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In Premiere Pro CS5 Essential Training, author Chad Perkins shows not only how to edit video with Premiere Pro, but he also explains how to use video to tell compelling stories. This course covers the Premiere Pro workflow from a high level, providing a background on how projects go from start to finish before diving into basic clip adjustments, such as color correcting scenes for more dramatic impact, applying transitions effectively, and slowing down and speeding up clip playback. The course includes creative techniques, such as making titles and removing a green screen background from a shot. Exercise files are included with the course.
We've seen before in this training series how when we put clips right up against each other like this, it creates a cut, just a spot where there is one clip and then just immediately cuts to the next clip. This is one frame, and this is the very next frame. Well, sometimes you don't want a transition that's just that harsh, that just goes from one clip and then immediately cuts the next clip. We want to have a smoother transition from one clip to the next. That's what transitions are for. In the Effects panel, there is a Video Transitions category.
Click the little arrow here to open that up. You'll see we have several categories of transitions that we can add. Let's say, for example, between this B- roll_RideBy_04 clip, the clip where the guys are riding bikes, and then the clips where these guys are kind of standing next to the water. Let's say we want to have a smoother transition here. Open up Dissolve. We're going to add Cross Dissolve. This is the most common transition. There is little red outline around its icon. We'll talk about what that means a little bit later on in this chapter. What I'm going to do is I'm going to grab this and I'm going to drag this over to the cut point, the point between the line dividing these two clips.
Now I don't want to put it here on the end of the first clip and I don't want to put it here at the beginning of the second clip. I want to put it here at the midpoint between the two clips on the cut point. Let go, and there we have the transition. Now if I hit the Spacebar-- (Music playing) You see that instead of cutting directly from one clip to the next, we have a nice slow fade, a cross dissolve, between these two clips.
In this case, it's really a beautiful look. Now if you want to make the transition go on for longer or shorter, then we can put our cursor at the beginning and drag over to the left. Put our cursor at the end, just kind of like we're trimming a clip, and extend this, so it's longer. So now when we play this transition, it will go on for longer. (Music playing) (Male speaker: Plenty of places to ride.) (Male speaker: Beautiful weather.) Now you'll notice that was a little bit jerky through here. If it is jerky and there is a red bar at the top here, that means you need to render the footage in order to get it to play back at perfect speed.
So you can just hit the Return key and it will create a video preview for you. Again, this process is referred to as rendering. I'm just going to go ahead and hit Cancel now. I don't want to take the time to do that, but that's how you could get it. You could see the green area here has been rendered for you and that indicates that this will play back in real time. Now, it's important when you're talking about adjusting transitions to realize the difference between selecting a clip like this and selecting a transition, like this. So once the transition itself is selected, not the clip that it's transitioning into or from, but the actual transition itself, then we could go to the Effect Controls panel and adjust the parameters of the transition.
Now, Cross Dissolve is probably the transition that you will use the most. We'll talk in the next movie about why you'd want to use that particular transition. There is another one called Dip to Black that I use a lot as well. This is good for fading in and fading out. You could use transitions not only in between clips, but at the beginning or end of clips as well. If I put this at the beginning of the B-roll_train clip, then when we play at the beginning of this-- (Music playing) It actually just fades in from black, which is kind of nice.
It's little bit jarring to start your video presentation right there with a frame. It's good to kind of fade in, just to kind of get viewers acclimated to what's going on, what they're saying. Likewise, we can put a Dip to Black at the end, and kind of fade out. Now, one thing about transitions that's important to keep in mind, you want to make sure that if you're going to transition between one frame and the next, [00:03:523.07] that you have additional frames that you are not seeing, so hidden frames of each clip.
So I want frames after the tail end of this clip and frames before the head of this clip or before the in point of this clip. So, that way they can blend together. So right now in time, even though we haven't got to the StandingAround clip yet, we could still see frames of that here. That's important for an effective transition. If we didn't have those frames, in other words, if this was the actual beginning of this footage and there was no way we could back up anymore, then we would not have this same Cross Dissolve.
For example, let's look at this B-roll_train clip. I'm going to for the time being drag this to the next video track. I'm going to go and put my cursor at the end of this and try to trim and extend it. We'll see that there are no more frames here. There are no more frames that are hidden. That's all we got. So, if I put this back to where I got it from, get back there you, and then if I try to add a transition between these two clips it will say, "no, I can't do it." I can either put a transition at the end of this clip, so just a Dip to Black from here, but I cannot really accurately transition to the next clip.
We're not seeing the end of the train clip or any more train footage, because there is none there. So, it's good if you're going to have an effective transition that you trim off some of that footage first. That way, the transition has some extra footage to play with. Now I'm going to close out of this Search field, because as long as we're looking at the Search field we're not going to be able to see any of our other effects or transitions. So I'm going to click this X here. If you look through these transitions, there are a lot of categories here, a lot of really fun stuff to play with.
People that are brand-new to video editing and brand-new to Premiere usually love the feeling of going into some of these transitions, especially like 3D motion and things like that, and just adding these really complex transitions that take virtually no effort whatsoever, just drag-and-drop, and it's a lot of fun to play with. Now, as fun as these are to play with, it's important to note that these need to be used very artistically in professional projects. I'll talk about how to do that in the next movie.
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