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Photoshop is one of the world’s most powerful image editors, and it can be daunting to try to use skillfully. Photoshop CS4 One-on-One: Advanced, the second part of the popular and comprehensive series, follows internationally renowned Photoshop guru Deke McClelland as he dives into the workings of Photoshop. He explores such digital-age wonders as the Levels and Curves commands, edge-detection filters, advanced compositing techniques, vector-based text, the Liquify filter, and Camera Raw. Deke also teaches tried-and-true methods for sharpening details, smoothing over wrinkles and imperfections, and enhancing colors without harming the original image. Exercise files accompany the course.
Recommended prerequisite: Photoshop CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals.
Download Deke's customized keyboard layouts and color settings for Photoshop from the Exercise Files tab.
I have gone ahead and saved my progress so far as Pixel-text power.psd. I'm going to show you some of the myriad keyboard shortcuts that are available to you when formatting text inside of Photoshop. Now we've only talked about the Ctrl+Shift+L for flush left text, Command+Shift+L on the Mac, and so on and so on. Let's see some more, why don't we? I'm going to switch to this document. It's called Text edit tricks.psd. And it is a ginormous table for your viewing pleasure.
Now, we have a list of tasks on the left -hand side and a list of Tricks because not necessarily keyboard shortcuts, not all of them. And notice, unless otherwise marked by an asterisk, all of these tasks require active text. So in other words, you can select all text on a layer, whether the text is already active or not. You can select it by Double-Clicking on the T icon, which is that thumbnail that you see in Layers palette, that's associated with an editable text layer. And you just Double-Click on the T to select all the text. So it doesn't have to be active, for that to happen. It will be active of course after you make it happen, but not before. But the rest of the stuff if you don't see an asterisk, then you have to have text active, you have to have highlighted the text with the Type tool.
Notice that all my tricks, all my keyboard shortcuts in particular are listed in Windows terms. Meaning, we're either seeing Ctrl or Alt down here for example. It's strictly a popularity contest people. It's just because most of you are using Windows, and fewer of you are using the Mac. So wherever you see Ctrl in this column right there, substitute the cloverleaf key; the Command Key, anytime you see Alt, it's Option. So do that conversion, you'll be fine, Shift of course is Shift, so you don't have to worry about that one. All right, so let's run down, if you want to select a whole word, you Double-Click on it, a whole line, you Triple-Click, and a whole a paragraph, you Quadruple-Click.
Preview a font on a text layer, you Click in the Font option, either up in the Options bar, if it's available which it is, when you have the Type tool active in the Character palette, and then you press the Up and Down Arrow Keys, and then you'll see the font applied on the fly. You want to format multiple layers of text at the same time, then select all the layers and apply the settings. I'm going to go back to Pixel-text palette here, and so if I wanted to change both of these layers at the same time, then we Click on one to select it, and then Ctrl+Click or Command+Click on the other in an empty area down here, not on the layer thumbnail, because that would convert the text to a selection outline.
So go ahead and Ctrl+Click on the other, and the reason we are not Shift+Clicking is that would select a range of layers. That would include the group in between. Then you'll apply your formatting attributes to both layers of type; that's all you have to do. All right, I'm going to Click down here to select nothing, and then I'm going to go back to Text Edit Tricks here, Bold Style, either real or a faux is going to be Ctrl+Shift+B, you've got Italic. Notice you've got Underline, which is Ctrl+Shift+U, and Strikethrough, which is Ctrl+Shift+Slash. Now bear in mind, those require characters or text to be selected before they'll work.
Subscript and Superscript, I doubt, you are ever going to use them but we have still got keyboard shortcut, it's Ctrl+ Shift+Plus, Command+Shift+Plus on the Mac, and then Ctrl+Shift+Alt+Plus for Subscript or Command+Shift+Option+Plus for Subscript on the Mac. All right, I'm going to scroll down my list until what used to be at the bottom is at the top. We've got All Caps, Ctrl+Shift+K we've got Small Caps, Ctrl+Shift+H. Those are industry conventions just so you know, but here is the one that you really want to assign to memory. It's Restore Regular Style, very few people know this is even an option, Ctrl+Shift+Y on the PC, or Command+Shift+Y on the Mac, and that will basically get rid of the Bold and the Italic and all the other styles, and just go to whatever regular style is available.
