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Premiere Pro CS5 Essential Training
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Cutting video to music


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Premiere Pro CS5 Essential Training

with Chad Perkins

Video: Cutting video to music

In this tutorial, I am going to give you a few quick tips for how to edit to audio. Now this works great for music videos, such as the example that we will be looking at here. But it also works really well for other avenues. If you're going to be making commercial and there is a little jingle you need to edit to, or a podcast, or maybe there is like a show opener or whatever, knowing how to edit to music, letting the music be the standard, the guide that you follow, is a very common thing in editing. And these tips will really help you I think. Now I have a musical background and that tends to help, but even if you don't, the audio waveform here is really critical to getting a good edit with your audio.
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  1. 4m 1s
    1. Welcome
      55s
    2. What is Premiere Pro CS5?
      1m 41s
    3. Using the exercise files
      1m 25s
  2. 16m 44s
    1. The Premiere Pro workflow
      2m 21s
    2. Adding footage to the Timeline
      2m 19s
    3. Understanding timecode
      3m 3s
    4. Making basic edits
      5m 15s
    5. Getting familiar with the interface
      3m 46s
  3. 21m 59s
    1. Setting up a new project
      3m 48s
    2. Creating a new sequence
      5m 30s
    3. Capturing and ingesting footage
      2m 51s
    4. Importing files
      5m 23s
    5. Sorting and organizing clips
      4m 27s
  4. 33m 19s
    1. Making a rough cut
      4m 0s
    2. Making preliminary edits
      4m 55s
    3. Creating overlay and insert edits
      4m 16s
    4. Using video layers to add B-roll
      3m 47s
    5. Using ripple edits and ripple delete
      3m 1s
    6. Performing slip edits
      2m 54s
    7. Using the Razor tool
      3m 51s
    8. Moving edit points
      3m 47s
    9. Navigating efficiently in the Timeline
      2m 48s
  5. 28m 45s
    1. The job of an editor
      2m 59s
    2. When to cut
      5m 54s
    3. Avoiding bad edits
      6m 31s
    4. The pacing of edits
      3m 47s
    5. Using establishing shots
      2m 44s
    6. Using emotional cutaways
      2m 1s
    7. Fixing problems with cutaways
      2m 48s
    8. Matching action
      2m 1s
  6. 21m 38s
    1. Using markers
      3m 31s
    2. Replacing clips
      2m 36s
    3. Exporting a still frame
      1m 51s
    4. Creating alternate cuts
      1m 25s
    5. Rearranging clips in the Timeline
      2m 15s
    6. Targeting tracks
      2m 32s
    7. Disconnecting audio and video
      5m 0s
    8. Reconnecting offline media
      2m 28s
  7. 9m 46s
    1. Adjusting the rubber band
      3m 13s
    2. Adjusting clip position
      1m 21s
    3. Moving the anchor point
      2m 50s
    4. Adjusting clip size and rotation
      2m 22s
  8. 8m 15s
    1. Changing the speed of a clip
      1m 58s
    2. Using the Rate Stretch tool
      1m 57s
    3. Playing a clip backward
      4m 20s
  9. 10m 26s
    1. Understanding pixel aspect ratio
      5m 15s
    2. Understanding frame rates
      2m 15s
    3. About HD standards
      2m 56s
  10. 10m 32s
    1. Using layered Photoshop files
      2m 31s
    2. Animating clip position
      3m 33s
    3. Fading layers in and out
      4m 28s
  11. 12m 40s
    1. Applying transitions
      6m 2s
    2. Using transitions effectively
      4m 41s
    3. Setting up the default transition
      1m 57s
  12. 38m 31s
    1. The importance of ambient audio
      6m 35s
    2. Cutting video to music
      7m 38s
    3. Changing audio volume over time
      9m 55s
    4. Fixing audio problems
      9m 57s
    5. Censoring audio
      4m 26s
  13. 16m 25s
    1. Creating censored video
      5m 22s
    2. Creating a lens flare
      2m 20s
    3. Creating a logo bug
      3m 27s
    4. Creating background textures
      5m 16s
  14. 13m 23s
    1. Intro to compositing
      1m 11s
    2. Removing a green screen background
      9m 14s
    3. Compositing with blend modes
      2m 58s
  15. 22m 37s
    1. Adjusting white balance
      2m 24s
    2. Increasing contrast
      3m 5s
    3. Adjusting luminance
      4m 30s
    4. Creating cinematic color
      5m 21s
    5. Creating a vignette
      3m 12s
    6. Creating a day-for-night shot
      4m 5s
  16. 16m 5s
    1. Creating titles
      4m 55s
    2. Creating a lower third
      9m 12s
    3. Animating rolling credits
      1m 58s
  17. 14m 13s
    1. Exporting sequences from Premiere
      3m 57s
    2. Exporting with the Adobe Media Encoder
      2m 13s
    3. The most common formats and codecs
      4m 42s
    4. Exporting portions of a sequence
      1m 54s
    5. Rendering letterboxed footage
      1m 27s
  18. 6m 46s
    1. Examining the other apps that come with Premiere
      4m 25s
    2. Working with Final Cut Pro
      2m 21s
  19. 20s
    1. Goodbye
      20s

