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Working with point type


Photoshop CS4 Essential Training

with Jan Kabili

Video: Working with point type

When you add text to an image in Photoshop, it comes in on a special type layer of its own. A type layer is made up of vector outlines, not pixels. Because Photoshop type is vector- based it can be scaled up or down and will still have a smooth edge when it's printed. And Photoshop Type always remains editable, so you can change its appearance or its content at any time. The kind of type that's used to add a few words or a couple of lines to a Photoshop image is called Point Type. That's one of the kinds of type in Photoshop and that's what I'm going cover in this movie.
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  1. 2m 31s
    1. Welcome
      1m 27s
    2. Using the example files
      1m 4s
  2. 25m 14s
    1. Touring the interface
      4m 25s
    2. Working with tabbed documents
      5m 15s
    3. Using tools efficiently
      3m 51s
    4. Arranging panels
      3m 53s
    5. Customizing keyboard shortcuts
      2m 50s
    6. Saving a custom workspace
      3m 0s
    7. Changing screen modes
      2m 0s
  3. 19m 3s
    1. Touring the Bridge interface
      6m 31s
    2. Opening images from Bridge
      1m 20s
    3. Reviewing images
      4m 42s
    4. Finding images
      6m 30s
  4. 44m 53s
    1. Setting preferences
      4m 23s
    2. Choosing color settings
      8m 11s
    3. Zooming and panning
      5m 27s
    4. Resizing and image resolution
      3m 17s
    5. Adding to the canvas
      2m 2s
    6. Rotating the canvas
      1m 44s
    7. Choosing color
      4m 49s
    8. Sizing a brush tip
      3m 4s
    9. Undoing and the History panel
      5m 0s
    10. Saving and file formats
      3m 29s
    11. Creating a file from scratch
      3m 27s
  5. 37m 58s
    1. Making geometric selections
      6m 14s
    2. Modifying selections
      4m 43s
    3. Combining selections
      3m 16s
    4. Using the Quick Selection tool
      5m 34s
    5. Refining selection edges
      4m 12s
    6. Using Quick Mask mode
      2m 18s
    7. Selecting with the improved Color Range command
      4m 32s
    8. Selecting with the Magnetic Lasso tool
      2m 28s
    9. Using the Background Eraser tool
      3m 7s
    10. Saving selections
      1m 34s
  6. 39m 56s
    1. Understanding layers
      5m 43s
    2. Creating layers
      5m 12s
    3. Working in the Layers panel
      2m 19s
    4. Locking layers
      4m 17s
    5. Working with multiple layers
      4m 6s
    6. Merging and flattening layers
      3m 55s
    7. Adding a shape layer
      4m 43s
    8. Basic layer masking
      4m 23s
    9. Using layer blend modes and opacity
      5m 18s
  7. 23m 19s
    1. Cropping
      3m 26s
    2. Straightening
      3m 17s
    3. Transforming
      4m 42s
    4. Working with Smart Objects
      6m 48s
    5. Using Content-Aware Scaling
      5m 6s
  8. 1h 10m
    1. Reading histograms
      4m 21s
    2. Using adjustment layers and the Adjustment panel
      6m 4s
    3. Adjusting tones with Levels
      7m 49s
    4. Limiting adjustments with layer masks
      5m 40s
    5. Using masks in the new Masks panel
      6m 9s
    6. Limiting adjustments by clipping
      3m 6s
    7. Adjusting with Shadow/Highlight
      5m 7s
    8. Adjusting with Curves
      7m 37s
    9. Adjusting with Hue/Saturation
      3m 42s
    10. Adjusting with Vibrance
      2m 16s
    11. Removing a color cast
      4m 26s
    12. Using the Black & White adjustment layer
      2m 39s
    13. Using the Dodge Burn and Sponge tools
      4m 11s
    14. Reducing noise
      2m 39s
    15. Sharpening
      4m 42s
  9. 38m 0s
    1. Using the Spot Healing Brush tool
      5m 17s
    2. Using the Healing Brush tool
      5m 51s
    3. Using the Patch tool
      4m 52s
    4. Using the Clone Stamp tool
      4m 8s
    5. Enhancing eyes
      9m 29s
    6. Changing facial structure
      5m 0s
    7. Softening skin
      3m 23s
  10. 44m 38s
    1. What's a raw image?
      4m 25s
    2. Touring the Camera Raw interface
      7m 35s
    3. Working in the Basic panel
      7m 54s
    4. Working in the Tone Curve panel
      2m 21s
    5. Working in the HSL/Grayscale and Split Toning panels
      3m 46s
    6. Looking at the other Camera Raw panels
      3m 45s
    7. Using the Adjustment Brush tool
      4m 2s
    8. Using the Graduated Filter tool
      3m 56s
    9. Working with multiple files
      6m 54s
  11. 21m 6s
    1. Using the Brushes panel
      8m 30s
    2. Filling with color
      3m 49s
    3. Replacing color
      4m 14s
    4. Using gradients
      4m 33s
  12. 16m 55s
    1. Working with point type
      9m 59s
    2. Working with paragraph type
      3m 17s
    3. Warping text
      3m 39s
  13. 25m 23s
    1. Adding a layer style
      4m 6s
    2. Customizing a layer style
      3m 35s
    3. Copying a layer style
      3m 5s
    4. Creating a new style
      3m 32s
    5. Using Smart Filters
      5m 22s
    6. Working in the Filter Gallery
      5m 43s
  14. 13m 14s
    1. Auto-blending focus
      4m 47s
    2. Creating Photomerge panoramas
      4m 2s
    3. Combining group photos
      4m 25s
  15. 23m 27s
    1. Creating an action
      7m 16s
    2. Batch processing with an action
      6m 36s
    3. Using the Image Processor
      9m 35s
  16. 29m 20s
    1. Printing
      11m 32s
    2. Making a contact sheet from Bridge
      6m 12s
    3. Creating a web gallery from Bridge
      7m 17s
    4. Preparing photos for the web
      4m 19s
  17. 30s
    1. Goodbye

