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Photoshop CS4 Essential Training
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Using the Clone Stamp tool


From:

Photoshop CS4 Essential Training

with Jan Kabili

Video: Using the Clone Stamp tool

When I'm retouching a face, sometimes I'll have to get too close to an edge to allow the Healing Brush, the Spot Healing Brush, or the Patch tool to work properly. That's because all three of those tools try to blend the good pixels that are covering up a blemish with the surrounding area. So sometimes they'll pickup some of the image that you don't want. For example here, if I want to cover up the stray hairs in the eyebrow, it's possible that any of those blending tools might pick up some of the dark hair right here.
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  1. 2m 31s
    1. Welcome
      1m 27s
    2. Using the example files
      1m 4s
  2. 25m 14s
    1. Touring the interface
      4m 25s
    2. Working with tabbed documents
      5m 15s
    3. Using tools efficiently
      3m 51s
    4. Arranging panels
      3m 53s
    5. Customizing keyboard shortcuts
      2m 50s
    6. Saving a custom workspace
      3m 0s
    7. Changing screen modes
      2m 0s
  3. 19m 3s
    1. Touring the Bridge interface
      6m 31s
    2. Opening images from Bridge
      1m 20s
    3. Reviewing images
      4m 42s
    4. Finding images
      6m 30s
  4. 44m 53s
    1. Setting preferences
      4m 23s
    2. Choosing color settings
      8m 11s
    3. Zooming and panning
      5m 27s
    4. Resizing and image resolution
      3m 17s
    5. Adding to the canvas
      2m 2s
    6. Rotating the canvas
      1m 44s
    7. Choosing color
      4m 49s
    8. Sizing a brush tip
      3m 4s
    9. Undoing and the History panel
      5m 0s
    10. Saving and file formats
      3m 29s
    11. Creating a file from scratch
      3m 27s
  5. 37m 58s
    1. Making geometric selections
      6m 14s
    2. Modifying selections
      4m 43s
    3. Combining selections
      3m 16s
    4. Using the Quick Selection tool
      5m 34s
    5. Refining selection edges
      4m 12s
    6. Using Quick Mask mode
      2m 18s
    7. Selecting with the improved Color Range command
      4m 32s
    8. Selecting with the Magnetic Lasso tool
      2m 28s
    9. Using the Background Eraser tool
      3m 7s
    10. Saving selections
      1m 34s
  6. 39m 56s
    1. Understanding layers
      5m 43s
    2. Creating layers
      5m 12s
    3. Working in the Layers panel
      2m 19s
    4. Locking layers
      4m 17s
    5. Working with multiple layers
      4m 6s
    6. Merging and flattening layers
      3m 55s
    7. Adding a shape layer
      4m 43s
    8. Basic layer masking
      4m 23s
    9. Using layer blend modes and opacity
      5m 18s
  7. 23m 19s
    1. Cropping
      3m 26s
    2. Straightening
      3m 17s
    3. Transforming
      4m 42s
    4. Working with Smart Objects
      6m 48s
    5. Using Content-Aware Scaling
      5m 6s
  8. 1h 10m
    1. Reading histograms
      4m 21s
    2. Using adjustment layers and the Adjustment panel
      6m 4s
    3. Adjusting tones with Levels
      7m 49s
    4. Limiting adjustments with layer masks
      5m 40s
    5. Using masks in the new Masks panel
      6m 9s
    6. Limiting adjustments by clipping
      3m 6s
    7. Adjusting with Shadow/Highlight
      5m 7s
    8. Adjusting with Curves
      7m 37s
    9. Adjusting with Hue/Saturation
      3m 42s
    10. Adjusting with Vibrance
      2m 16s
    11. Removing a color cast
      4m 26s
    12. Using the Black & White adjustment layer
      2m 39s
    13. Using the Dodge Burn and Sponge tools
      4m 11s
    14. Reducing noise
      2m 39s
    15. Sharpening
      4m 42s
  9. 38m 0s
    1. Using the Spot Healing Brush tool
      5m 17s
    2. Using the Healing Brush tool
      5m 51s
    3. Using the Patch tool
      4m 52s
    4. Using the Clone Stamp tool
      4m 8s
    5. Enhancing eyes
      9m 29s
    6. Changing facial structure
      5m 0s
    7. Softening skin
      3m 23s
  10. 44m 38s
    1. What's a raw image?
      4m 25s
    2. Touring the Camera Raw interface
      7m 35s
    3. Working in the Basic panel
      7m 54s
    4. Working in the Tone Curve panel
      2m 21s
    5. Working in the HSL/Grayscale and Split Toning panels
      3m 46s
    6. Looking at the other Camera Raw panels
      3m 45s
    7. Using the Adjustment Brush tool
      4m 2s
    8. Using the Graduated Filter tool
      3m 56s
    9. Working with multiple files
      6m 54s
  11. 21m 6s
    1. Using the Brushes panel
      8m 30s
    2. Filling with color
      3m 49s
    3. Replacing color
      4m 14s
    4. Using gradients
      4m 33s
  12. 16m 55s
    1. Working with point type
      9m 59s
    2. Working with paragraph type
      3m 17s
    3. Warping text
      3m 39s
  13. 25m 23s
    1. Adding a layer style
      4m 6s
    2. Customizing a layer style
      3m 35s
    3. Copying a layer style
      3m 5s
    4. Creating a new style
      3m 32s
    5. Using Smart Filters
      5m 22s
    6. Working in the Filter Gallery
      5m 43s
  14. 13m 14s
    1. Auto-blending focus
      4m 47s
    2. Creating Photomerge panoramas
      4m 2s
    3. Combining group photos
      4m 25s
  15. 23m 27s
    1. Creating an action
      7m 16s
    2. Batch processing with an action
      6m 36s
    3. Using the Image Processor
      9m 35s
  16. 29m 20s
    1. Printing
      11m 32s
    2. Making a contact sheet from Bridge
      6m 12s
    3. Creating a web gallery from Bridge
      7m 17s
    4. Preparing photos for the web
      4m 19s
  17. 30s
    1. Goodbye
      30s

