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Using the Clone Stamp, Healing Brush, and Patch tools

From: Photo Restoration with Photoshop

Video: Using the Clone Stamp, Healing Brush, and Patch tools

The most common tools used in digital photo restoration are the Clone Stamp, the Patch tool, and the Healing brushes. We will be using these tools throughout the course, so I want to go over briefly what each of them can do. The Clone Stamp tool can work on a new blank layer as well as on an existing image layer. Let's go over and add a new blank layer and then move over to our toolbar and select the Clone Stamp tool. It looks a little like a rubber stamp here. If you do work on a blank layer, be sure the use Current & Below option as selected from the dropdown menu at the top.

Using the Clone Stamp, Healing Brush, and Patch tools

The most common tools used in digital photo restoration are the Clone Stamp, the Patch tool, and the Healing brushes. We will be using these tools throughout the course, so I want to go over briefly what each of them can do. The Clone Stamp tool can work on a new blank layer as well as on an existing image layer. Let's go over and add a new blank layer and then move over to our toolbar and select the Clone Stamp tool. It looks a little like a rubber stamp here. If you do work on a blank layer, be sure the use Current & Below option as selected from the dropdown menu at the top.

The Clone Stamp works best on small-to- medium areas of damage and where there's plenty of similar areas around the damaged bar your selection's from. Keep your brush on the smaller side, using the open and close bracket keys to adjust your brush size, and hold down your Alt or Option key to select the areas you wish to clone from. Let's go back to the toolbar and select the Healing brush. The Healing brush only works on layers that contain pixels, not new blank layers, so you will need to duplicate your original image to work with this tool.

You do this by holding down Ctrl+J or Command+J. The Healing Brush tool is a little like the Clone Stamp in that you need to tell it where to source from, again by holding down Alt or Option and selecting your source point. But unlike the Clone Stamp, Photoshop then tries to analyze the surrounding pixels to closely match the source in terms of tone and texture. This tool also works best in smaller areas of damage. Next, we will have a look at the Spot Healing brush.

The Spot Healing brush doesn't have to be told where to sample from; it chooses the pixels from the surrounding areas for you. If you have Photoshop CS4 and previous versions, you need to make sure Proximity Match is selected and then just begin painting in an area, or clicking. If it's a very pattern-heavy or busy area, it's probably better to click than to drag. See, that added a little smudge.

You just begin clicking, and you don't have to tell it a source point. This tool also works best on smaller areas of damage. If you're repairing an area with a heavy texture or pattern, you can also try the Create Texture option. But on areas like this grass, you'll see that it just makes a blurry mess. Let's look in really close at that, and you'll see it has an actual texture to it. And we will go back out again.

This option works best when you're using a pattern, say, on cloth. Then it comes in very handy because it can add that texture of a cloth, of a linen or a cotton. If you're using Photoshop CS5, there's another option available, which is Content-Aware. Let's get back into the Spot Healing brush from the Zoom tool and click Content-Aware. The Content-Aware Healing brush works in much the same way as the regular Spot Healing brush, except you can use it to repair much larger areas of damage.

It works by comparing all the nearby pixels, and determines which of those pixels will best fill your selection. Another Healing tool is the Patch tool. Again, it only works on a pixel layer-- an image layer itself, not a transparency, so you will have to duplicate your layer. If you have the Source option checked, you select a damaged area to repair and move it over a clean area. With the Destination option checked, you do the reverse, moving a clean source area over the damage itself.

You need to be careful with the Patch tool not to get an area of radically different tone in your selection, such as a much darker or lighter area, as you will get a large blurry smudge as a result. One last tool I'd like to go over for repairing damaged areas is the Content-Aware Fill feature in Photoshop CS5. To access Content-Aware Fill, make the selection and either go to Edit > Fill and select Content-Aware or hold down Shift and F5 to bring up the Fill dialog, and click OK.

Content-Aware Fill allows you to repair larger areas of damage in an image and more often than not, has pretty great results. It doesn't work on completely blank layers, but it does work on transparent or solid-color areas within an image. When it comes to healing tools you will use in digital photo restoration Photoshop offers quite a selection. While no one tool always works in every situation, one, or a combination of these tools, will certainly do the job.