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Watch the Online Video Course Photoshop CS4 Essential Training
7h 55m Beginner Oct 13, 2008

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Photoshop has become an indispensible tool for photographers, designers, and all other creative professionals, as well as students. Photoshop CS4 Essential Training teaches a broad spectrum of core skills that are common to many creative fields: working with layers and selections; adjusting, manipulating, and retouching photos; painting; adding text; automating; preparing files for output; and more. Instructor Jan Kabili demonstrates established techniques as well as those made possible by some of the new features unique to Photoshop CS4. This course is indispensable to those who are new to the application, just learning this version, or expanding their skills. Example files accompany the course.

Topics include:
  • Learning and customizing the interface and workspace
  • Utilizing various manual and guided selection techniques
  • Working with Adobe Camera Raw
  • Adding special effects with layer styles and Smart Filters
  • Creating Photomerge panoramas
  • Optimizing photos for the web and creating web galleries
Jan Kabili

Working with point type

When you add text to an image in Photoshop, it comes in on a special type layer of its own. A type layer is made up of vector outlines, not pixels. Because Photoshop type is vector- based it can be scaled up or down and will still have a smooth edge when it's printed. And Photoshop Type always remains editable, so you can change its appearance or its content at any time. The kind of type that's used to add a few words or a couple of lines to a Photoshop image is called Point Type. That's one of the kinds of type in Photoshop and that's what I'm going cover in this movie.

You will notice that I'm working here in the Typography workspace, one of the preset workspaces, which is a good workspace to choose when you're creating and editing type, because it opens the panels that you will use the most. The Character panel and the Paragraph panel, which we will address a little bit later. To create some point type, I'm going to go over to the toolbox and select the tool with the T, which is the Type tool and from there, I am going to select the Horizontal Type tool. That tool and the one beneath it, the Vertical Type tool, are the ones that create vector-based type.

So, with the Horizontal Type tool, I'm going to go up to the Options bar and I'm going to choose a Font, and a Font Size, and a Font Color. To choose a font, I will click this arrow and that opens up this big menu of fonts available to me. What I like about this menu is that over on the right, I can see a sample of what each font looks like. I am going to choose a font that I like down here, Trojan Pro. You can choose any font you want if you're following along. The next field is the Style Field. Different fonts come with different styles.

