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In this course, photographer, author, and teacher Chris Orwig details the tools every photographer needs to retouch portraits to make them look their best while remaining authentic. The course includes an overview of the retouching process and how to develop a plan for a retouching project.
After exploring techniques to improve the overall photo, Chris shares his techniques for reducing wrinkles, enhancing eyes and other facial features, improving hair, and retouching makeup. The course concludes with a look at retouching skin and reshaping portions of a portrait using transformations, the Warp tool, and the Liquify filter.
Let's take a look at a technique that we can use to whiten or brighten eyes. This technique can be used on all sorts of different types of portraits, and it also can be used to greater or lesser degrees. Sometimes you need to apply this subtly. Other times -- let's say it's a beauty photograph -- you really want to crank this up to full intensity. All right. Well, with this picture, let's zoom in on this a little bit, and let's focus in on what we can see here in the eyes. There's a little bit of yellowing, and also some redness in the eyes. So if we want to reduce, or remove that, what we want to do is to try to identify an area where there is some good content.
Usually, you can find that on the outer edge of the eye, like in this area right here, and what we're going to do is we are going to use our Clone Stamp tool, and also Hue/Saturation adjustment layer, in order to correct this part of the eye. First, though, let's create a new layer. Press Shift+Command+N on a Mac, or Shift+Control+N on Windows. Let's name this new layer whiten, and then click OK. Next, press the S key to choose your Clone Stamp tool. Here what you want to do is turn off Align. The reason why you want to do that is, what we're going to do is sample a nice little area of the eye over here, and use that again and again.
Let me illustrate this. If you press Option, or Alt, and then click on the eye icon here, what I'm going to do is I am going to be able to paint that into another area, and here, you can see I'm painting the eye again, and again, and again. Now, obviously that just looks kind of weird, or silly, but it illustrates the point that when you have Align turned off, it allows you to sample one good area, and then to reuse that. Next, we need to lower our Opacity. So here, press 3 on your keyboard to go to a 30% Opacity for this tool, and then let's zoom in even closer.
All right. Well now that we're nice and close, let's make the brush smaller by pressing the Left Bracket key , press Shift+Left Bracket, to make sure you have a nice soft-edged brush, and then Option+click or Alt+click here on the white area; nice white area, right there on the eye. Next, what I want you to do is to just start clicking and painting this in other parts of the eye. By doing that, what we're essentially doing is we're reusing that good area Option+click or Alt+click again in another area, so that we can start to clean that up. And by trying to clean up one area, that can create for us a nice sample area, which we can then reuse on another part of the eye.
For this type of work, you need to be really, really close. That's why we're zoomed in so far here. We're also going to use a smaller brush at times, so here I'll press the Left Bracket key to make my brush even smaller, and then I am just sampling different areas here, trying to create a nice edge along the eye. So far, you can see kind of the before and after; we've just cleaned up some of those veins there; some of the redness in that part of the eye. Next, press Option on a Mac or Alt on Windows to sample that, and then go ahead and to start painting that over the other part of the eye as well. Here it is really critical that you're using just a small brush, and that your also clicking a lot.
You're not clicking and dragging; rather, it's almost like you're spotting away this problem, because what were doing is we're using that nice good sample area in order to clean up this part of the eye. So again, it's a lot of little tiny spots that we're doing here. As the areas get better, you can Option+click or Alt+click closer to where you've now cleaned up, and then you can use that area as well. So again, here's before, and after. We're making some nice progress there, and if you want to go a little bit higher, you could take this Opacity up now to, say, 50%, Option+click or Alt+click a nice sample area, and then go ahead and go through those areas of the eye, cleaning these up.
Again, whether or not you want to do this at a full kind of intense level, or a little bit less, is up to you, and also up to kind of the photograph, right? What kind of picture is it? Well, this is a character portrait, and so with this picture, what I am going to opt for is a little bit less, and we'll talk about how we can dial that in in just a few minutes.
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