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Photoshop CS5 for Photographers provides comprehensive Photoshop training targeting the needs of photographers. In this course, author Chris Orwig demonstrates the fundamental skills used to enhance digital photos, including managing and correcting color, sharpening, making selections and adjustments, retouching, and printing from Photoshop. In addition to teaching the techniques that enable photographers to refine and publish their photos, the course includes live-action segments that encourage thinking photographically and shooting with Photoshop’s capabilities in mind. Exercise files are included with the course.
In order to learn more about making adjustments with Adjustment layers, I want to open up two files here and focus in on Hue/Saturation, and also this little tool we'll find in Hue/Saturation called the Target Adjustment tool. All right. We'll select the file color_wheel.jpg. Hold down Command, if you're on a Mac, Ctrl, if you're on a PC, and then click on lieto_studio_black background. Next step, go ahead and press Command+ O on a Mac or Ctrl+O on a PC to open up both of these images.
Let's start off on color_wheel, and let's press F to go to Full Screen View mode. Well, what I want to do is open up, or create, a Hue/Saturation Adjustment layer. In order to do so, there're a number of different techniques. One simple technique is to click on this icon here, which will then create that Hue/Saturation adjustment. Now one of the things that's interesting about Hue/Saturation is that there's a pulldown menu. And here, I can actually target a specific color, for example the Reds. If I make a change now it's going to really focus in on this area of this color_wheel.
Let me show you what I mean. You can see how it's just affecting those colors that have some different reds located in them. That's quite fascinating and quite powerful. Well, another way that I can access this is by clicking on this icon here. It's an On Adjustment tool, which allows me to click or target a specific area; for example, if I click on Green, you'll notice that this Greens menu actually changes. You also notice that if I click and hold, I have an icon with two scrubby sliders.
Click and drag to the left. I can desaturate. Click and drag to the right; I can actually add saturation. So I can use this tool in a couple of different ways. I can either simply click and drag in order to desaturate, as I'm doing here, or I can click to pick a color, and then I could change the way that color is displayed, as you can see, as I'm doing here in this area of the image. All right. Well, now that we've been introduced this idea, let's take a look at how this practically works on the other photograph that we have open.
Press Command+W on a Mac, Ctrl+W on a PC to close the file, and hit Don't Save. All right. Well next, let's say that with this photograph that what we want to do is change the color of this shirt. Now we've already looked at a few ways to do this, making selections and creating masks, and here's some pretty complicated stuff. Well, there is a simpler way that we can use, every once in awhile, when it works. We're going to take a look at that here. So let's go ahead and click on the Hue/Saturation icon. Next, select the Target Adjustment tool, and then simply click on the Blue.
Now once you've sampled that, it's actually sampling, or taking this panel, to our Cyans because there's a lot of Cyan in this blue. And like I said, I want to make this a little bit more of a dark blue, or navy blue. Well, all that I need to do in order to do that is to simply click and drag this slider to the right. And then I'm going to go ahead and desaturate a little bit as well. Here's our before and after, before and then after, and that's a pretty subtle change. Now we can get much more dramatic, and we can actually come up with some results.
It will be kind of comical. For example, let's bring our Saturation back up. If we click and drag this further we can change the color completely. And we can really change the overall mood of an image. Now, a lot of times when you are making drastic changes, you're just going to want to experiment with your Saturation, and sometimes by having a lower Saturation you can come up with some results that even look better than oversaturating, although, there are other instances where oversaturating might just do the trick, and it might really bring the image together.
Well, on this particular case for this image, I like the idea of just a little bit of a deeper blue and a little bit desaturate there, a little more navy in it. So once again, before and after, a really easy color change without a lot of effort with built-in flexibility, simply because this is an Adjustment layer, and I can continually modify this. We've already taken a look at how we can modify the controls, but the last thing to point out here is that we can always modify the layer Opacity.
So here if I take this down, I can subtly change this Hue. So let's say I only want 50% of the effect. We'll take that to 50. Now it's a much more subtle, yet still significant, adjustment.
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