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Photoshop CS4 Essential Training
7h 55m Beginner Oct 13, 2008

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Photoshop has become an indispensible tool for photographers, designers, and all other creative professionals, as well as students. Photoshop CS4 Essential Training teaches a broad spectrum of core skills that are common to many creative fields: working with layers and selections; adjusting, manipulating, and retouching photos; painting; adding text; automating; preparing files for output; and more. Instructor Jan Kabili demonstrates established techniques as well as those made possible by some of the new features unique to Photoshop CS4. This course is indispensable to those who are new to the application, just learning this version, or expanding their skills. Example files accompany the course.

Topics include:
  • Learning and customizing the interface and workspace
  • Utilizing various manual and guided selection techniques
  • Working with Adobe Camera Raw
  • Adding special effects with layer styles and Smart Filters
  • Creating Photomerge panoramas
  • Optimizing photos for the web and creating web galleries
Subject:
Photography
Software:
Photoshop
Author:
Jan Kabili

Using the Clone Stamp tool

When I'm retouching a face, sometimes I'll have to get too close to an edge to allow the Healing Brush, the Spot Healing Brush, or the Patch tool to work properly. That's because all three of those tools try to blend the good pixels that are covering up a blemish with the surrounding area. So sometimes they'll pickup some of the image that you don't want. For example here, if I want to cover up the stray hairs in the eyebrow, it's possible that any of those blending tools might pick up some of the dark hair right here.

So rather than try those, I'm going to try another tool called the Clone Stamp tool which is the subject of this movie. I'm working here in face_4.psd and I have two copies of the same image open. I open the second one by going to the Window menu and choosing Arrange > New Window for face_4.psd. So this one on the right is just a reference image, so that I know how my changes look when I can see the whole face of the model, and I'm working over here on the image on the left.

I've selected the Clone Stamp tool from right here in the toolbox. Before I use it, I'm going to go over to the Layers panel and I'm going to make a new blank layer on which to paste down my cloned pixels, much like you can when you use the Healing Brush or the Spot Healing Brush tools. I'll select the top layer in the image and then I'll click the Create New Layer button at the bottom of the Layers panel. That makes a new layer, which I'll rename by double-clicking the words Layer 1 and I'll type instead clone and then I'll press Return or Enter on the keyboard.