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Premiere Pro CS5 Essential Training
5h 6m Beginner Apr 30, 2010

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In Premiere Pro CS5 Essential Training, author Chad Perkins shows not only how to edit video with Premiere Pro, but he also explains how to use video to tell compelling stories. This course covers the Premiere Pro workflow from a high level, providing a background on how projects go from start to finish before diving into basic clip adjustments, such as color correcting scenes for more dramatic impact, applying transitions effectively, and slowing down and speeding up clip playback. The course includes creative techniques, such as making titles and removing a green screen background from a shot. Exercise files are included with the course.

Topics include:
  • Adding footage to the Timeline
  • Creating dynamically linked content
  • Making overlay and insert edits
  • Moving edit points
  • Playing a clip backwards
  • Understanding pixel aspect ratio and frame rate
  • Applying motion effects
  • Cutting video to music
  • Compositing with green screen and blend modes
  • Correcting color
  • Creating titles and lower thirds
  • Exporting sequences
Subjects:
Video Video Editing
Software:
Premiere Pro
Author:
Chad Perkins

Cutting video to music

In this tutorial, I am going to give you a few quick tips for how to edit to audio. Now this works great for music videos, such as the example that we will be looking at here. But it also works really well for other avenues. If you're going to be making commercial and there is a little jingle you need to edit to, or a podcast, or maybe there is like a show opener or whatever, knowing how to edit to music, letting the music be the standard, the guide that you follow, is a very common thing in editing. And these tips will really help you I think. Now I have a musical background and that tends to help, but even if you don't, the audio waveform here is really critical to getting a good edit with your audio.

So you want to make sure that the track is expanded. You want to make sure that you are horizontally zoomed in. So I'm going to hit the Plus key to zoom in a little bit better. Actually not that much, hit the Minus key one more time. And then I'm going to go to the target area here. And if I hold my cursor down right here in between audio tracks 1 and 2, I get a Resizing tool. So I can click and drag upwards to see a better representation, a bigger representation, of my audio track. Now I am kind of forced to resize my Timeline panel because I'm not seeing all of the waveform and the audio.

But it's mainly because I have these two empty video tracks. So I can right-click on one of these tracks and just click Delete Tracks, or I could click and drag this divider in between the video and audio tracks to resize what I'm seeing here. And then I could squish this down a little bit better. Now initially this audio waveform here that we are looking at might look like a bunch of gibberish to you. But really this represents the volume of the track. And so we could look and see spikes in the audio, even if we were looking at dialogue. We can look at this and see where the key points are.

