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The geometric Marquee tools

From: Photoshop CC One-on-One: Fundamentals

Video: The geometric Marquee tools

In this chapter, we'll take this stock image background and we'll use Photoshop selection tools to add a variety of image elements, and ultimately achieve this final layered composition. We're going to start things off by using one of Photoshop's Marquee tools to select this moon. If you're working along with me, switch to the image called Full moon.jpg. It's found inside the 09_selection folder. When you first launch Photoshop, by default, the Rectangular Marquee tool is selected. You can get to that tool at any time by pressing the M key.

The geometric Marquee tools

In this chapter, we'll take this stock image background and we'll use Photoshop selection tools to add a variety of image elements, and ultimately achieve this final layered composition. We're going to start things off by using one of Photoshop's Marquee tools to select this moon. If you're working along with me, switch to the image called Full moon.jpg. It's found inside the 09_selection folder. When you first launch Photoshop, by default, the Rectangular Marquee tool is selected. You can get to that tool at any time by pressing the M key.

Rectangular Marquee, quite obviously allows you to select rectangular areas just by dragging. If you want to select an exactly square area, then as you're dragging, not before, but while you're dragging, press and hold the Shift key like so, and keep that key down until after you release the mouse button and then you'll have a perfect square. Now once you've drawn a selection as long as one of the selection tools is active, you can move the selection to a different location just by dragging it like so.

If you want to deselect the image, you can either press Ctrl or Command+D which is the shortcut for the Deselect command under the Select menu, or you can just click inside the image window. If you click and hold on the Rectangular Marquee tool, you'll see your other Marquee tool options, including the Elliptical Marquee tool which I'll show you in a moment, and the Single Row and Single Column tools. Let me show you how those work just FYI. If I grab the Single Row Marquee tool, and I click inside the image, then I create a selection that's exactly one pixel tall and the entire width of the image.

By contrast, if I grab the Single Column Marquee tool, and I click inside the image, then I create a selection that's exactly 1 pixel wide and the entire image tall. Now, these aren't tools that I used very often, but you may find them useful for creating lines, and borders, and that kind of thing. All right, I'm going to press Ctrl+D or Command+D on the Mac to deselect the image, and I'm going to press the M key to switch back to the Rectangular Marquee. Now notice here in the flyout menu, that both the Rectangular Marquee and the Elliptical Marquee have keyboard shortcuts of M.

And so here's the idea. If you want to switch back and forth between the Rectangular and Elliptical Marquee tools, then you press Shift+M. So notice, if I press Shift+M once, I go to the Elliptical Marquee tool, press Shift+M again, I get the Rectangular Marquee tool. I'm going to press Shift+M to get the Elliptical Marquee tool, because I want to select this moon. I wanted to show you a few tricks that work with the rectangular and elliptical marquees. Let's say I exactly want to select this moon. I start dragging, but as you can see my selection outline is out of alignment.

As you're dragging, while you have your mouse-button down, you can press and hold the spacebar in order to move that marquee on-the-fly. That way, you can get that selection outline registered with the edges of the moon. We kind of want to cheat in just a little bit. Then once you get the selection in place, go ahead and release the spacebar and continue dragging in order to scale that selection outline. The moon happens to be pretty darn circular. So you can press the Shift key as you drag if you want to, to ensure that you're selecting your perfect circle, and ultimately, you should get something like this.

So once again, I'm cheating slightly inside of the edge of the moon, so I don't run the risk of selecting any of that black sky. Now I want to show you one more way to work. I'm going to press Ctrl+D or Command+D on the Mac to deselect the image. Let's say you want to select the moon from the center outward. The moon just so happens to be exactly centered inside of this image. Here's how you find the exact center of an image in Photoshop. You press Ctrl+A or Command+A on the Mac to select the entire image, then you go up to the Edit menu, and you choose the Free Transform command, or you can press Ctrl+T or Command+T on the Mac, and now you can see a little target at the center of the selection.

