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The blend mode shortcuts


Photoshop CS5 One-on-One: Mastery

with Deke McClelland

Video: The blend mode shortcuts

In this exercise we're going to review the Blend mode specific keyboard shortcuts and I've even given you a file called mode-specific shortcuts.psd, found inside the 28_blending folder to help you along your way. Now I was telling you a couple of exercises ago that you can advance or retreat between blend modes by pressing Shift+ or Shift-. But there are a couple of problems with working that way. One is, it clutters up the History panel. The other is it's a little bit like channel surfing. You're just hammering your way at Shift+ or Shift- hoping that something will magically appear inside of your Layers panel that's going to entertain you and that's rarely a key to success.
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  1. 40m 45s
    1. Welcome
      2m 45s
    2. Making Photoshop your default image editor
      7m 43s
    3. Installing the dekeKeys keyboard shortcuts
      8m 10s
    4. Remapping OS shortcuts
      7m 37s
    5. Installing the Best Workflow color settings
      4m 31s
    6. The color settings explained
      6m 54s
    7. Loading the CS5 color settings in Bridge
      3m 5s
  2. 1h 11m
    1. Your creative range continues to expand
      1m 46s
    2. The Avatar project so far
      2m 38s
    3. Painting on a photograph
      7m 50s
    4. Adding texture and depth
      6m 14s
    5. Simulating chalky white paint
      7m 23s
    6. Masking and placing an image
      7m 20s
    7. Upsampling and Lens Blur
      5m 9s
    8. Blending blurry elements
      3m 48s
    9. Making a Smart Object
      6m 46s
    10. Placing an image as a Smart Object
      3m 22s
    11. Blending away a background
      5m 56s
    12. Applying Smart Filters
      4m 34s
    13. Creating a glow with Lens Flare
      3m 45s
    14. Blending and masking a glow
      5m 3s
  3. 1h 26m
    1. Using the image to select itself
      1m 53s
    2. Introducing masking
      6m 32s
    3. Making an alpha channel
      6m 54s
    4. Using the Calculations command
      6m 48s
    5. Add, Subtract, Offset, and Scale
      5m 54s
    6. Prepping an image with the Dodge tool
      6m 55s
    7. Fixing mistakes before they get too big
      6m 32s
    8. Painting in the Overlay mode
      5m 51s
    9. Exaggerating and selecting flesh tones
      7m 39s
    10. Smudge, Median, and the Blur tool
      6m 59s
    11. Masking low-contrast details
      6m 7s
    12. Creating a flesh-and-clothing mask
      5m 45s
    13. Masking and compositing the foreground
      5m 27s
    14. Finessing the final composition
      7m 39s
  4. 2h 24m
    1. Connecting the dots
      1m 40s
    2. The Pen tool and the Paths panel
      6m 32s
    3. Drawing a straight-sided outline
      6m 25s
    4. Editing a path outline
      6m 36s
    5. Adding and editing smooth points
      5m 35s
    6. Creating vector masks with the shape tools
      4m 59s
    7. Building a complex outline from shapes
      4m 26s
    8. Subtracting and transforming shapes
      6m 45s
    9. Cloning, flipping, and combining shapes
      8m 58s
    10. Roughing in non-symmetrical paths
      7m 41s
    11. Finessing a complex outline
      9m 15s
    12. Masking a layer effect
      8m 26s
    13. Isolating an image element
      6m 8s
    14. Smooth points and control handles
      9m 3s
    15. Stretching curved segments
      7m 49s
    16. Using the Rubber Band option
      9m 33s
    17. Drawing smooth points with the Pen tool
      6m 59s
    18. Shading an isolated object
      3m 45s
    19. Drawing cusp points
