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Using Hue/Saturation to minimize variations in skin color

From: Photoshop for Photographers: Portrait Retouching

Video: Using Hue/Saturation to minimize variations in skin color

Another technique that you can use in order to improve skin is you can minimize color variation. Here this portrait of this author you can see that the skin on his neck is a little bit red. In order to reduce or remove that, what we can do is make a selection of that area. We can use any of our selection tools, say like the Lasso tool. Let's click and drag and feather amount up, so we have nice soft edges, and then here we'll just go ahead and click and drag around this general area of the photograph. If we don't get this exactly right, that's okay because we're going to be creating a mask here, so we can always modify the mask as well.

Using Hue/Saturation to minimize variations in skin color

Another technique that you can use in order to improve skin is you can minimize color variation. Here this portrait of this author you can see that the skin on his neck is a little bit red. In order to reduce or remove that, what we can do is make a selection of that area. We can use any of our selection tools, say like the Lasso tool. Let's click and drag and feather amount up, so we have nice soft edges, and then here we'll just go ahead and click and drag around this general area of the photograph. If we don't get this exactly right, that's okay because we're going to be creating a mask here, so we can always modify the mask as well.

Next, you want to click on the Adjustment Layer icon for Hue/Saturation. Once you've open up your Hue/ Saturation adjustment, click on the Targeted Adjustment tool and then click on the color that you want to remove; in this case it's these reds. Here what we can do is we can either modify our Hue or our Saturation sliders to change the color of that area. Let me make an exaggerated adjustment so that you can see how we can adjust this. Here you can see again, it's just affecting this part of the image. As I mentioned, if the edges aren't good, we can always go to the Masks panel and here we can increase the feather amount.

As I do that you can see how it's softening this affect and kind of applying it to this whole general area here. Well obviously, we don't want the skin to be green, so let's go back to Hue/ Saturation and let's go back to the reds. Here underneath the reds, I am going to take this slider back to the default setting of zero. One of the things that we can do is we can do desaturate a little bit, by removing some of the color. It will then remove some of that variation. We can also click and drag to the right. For working with the reds I know that dragging to the right will make the skin a little bit more yellow.

Here by modifying these sliders -- and I am just going to go ahead and modify them a little bit and try to use the sliders and talk at the same time here. All right, well I think that's pretty good. You can see that I was able to remove this red area from the photograph. After you've dialed in this adjustment what you want to do is lower your layer opacity. A lot of times I like to take this all the way down to zero and then kind of incrementally build this up. In doing this you can find just the right spot where it has a nice natural color and where you're not introducing, maybe an orange or yellow. Again, you want this to look natural.

Then if you ever have other areas where you have skin issues like this, you can paint on this mask to take advantage of this. For example, here I'll grab my brush. I'll paint with white. I'm going to lower the opacity. I'll bring this opacity somewhere right around 20% or so. Next, I'll press the right bracket key to make this brush a little bit bigger. I am just going to paint across the face here a little bit. In doing this it's going to then target any area of the image where I have this red shift. It'll then shift that a little bit by de- saturating it, and also by changing its overall hue, so that it will be a little bit more yellow.

In this way we can then correct other parts of our photograph. When it comes to making changes like this in regards to the color of the image, we want to be careful so we're not making dramatic huge adjustments here. Yet, if we increase the opacity, we can start to see how that is affecting the image a little bit more directly. Let me zoom in a bit more, so you can see the details there. Here it is, our before and after. And then again to highlight -- this technique is all about using hue/saturation, and then targeting a specific color and shifting that color, and then masking the adjustment into different areas of our image, so that we can minimize the variation of the colors in the skin.

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This video is part of

Image for Photoshop for Photographers: Portrait Retouching
Photoshop for Photographers: Portrait Retouching