Next, go up to the View menu, and choose the Rulers command or Press Ctrl+R or Command+R on the Mac, and then you can drag guidelines out from the ruler and have them snap into alignment with that center point. Now if you can't see the guidelines as you drag them out, it's because your Guides are turned off and you have to go to the View menu, choose the Show command, and then choose Guides to turn on. But my Guides are already on. So I'm going to press the Escape key in order to escape out of the Free Transform mode.

I'm going to press Ctrl+R or Command+R on the Mac to hide the rulers and then I'm going to press Ctrl+D or Command+D on the Mac to deselect the image. Now try dragging out from that center point. Now don't press any keys at this point, just start dragging. Then after you begin the drag, press and hold the Alt key or the Option key on the Mac, and keep that key down, and notice that you'll be drawing a selection from the center outward. Go ahead and press the Shift key as well. So I have both the Shift and Alt keys down on the PC.

If you're working on a Mac, make sure you have both the Shift and Option keys down, and then cheat that selection inside the moon just a little bit, and release in order to precisely select that moon from the center out. So again, that's another way to work if you like. Now let's copy the moon and paste it into the background. I'll go up to the Edit menu, and choose the Copy command, or of course, you can press Ctrl+C, Command+C on the Mac, and then I'm going to switch over to the stock image. So far, it doesn't contain any layers at all. Then I'll go up to the Edit menu and choose the Paste command or press Ctrl+V, Command+V on the Mac, and we end up with this moon right there in the center of the image.

I'll go ahead and rename this new layer moon, and we're done, for now anyway. So that's how you use Photoshop's Geometric Marquee tools. In the next movie, we'll take the moon and we'll make it look right at home in its new environment.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Photoshop CC One-on-One: Fundamentals
Photoshop CC One-on-One: Fundamentals

