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Chad Perkins: So we've been talking here and there throughout this training series about getting that coveted shallow depth of field look. We thought it might be nice to just kind of combine all those tips and tricks and add little bit more to the story in this tutorial about getting a shallow depth of field. Brian Liepe: One of the first steps in achieving that really cool shallow depth of field look is choosing the right lens. I like to use a lens that has a focal length of 50mm or higher. Now it not impossible to get a shallow depth of field with a focal length less then that and we'll definitely teach you more about that later on.
It's just easier using a telephoto lens because it magnifies those out of focus areas, and it just makes getting this look a lot easier. Chad Perkins: The next step in achieving shallow depth of field, is we want to of course open up the aperture as much as possible, because again, as we open up the aperture we're going to shrink that area of focus, and that's what creates that cool shallow depth of field effect. But again, remember also that as the aperture is wide open, at that stop and then next stop down, it's going to be a little softer then the other stops.
Now that maybe okay in some instances, that might be a tradeoff, but just again be aware that that's going to happen. Brian Liepe: One of the final steps in achieving shallow depth of field is to make sure that the objects in your frame vary in distance in relation to the camera and each other. Even on an iPhone, I can take a photo of an object close to the lens, focus on it and my background will go out of focus giving me shallow depth of field. That's because the subject I'm focusing in is far away from the background. Now if I have a lot of objects in my frame that share the same focal plane, it's going to be hard to tell if I have shallow depth of field.
So go ahead and breakup your objects, maybe by placing something in the foreground. Chad go ahead and raise that, that tripod up. I think it just makes things more interesting when you can break them up using shallow depth of field. Chad Perkins: Now one final tip is that highlights look absolutely beautiful when they are out of focus. Now of course you have to be tactful and use discretion with this trick, you don't want to over kill this thing. But being able to create that shallow depth of field especially with the beautiful highlights is an amazing effect that we strongly encourage you to master.
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