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In the past, whenever you opened a new document or created one from scratch, it opened in a separate free-floating document window, like the one that you see here for bee.jpg. But sometimes you'd end up with so many documents open that some would be hidden behind others and your workspace could get messy pretty quickly. In Photoshop CS4, there is a solution to that in the form of a new feature called tabbed documents. In CS4 when you open a new document, as I am going to do now by going to the File menu and going down to Open Recent, and choosing a recently opened document like flowers.jpg, the new document does not float free. Instead it snaps in with the other open document, in a single document window.
Let me open one more document the same way, File > Open Recent > pool.jpg, and you can see my three documents next to one another in this window. To cycle through the documents, I can either click their tabs here or I can use this keyboard shortcut and that takes me through these documents. You may be a bit surprised at first by the order of cycling through the documents. The documents don't cycle by the order they appear here in the document window, but rather by the order in which the individual documents were opened.
So for example, let me take the bee.jpg tab and move it in between flowers.jpg and pool.jpg in this document window. To do that, I'm just going to click on the tab for bee.jpg and move over to the right. Now if I use the cycling shortcut, you can see that the order of cycling is not the location of the tabs in the window, but rather the order in which these documents were opened. If you want to remove a document from this tabbed arrangement, there are two ways to do that.
You can either just drag a document out and then release, and it floats free in its own window or with the tabs selected in the single document window, you can go to the Window menu at the top of the screen and choose Arrange and Float in Window to release the single selected document or Float All in Windows to release them all. I am going to do that and now all three documents are floating free. I can move them by their tabs, so you can see that. To put them back together again in a single window, I'll go to Window > Arrange > Consolidate All to Tabs.
Here is something else to be aware of. If I pull one of these tabbed documents away from the others so it's floating free, I have to be a little bit careful that it doesn't get grabbed back into the other tabbed documents, because if I move the free floating window by its title bar and I get close to the tabbed documents, you can see that it tries to bring that single document back into the tabbed document arrangement. Let me pull pool.jpg out again to show you how to avoid that. If you plan to move your free floating window near to the tabbed documents, first click and hold the Command key on a Mac or the Ctrl key on Windows and then drag your document.
And as long you're holding down Command or Ctrl, it won't be snapped into the other documents. If you don't like the tabbed document arrangement, you can disable it from Photoshop's Preferences. On a Mac you access those from the Photoshop menu at the top of the screen. On a PC, you access Preferences from the Edit menu at the top of the screen. I'm going to choose Preferences and then I am going to choose Interface and here are the two preferences that I would disable, if I didn't want any of the docked arrangement.
Open Documents as Tabs and Enable Floating Document Window Docking. I'll leave them checked for now though and I'll click OK. I am going to move pool.jpg back in with the other tabbed documents so that I can show you another related feature and that is the ability to view multiple documents in various layout arrangements. I'm going to go to the Application Bar at the top of the screen and I am going to click on the new Arrange Documents menu. Here I see a number of icons that represent various layouts for multiple open documents.
Let's try some of these out. When I click on one of them, I can see all three documents in this vertical arrangement. I might try a different one. Let's see what this one looks like. These multiple document arrangements are useful if you are using tabbed documents, but you want to do something like compare images one to the other or perhaps move a layer from image to another, when you're creating a composite, as you'll learn how to do later in this course. To return to one tabbed window from any of the multiple document layouts, go back to the Arrange Documents menu, click, and then click on the first icon, Consolidate All.
How do you close a tabbed document window? Notice a little X on each tab. If you click there that will close that document or if you want to close all of the tabbed documents, you can go the File menu and you can choose Close All. The new tabbed document feature can help you keep your desktop tidy. Use it along with the new multiple document layouts, when you are working with more than one document in Photoshop CS4.
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