      7m 14s
    20. Setting points in the pasteboard
      9m 57s
    21. Using the Convert Point tool
      6m 42s
  5. 2h 57m
    1. Everything you need to know about blending
      1m 45s
    2. Photoshop CS5's blend modes
      7m 21s
    3. Cycling between blend modes
      6m 15s
    4. Darken and Lighten and their derivatives
      6m 3s
    5. The blend mode shortcuts
      8m 6s
    6. The Multiply and Burn modes
      4m 28s
    7. The Screen and Dodge modes
      6m 0s
    8. How opposite blend modes work
      8m 24s
    9. Why Multiply darkens and Divide lightens
      5m 23s
    10. Cleaning up a client's bad art
      5m 3s
    11. Dropping out a white background
      5m 56s
    12. Blending inside blend modes
      8m 3s
    13. Overlay, Soft Light, and Hard Light
      6m 26s
    14. Vivid, Linear, and Pin Light (and Hard Mix)
      6m 35s
    15. Difference, Exclusion, Subtract, and Divide
      7m 34s
    16. Great uses for the Difference mode
      6m 18s
    17. Promising uses for the Divide mode
      9m 6s
    18. Hue, Saturation, Color, and Luminosity
      7m 0s
    19. Blending an inverted layer
      3m 32s
    20. The "Fill Opacity Eight"
      7m 25s
    21. Making bad blend modes good
      5m 16s
    22. Making a knockout layer
      6m 53s
    23. Blending in the CMYK mode
      8m 3s
    24. Overprinting black text
      8m 29s
    25. Using the Luminance slider
      5m 24s
    26. Parametric luminance masking
      6m 21s
    27. Adjusting the behavior of luminance effects
      10m 8s
  6. 2h 2m
    1. Smart Objects = protective containers
      1m 35s
    2. Placing an Illustrator graphic
      6m 30s
    3. Vector copy and paste options
      6m 56s
    4. Applying Puppet Warp to vectors
      8m 9s
    5. "Gluing" vector art for Puppet Warp
      5m 50s
    6. Warping art onto the surface of an image
      8m 7s
    7. Blending a Smart Object
      4m 30s
    8. Blurring and blending a Smart Object
      6m 8s
    9. Making changes in Illustrator
      5m 57s
    10. Creating "true clones"
      7m 18s
    11. Double-flipping text
      4m 44s
    12. Applying effects to multiple layers
      3m 24s
    13. Updating true clones in one operation
      7m 36s
    14. Editing JPEGs as Camera Raw objects
      5m 49s
    15. Creating a double-exposure effect
      7m 15s
    16. Masking and shading transitions
      7m 47s
    17. Applying and repeating Camera Raw edits
      6m 9s
    18. Copying vs. cloning a Smart Object
      5m 18s
    19. Flipping a Smart Object and its mask
      3m 42s
    20. Adjusting multiple Camera Raw clones
      3m 53s
    21. Text that inverts everything behind it
      5m 34s
  7. 1h 59m
    1. This time, "smart" means dynamic
      1m 37s
    2. Introducing Smart Filters
      6m 28s
    3. Traditional High Pass sharpening
      5m 17s
    4. Smart High Pass in the Lab mode
      7m 57s
    5. Sharpening a high-frequency image
      7m 46s
    6. Retroactively reducing noise
      7m 31s
    7. Which filters are Smart Filters?
      6m 20s
    8. Shadows/Highlights as a Smart Filter
      4m 37s
    9. Nesting one Smart Object inside another
      7m 11s
    10. Drawing a mask from a nested Smart Object
      8m 7s
    11. Better Shadows/Highlights inside Lab
      9m 16s
    12. Tempering saturation values in Lab
      7m 0s
    13. Filtering live, editable text
      9m 2s
    14. Enhancing filters with layer effects
      4m 33s
    15. Applying a filter multiple times
      5m 0s
    16. Creating a synthetic star field
      7m 7s
    17. Making a stucco or drywall pattern
      6m 28s
    18. Land, sea, and clouds
      8m 27s
  8. 2h 50m
    1. Photoshop's advanced painting tools
