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Photoshop CS6 One-on-One: Fundamentals is a concise and focused introduction to the key features in Photoshop, presented by long-time lynda.com author and Adobe veteran Deke McClelland. This course covers the image editing process from the very beginning and progresses through the concepts and techniques that every photographer or graphic designer should know. Deke explains digital imaging fundamentals, such as resolution vs. size and the effects of downsampling. He explains how to use layers to edit an image nondestructively and organize those edits in an easy-to-read way, and introduces techniques such as cropping, adjusting brightness and contrast, correcting and changing color, and retouching and healing images. These lessons distill the vast assortment of tools and options to a refined set of skills that will get you working inside Photoshop with confidence.
In this movie, I'll introduce you to the new and improved Crop tool, which by default results in an independent layer and reduces the size of the canvas without clipping away pixels. I'm working inside a file called Precarious workspace.jpg. It's found inside the 06_crop folder. The Crop tool is located five tools down in the upper section of the toolbox. You can also get to it by pressing the C key. And notice that there is a couple of different ways to use this tool. We start with a default crop boundary that surrounds the entire canvas, and you can drag any of the corners or the sides in order to change the size of the boundary or, another way to work, I'll go ahead and press the escape key in order to leave the Crop mode for a moment.
You can also start things off by dragging with the tool just as you did inside Photoshop CS5 and earlier. Now this image has a couple of problems. Not only is it perhaps a little bit too wide but it's quite crooked, so I need to rotate the crop boundary, and I can do that by moving cursor outside the boundary and dragging. But notice instead of rotating the boundary, as was the previous behavior, you now rotate the image inside the boundary so you can get a better sense of exactly when the image is straight.
Now by default you see some guidelines inside the crop boundary that represent the classic Rule of Thirds, which states that the subject of the photograph should be located at the intersection of one of these guidelines like so. Of course that's just a rule of thumb, you can choose to follow it or not. However, if you're more interested in making sure that horizon line is exactly perpendicular, you can switch the view from Rule of Thirds to Grid, and that's what I'm going to do, by choosing Grid from the Options Bar. And then I'm going to go ahead and zoom in by pressing Ctrl++ a couple of times and I'm going to move that image until the horizon lines with one of the grid lines, and that actually looks pretty good to me.
All right, now we'll go ahead and zoom back out. However, you can work back and forth as much as you like to get that crop absolutely perfect. And notice up here in the Options Bar there is a check box called Delete Cropped Pixels. It's turned off by default and I recommend that you leave it turned off so that you don't clip any pixels away. But I do urge you to get that image straight in the first place because if you keep going back and forth straightening the image, you are going to end up rotating that layer each and every time, which is ultimately a destructive modification because Photoshop has to rewrite those pixels.
All right, anyway I'm going to drag out this edge, drag up here as well. The crop boundary, by the way, as opposed to the rotation of the image, you can take that for granted because you can always revisit that canvas size non-destructively. Once you get the crop the way you want it, there's a few ways to apply the crop. One is to click this check mark up here in the Options Bar. The other is to press the Enter key or the Return key on the Mac, or you can just double-click inside the crop boundary to apply.
Then, if you no longer want to see the crop boundary around the perimeter of the image, go ahead and switch back to a different tool such as a rectangular marquee. Notice I now have an independent layer here inside the Layers panel so this is no longer a flat image, meaning that I'll have to save the image in the native PSD format. The advantage however, is that I can go to the Move tool and I can drag the image around in order to change its orientation inside the canvas. And that's how you work with the new and improved Crop tool here inside Photoshop CS6.
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