So let's listen to this and as you are listening to the rhythm of the music, it's hip-hop so it's pretty easy to discern were those beats are. But as this Current Time Indicator moves look at where these beats are, and see if you can see where they land. (Rapper: Time is money. Before owning it, time is blowing in the wind. Never know when it begins.) So we could see the four counts here. We basically have the spikes are where the beats are. So we have 1, 2, 3, 4. Now there is an "and" or a halfway beat in between 2 and 3.

So we have boom, boom, boom, boom, boom. So 1, 2, 3, 4. And again it's good to know where those beats are because those make good cut points a lot of times. They really emphasize the music because the cut points are right there on the beat. Now another thing that we can do is while we play this back we can create sequence markers by pressing the Asterisk key on the numeric keyboard as we are playing. So if you can't see where the beats are, then you can feel them or hear them and then hit the Asterisk key, almost as if it were like a drum pad, and you want to hit that on when you want to make the marker.

So I am going to preview this. And as I am playing this back, I am going to be hitting the Asterisk key and it's going to be creating sequence markers for me. (Rapper: Time is money. Before owning it, time is blowing in the wind. Never know when it begins.) So you could see that as I was hitting the Asterisk key, these sequence markers up here at the top were being created for me. So now I can use these as cut points if I wanted to, and just trim to these little markers here. Now we find that we don't really have enough footage, but still we have somewhere to start.

Now another thing I find, especially when you are looking at independent music videos, is that the music and the words don't always match up. Because what happens on a music video shoot, like when you're shooting the video, is say for example I've directed this and we're on the middle of nowhere. There's no power or anything. So I had my iPhone in my pocket playing their song and they are lip-syncing to my iPhone playing in my pocket as we are going. And so, and that's pretty much the case of every single music video. Everyone is lip-syncing. And so what you need to do when you come in here and postproduction is you need to sync up the video with the audio.

Now if you are really intelligent, which I was not, you will set up some kind of click or some kind of system, so that you will allow yourself to sync up that audio when you come here to edit. I did not do that and so what I needed to do is match up the words to the music. Now again, because this process has been to be done in post, a lot of independent music videos, if you watch them closely, the lips don't exactly match. They get in the ballpark, but they are not quite there. And that's the case that we have here. I am actually just going to move this clip back for the time being and re-extend this clip, so we can see a little bit more of it.

But watch his lips. It's close but it's not quite there. (Rapper: Time is money. Before owning it, time is blowing?) Okay so it's close but again not quite exactly on target. Here is a good way to tell if it's on target. I am going to go to my Preferences and on the PC that would be under the Edit menu. But I am going to go to Premiere Pro > Preferences, and then I'm going to go to my General Settings right now. You see we have different categories of Preferences that we can adjust. I am going to click on Audio to go to the Audio category of Preferences.

And this is one that really helps. While I am doing tutorials I like to leave this off because it gets annoying. But when I am actually working I like to have this selected, Play audio while scrubbing. I am going to go ahead and click OK here. Now when I drag the Current Time Indicator I am actually going to hear the audio. (Inaudible ) And before you really get into editing, like when you're learning about editing this just sounds like a bunch of gibberish. It just sounds like blah, blah, blah, blah. But actually when you get into editing and you get familiar with that scrubbing sound, it really tells you a lot.

And so what I can do is click on this and I could slowly scrub and see if the words match up a little bit more accurately. (Rapper: Time is money. Before owning it, time is blowing in the?) So I could see that the video comes first, that the video is a little bit too early because I scrubbed it. It's almost like playing in slow motion in a sense. So what I can do here, I'm actually just going to move this clip out of the way, is take this clip and drag and move this clip until we could scrub it and see this match up.

Okay, so even there it's still a little bit early. (Music Playing) (Rapper: Time is money. Before?) So now you could see that if we go back to the first frame here, it's about on right now. And we were eight frames off initially. So what didn't seem like that big of a deal at first, once you get in there and you start scrubbing you realize, wow, that was really, really off. To the tune of eight frames off, that's a lot. So now as we scrub this we could see that it actually works. (Rapper: Time is money. Before owning it...) So now if we play this back real speed it's going to look amazing.