      2m 3s
    2. Canvas texture and brush libraries
      6m 40s
    3. Painting with a predefined custom brush
      9m 21s
    4. Dissecting a custom brush
      11m 9s
    5. Designing and using a custom brush
      4m 54s
    6. Saving and loading brush presets
      5m 27s
    7. The ten styles of bristle brushes
      9m 47s
    8. Size, Spacing, and Angle
      7m 2s
    9. Using the Bristle Brush preview
      7m 53s
    10. Bristles, Length, Thickness, and Stiffness
      6m 53s
    11. Stylus tilt and mouse behavior
      5m 25s
    12. Stroking a path outline with a brush
      4m 0s
    13. Troubleshooting a stylus
      5m 49s
    14. Introducing the Mixer Brush
      7m 22s
    15. The Load, Mix, and Wet values
      5m 1s
    16. Cleaning and loading a brush
      6m 26s
    17. Shading a piece of graphic art
      6m 34s
    18. Shading with color
      7m 53s
    19. Mixing a photographic portrait
      6m 11s
    20. Tracing the fine details in an image
      5m 52s
    21. Crosshatching and brush size
      5m 53s
    22. Covering up and augmenting details
      7m 36s
    23. Painting in hair and fabric
      5m 54s
    24. Painting and scaling very fine hairs
      8m 7s
    25. Adding texture with the Emboss filter
      8m 31s
    26. Exploiting a "happy accident"
      2m 46s
  9. 1h 40m
    1. Artificial intelligence that works
      1m 22s
    2. The Auto-Align Layers command
      7m 25s
    3. The Auto-Blend Layers command
      3m 54s
    4. Masking auto-aligned layers
      4m 50s
    5. The Geometric Distortion setting
      6m 44s
    6. The Seamless Tones and Colors checkbox
      4m 8s
    7. Creating the best possible layer mask
      9m 18s
    8. Auto-blending depths of field
      5m 54s
    9. Finessing masks, accepting imperfections
      6m 29s
    10. Shooting and downsampling panorama images
      5m 54s
    11. Introducing the Photomerge command
      6m 40s
    12. Evaluating the Layout settings
      6m 47s
    13. Loading, aligning, and blending with Photomerge
      5m 36s
    14. Tracing and extracting seams
      7m 18s
    15. Adding a masked element into a panorama
      5m 55s
    16. Simplifying and correcting a panorama
      5m 58s
    17. Smart Filters and nondestructive cropping
      6m 43s
  10. 1h 18m
    1. The most mysterious of mysterious topics
      2m 29s
    2. Introducing HDR Toning
      6m 43s
    3. Reigning in clipped highlights
      5m 54s
    4. The Local Adaptation options
      9m 5s
    5. Nondestructive editing with HDR Toning
      8m 22s
    6. Using the HDR Toning Curve
      7m 2s
    7. HDR Toning vs. Shadows/Highlights
      6m 0s
    8. Merging multiple exposures
      7m 14s
    9. A first look at HDR Pro
      6m 24s
    10. Removing ghosts, correcting backlighting
      7m 11s
    11. Generating and editing an HDR comp
      7m 0s
    12. HDR rendered to completion
      5m 19s
  11. 1h 27m
    1. Processing hundreds of files in no time
      1m 43s
    2. Creating an action set
      6m 37s
    3. Making an action
      7m 7s
    4. Stop, Delete, and Record
      7m 12s
    5. Add, Undo, and Rerecord
      6m 40s
    6. Playing and testing an action
      6m 31s
    7. Playing and editing a specific operation
      6m 39s
    8. Permitting the user to change settings
      4m 58s
    9. Explaining an action with a custom stop
      5m 0s
    10. Batch-processing multiple images
      7m 22s
    11. Adding a Save As operation
      6m 34s
    12. Creating an action to save web graphics
      7m 59s
    13. Batching two actions into one
      7m 15s
    14. Saving and loading actions
      5m 30s
  12. 1m 19s
    1. See ya
      1m 19s

