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Photoshop CS5 for Photographers provides comprehensive Photoshop training targeting the needs of photographers. In this course, author Chris Orwig demonstrates the fundamental skills used to enhance digital photos, including managing and correcting color, sharpening, making selections and adjustments, retouching, and printing from Photoshop. In addition to teaching the techniques that enable photographers to refine and publish their photos, the course includes live-action segments that encourage thinking photographically and shooting with Photoshop’s capabilities in mind. Exercise files are included with the course.
Another way to correct perspective or work on distortion is to apply a manual free transformation, and that's exactly what we're going to learn how to do here. Well, let's go ahead and copy that background layer. We can do so by pressing Command+J on a Mac, Ctrl+J on Windows, and let's name this new layer c1 for correct one. Now I found that a lot of times when you are working with Free Transform it's good to zoom out, so go ahead and zoom out by pressing Command or Ctrl+Minus. Well, here what we want to do is activate Free Transform.
To do that, press Command or Ctrl and then the letter T for Transform. Well, here you can see we have all of our different Free Transform handles and what people do typically is they grab one of these handles and they make the image bigger or smaller simply by clicking and dragging. We are going to do something a little but more than that. What we are going to do is hold down Command key for Mac users, Ctrl key for PC, and then we're going to click and drag one of these corner points. Now as I do that you can see that it's completely changing the overall perspective of this photograph.
And the amazing thing about this is I can swing this one way or another and for that matter I can also grab my other corner points and make changes as needed. So again, you can see that just a simple dragging of that corner point can really start to add a little bit in regards to perspective. All right. Well I am going to do this perhaps a little bit further here and then over here on this side I am going to go ahead and bring this one over just a touch as well, trying to find a nice spot where these are now looking a little bit more correct. I'll then press Enter or Return.
We'll just take a look at how we've done so far. Well, here is our before and then our after, definitely changing the overall perspective. Well, the only thing that I am noticing is it got a little squashed down. It's a little bit squatty. So we know how to fix that, right? Command or Ctrl+T and then let's Free Transform this up to make this a little bit taller here and press Enter or Return. Now here we have our before and after, and the height there is a little bit more accurate. Now the last thing that I want to do is just a subjective edit.
I noticed that this cross is leaning a little bit. Well, you know, it's leaning in the original image. You can see it's kind of tilting to one side. I want to correct that and here's how we are going to do that. What we are going to do is go ahead and select a Rectangular Marquee tool. Next, let's make a selection of this area of the image and let's copy the selection to a new layer. We can do so by pressing Command or Ctrl+J. Now just to highlight this I want to point out that if we turn off our other layers, we can see this cross is sitting on its own layer.
And a lot times it's a good idea to do that with this technique, just so we have the safety of going back to our underlying layer in case we make a mistake. Well, here's what we are going to do. We are going to warp this particular layer. Press Command or Ctrl+T, and then what you can do to access Warp is either right-click or Ctrl+Click and choose Warp, or you can click on the Warp icon up here in the Options bar. Now when we do that we see this little grid on top of it with these different handles. Well, what we can do with these different handles is we can click and drag these, and here you can see that all I'm doing is just clicking and dragging.
I am looking to try to make this a little bit more straight and lean this over here a touch more. And I have complete control over it. I can also do some really drastic things. Here you can see I could swing this one way or another. Now that doesn't necessarily look good, but I just want to illustrate that you have a lot of flexibility in regards to how you drag these little points and how you get this exactly how you want it. All right. Well, that's looking pretty good. I am just going to go ahead and get this right where I want it and then press Enter or Return. All right.
Well know that I have straightened that cross out just a bit, I may want to go in a little bit closer here, this time a smaller selection. Press Command or Ctrl+T, right-click and then choose Warp. When you have a smaller selection what you can do is a little bit more fine-tuned adjustments. So if you ever need to get in perhaps to some more of the finer details, well just make a smaller selection and then apply that particular adjustment. And for that matter if you want to work on just a little tiny area of the image, Command or Ctrl+T, then go to the Warp tool, zoom in on that area, and again here you can see I can just bring that side of the cross down a little bit and press Enter or Return.
Now we didn't really need to do all of that, yet it was just kind of fun to show you how you can work with that tool in order to come up with some really compelling results. Let's see our before and after. Here's before, and then now click on that again and then there is after. All right. Well good job so far. Let's zoom out, take a look at our overall before and after. We can do so by holding down the Option or Alt key and kicking on the eye icon. Here's before, and then here's after.
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