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Another adjustment that I want to point out is Vibrance and Saturation because at first glance this may not be actually intuitive, yet for the photographer this adjustment is actually quite important. Now we've already taken a look at Hue/Saturation. But right next door is something called Vibrance, where we can control Saturation or Vibrance. The trick is to become really familiar with what each slider does, so that you can know how to use the different sliders in different situations. Well, Saturation is actually pretty straightforward.
We've seen this before, and this is the same adjustment we have in Hue/Saturation. Well, if we increase the Saturation, you notice that what happens is everything gains color. It's uniform increasing of the color. On the other hand, if we decrease Saturation, again, the color removal is linear. In other words, what happens is is it takes a look at the amount of Saturation and either increases it or decreases it, and it's a pretty straightforward adjustment. Vibrance, on the other hand, is much different. Vibrance is all about paying attention to stronger and weaker colors.
Let's take a look at how this works. I'm going to go ahead and over-saturate this image just for a second, in order to illustrate something. Here you're noticing that the strongest colors in this chalk are the Yellows and Greens. The Blues are a little bit weaker. So what's going to happen when I decrease my Vibrance amount is that eventually, if we decrease this all the way, you can see that it removed color more from the weaker tones, whereas the brighter colors here maintain more of their color.
On the other hand, let's go ahead and bring that back to 0 and then bring Saturation down, if we increase Vibrance, what's going to happen is you're going to see that as I increase this even to this extreme amount, it hasn't really changed these Greens and Yellows very much. These are, for the most part, pretty close to what they were. The big change was on the weaker colors. So I love to think of this Vibrance control as the one that gives a helping hand to these less dominant colors, these weaker tones.
And it's not just the Blues, rather, it's whatever those are in your photograph. And the other thing that this control does is it increases color variety. Take a look at this again. So here we have before, and then here we have after. Not only do we have a little bit more color punch, but we have more color variety. And those weaker tones are really brought up and kind of equalize things out in a pretty fascinating way. So one of the things that you're going to want to do is to use this control say, when you're working on a photograph of a person, because a lot of times if you saturate a photograph of a person, well their skin looks really red and awkward.
On the other hand, because there's so much red in the skin, it won't affect it as much by using the Vibrance slider. It will then bring up some of the softer, or more delicate, colors. And it can really look good. At other times, I've found it's helpful to decrease the Saturation a bit while increasing the Vibrance. And here what you can do is kind of take down some of the colors that are perhaps over-saturated, bring up some of the other colors, and again how far you go is going to be contingent upon your own personal preference. Well, even for this one, let's take a look at the before and after.
Here we have before, and then we have after. There isn't a huge change at all with this yellow-green color and these other green tones. Now those Blues look so much better, which in turn improve the overall photograph.
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