be creating a keyframe basically, which is going to remember that value at that time.

And then I'm going to move out in time and we'll just go ahead and Command+Click or Ctrl+Click one more point there. Now what that allows us to do is to change the time between these keyframes. So, at first we're going 200%, but then when I get here I want this value to be lower. So, I'm going to leave this where it is and I'm going to click on this line and I'm going to drag this downwards to I don't know maybe 50% or so. So, what that's going to do is going to play very quickly until it gets to this point and then it's going to slow down.

So, again let's preview that. So, we have a very fast train, twice as fast, and then twice as slow. So, we can play with time like that and change it over time. So, it doesn't have to go one constant rate or speed. We can slow it down and then speed it up, then make it normal, or what have you. What I'm going to do is go out to about this point, let's say two seconds and thirteen frames in. I'm going to Command+Click or Ctrl+ Click to create another point, but this time I'm going to go over the keyframes and I'm going to Command+Click+Drag or Ctrl+Click+Drag on PC to the right.

And what that's going to do is it's going to create a space that looks like this, with left facing arrows or little chevrons I guess. And that's going to make it so that this area of the clip plays backwards. So, not only can we animate timing to go faster or slower, but we could also animate this to go backwards. Another clip is going to go fast here, slow through this passage, then it's going to go backwards here and now let's go ahead and preview that. It kind of looks like a 1920s movie, little Charlie Chaplin train or something like that, kind of an amusing look, but anyways the point is the Time Remapping allows you to literally remap time to control how you want things to go, fast or slow at different points and even to go backwards at other times.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Premiere Pro CS5 Essential Training.


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Q: When attempting to open the project exercise files into Premiere Pro CS5, an error message appears: 
This project contained a sequence that could not be opened. No sequence preview preset file codec could be associated with this sequence type. 
What could be causing the error, and how can the files be opened?
A: There are a few possible explanations. 

First, if the projects are not importing correctly, the error could be with the codecs being used on a particular machine. Check to make sure the Video Previews codec setting matches the file type being used.

Another possible issue could stem from using the trial version of Premiere CS5. Some codecs for encoding MPEG formats are available only with the full version of Premiere CS5. 

Additionally, the "Video Previews" codec setting for the Custom Sequence Presets could cause the issue if it is defaulting to “I-Frame Only MPEG”. Changing the setting to Microsoft AVI might fix the problem.


Lastly, if the projects are not importing into Premiere, try importing the video footage by itself, rather than the entire project file.
Q: How does one perform internal edits within a piece of video in Adobe Premiere? For example, if I have a single clip of video, comprised of multiple segments strung together, how would I go about removing gaps and/or cleaning up each segment and then assembling the clips in a desired order? Most tutorials emphasize laying down multiple clips on the Sceneline or Timeline, but not editing one clip of video.
A: To remove footage from a single video clip:
  • Drag the Current Time Indicator (CTI) to the first frame of the segment to be deleted, click the Split Clip button in the Monitor panel, drag the CTI to the last frame of the segment to be deleted, and then click the Split Clip button again.
  • Delete the segment by clicking on the clip and either choosing Edit > Delete And Close Gap, or pressing the Delete or Backspace key. That will remove the segment and the rest of the projectwill slide over to the left to fill the gap.
Q: I can't view the exercise files.
A: Most of the video clips in the training were encoded using H.264. If you are on a PC, you may need to download the latest version of the free
QuickTime player from quicktime.com. Be sure to install QuickTime with your Adobe applications closed. QuickTime installs a series of codecs on your
machine, and many Adobe apps require QuickTime components to function properly.
Q: Why are many of the video files H.264 if some users must download additional components to view them?
A: This is one of the most common video formats in the world right now, certainly for distribution. This is because it is currently the most optimal
way to provide high quality video at the low files sizes that we need to be able to distribute these assets online. Even though it may require an extra
download for some users, this is the best way to be able to get you the highest quality exercise files. There isn't another video standard that is
cross platform that is free and that works as well as H.264.
Q: What is the most effective way to import a JPEG into Premiere Pro (i.e. best quality resolution, best playback speed)? When I import a photo as a JPEG and add it to a sequence, only a very small part of my photo is shown, because of the high resolution of these photos. Should they be resized in Photoshop first? Will changing it using effects provide the quality I am looking for?
A: Images can be scaled down using the Scale Transform in the Effect Controls panel as explained in the training. You can also scale down the images in Photoshop to match the size of your sequence in Premiere. But I prefer to use the Scale Transform as it gives me more flexibility and allows me to "zoom in" (aka scale up) photos without loss in quality. You'll probably want to make sure that the proportions of the image match the sequence though.
Q: Does Premiere Pro offer Z-axis editing like After Effects?
A: Premiere Pro does not offer 3D as After Effects does, but you can use the Basic 3D effect in Premiere to simulate that environment.
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