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Watch the Online Video Course Photoshop CS5 One-on-One: Mastery
20h 1m Advanced Sep 30, 2010

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In the all-new Photoshop CS5 One-on-One: Mastery, the third and final installment of the popular series, join industry expert and award-winning author Deke McClelland for an in-depth tour of the most powerful and empowering features of Photoshop CS5. Discover the vast possibilities of traditional tools, such as masking and blend modes, and then delve into Smart Objects, Photomerge, as well as the new Puppet Warp, Mixer Brush, and HDR features. Exercise files accompany the course.

Recommended prerequisites: Photoshop CS5 One-on-One: Fundamentals and Photoshop CS5 One-on-One: Advanced.

Topics include:
  • Using masks and blend modes in radically new ways
  • Mastering the Pen tool and Paths panel
  • Transforming and maximizing Smart Objects
  • Employing Smart Filters to create complex effects
  • Exploring the capabilities of Bristle brushes and the Mixer Brush
  • Merging multiple images into seamless panoramas
  • Exploring the full range of luminance with HDR Pro
  • Recording actions and batching-processing images
Design Photography
Deke McClelland

The blend mode shortcuts

In this exercise we're going to review the Blend mode specific keyboard shortcuts and I've even given you a file called mode-specific shortcuts.psd, found inside the 28_blending folder to help you along your way. Now I was telling you a couple of exercises ago that you can advance or retreat between blend modes by pressing Shift+ or Shift-. But there are a couple of problems with working that way. One is, it clutters up the History panel. The other is it's a little bit like channel surfing. You're just hammering your way at Shift+ or Shift- hoping that something will magically appear inside of your Layers panel that's going to entertain you and that's rarely a key to success.

You're much better off just as you are with TV I suppose, knowing what it is you want in the first place. So for a example if you know you want to Multiply mode as you we'll by time you're done with this chapter, then you press Shift+Alt+M or Shift+Option+M on the Mac and you would get a predictable result. Now everyone of the shortcuts involve Shift+Alt on the PC or Shift+Option on the Mac along with the letter key. These keyboard shortcuts only work where layers are concerned. If one of the tools inside the toolbox except for this midsection of tools, the painting and editing tools, one of the other tools has to be selected.

Usually, you select a selection tool like the Rectangle Marquee tool for example. Now the reason these shortcuts don't effect layers when you have a Paint or Edit tool selected is, because Paint and Edit tools have their own blend modes and you end up cycling between them instead. Now there's only 26 letters in the alphabet and there's 27 blend modes in the Layers panel and there's even more blend modes associated with the various Paint and Edit tools. The Brush tool alone supplies 29 blend modes. So there are four blend modes that don't have shortcuts and these include the four blend modes most recently added to the software.

So that's a Darker Color, Lighter Colors, Subtract, and Divide. With that in mind notice that I've circled some of these keyboard shortcut letters and those are the ones that I recommend you memorize, because they're extremely useful blend modes. For example, I really want to get in the habit of pressing Shift+Alt+N or Shift+Option+N for the Normal mode, because it's a great way to reset a layer. If you want to see its original colors or if you just want to figure out a different approach. I don't suggest you memorize I which is the second letter in word Dissolve, because you're not going to using the Dissolved load very much.

Darken is K for one of the letters in the middle of Darken. It doesn't matter. Multiply is a great blend mode with a logical keyboard shortcut of Shift+Alt+M or Shift+Option+M on the Mac and I'll stop here for just a moment to say that the best of the blend modes have logical keyboard shortcuts. But about half of them get keyboard shortcuts that don't make any sense whatsoever. But I will try to provide you with some advice for remembering them. Now Color Burn, not a super great blend mode, but it has a logical keyboard for B for Burn. Linear Burn a much more useful blend mode has an altogether illogical shortcut of A, which you can't think of being the second to last letter in word linear, but I have a better way to think of it as I'll explain in just a moment.

Darker Color has no shortcut. It doesn't deserve one. Lighten gets the third letter in the word Lighten. So whatever. Screen is an awesome blend mode with a great keyboard shortcut of Shift+Alt+S or Shift+Option+S on the Mac. Let me just scroll down here a little bit so that we can see that Color Dodge gets D for dodge. That's a great shortcut, problem is I don't use Color Dodge very often. Linear Dodge (Add) gets W. What is with those monkeys? And here's the problem. It should have got an A, it's not like A is better assigned else where.

It's badly assigned elsewhere and it's the first letter of the core blend mode Add, which is the technology that's used for Linear Dodge. Instead it got assigned to Linear Dodge's nemesis which is Linear Burn and that's how I remember it. I just remember that A was miss assigned, and you actually get the opposite effect of what you think A for Add instead you get Linear Burn, which is a darkening. What Linear Dodge gets is two upside-down A's, which if you smack them together would be a W with a bar through it. Forget the bar, remember the W.