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This video is part of

Image for Photo Restoration with Photoshop
Photo Restoration with Photoshop

70 video lessons · 15603 viewers

Janine Smith
Author

 
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  1. 1m 33s
    1. Welcome
      48s
    2. What you should know before watching this course
      13s
    3. Using the exercise files
      32s
  2. 16m 47s
    1. Customizing your workspace
      2m 17s
    2. Using layers
      1m 58s
    3. Assessing the damage
      1m 52s
    4. Rebuilding color channels in a grayscale image
      3m 47s
    5. Using a Black & White adjustment layer
      1m 57s
    6. Using the Clone Stamp, Healing Brush, and Patch tools
      4m 56s
  3. 27m 30s
    1. Fixing a faded black-and-white photo
      2m 20s
    2. Removing small splits, specks, and spots
      3m 44s
    3. Repairing red-eye
      4m 58s
    4. Reducing paper texture
      4m 34s
    5. Reducing dot patterns in printed photos
      3m 51s
    6. Fixing lens distortion
      4m 19s
    7. Straightening a crooked image
      3m 44s
  4. 24m 16s
    1. Fixing large rips, tears, and other damage
      3m 9s
    2. Removing long scratches
      3m 24s
    3. Fixing creases
      5m 8s
    4. Stitching large photos using Photomerge
      3m 17s
    5. Reassembling torn photos
      4m 56s
    6. Replacing missing pieces
      4m 22s
  5. 27m 55s
    1. Removing stains
      3m 48s
    2. Removing ink marks
      2m 34s
    3. Repairing adhesive tape damage on a black-and-white photo
      2m 14s
    4. Repairing adhesive tape damage on a color photo
      6m 1s
    5. Fixing mold damage
      5m 20s
    6. Reducing starburst light glare
      5m 11s
    7. Reducing eyeglass light glare
      2m 47s
  6. 21m 32s
    1. Understanding the basics of levels
      2m 50s
    2. Understanding the basics of curves
      3m 29s
    3. Finding the black, white, and gray points in an image
      3m 28s
    4. Adjusting color levels by channel
      1m 58s
    5. Making selective contrast adjustments
      4m 48s
    6. Adjusting image shadows and highlights
      4m 59s
  7. 18m 13s
    1. Adjusting color with the Photo Filter adjustment
      2m 23s
    2. Correcting color casts using inverse color correction
      3m 2s
    3. Correcting color problems using the Color Balance adjustment
      3m 19s
    4. Correcting color casts using the Variations command
      3m 55s
    5. Correcting color by combining levels and curves
      1m 44s
    6. Improving color by adjusting the hue and saturation
      3m 50s
  8. 33m 14s
    1. Removing distracting elements
      5m 35s
    2. Repairing and recreating backgrounds
      7m 43s
    3. Extracting areas using masks
      5m 5s
    4. Matching colors in elements you add
      4m 11s
    5. Matching textures
      4m 45s
    6. Replacing facial features and missing body parts
      5m 55s
  9. 29m 59s
    1. Converting to black and white
      4m 48s
    2. Enhancing faded color
      3m 30s
    3. Smoothing a subject's skin
      4m 2s
    4. Enhancing black-and-white photos with duotone
      2m 34s
    5. Enhancing the eyes
      4m 10s
    6. Bringing out facial features with light
      5m 22s
    7. Sharpening
      5m 33s
  10. 32m 32s
    1. Assessing the damage
      1m 26s
    2. Repairing the crack
      1m 52s
    3. Replacing the missing body parts
      3m 5s
    4. Removing the specks, spots, and scratches
      3m 7s
    5. Fixing the missing corner
      1m 14s
    6. Lightening the stains
      5m 22s
    7. Restoring the faded tone in the face
      3m 8s
    8. Balancing the tone in the image
      1m 58s
    9. Evening the color with a Black & White adjustment layer
      49s
    10. Cleaning up the image
      2m 24s
    11. Adding definition to the face
      2m 20s
    12. Softening the image
      58s
    13. Sharpening the image
      2m 4s
    14. Bringing back some of the original tone
      1m 34s
    15. Comparing the image before and after
      1m 11s
  11. 24s
    1. Final thoughts
      24s

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