Now with the Clone Stamp tool selected and the new Clone layer highlighted in the Layers panel, I'm going to go to the Options bar and I'm going to set my options for using the tool. First, I'm going to make sure that Sample is set to Current & Below, because I want this tool to sample the good pixels from the layers below which include the photograph. And I'll set those pixels down on the highlighted layer, the clone layer. I'll make sure that Aligned is checked, so that the source point for the good pixels moves along with me as I cover up the bad pixels.

And here is the most important change I'm going to make. Because I'm covering up dark pixels, I'm going to change the mode with which the tool works. Here is the most important point. The Clone tool, like other brush tools, can be applied with different blending modes. So to get the Clone Stamp tool to try to blend the edges of the pixels it lays down, I 'm going to change the blend mode here from Normal to Lighten, because I only want it to cover up dark pixels. In other words lighten dark pixels in the hairs here.

Then I'll hold down the Option key on a Mac, the Alt key on a PC, while I click on the sample of good pixels, and then I'll move over to the pixels I want to cover up and I'll click and drag there. Sometimes I'll just make a number of different brush strokes with this tool to avoid getting a repetitive line. I am going to come to the left of these other hairs and select a different source point. So, I have some variation so that it looks more real, because remember there isn't much blending going on with this tool. So I'll hold down the Option key or the Alt key on a PC again to sample some pixels from here, and then I'll click several times on these hairs to do some virtual eyebrow shaping.

I might try the same tool over here on the scar. Now this time, I only want to darken, because I want to cover up this light scar. So first, I'll make my brush a little bit bigger and then I'm going to go up the Mode menu and I'm going to choose Darken. I'll come in and I will hold down the Option key on a Mac or the Alt key on a PC as I target these pixels, and then I'll move over the scar. That did a great job of covering the scar there. I'll do it once more, Option or Alt+ Click on the good pixels and cover up the scar by clicking.

So that's how you can use the Clone Stamp tool to its best advantage, by changing its blend mode to Lighten or Darken, depending on the lightness or darkness of the area you're trying to fix.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Photoshop CS4 Essential Training.


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Q: How can artwork be transferred from Photoshop CS4 to Illustrator CS4 without the background?
A: Save the image in Photoshop’s native PSD format. The background in Photoshop must be transparent, meaning there should be no background layer. (To remove a background layer, move your artwork to a separate layer by selecting and copying the content, minus the background, to a new layer, and then delete the background layer. A checkboard pattern behind your image indicates transparent pixels.) 
 


In Illustrator, select File > Open, and select the PSD file. In Photoshop Import dialog box, select Convert Layers to Objects.

Q: How do I retouch an image I have of an old photograph I scanned?
A: There are a few courses that address image restoration. Check out the Photoshop CS4 Portrait Retouching Essential Training course, and for problems dealing specifically with old photographs, watch the Restoration movies in chapter 15 of the Enhancing Digital Photography with Photoshop CS2. Additionally, learn how to research and date photos with our Growing and Sharing Your Family Tree course.
Q: A client has asked for artwork to be delivered as JPEGs or BMP files in 16-bit format. In Photoshop CS4, there does not appear to be an option to save an image as a 16-bit JPEG. Is there a way to save JPEG files as 16-bit in Photoshop?
A: Unfortunately, JPEGs cannot be saved in 16 bit. JPEGs, by nature, are 8-bit. So if you open a high-bit image into Photoshop CS4, you will see no option in any of the save dialog boxes to save the file as a JPEG. You would first have to convert the image to 8 bit (by choosing Image > Mode > 8 bits/channel) and then save it as an 8-bit JPEG. If you open a high-bit image into Photoshop CS5, you will see the option to save it as a JPEG in the Save, Save As, and Save for Web dialog boxes.  But the JPEG will not be saved as 16-bit. Instead, Photoshop will downsample it to 8-bit for you  before saving it as JPEG.
 
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