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Now that we understand how to put transitions on a clip and some of the nuances or challenges we have with extra media or handles on the edge of a clip, let's take a look at how we can modify our transitions to be the exact length or maybe even to be different than a dissolve. Let's go ahead and zoom in to our first transition, the one that worked perfectly in our last movie, and we are going to load this clip into the source monitor, and I'm going to do that by double-clicking on the clip on one of the edges.
I don't want to double-click right on the edit point. That actually would open up a different panel, so make sure that you click either before or after the cut point. Now, what this has done, it's opened up in the Effects Control panel my Dissolve. And I did this because I want you to see that you can control your transitions either in the Timeline or in the Effects Control panel. For instance, if I wanted this Cross Dissolve to be longer, I can simply move my cursor to the very beginning of it or to the very end of it, click and drag.
Now if you notice, as I'm dragging it's actually adding to the duration of the transition. When I let go, it updates not only in my timeline, but you'll see that it also updated in the Effects panel. Now I could give the same thing in the Effects panel, and this time I'm going to do it one right side of the transition, and I'll just pull that over to right a little bit, and it updates in my timeline. So it's very easy to adjust the duration of a clip by dragging its edge.
I can also simply adjust its duration by typing in a number. So for instance-- let's step into the Effects Control panel, select the time, and I want this to be half a second long. Now depending on whether your footage is 30 frames a second or 24 frames a second, a half second is going to be either 15 frames or 12 frames, so it's important for you to know the frame rate of your clips. I know this is 30 frames a second, so I simply type in 15 and hit the Enter key, and as you see my transition is now 15 frames, it's exactly half a second long, and I'm good to go.
So, making a transition longer or shorter is very easy and is actually pretty intuitive. I can also reposition the location of the transition if it doesn't quite happen where I want it to be. There are times when the duration of the transition may be just right, but something happens at the very beginning or the very end, such as a camera flash going off. That's a little distracting. Well, I can go down to the timeline and click on the transition and actually move it left and right, but I am limited by the beginning or the end of the first or second clip, see? If I let go, the transition moves but the edit stays the same.
Now let me go ahead undo that, and I'm going to do the same thing up in the Effects Control panel. Now I have a lot of stuff happening here, and this is really hard to see. Well, I can simply put my cursor between those two parts of the panel, move that over to the left, and now I have a lot of real estate to work with. If I go over here, and I put my cursor over this clip, you notice when I put it on the edge, I get my Trim tool, and that's exactly what we did earlier, we just simply stretched its duration.
But if I hover it right in the middle, it changes to the Roll tool, and at this point I can reposition my cut and my transition at the same time. Take a look when I let go in the Effects Control panel as well as the Timeline to see what happens. It actually moved not only the transition, but also the cut, so I didn't have that limitation that I had over here. It's something good to keep in mind. Now stepping back into the Effects Control panel, you'll notice there's not a lot I can change with the Dissolve. I mean, I could show the actual sources, but a dissolve is a dissolve.
But what if I put in a different transition? And I want to show you how easy it is to swap out an existing transition with a new one and also how to modify that transition. So stepping into the Effects Control panel--we'll go back down, and I'll be honest, there is not a lot of transitions I think are appropriate, Cuts and Dissolves as I said before. We are going to use a wipe because sometimes a wipe is okay. So I'm going to type in wipe, and as you see, there we go, all those different wipes. But wait a second, that's an Effects Transition. We are not quite there yet. Let's go ahead and scroll down, and there we go. What I really want is a video transition wipe, and I can see by the icon that that's what I want.
It looks a little bit of a wipe. I am going to grab it, drag it, drop it on my Cross Dissolve, and as you see, it replaces the Dissolve with my Wipe, but it kept the exact same duration and position. You'll also notice there are a few other options that you can select to modify the way that wipe works. Now if I just scroll over this, you see it's a simple left to right wipe and that's okay, but let's make it a little prettier. First of all, if I wanted to I could show the actual sources when I'm working in this Window.
But I want to give it a little bit of a border, and I can just go ahead and add a border to that, so now I have a black bar, and I am going to make it even thicker. Now to me, black is okay, but if I wanted to give it a color, double-click on it, we'll go blue, select that, hit OK. Now that's a lot gentler than a black bar. And by pressing Reverse, do I want it to go from left to right or right to left? So every transition has aspects that you can modify, so go ahead and swap out different transitions, look in the Effects Control panel, and explore your options.
Now that you know how to modify a transition and swap out a transition, how do we go ahead and fix those problem edits that we discovered in the last move? I'm going to press the Backslash key so we can see all the clips in our timeline, and I'm going to actually jump to the third edit, because that's a little easier to fix than the second one, we'll look at the second one in just a moment. So I'm going to go ahead and load this transition into my timeline--let me zoom in--and now I'll click on the transition and load it back into our Effects Control panel.
Now as you recall, these little zebra stripes indicate a freeze frame. Well, an easy fix for this if I don't want to see that freeze frame, if I don't want to see him stop moving is I can simply do a roll edit and roll this over, and this way the motion doesn't stop, the transition in the edit point starts half a second early, but at least I don't have that distracting freeze frame. So that's a simple fix. But what about that second clip? Once again, I'll press the Backslash key so you can see exactly where I'm going, place my cursor over the middle clip, zoom in a little bit, and now I'm going to click to load this cross dissolve into my Effects Control panel.
Well, I have zebra stripes on both sides, and as you see, it doesn't matter, I can move this left and right, and it still is going to freeze on both of those clips. What I really would like is not to have either of these freeze, but I don't have any extra handle on either one of these clips. Well, we learned in an earlier movie that you can do what's called a Slip Edit, and a Slip Edit is the perfect solution to fix this problem. I'm going to go ahead and click on Solar Install to load into the Source panel, and as you can see, there is my lack of media.
I simply go ahead, grab it, I can move the In and Out Points simultaneously, move it to the left just a hair, about 15 frames, and I'm going to do the same thing to the solar panels clip, double- click to load it in, slip it over, and let's take a look at our edit point. Well, I did pretty good. It's a 1-second edit, and I still have a little bit of a freeze frame. As a matter of fact, the viewer may not even notice that because it's going to be so dim at this point.
But if they do, I could go back and continue the Slip Edit, or if I wanted to, I could simply just shorten the transition to where I don't see any of those still images. There is a lot of ways you can fix these problems. The key is be aware of them and be aware of how easy it is to update and modify any transition in your timeline.
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