85 video lessons · 25351 viewers

Chris Orwig
Author

 
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  1. 1m 58s
    1. Welcome
      1m 4s
    2. Using the exercise files
      54s
  2. 6m 49s
    1. Initial retouching considerations
      3m 51s
    2. Using a Wacom tablet
      1m 8s
    3. Exploring resources and finding inspiration
      1m 50s
  3. 37m 21s
    1. Where to begin?
      1m 19s
    2. Reviewing the basic cleanup tools
      3m 59s
    3. Removing small distractions
      2m 41s
    4. Using selections and cloning to remove distractions
      4m 26s
    5. Simplifying the background with the Clone tool
      5m 12s
    6. Removing a garment strap
      5m 17s
    7. Removing a distracting logo
      3m 43s
    8. Removing lint from a T-shirt
      3m 40s
    9. Cleaning up a backdrop with Content-Aware Fill
      2m 58s
    10. Cleaning up a backdrop with the Patch tool
      4m 6s
  4. 22m 31s
    1. Extending a real-world scene, part 1
      4m 6s
    2. Extending a real-world scene, part 2
      4m 20s
    3. Removing distractions for a creative effect
      4m 31s
    4. Using selections and Free Transform to rebuild image elements
      3m 44s
    5. Moving a person with Content-Aware Move
      5m 50s
  5. 28m 48s
    1. Removing small details from the face
      4m 50s
    2. Retouching skin
      4m 35s
    3. Reducing hotspots, part 1
      4m 32s
    4. Reducing hotspots, part 2
      4m 36s
    5. Reducing brightness with selections and curves
      3m 26s
    6. Using Hue/Saturation to minimize variations in skin color
      3m 45s
    7. Removing tan lines
      1m 53s
    8. Leaving imperfections in portraits
      1m 11s
  6. 37m 15s
    1. Correcting tone with curves and masking
      5m 39s
    2. Fixing exposure and color with curves
      4m 14s
    3. Correcting tone with blending modes and masking
      5m 22s
    4. Using Shadows/Highlights to improve exposure
      5m 28s
    5. Using Soft Light layer blending to burn and dodge
      4m 37s
    6. Exploring the burning-and-dodging workflow
      6m 35s
    7. Using multiple techniques to improve shadows and highlights
      5m 20s
  7. 22m 42s
    1. Reducing wrinkles with the Healing Brush
      7m 21s
    2. Working on wrinkles and details
      6m 51s
    3. Fine-tuning and making final adjustments on wrinkles
      3m 44s
    4. Quick wrinkle reduction with the Patch tool
      4m 46s
  8. 43m 27s
    1. Enhancing eyes with adjustment layers and blending
      4m 7s
    2. Adding sparkle to the eyes
      4m 38s
    3. Increasing color with Colorize and blending modes
      5m 37s
    4. Rebuilding the edge of the eye
      6m 34s
    5. Whitening eyes, part 1
      3m 54s
    6. Whitening eyes, part 2
      5m 42s
    7. Removing eye veins and sharpening eyes behind glasses
      7m 8s
    8. Correcting color and tone behind glasses
      5m 47s
  9. 11m 26s
    1. Trimming eyebrows
      5m 25s
    2. Darkening eyebrows
      2m 48s
    3. Adding mascara to darken eyelashes
      3m 13s
  10. 16m 47s
    1. Enhancing lip color and tone with curves and masking
      4m 23s
    2. Using Color Balance and blending modes to improve the look of lips
      7m 41s
    3. Improving the look of lips with the Burn and Dodge tools
      4m 43s
  11. 13m 49s
    1. Teeth whitening made easy
      2m 33s
    2. Exploring advanced teeth whitening
      5m 0s
    3. Automating teeth whitening with actions
      5m 9s
    4. A note on retouching facial features
      1m 7s
  12. 35m 22s
    1. Covering and correcting hair discoloration
      5m 48s
    2. Fixing the color of hair roots
      3m 3s
    3. Making creative color adjustments to hair
      2m 44s
    4. Patching a gap in hair
      4m 27s
    5. Removing flyaway hairs
      6m 18s
    6. Fixing flyaway hairs with a complicated background
      5m 57s
    7. Adding accents and creative color to a fashion photograph
      7m 5s
  13. 27m 22s
    1. Brightening shadow areas on the face
      4m 22s
    2. Adding color to the cheeks and eyelids
      4m 30s
    3. Modifying eye makeup color
      3m 52s
    4. Increasing color saturation and variety
      4m 17s
    5. Enhancing color with the Lab Color space
      5m 44s
    6. Using Selective Color to create vibrant color
      3m 29s
    7. Additional makeup resources
      1m 8s
  14. 23m 15s
    1. High-pass skin softening
      6m 48s
    2. Creating a mask for the skin
      4m 23s
    3. Softening and adding even texture to the skin
      5m 36s
    4. Adding a soft glow to the skin and details
      6m 28s
  15. 34m 36s
    1. Adding dimension using curves and masking
      3m 50s
    2. Reshaping a jawline with Liquify
      4m 30s
    3. Reshaping a shirt with Liquify
      3m 13s
    4. Reshaping a shoulder with Liquify
      3m 22s
    5. Reshaping the body with Liquify
      2m 35s
    6. Using the Warp tool to reshape a jawline
      3m 33s
    7. Modifying the body with the Warp tool
      3m 35s
    8. Changing shape with selections and masking
      8m 32s
    9. Tips for thoughtful portrait retouching
      1m 26s
  16. 36s
    1. Goodbye
      36s

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