(Rapper: Time is money. Before owning it, time is blowing in the wind.) Very cool! Now the last tool to be aware of is one that we've already covered. That tool is the Slip Edit tool. Oftentimes when I am editing to music-- Let's say for example I trim this here and I'll trim this here. So I know I want it to go between these beats. I know I wanted to exist, this clip here, between these two beats. So I might have, for example, some like B -roll footage or just kind of a clip of them like hanging out or something like that. And so I know I want it to happen between these beats, so that those cut points happen.

But I might not have it synced up exactly. So what I can do then is go and select the Slip tool and click and drag on it and that allows me to change the footage but still keep those cut points where they are. So those are a few of my favorite tools and techniques when editing to music or audio of any type actually.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Premiere Pro CS5 Essential Training.


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Q: When attempting to open the project exercise files into Premiere Pro CS5, an error message appears: 
This project contained a sequence that could not be opened. No sequence preview preset file codec could be associated with this sequence type. 
What could be causing the error, and how can the files be opened?
A: There are a few possible explanations. 

First, if the projects are not importing correctly, the error could be with the codecs being used on a particular machine. Check to make sure the Video Previews codec setting matches the file type being used.

Another possible issue could stem from using the trial version of Premiere CS5. Some codecs for encoding MPEG formats are available only with the full version of Premiere CS5. 

Additionally, the "Video Previews" codec setting for the Custom Sequence Presets could cause the issue if it is defaulting to “I-Frame Only MPEG”. Changing the setting to Microsoft AVI might fix the problem.


Lastly, if the projects are not importing into Premiere, try importing the video footage by itself, rather than the entire project file.
Q: How does one perform internal edits within a piece of video in Adobe Premiere? For example, if I have a single clip of video, comprised of multiple segments strung together, how would I go about removing gaps and/or cleaning up each segment and then assembling the clips in a desired order? Most tutorials emphasize laying down multiple clips on the Sceneline or Timeline, but not editing one clip of video.
A: To remove footage from a single video clip:
  • Drag the Current Time Indicator (CTI) to the first frame of the segment to be deleted, click the Split Clip button in the Monitor panel, drag the CTI to the last frame of the segment to be deleted, and then click the Split Clip button again.
  • Delete the segment by clicking on the clip and either choosing Edit > Delete And Close Gap, or pressing the Delete or Backspace key. That will remove the segment and the rest of the projectwill slide over to the left to fill the gap.
Q: I can't view the exercise files.
A: Most of the video clips in the training were encoded using H.264. If you are on a PC, you may need to download the latest version of the free
QuickTime player from quicktime.com. Be sure to install QuickTime with your Adobe applications closed. QuickTime installs a series of codecs on your
machine, and many Adobe apps require QuickTime components to function properly.
Q: Why are many of the video files H.264 if some users must download additional components to view them?
A: This is one of the most common video formats in the world right now, certainly for distribution. This is because it is currently the most optimal
way to provide high quality video at the low files sizes that we need to be able to distribute these assets online. Even though it may require an extra
download for some users, this is the best way to be able to get you the highest quality exercise files. There isn't another video standard that is
cross platform that is free and that works as well as H.264.
Q: What is the most effective way to import a JPEG into Premiere Pro (i.e. best quality resolution, best playback speed)? When I import a photo as a JPEG and add it to a sequence, only a very small part of my photo is shown, because of the high resolution of these photos. Should they be resized in Photoshop first? Will changing it using effects provide the quality I am looking for?
A: Images can be scaled down using the Scale Transform in the Effect Controls panel as explained in the training. You can also scale down the images in Photoshop to match the size of your sequence in Premiere. But I prefer to use the Scale Transform as it gives me more flexibility and allows me to "zoom in" (aka scale up) photos without loss in quality. You'll probably want to make sure that the proportions of the image match the sequence though.
Q: Does Premiere Pro offer Z-axis editing like After Effects?
A: Premiere Pro does not offer 3D as After Effects does, but you can use the Basic 3D effect in Premiere to simulate that environment.
 
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