Here are a couple of really awesome ones to memorize, if you are going to be working in a bunch of Adobe apps. You can reduce or enlarge the type in 2 point increments, by going Ctrl+Shift+Lesser Than Sign which is comma or greater than sign which is period on an American keyboard. If you want to go to 10 point increment, so five times as much you add, Alt or Option on the Mac. Let me show you that one. That's really, really great one. I'll go ahead and get my Type tool. I'll select Ted Hutchinson. Say we really want to make that look bigger, and I'll press Ctrl+Shift+Period, Command+Shift+Period on the Mac to make that text bigger in 2-point increments, and remember a point is 170 second of an inch. Render it out in however many pixels we have per inch inside of this image, and Ctrl+Shift+Comma or Command+Shift+Comma which is the less than sign is going to make the text incrementally smaller. And if you add Alt or Option to that trick, you are going to really go nuts, either bigger or smaller. Let's escape out because that's pretty ugly.
Let's go to the other document that I've opened. Now let's move along to the leading tricks right here. We've got Override Auto Leading, and what you do to override the auto leading and apply some other leading setting other than Auto is you Click the A-over-A icon, and enter a value, and we've already discussed that. So that's not really a trick, but it's just the way that you change the Leading value. The reason I mentioned it is because for these other tricks to work, you can't have your text set to Auto Leading. There is a bug inside Photoshop. It's been there forever. But once you have some manual setting in place, then you can tighten or raise the leading in 2 point increments by pressing Alt or Option, Up or Down Arrow, and then add Ctrl or Command for 10 point increments. Then you can Restore the Leading to Auto by pressing all the modifier keys Ctrl+Shift+Alt and A or Command+Shift+ Option+A on the Mac. Let me show you that one, because this is a pretty good one to know.
So let's say, I go ahead and switch to the Type tool here or I just Double-Click on the layer to select all that text, and now I press Alt+Down Arrow to move the lines of text farther apart, and notice oh, my gosh, that was more than 2 point increment. Well, why was that? Let's go ahead and press Ctrl+Z, Command+Z on a Mac. That was because of that wonderful bug I was telling you about. If I bring up my Character palette, Leading is set to Auto. So let's set it to something different, let's set it to 10 points. Now, it looks good. Then let's get rid of that guy. Now, if I press Alt+Down Arrow, this would be Option+Down Arrow on the Mac, I move the lines apart in 2 point increments, and if I press Alt+Up Arrow or Option+Up Arrow on a Mac, I move the lines together in 2 point increments. Then if I want to restore Auto Leading, let's move these guys really close to each other for a moment, that's Ctrl+Shift+Alt+A, Command+Shift+Option+A on the Mac.
Do I expect you to remember any of this? No. That's why I have this Text Edit Tricks table available to you, so that you can pick and choose the ones that you want to remember. If you are into kerning, if you want to be able to kern your letters closer to each other or farther apart, you have these keyboard shortcuts right here, that are available to you. Notice that you are working in Em spaces, really thousands of an Em space. An Em space is as wide as the type size is tall. So if you are working with 12 point type, then Em space is 12 points wide, but then you divide it by 1000. So it's very, very tiny increment. Then you are working with 20 of them, if you press Alt or Option with the Right or Left Arrow Key, and you are working with 100 of them, so one-tenth of the type size, if you press Ctrl+Alt with Left or Right Arrow, or Command+Option with Left or Right Arrow on the Mac.
I am just going to breeze through the rest of these because they become less and less useful down below here. We've got the Baseline Shifts. Try them out if you want to. You can reset the Horizontal Scale to 100% by pressing this one, or the Vertical Scale to 100% by pressing this one. We've got the Center-Align and Left-Justify and Right-Justify. We've already went over those. You can move the active text block by Ctrl+Dragging or Command+Dragging it if you want to. You can transform active text by pressing-and-holding the Ctrl Key and dragging the handles by the Command Key on the Mac, you can force the creation of the new text layer, I was showing you that one, by Shift+Clicking with the Type tool or Shift+ Dragging for area text. Change the color by changing the Foreground Color. We just did that in the previous exercise.
Am I going fast enough for you? Now, we can hide or show the highlight by pressing Ctrl+H or Command+H, we also saw that in the previous exercise. Accept the change to the text layer by pressing Enter on the keypad, or Ctrl+Enter that would be Command+Return on the Mac, I should mention that, and Abandon All Changes (& Hope), by pressing Escape, Kiss your Edits Goodbye. I just suggest you exercise caution with Escape because it's sort of napalm where your modifications are concerned inside of Photoshop. You really, really want to have to get rid of everything if you are going to press the Escape Key, and that my friends is my presentation of the overwhelming list of keyboard shortcuts and tricks that are available to you when modifying formatting attributes inside of Photoshop. In the next exercise, I'm going to start showing you stuff you can only do to text inside Photoshop. Stay tuned.
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