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OpenType fonts give us a little more options for sophisticated typography because OpenType fonts have more characters in their character set, especially those with the word 'Pro' after them, the OpenType Pro fonts, and that's what we're looking at here. These are all OpenType Pro fonts. Now in the column on the left, these are the non-OpenType examples, and on the right we have their OpenType equivalents. So we see that we have the option of using Oldstyle numerals.
Look at this 9 here. It's actually sharing the same baseline as the word PLATFORM, real small caps where reduce capitals are separate characters in their own right, and they have a horizontal width the same as the full-size caps. Fractions, we can use ligatures. Look at these fi combination compared to over here where the F and the I are colliding in a rather unsightly way. Additional ligatures, like ffi, not available over here.
Here they are, ffl. Those are three different letters that are all fused together, fl being another one. Then moving on down, when we come to the Storm in a Teacup example, these are swash characters. Now there are not many OpenType fonts that have swash characters, but this is an example. It's Adobe Caslon Pro Italic, and this is one that does. Say we get these nice flourishes on the T, this really elaborate S when we switch this to using swash. And the last example is something called contextual alternates.
When you type in the text, the character that you get depends upon the character that precedes it. It is contextual to the character that comes before. So when you're typing in this second O, it knows that it was preceded by an O and it creates this little loop to connect them. Let's see how this works. So I've typed all of these in on the left-hand side, or I've input them, and turned off the OpenType options, and I'm now going to turn those OpenType options back on.
So I'm going to come to the Character panel, and I'll move into this text here and I'll select this text. Now all we need to do here is just click on the Small Caps option, and it's going to give me small caps that are real small caps because they are available. And I now need to just make that text frame a little bit wider, like so, and as soon as I put that three quarters into fractions, it will occupy less space, but I'll just increase the width of it for now. So then I'm going to select the numbers. And what we want here are the Oldstyle numerals, works great for the 9. It doesn't works that great for the 3 and the 4 because I need to select that and then this needs to become Fractions.
Now when I do this, I've got an extra space here between the two, and I probably want to remove that and possibly increase that space to is left just by pressing my Alt key and my right arrow, just to add little bit positive kerning right there. So now if I select this next block of text, I can come over to my Character Panel menu and my OpenType options and I'll just choose Standard Ligatures. I may as well also choose Discretionary Ligatures, which is not going to change it in this case, but there may be other ligatures that only exist in the OpenType character set.
Well, an example of a discretionary ligature, for example, would be the CT or the ST. We have this connecting hook that looks kind of overplayed. So perhaps I will turn off the Discretionary Ligatures option. All right, moving on down, Storm in a Teacup, I can set this to Swash. Now, if I were to just come and select this previous but of text, see Swash? Not available.
Sometimes these options will be dimmed. Not all options are going to be available for every font. Swash, that's going to look like that, and then I'll change this one. This is one of relatively few fonts that supports Contextual Alternates. It's called Caflisch Script Pro. So when I change that to Contextual Alternates, then we get those contextual alternates, but what's really fun about this is if I now zoom in and you can actually see this happening as you type it, so there is my L, my O, just got a standard O, and then I type the other O, and the previous O changes because I've now typed a second O alter it.
One other thing about OpenType, how do we recognize OpenType? Well, we recognize an OpenType font when we look on the Font menu. All of those that have this symbol next to it, are the OpenType fonts and of the OpenType fonts, those that have the word Pro at the end of their name have extended character sets.
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