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In Photoshop CS5 for Photographers: Camera Raw 6, Chris Orwig provides in-depth training on Camera Raw 6, the CS5 component that enables photographers to open and manipulate images in non-destructive and now even more efficient ways. This course covers the benefits of the raw processing, which makes it possible to more precisely control an image's appearance—exposure, shadow and highlight detail, color balance, sharpness, and more—including new workflow procedures and technical concepts and issues. Learn the entire Camera Raw workflow, from opening and resizing, toning and cropping, to sharpening and saving. Exercise files are included with the course.
Here I want to take a look at another important aspect of the Camera Raw interface, and that is the Histogram. Now, what I want to focus in on here in regards to histogram are these two icons that you can see in the top left in the right-hand corners of the Histogram. Now, these two icons can help us in regards to clipping. What clipping is is it shows where we have a loss of detail. Let me show you what I mean. Well, for example, here I have this wonderful photograph of my daughter and a couple of her good friends. They are up on a hike in the hills behind our house. What I want to do is, let's say, increase the Exposure.
Well, as I increase the Exposure, I don't necessarily know when I've gone too far. Now, visually it does look like I've gone too far, but I'm not quite sure. Well, if I analyze the Histogram I can see that yes, it looks like I have some information which is being clipped, or lost. Well, what I can do is I can actually click on this little triangle icon. That will then show me yes, indeed, this highlight here is telling me that this is a problem area. Well, in this case, now with that triangle clicked, I can simply click and drag to the left in order to bring that back down.
The same goes for the Shadows. If I click on this triangle icon here and go ahead and bring up my Blacks, we are going to see that that's showing me that I have an indicator of problem areas in these deeper black tones. In order to correct that, I can simply bring this down to where that indicator is no longer visible, showing me that I don't have any problems in these deeper shadow areas. Now, the other thing that we can do in regards to these two clipping indicator icons is we can press a shortcut. If we press the O key, it will toggle on or off the Clipping indicator, in this case for the highlights.
Let's go ahead and mess up this image a little bit and make an adjustment, which isn't good. I'll press the O key. You can see that it's toggling that on and off. The shortcut for the Shadows is the U key, press that, and there you can see I can toggle that one on and off as well. You can also press both keys at once. Then go ahead and make your adjustments to get the image in a little bit of a better place. That wraps up our conversation about the Histogram.
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