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In Premiere Pro CS4 Beyond the Basics, Adobe Certified Instructor Chad Perkins explains how to take video editing from simple nuts and bolts to an art form. He shares tips for shooting video in the field to get the most from a subject and get the best footage for a project. He demonstrates how to build a project through the careful use of cutaways, pacing, and suggestive edits. He covers special effects, color correction, and keying and compositing, integrating all these concepts as he builds a music video project from scratch. Exercise files are included with this course.
One of the trends that's all the rage now in video circlea is trying to get your video to look like film and many, many years ago in the heyday of video in the 90s when video was kind of coming-of-age as it were, it really didn't look too much like film and it was kind of a challenge andcertainly consumer level video could never look anything like film, the great beauty and awe and wonder of film. But things have progressed quite a bit and now you can do a lot of stuff behind the scenes when you're working in production, behind the camera and also here in post-production to make your video look more like a film that you're going for.
So I'm going to share a few of those tips with you. First of all, the frame rate is probably one of the biggest things that you can do when you're shooting your video. The frame rate of film is 24 frames per second and the frame rate of video that's trying to be film is 23.976 frames per second. Oftentimes this is just abbreviated as 24 frames per second, but when we're talking about digital video, it actually technically is 23.976 frames per second. And what that does for us, it gives us kind of a jerkiness, but it's a smoothness, some kind of cinematic magic that we were used to seeing.
Our eyes are just used to seeing film look like that. So when we see it play back, it has this kind of otherworldly quality about. It's kind of ethereal. And in contrast to video when we have 30 frames per second, as you see these ducks, it just seems like their motion is so crisp, because that camera pans around there. You see that? The camera pans around and it moves quickly and everything still stays very sharp and very crisp, because there are so many more frames per second in 30 frames per second regular standard definition video.
If you ever have a chance to watch like a football game or something like that in HD, where it 60 frames per second, it's very, very, very, very crisp and I can see like every little nook and cranny and it has this very kind of artificial intense crispness and that is exactly the opposite of the soft smoothed-out film look that we get at 24 frames per second or 23.976 frames per second. Another big key ingredient to getting the film look is making sure that you're working with Progressive Frames and not Interlaced Framea.
Standard definition video is interlaced and although you cannot see it here, it does something to the quality of the video and what you're seeing and also when you're doing on the camera itself, you change the mode from Interlaced to Progressive. Progressive often takes more light, so it makes things a little bit darker, which also is more filmic. So again, using Progressive Frames adds to the film look. Another thing it's very important is that we've talked about already are the highlights. Video has a much smaller dynamic range than does film.
So even on something like this where the white of the ducks is just too bright, but there is probably more tones in there and like more shades of light gray rather than just pure white. But with video, it kind of just shoves everything that's even kind of bright to pure white and that's a dead giveaway that this is video and again, as I mentioned before, you really can't fix that in post. Once the highlight detail is gone, it is gone and so be careful as you are working with video and you're trying to make it look like film that your highlights are not over-bright.
It's easier to take something like this where there is not super pure white and to go in to boost these highlights so that there is pure white. It's easier to do that than to try to cover up highlights that are overblown. Now another big component of film is depth of field, as we talked about a little bit before. In this great clip from Dream Job we see great focus on our actress but this background behind our brick wall and the cupboards, It is blurry a little bit. Again, that's referred to as depth of field and that is something that's very common with 35-meter film.
It's just the way it works. And so if you can get some kind of attachment, most video cameras need a lens adapter with a 35-millimeter lens in order to be able to recreate this look. Also the new still cameras like the Canon 5D Mark II and the Canon 7D and the Nikon D90 and all these different cameras that have really high quality lenses that allow a lot of light in, could also create this depth of field effect which again is very filmic.
The final component is the color scheme. Whenever you watch like a Hollywood movie there is a definite color scheme and so playing with the colors and making it look like film can often get you much better results and things are look much more like film. If you were to play with the colors right, you could probably even get this duck footage to look more like film, because color does play such a huge role in that. If you're really interested in getting the film like look, I might send you off to Red Giant Software where you can check out their Magic Bullet Suite of plug-ins and Magic Bullet is probably some of the most popular software video plug-ins and they do a great job of automatically making your footage look more like film, [00:05:1230] both from a color point of view and playing with the frame rate and a few other things as well.
Now if you're not after the frame rate, you love the crisp HD video look, you like the 60 frames per second football games, that's totally fine. It's just a stylistic preference and it's good for clients. When they see stuff that looks like a movie, it often turns them on and gets you more money and personally, I go crazy for this look. I absolutely love it. But it's just again a matter of personal preference but here is just a few tips for achieving that result.
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