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Understanding and using Content-Aware Fill

From: Photoshop Insider Training: Enhancing Photos

Video: Understanding and using Content-Aware Fill

Content-Aware Fill is probably the most magical feature in Photoshop. It allows you to quickly and easily remove objects from an image. But there are lots of tricks to using it and there are lots of things that people don't realize you can do with it. So in this video I want to walk you through how it works and a couple of things you ought to know about it. So here we have this image and what I want to do is use Content-Aware Fill to remove the Exit sign. So I'm going to use the Magic Wand to just go through this and v Shift-Clicking to get all of these white areas of paint.

Understanding and using Content-Aware Fill

Content-Aware Fill is probably the most magical feature in Photoshop. It allows you to quickly and easily remove objects from an image. But there are lots of tricks to using it and there are lots of things that people don't realize you can do with it. So in this video I want to walk you through how it works and a couple of things you ought to know about it. So here we have this image and what I want to do is use Content-Aware Fill to remove the Exit sign. So I'm going to use the Magic Wand to just go through this and v Shift-Clicking to get all of these white areas of paint.

And in this image it could be done pretty quickly. If I need a little more fidelity, I would probably use the Quick Select tool, which would allow me to paint my selection and have a little more control. My selection looks decent, what you always want to do with Content-Aware Fill is make sure that you Expand it just to give it a little more room to work with. And I am going to Expand by about 10 pixels. Now what I'm going to do is just hit the Delete key. If I had a layer I'd go up to Edit and then down to Fill, but it's a flat image, so I can just hit Delete.

I have a lot of Options here, by default yours will be Content-Aware, and if you click OK, it's going to start working on the image. And what it's doing is it's comparing everything it knows inside to outside, and as you can see, it completely removed all that text. Now didn't just fill it in with something random, it looked around at the neighboring pixels, the structure, the noise, the color, the tone, and I ended up with a completely different image. It's great for removing trash and paints and objects from an image; that's a very obvious case at what you could use it for.

Let me show you something that I think is a little more useful day-to-day. Anytime you shoot a panorama, you're changing your perspective. And if you follow the rules just perfectly and rotate on the axis of the lens, you're going to have a much better image, you won't get this wild distortion you see here, but you will still have gaps in your panorama and you're going to end up having to crop it down. One of the best uses of Content-Aware Fill is to come in here and click on the white area. I could Shift-Click if I was missing any of that, but I'm not. And then again, you want to make sure when you come in here and Expand that, I think 10 pixels will be good here.

And I'm going to hit Delete, prompt Content-Aware Fill and it's going to look at all of the missing areas and compare them to what we know about the image. So sort of doing the inverse what we talked about before and it's filling all of the missing areas of the image. And so there we have a panel that's completely different than the one that we saw before, we don't have to crop it severely, we've a lot more information. And in the next video I'll talk about what to do with some of these areas that need a little bit of tuning up. The last example I want to show you is around Lens-Flare and as with a lot of things in Photoshop, I think that this is one of those features where less is more.

It's the subtle used cases that are little more helpful day-to-day and in this case it's Lens Flare. Lens Flare is really difficult to edit out. And using Content-Aware Fill, what we need to do is just circle the area that's bothering you, hit Delete and it'll do a great job of blending it with the rest of the image. So there you see a few cases of what Content-Aware Fill is great for. In the next video we'll talk about what to do when it doesn't work.

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This video is part of

Image for Photoshop Insider Training: Enhancing Photos
Photoshop Insider Training: Enhancing Photos

31 video lessons · 12882 viewers

Bryan O'Neil Hughes
Author

 
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  1. 7m 53s
    1. Welcome
      2m 29s
    2. Using the exercise files
      42s
    3. What you need to know about Adobe Camera Raw
      4m 42s
  2. 9m 30s
    1. Reinventing the Crop tool
      5m 44s
    2. Using the new Crop tool the old way
      3m 46s
  3. 6m 4s
    1. Then versus now: Understanding how the Auto button works
      2m 55s
    2. Exploring strategies for using Auto
      3m 9s
  4. 6m 37s
    1. Using Curves
      3m 31s
    2. Exploring strategies for using Curves
      3m 6s
  5. 14m 57s
    1. Looking at sharpening
      2m 6s
    2. Understanding Smart Sharpen
      4m 41s
    3. Understanding the role of Smart Objects in a sharpening workflow
      2m 20s
    4. Applying brush-based selective sharpening
      5m 50s
  6. 9m 6s
    1. Understanding the challenges of building blur
      2m 54s
    2. Using Iris Blur to create shallow depth of field
      6m 12s
  7. 8m 20s
    1. The evolving Dodge, Burn, and Sponge tools
      6m 24s
    2. Understanding the role of the graphics tablet
      1m 56s
  8. 12m 33s
    1. Understanding and using Content-Aware Fill
      3m 16s
    2. What to do when Content-Aware Fill doesn't work
      2m 38s
    3. Beyond fill: Content-Aware Patch
      1m 16s
    4. Content-Aware Scale: The feature nobody knows about
      3m 30s
    5. Content-Aware Move: Recomposing photos
      1m 53s
  9. 3m 17s
    1. Exploring what Liquify is really used for
      3m 17s
  10. 12m 1s
    1. Correcting automatically based on lens profiles
      4m 2s
    2. Getting the most out of Adaptive Wide Angle
      4m 47s
    3. Exploring lens distortion and video
      3m 12s
  11. 7m 22s
    1. Using presets new and old
      47s
    2. Surprising yourself with the Color Look Up Adjustment layer
      2m 15s
    3. Using gradient map presets for black-and-white conversions
      2m 31s
    4. Imagining a connected Photoshop
      1m 49s
  12. 15s
    1. Goodbye
      15s

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