Some have Bold, some have Italics, some have Bold Italic. In this case, I will leave the Style set to Regular and I will go to the Font Size field. Here I can see a list of preset Font Sizes. I can choose from one of these or I can type my own number into this Font Size field. I am going to try 36 points here. Next is the Anti-Alias field. This controls how soft or sharp the edge of the type will look. For the most part, I leave it at its default. Sometimes I need a little bit smoother type and sometimes if I'm making text that's going to go on the web, I will choose None so that I don't get any soft edges that are difficult to see on screen.

But I will just choose the default for now. These icons control the alignment of one line of text to the other if you have multiple lines of text in a single type layer. And the next field is where you can go to choose the Font Color. The color you see here in this field comes from whatever color is in the foreground color box in the toolbox. In this case, I will leave it set to white. Next, I am going to look at my Layers panel. There I want to make sure that I have selected the layer above which I want the new Type layer to come in, because the Type tool creates its own layer.

I don't have to make a blank layer here first. And then I will come in and I will click in my image, the cursor changes to this blinking I-beam, and I will type some text. Now, if I keep typing, my text will just go off the screen. That isn't what I want to do here. So, I am going to back up by pressing the Delete key or the Backspace key on a PC, and after the word Gourmet, I am going to press Return or Enter on the keyboard and that will give me two lines of text on the same Type layer. When I am done entering text, I have to apply that change.

To do that I will go up to the Options bar for the Type tool and click this check mark. In the Layers panel, I have a new layer and it's got a special T icon on it, which means it's a Type layer. In some respects it acts like any layer. So, for example, I can get the Move tool and I can click-and-drag in the image and move the text into the area where I want it to be. But this layer is special in that the text on this layer remains editable. Let me show you some ways that you can edit this text. For example, let's say I want to change the color of all the text on the layer.

I will make sure the layer is selected here in the Layers panel and then I'll go over to the toolbox and I'll click on the Horizontal Type tool there. Then I will go up to the Options bar and I will click in the Color field. That opens the Color Picker and you'll notice as I click in the Color Picker that the text changes color automatically. That live preview is really useful when I am trying to choose a color that goes with my image. Another way to choose a color that goes with an image is just to move the cursor out of the Color Picker and over an area of the image and click. Taking that magenta from right out of the image helps me to get a color that looks good in this particular document.

So, I will click OK to accept that color. Now, let's say that I wanted to change the Font. To do that, I just make sure that my Type tool and my Type layer are still selected, and I'll go to the Font field here. I don't have to open this menu and choose manually from all of those fonts. I simply can click inside of the field and then I can use the arrow keys on my keyboard to cycle through the fonts with a live preview. So, here I am pressing the Up arrow on my keyboard and it's going to take me through the available fonts, and I can just do that until I see one that I like.

I can go back the other way by pressing the Down arrow. Maybe I will stick with something simple like Times for now. If I want to change the size of the font, I still have my Type tool and my Type layer selected and I can just come over to the Type Size menu and I can choose a larger font for example. One of the things I really like about a Type layer is that you can scale it up and down, and it doesn't degrade the edges of the image. They will still print clean and smooth. To scale this text up, I can just go to the Edit menu and choose Free Transform or I could use the keyboard shortcut, Command+T on a Mac or Ctrl+T on a PC.

That puts this bounding box around my text and I can hold down the Shift key to constrain proportions, move my mouse over one of the corner anchor points, and drag, and I can make that type really big and it will look just as good as it did when it was smaller, or I can go to the other way and get it just the way I want it. When I'm done with that transforming, I have to go back to the Options bar and click the check mark to accept that change. So, those are ways that you can edit all of the type on a layer, changing its color, its font, its size. But what if you just wanted to change a few characters or a word on a Type layer.

Then what you have to do, with the Type tool selected, is come in and click-and-drag over whatever characters you want to change. That highlights the letters and so it makes it a little difficult if you are trying to change the color of the letters. So, what I'll do in that case is press the Command+H keys together. That's Ctrl+H on a PC. And that just hides the highlighting. These letters are still selected, but I don't see that ghosted effect on top of them. So, now for example, I could come back to Color field, open the Color Picker, choose a color from there, and it affects just the selected letters and I will just click OK.

You can have more than one Type layer in the same document. To add another layer, I will click off of the Type layer that I have selected onto a regular layer, and then I will click in my document again, and I will add some more text, which appears on its own layer in the Layers panel and I will click the checkbox and then I can edit this layer separately from the other. So, for example, with the imported layer selected in the Layers panel and the Type tool selected in the toolbox, I can come in and choose another font. If I click in the Font field and I know the font that I want, I can just start typing it and after I have typed just a couple of letters, Photoshop finds the closest font for me, in this case Minion Pro and then I will press Return or Enter on the keyboard to accept that change.

