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In this movie, I'll demonstrate how to work with content-aware patch, which is a kind of combination of content-aware fill along with the Patch tool. And it's best understood in the context of those features. So what I'm going to do, is demonstrate each feature in kind on this image. So I'll start things off by pressing Ctrl+Alt+J, Cmd+Option+J on the Mac. To jump this layer and name it. And I'll call this layer standard patch and then click Okay to create it. Then I'll press Ctrl+J or Cmd+Option+J again and I'll name this layer CA patch just so we can keep track of things and I'll click Okay.
All right, I'm going to turn off those top two layers, switch back to the background layer for a moment And I'm going to select this general region at the bottom of the image using the rectangular marquee tool. And let's go ahead and apply a content-aware fill. And by virtue of the fact that I've selected so much of the image, I'm forcing Photoshop to look to the trees, for its source information. So I'll go out to the Edit menu and choose the fill command. Change Use to content aware, the blending options should be set to normal and 100% respectively, and then I'll click OK.
And, what content-aware fill does, as you may recall from the previous course, is it goes ahead and decides for you, what information inside the image ought to be sourced. So, it's looking to the trees. And you can see that it also has a habit of duplicating information. So receiving several occurrences of that upper left hand tree and we are also bringing some grass in from the top because content-aware filled often wants to create a kind of transition between the deselected area and the selection. So, I'll go ahead and press Ctrl+D or Cmd+D on the Mac to deselect the image.
Let's compare that to the standard Patch tool where you're in charge of the source information. I'll go ahead and turn on this standard patch layer and select it, and I'll draw a new smaller selection outline, still pretty rough of course around the trash can and its shadow. And then, I'll go ahead and switch to the Patch tool. And if you're working along with me, you'd want to make sure to right-click on that little patch icon on the left side of the Options bar and choose Reset tool. So that you select a source option. And turn off the transparent check box. And again I'm going to source the trees this time around.
Because even though that's a ridiculous modification to this image, it's very useful for demonstrating how the tool works. So I'll go ahead and move the selection outline up into the right this time. That's going to duplicate that tree information as we can see right there. However Photoshop is also going to try to heal the edges of the selection outline. So if I press Ctrl+H or Cmd+H on a Mac, you can see that we get some healing right around the edges here. And, we're bringing in some of the green color of the grass as well, but it's obvious that we went and sourced the trees.
Well it's not nearly so obvious when you use content-aware patch. So I'm going to go ahead and select that layer and turn it on as well. And I still have my selection outline which I can get by pressing Ctrl+H or Cmd+H on the Mac. I'll go ahead and zoom out and I'll switch that part setting from normal to content aware and then I'll go ahead and drag the selection up into the trees once again. And, this time around, in addition to duplicating the trees, we will see some duplication, we're also going to bring in a lot of grass information as you can see right here.
So it's almost like we have a different healing metaphor. If I press Ctrl+H, or Cmd+H on a Mac, to hide that selection outline You can see that we're bringing in a lot of content and we're fill this time around the edges of the selection, and bringing in our tree right there in the central area. So it's a combination of me sourcing the information and Photoshop sourcing it automatically. Now even though this is a static tool, meaning it makes pixel level modifications to a layer, you have the option of changing the behavior of the tool, right after using it by switching this adaptation setting.
So, right now, we're looking at medium adaptation. If I want to more strictly adhere to the source information, that is, the trees. I could switch this option to strict or very strict And then Photoshop is going to rerun the patch operation as you're seeing it do now. And what we're going to see is more tree information and less of Photoshop looking elsewhere for the source. Whereas, if you want Photoshop to bring in more content-aware fill, and do less sourcing from the area you specified, then you can switch to either loose or very loose as I am doing in this case.
And that's going to cause Photoshop to spend a little more time on the operation as well. But you can see that we're doing a surprisingly good job of matching the area inside the selection. Now obviously this is no way to really get rid of the Trash can, so I'll press Ctrl+Z or Cmd+Z on a Mac to undo that operation. We'll make sure that the CA patch layer is still selected. Then I'll press Ctrl+D or Cmd+D on a Mac to deselect the trash can. And I'll go ahead and Alt-click around it, this would be an Option-click over here in a Mac. And I think what I'm about to show you is going to surprise you quite a bit.
What you might think you should do, using the Patch tool at this point, is just go ahead and after having drawn the selection obviously, just go ahead and drag over here into this grass area. But if you do, we're going to end up duplicating that weird area of dirt there. Instead, I'm just going to move the selection up and to the right just a little bit like so. And I'll go ahead and release. And what I'm doing for all intents and purposes is sourcing the trash can itself. And yet, I just completely got rid of the darn thing. Now I do have some stuff left behind.
If I press Ctrl+D or Cmd+D on the Mac you can see that this isn't the most credible image editing effect on earth. And I've got these duplicated shadows and so forth, and that's where you go in and apply some additional healing. So the idea behind these Patch tool variations, is you can get some rough work done very quickly.
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