Lighter Color doesn't have a shortcut; doesn't deserve one. Overlay, great mode, great shortcut, Shift+Alt+O, Shift+Option+O on the Mac. Soft Light gets F for soft. Who cares? Hard Light, super useful mode. It gets Shift+Alt+H or Shift+Option+H which makes perfect sense. Vivid Light is about as useful as Color Burn and Color Dodge. It's essentially those two modes mixed together and just as Color Burn gets B for burn and Color Dodge gets D for Dodge, Vivid Light gets V for Vivid. Problem is I just don't use it very often. Linear Light, I use much more often, totally got robbed.

It should have got an L, but L instead of being assigned to the other great L, blend mode which is Luminosity, it got assigned to Hard Mix. Instead what we get is J. We get Shift+Alt+J or Shift+Option+J on the Mac and J, I suppose can be thought of as a backward L. So we've got a mirror image of the shortcut it should have gotten. Pin Light, I don't use it very often. But you can think of it as Z, because it zeros out the midtones. Hard Mix, that mode that robbed the shortcut from two other great modes here gets L, because it's the least of them all, I suppose.

It really is the last blend mode you think you would ever want to apply. It does have its interesting uses and some extraordinary behavior actually as I'll show you later. Difference is very useful and it gets E for the last letter in the word. Exclusion gets X for exclusion; not all that useful of the mode though. Subtract and Divide too new to have any shortcuts. So they have nothing. Hue gets the U in Hue. Saturation gets the T in Saturation. I'd be surprised however if you use the Saturation mode once a decade.

So I wouldn't worry about it. Color gets C, definitely worth remembering. That's a great mode and Luminosity gets the last letter in the word which is Y, also a blend mode worth memorizing. Now we're still missing some letters. If you have a mind for these things. If you're the kind of person who could drop a bunch of matchsticks and know exactly how many you dropped, then you might have noticed that we skipped three letters in all and they were P, Q, and R. What goes there, and especially why are they right in a row? Well, let's scroll down the list. They're the Brush-Only modes and this would be for the Brush tool so all those other shortcuts work for the Brush tool, because the Brush tool offers those 27 blend modes.

But it also offers the Airbrush mode; this is not a blend mode. It's one of the options in the option bar and you can select it. You can turn it off by pressing P which I suppose stands for push, because you're pushing out the ink as you are painting with your brush. But let me show you what I mean. I'll go ahead and select the Brush tool right there and I've got a pretty big brush going. Let's switch to a different color here. I'll bring up the color panel and maximize the Saturation, Brightness so that I have some red to paint with. Notice right there is the Airbrush icon and so I press Shift+Alt+P or Shift+Option+P on the Mac, that goes ahead and selects it and then I can paint and notice when I hold that I'm getting a glob of paint as I move my cursor and hold it in different positions and so on.

So it's analogous to Airbrush behavior anyway. I'm going to go ahead and undo that brush stroke, because it's covering up Behind which is Q, the letter after P. I'm now forced to give do-re-mi mnemonics at this point, but that's the best I got for you. I will show you that what the Behind mode does. If I press Shift+Alt+Q or Shift+Option+Q on a Mac, then I switch the mode to Behind and now notice if I have the bars layer active, which I do then I will paint in back of those bars. I'm still painting on the bars layer, but I'm painting in back of the original contents which means I'm just affecting the transparent pixels and I'm leaving the opaque pixels alone.

I'll go ahead and leave that here for a moment. Now I'll show you that Clear gets Shift+Alt+R, Shift+Option+R on the Mac which is the last letter in the word Clear. I'll go and press that keyword shortcut and you can see that sure enough Clear is selected in the mode and when you select clear you turn your brush into an eraser and that's how it works. So those are your blend mode keyboard shortcuts that are available to you inside of Photoshop. They're a nutty bunch, but many of them are definitely worth remembering.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Photoshop CS5 One-on-One: Mastery .

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Q: The instructions for installing the dekeKeys don't work on my computer (which is running Mac OS X Lion). Is there an update to these?
A: The dekeKeys distributed with this course will still work for Lion. You just need to add them to a slightly different folder than in previous versions of OS X.

Open a new Finder window and choose Go > Go to Folder. Type the following file path exactly as written below. Copying and pasting may result in an error.

~/Library/Application Support/Adobe/Adobe Photoshop CS5/Presets/Keyboard Shortcuts

Move and/or copy/paste the dekeKeys to this folder and follow the rest of the instructions as outlined in the video, "Installing the dekeKeys keyboard shortcuts."
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