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Directors that are amateurs, or haven't ever edited video, often make the mistake of only shooting exactly what they need. But, as an editor, what you want is what we refer to as coverage. That means you want as many shots as possible, so that it gives you more room to play with the footage in editing. So, in this sequence, we have this girl, on the phone, in an office. But we shot it from this angle, from faraway. A little bit closer, from behind the stuff on her desk, and we shot it from a little bit closer, and the keyboard, and the ear-piece, and the close up of her mouth, and her eyes, and that angle, and that angle, also the paper, and that thing, and the paper from that side, and so on, and we've got, like, dozens of clips of each one of those.
And keep in mind we only had 24 hours to film this entire movie, and yet we still took the time, in this one location, to get this much coverage. And that way, the editor had total control over how the story was told, and that's what you want. You want to be able to have the ability to cut from shot-to-shot. What happened on this particular movie is that the editor cut all these things together quickly, and it made it feel hectic and stressful, just like her day at work, just like the actress's job in the movie.
You could imagine that an amateur director might just shoot the whole scene from one angle, such as this, and it would really fatigue the eyes and it would only tell an amateur story. So even though this one shot would get the job done, you really want as much coverage as possible to give you the most freedom while you are editing.
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