And I also could change the font size for example. So, I will come in here and I will choose a much smaller font size. And then I can get my Move tool and I can move this layer around where I want it. And I will get the other Type layer and I will move that into place too. When there is more than one Type layer in a document, there are some things that I can do to them together. So, if I select both of these Type layers, by holding the Command key on my Mac, or the Ctrl key on a PC and clicking the second of the layers, I can then use my Move tool and go to the Options bar to align the two layers one to the other.

I am just going to align their left edges by clicking this icon right here. I can also change the color of both selected layers at the same time by going to select the Horizontal Type tool again and then, with both layers selected in the Layers panel, click on the Color field in the Options bar and choose a different color. Maybe I will do something in the orange area this time and click OK. The Options that you see in the Options bar aren't the only options that are available for editing type in Photoshop. There are lots more over here in the Character panel.

If your Character panel isn't open, you can use this icon on the Type Tool Options bar to toggle it open, or you can select it from the Window menu at the top of the screen. I am going to select just the imported layer in the Layers panel to show you some of the options here in the Character panel. For example, I could come down to these buttons and see what they do. This first one will change the text on imported layer to uppercase. This one over here would underline the text. If I click again, the underline goes away. And there are more options in these fields up here that are similar to ones you might see in a page layout program.

So, for example, if I select the gourmet chocolate layer, I can come up and change the spacing between the two lines in this layer, by altering the leading from this menu right here, I will try 36 point and keep your eye on the text in the image to see that it gets closer. I will go back in and set that Auto for now. I can also adjust the spacing between letters. This is the tracking field that controls the space between all of the letters on a layer, so if I choose 25 for example, the letters space out a little bit more. And that's just a selection of the many controls available to you here in the Character panel.

So, as you can see, you get lots of flexibility when you use Point Type in Photoshop, to type a few lines of text or a few words. You can scale the text way up and be confident that it will retain its smooth vector-based edge. You can change the color, the font, or the font size and you can make the kind of character level changes, like tracking and leading and other options from the Character panel that you might expect to see only in a page layout program. There is another kind of type in Photoshop that's called Paragraph Type. That's the kind of type you would use if you are entering larger amounts of text, and I will be covering that in another movie.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Photoshop CS4 Essential Training .

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Q: How can artwork be transferred from Photoshop CS4 to Illustrator CS4 without the background?
A: Save the image in Photoshop’s native PSD format. The background in Photoshop must be transparent, meaning there should be no background layer. (To remove a background layer, move your artwork to a separate layer by selecting and copying the content, minus the background, to a new layer, and then delete the background layer. A checkboard pattern behind your image indicates transparent pixels.) 

In Illustrator, select File > Open, and select the PSD file. In Photoshop Import dialog box, select Convert Layers to Objects.

Q: How do I retouch an image I have of an old photograph I scanned?
A: There are a few courses that address image restoration. Check out the Photoshop CS4 Portrait Retouching Essential Training course, and for problems dealing specifically with old photographs, watch the Restoration movies in chapter 15 of the Enhancing Digital Photography with Photoshop CS2. Additionally, learn how to research and date photos with our Growing and Sharing Your Family Tree course.
Q: A client has asked for artwork to be delivered as JPEGs or BMP files in 16-bit format. In Photoshop CS4, there does not appear to be an option to save an image as a 16-bit JPEG. Is there a way to save JPEG files as 16-bit in Photoshop?
A: Unfortunately, JPEGs cannot be saved in 16 bit. JPEGs, by nature, are 8-bit. So if you open a high-bit image into Photoshop CS4, you will see no option in any of the save dialog boxes to save the file as a JPEG. You would first have to convert the image to 8 bit (by choosing Image > Mode > 8 bits/channel) and then save it as an 8-bit JPEG. If you open a high-bit image into Photoshop CS5, you will see the option to save it as a JPEG in the Save, Save As, and Save for Web dialog boxes.  But the JPEG will not be saved as 16-bit. Instead, Photoshop will downsample it to 8-bit for you  before saving it as JPEG.
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