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Photoshop CS6 One-on-One: Fundamentals is a concise and focused introduction to the key features in Photoshop, presented by long-time lynda.com author and Adobe veteran Deke McClelland. This course covers the image editing process from the very beginning and progresses through the concepts and techniques that every photographer or graphic designer should know. Deke explains digital imaging fundamentals, such as resolution vs. size and the effects of downsampling. He explains how to use layers to edit an image nondestructively and organize those edits in an easy-to-read way, and introduces techniques such as cropping, adjusting brightness and contrast, correcting and changing color, and retouching and healing images. These lessons distill the vast assortment of tools and options to a refined set of skills that will get you working inside Photoshop with confidence.
In this movie, I'll show you how to use the Spot Healing Brush, which allows you to paint with Content-Aware Fill. Notice this second section of tools inside the toolbox, these are Photoshop's painting and editing tools, which allow you to brush in and, otherwise, apply permanent modifications to the active layer. If you click and hold on the first tool on the second section, you'll see the Spot Healing Brush right at the top of the flyout menu. Notice that all these tools have a keyboard shortcut of J even though the letter J never appears in any of the tool names.
Here is how I try to remember that. When you're healing an image, you're applying a kind of surgery to it. And if you were to misspell the word surgery, the most logical way to do it would be to replace the G with a J. So if that works for you, great. I'm going to switch back to the active image. And I want you to make sure up here in the Options bar that your mode is set to Normal. And then notice that you have three different radio buttons that you can choose from, so three different behaviors that you can associate with the Spot Healing Brush. Let's start off with Proximity Match just so you can see how it works.
I'm also going to increase the size of my brush, which I can do in one or two ways. The less convenient way is to right-click inside the image and then increase the Size value. You will almost always want the Hardness value to be a 100% so that you get clean transitions. You might want to reduce the Spacing value, however, to something like 10% that will give you smoother brush strokes. And then you can decide whether you want to change the angle around this on your own. Now I'll press the Enter key or the Return key on a Mac to hide that panel.
The other way to change the size of the brush is to press one of the square bracket keys to the right of the P as in Paul key on an American keyboard. If you press the right bracket key, it'll increase the size of the brush. If you press the left bracket key, you'll decrease the size of the brush. I'm going to increase the size of the brush a little bit and then just paint over the eye, so that you can see what Photoshop does. It goes ahead and duplicates nearby pixels into that painted region and it does so with one pass.
So for example, where this brush stroke is concerned, Photoshop has duplicated this region in the forehead right about over here, I think, and repeated the entire length of this region. So it's not repeating details, it's not grabbing from different areas and so forth. All right, I'll go ahead and undo that brush stroke. Then I'll switch to Create Texture, which generates a texture on the fly and overlays it on to the original image which can be useful for smoothing out details, but there's better ways to work in my opinion.
And then finally, we've got Content- Aware, which is the best option of them all, because it allows you to paint a brush stroke, and then Photoshop goes out and samples different regions, and creates a kind of collage of details and repeated details inside your brush stroke. So that's how the options work. Obviously we don't want to paint away the eyes, so I'll press Ctrl+Z or Command+Z on a Mac to undo that brush stroke. And let's try Spot Healing away a few blemishes. I'm going to reduce the size of my brush by pressing left bracket key and I'll click there in the center of the nose.
I'll click over this spot, this one here. You can see when you're just clicking, I'm not dragging with this tool at all, that you can get rid of blemishes very, very quickly inside of the image. Sometimes it's going to work great and sometimes it's not. If it doesn't, just press Ctrl+Z, Command+Z on the Mac. You can either try again if you want to or you can come back to the detail later using a different tool. All right, I'm going to zoom in on this a little bit right there, reduce the size of my cursor, so it's pretty tiny and click to get rid of that.
And you want to think of your brush cursor, where the size is concerned, as being a kind of selection outline. So its perimeter defines a good area around the blemish upon which Photoshop can base its Content-Aware Fill. And I'm going to increase the size of my cursor a little bit and paint right about there. We need to get rid of some of the roughness around that first area that we heal. And then I'm going to paint this little area. Can you see it? I'll zoom in some more. If these were a scanned image, I would say it was something in the glass, but it's not. This is a digital photograph.
So my guess is this is a little bit of mascara. And so, I'm going to paint along at this time as opposed to just clicking, and then I'll paint up a little bit on that guy. Let's zoom back out and see what else we have to deal with. There are some little hairs underneath the eyebrows that you could click on to get rid off. And we have a few freckles and moles up here in the forehead that you could work on, if you like. Let's go ahead and zoom out. Now there's also this little bump or whatever this is just down into the left of the first eye. I'll go ahead and increase my cursor so it's just bigger than it and then I'll click in order to get rid of it.
If that doesn't align quite properly, in other words, you can see that the crease along that ridge doesn't quite line up with the other creases; again, we can come back to that later with another variation on this Healing Brush. Go ahead and click there on that detail as well. And then I'll zoom all the way out in order to take in the entire image. I just want to make sure that I got everything that's worth dealing with right now. It's actually quite a bit better. I've made a big difference using this one tool. It's one little detail right there that I think I'll paint away.
And there's also this tiny little item right there. Let's check our progress. I'll turn off the retouch layer. This is the original version of the image. And when I turn the layer back on, this is the retouched version so far, thanks to the swift and speedy results you can achieve using the Spot Healing Brush.
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