103 video lessons · 25188 viewers

Deke McClelland
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 38m 23s
    1. Welcome to One-on-One
      1m 51s
    2. Opening from the Windows desktop on Windows 8 (CC 2014) NEW
      6m 16s
    3. Opening from the Windows desktop on Windows 7 or earlier (CC) UPDATED
      5m 48s
    4. Opening from the Macintosh Finder UPDATED
      7m 10s
    5. Opening from Photoshop or Bridge
      3m 52s
    6. Opening an image from Mini Bridge (CC)
      2m 39s
    7. Opening through Camera Raw
      5m 11s
    8. Closing one image and closing all UPDATED
      5m 36s
  2. 52m 47s
    1. Navigating your image
      40s
    2. The dark vs. the light interface UPDATED
      6m 2s
    3. Navigating tabs and windows
      4m 32s
    4. Panels and workspaces
      6m 20s
    5. Zooming incrementally
      6m 22s
    6. Zooming continuously
      2m 43s
    7. Entering a custom zoom value
      2m 25s
    8. Scrolling and panning images
      2m 31s
    9. Rotating and resetting the view
      2m 11s
    10. Cycling between screen modes
      3m 10s
    11. Using the Navigator panel
      3m 38s
    12. Using Retina and HiDPI displays
      4m 3s
    13. Adjusting a few screen preferences UPDATED
      8m 10s
  3. 1h 2m
    1. Digital imaging fundamentals
      1m 45s
    2. Image size and resolution
      6m 34s
    3. The Image Size command
      6m 9s
    4. Common resolution standards
      4m 7s
    5. Upsampling vs. real pixels
      7m 59s
    6. Changing the print size
      8m 15s
    7. Downsampling for print
      5m 14s
    8. Downsampling for email
      6m 22s
    9. The interpolation settings
      6m 40s
    10. Downsampling advice
      5m 5s
    11. Upsampling advice
      4m 15s
  4. 53m 20s
    1. The layered composition
      1m 40s
    2. Introducing the Layers panel
      4m 12s
    3. Adding, scaling, and aligning layers
      5m 27s
    4. Dragging and dropping layers
      4m 36s
    5. Stack, reveal, and rename
      3m 1s
    6. Opacity, history, and blend mode
      6m 5s
    7. Duplicating a selected portion of a layer
      5m 32s
    8. Applying a clipping mask
      3m 58s
    9. Blending inside a clipping mask
      4m 10s
    10. Finishing off your artwork
      3m 13s
    11. Creating a new layer and background
      4m 24s
    12. Layering tips and tricks
      7m 2s
  5. 26m 13s
    1. The art of the save
      54s
    2. Four things to know about saving
      5m 59s
    3. Saving layers to PSD
      6m 34s
    4. Saving print images to TIFF
      4m 48s
    5. Saving an interactive image to PNG
      3m 40s
    6. Saving a flat photo to JPEG
      4m 18s
  6. 32m 16s
    1. Honing in on your image
      1m 43s
    2. The new and improved Crop tool
      4m 35s
    3. Editing your last crop
      6m 29s
    4. Cropping to a specific ratio or size
      5m 57s
    5. Straightening a crooked image
      4m 44s
    6. Filling in missing details UPDATED
      6m 44s
    7. Using the Perspective Crop tool
      2m 4s
  7. 44m 51s
    1. First, there is brightness
      2m 12s
    2. How luminance works
      4m 18s
    3. The three Auto commands
      3m 27s
    4. Automatic brightness and contrast
      6m 5s
    5. The Brightness/Contrast command
      2m 47s
    6. The dynamic adjustment layer
      4m 4s
    7. Editing adjustment layers
      3m 52s
    8. Isolating an adjustment with a layer mask
      3m 31s
    9. Introducing the histogram
      4m 58s
    10. Measuring an adjustment
      3m 34s
    11. Using the Shadows/Highlights command
      6m 3s
  8. 44m 33s
    1. And second, there is color
      1m 31s
    2. Identifying a color cast UPDATED
      3m 34s
    3. Correcting a color cast automatically
      3m 57s
    4. Changing the color balance
      6m 10s
    5. Compensating with Photo Filter
      3m 11s
    6. Adjusting color intensity with Vibrance
      3m 29s
    7. Correcting color casts in Camera Raw
      5m 46s
    8. The Hue/Saturation command
      5m 26s
    9. Summoning colors where none exist
      4m 8s
    10. Making more color with Vibrance
      4m 27s
    11. Making a quick-and-dirty sepia tone
      2m 54s
  9. 55m 46s
    1. Making selective modifications
      1m 10s
    2. The geometric Marquee tools
      6m 1s
    3. Aligning one image element to another
      4m 59s
    4. The freeform Lasso tools
      3m 59s
    5. The Polygonal Lasso tool and Quick Mask
      5m 19s
    6. Cropping one selection inside another UPDATED
      6m 15s
    7. Creating rays of light
      4m 44s
    8. Quick Selection and Similar
      4m 11s
    9. Making it better with Refine Edge
      4m 56s
    10. Integrating image elements
      2m 39s
    11. Magic Wand and Grow
      5m 17s
    12. Refine, integrate, and complete
      6m 16s
  10. 53m 48s
    1. Your best face forward
      1m 0s
    2. Content-Aware Fill UPDATED
      6m 11s
    3. Using the Spot Healing Brush
      5m 36s
    4. The more capable "standard" Healing Brush UPDATED
      5m 55s
    5. Meet the Clone Source panel
      3m 53s
    6. Caps Lock and Fade
      4m 57s
    7. The Dodge and Burn tools UPDATED
      5m 1s
    8. Adjusting color with the Brush tool UPDATED
      6m 35s
    9. Smoothing skin textures UPDATED
      5m 57s
    10. Brightening teeth
      4m 0s
    11. Intensifying eyes UPDATED
      4m 43s
  11. 49s
    1. Until next time
      49s

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