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In this movie we are going to take a look at how we can combine some of our skills and enhance the color in this photograph of this monarch butterfly that just came out of its cocoon. Now I captured this right outside of my kitchen and there is that monarch cocoon on our banana tree and I love the nice colors. I like the green banana leaves and the background of the tree and especially the colors of the butterfly. So before we actually work on this image I want to deconstruct color for a moment and turn on this layer set here, relative color. One of things that we have here as we turn off the gradient you will notice we have two color swatches that are exactly the same but when we turn on the gradient, all of a sudden those two colors look different and the reason they look different is color is always relative and let me explain. I will go ahead and click into Layer 1 then I am going to press Command+U on Mac, Ctrl+U on a PC to open up Hue/Saturation.
Now if I change the saturation and if I saturate this away from the color of this particular swatch, these two look like very similar colors because there is a big relative difference, yet if there is less of a relative difference all of sudden these two swatches look very different. Also on the other hand if I decrease the Saturation these look like they are very orange. We see okay, those are orange color swatches on the other hand when I increase the color saturation these now look brown; they don't look orange at all.
So what I am trying to illustrate here is that there is no such thing is correct color. Rather there is such thing as correct relative color because it's always the color or the brightness that's surrounding other colors which helps to see or interpret colors in a specific way. All right well let's go ahead and hit Cancel here and then turn off this layer set, so we can just focus in on the image. One of the things that I want to do is I want to desaturate the tree a little bit. By desaturating or removing color here, it will make the butterfly feel like it's more saturated over here. So I will click on the Adjustment Layer icon and go to Hue/Saturation, grab the Target Adjustment tool and I am just going to click some more in here where I have a nice sample of one of these colors. Now to see if I have a good selection I will swing my Saturation really far one way and then perhaps another and as I do that I realize I have a pretty good selection but I want some more color there, I grab the Eyedropper with the plus icon and I will add to that. That went too far. Removed color everywhere, right? So I will just go ahead and click through this. Again that's a little bit too strong. I am going to bring this back here but I think actually that might help me out a little bit.
So now I have pretty nice selection I would say. Okay let's go ahead and desaturate that. Now we need to invert the mask. So we will make sure we are clicked in the Mask icon. Go to the Mask panel and click Invert. Now that we have inverted that, press the B key to select your Brush tool. We want white in the foreground color and we are just going to paint across this tree here. It's pretty subtle yet what we are doing we are removing a little bit of color around the butterfly, which is bringing a little bit more attention to the butterfly, and the actual amount of this may be just a touch a there. So I now I am just barely taking that off. This is not quite so saturated. Again makes the orange feel like it's little stronger here.
Okay well how about bringing out the colors in the butterfly wings? Well to do that let's press the Q key to enter into Quick Mask mode and we are going to go ahead and paint a real rough selection this time before we create our adjustment around the wings. Now we will press Q again to exit Quick Mask. Navigate to Select and choose Inverse or use the shortcut, Shift+Command+I on Mac, Shift+Ctrl+I on a PC. Now click on the Adjustment Layer icon and choose good old Curves. Now in Curves we are going to go that Red channel and we are going to bring in some red there. Go to Green/Magenta channel bring out a little bit of Magenta go to Blue/Yellow channel and here we can bring in a little bit of yellow.
Here is my before and after. Nice. Go back to the RGB composite view. A little bit of brightness and also little bit of darker tones there and I will zoom in a bit so you can see those butterfly wings even better now. Here is my before and then after. Just bringing out some vivid colors there and then also the tree. That one is a little bit more subtle, not necessarily needed and we can see that a little bit here, before and after. And then if we zoom out all the way and zoom back so you can see a little bit. Press F to go to Full Screen View mode and then press the F7 key to bring back our Layers palette and look at the before and after.
By holding down the Option key on Mac, Alt key on a PC clicking on the eye icon at the Background layer there is our before and then after and zoom in even further so you can see the details there. Before and after, subtle yet significant color saturation.
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