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Photoshop CS6 One-on-One: Fundamentals is a concise and focused introduction to the key features in Photoshop, presented by long-time lynda.com author and Adobe veteran Deke McClelland. This course covers the image editing process from the very beginning and progresses through the concepts and techniques that every photographer or graphic designer should know. Deke explains digital imaging fundamentals, such as resolution vs. size and the effects of downsampling. He explains how to use layers to edit an image nondestructively and organize those edits in an easy-to-read way, and introduces techniques such as cropping, adjusting brightness and contrast, correcting and changing color, and retouching and healing images. These lessons distill the vast assortment of tools and options to a refined set of skills that will get you working inside Photoshop with confidence.
In this movie, I'll show you how to further even out the skin coloring and texture using a filter called Gaussian blur. Now what we need to do is create yet another layer, by selecting this Retouch layer and pressing Ctrl+Alt+J or Command+Option+J on a Mac, and then I'll name the layer blur and click OK. Now let's go ahead and blur the image by going up to the Filter menu, choosing Blur, and then choosing the Gaussian Blur command. For this image, a Radius of 20 pixels works well, but if you're working with a higher resolution image then you'd want to increase that value.
Basically you want to see absolutely smooth contouring inside the image, of course we're losing detail at this point, but we're going to bring it back in the following steps. So once you arrive at a Radius value that gives you an effect that resembles the one you see in the video, then click OK to apply the filter. Now notice I've got my Rectangular Marquee tool selected, which means I can adjust the Opacity of this layer just by pressing a number key, so I'll press the 5 key to take the Opacity down to 50% and that does a great job of evening out those skin tones, but it also blurs the details, such as the eyelashes and the eyebrows, and the lips and so forth.
So what I'm going to have you do is turn off this blur layer for a moment and switch back to the retouch layer and use the Rectangular Marquee tool to select a few regions of the skin, so I'm going to select some of the left cheek, and I'm going to Shift+Drag around some the right cheek--don't go too far into the shadows for this, then I'll pan down and select a little bit of the shadow detail below the lip. But again, I'm not selecting anything that's too dark, and now let's check the settings associated with the Magic Wand tool by switching to the Magic Wand, make sure all the options are set to their defaults up here in the options bar.
Specifically the tolerance value should be 32, then go up to the Select menu and choose the Similar command in order to select all portions of the image that are deemed to be similar to those selected regions. Now we need to add a little more to the selection using the Lasso tool, so go ahead and select the Lasso, and then press the Shift key and drag around these details in the nose, above the lip for example, and then over here on right-hand side of the image. And you don't have to get it exactly right.
So don't worry if you end up with a meandering selection outline. Now I missed some of the chin, so I will Shift+Drag around it as well. And I may Alt+Drag or Option+Drag in order to deselect regions, like I don't want any of this here down in the lower-left portion of the image to be selected. And I don't want the hair in the upper-left region of the image to be selected either. So I'll Alt+Drag around this region, Alt+Drag around here as well, that's an Option+Drag on the Mac of course. And then Shift+Drag around this right-hand region of the forehead, and Shift+Drag underneath the eyebrow over on the right-hand side as well.
All right, this is a decent base selection, believe it or not, but we need to feather it, that is blur the selection outline, and you do that by going up to the Select menu, choosing Modify and then choosing the Feather command. And I'm going to go with that same radius value that I applied with Gaussian Blur, which is to say 20 pixels. If you use the different Gaussian Blur value, you'll want to enter that value into this dialog box as well. Then click OK. Now let's convert the selection to a layer mask. By clicking on the blur layer, I'll turn the layer back on.
Then I'll drop down to the Add layer mask icon at the bottom of the Layers panel and click on it. And that goes ahead and masks away some of the details in the blurred image, meaning that it brings that portion of the image back into focus. All right, we need to paint back in a few more details. Switch to the Brush tool, which you can get by pressing the B key. Make sure your foreground color is black. If it isn't, here's what you do. You press the D key to make the foreground color white and then you press the X key to swap the foreground and background colors so it's black.
Make sure your Opacity is set to 100% at first and that you're working with a very blurry brush. So I'll right-click inside the image and confirm that the hardness is 0%; then I'll press the Enter key or the Return key on the Mac in order to hide that panel. Then I'll paint inside the eyes in order to restore the detail around the eyes. And I'll go ahead and paint inside some of the mouth as well, specifically the teeth, then what I encourage you to do is press the 5 key to reduce the Opacity of the brush to 50%, and paint over some of the other details you want to keep, such as the creases around the mouth. And you may want to paint over them multiple times and then you want to paint over the nostrils to bring them back, around the nostrils as well, because we want that detail to be there.
I want to paint over the eyebrows in order to bring back some of that detail and we seem to have brought maybe a little bit too much detail back around the eyes. So I'll reduce the size of my brush by pressing the left bracket key, then I'll press the X key to switch the foreground color to white and I'll paint around the eyes in order to bring back some of the blur. But I'm not seeing any difference and that's because my blend mode is still set to Multiply. So I'll go ahead and switch it back to Normal and then paint under the eye, and you can see that now we're bringing back some blurriness.
And I'll continue to paint around both eyes in order to soften those details and I might come back to a few details as well. So as long as you keep your brush small, soft and translucent, you can paint back and forth as many times as you like. All right, I'm going press the X key to make my foreground color black again, and I'll paint once again over each of the nostrils. Let's go ahead and center the image a little bit here. And just to give you a sense of what we were able to accomplish, I'll Alt+Click on the eyeball in front of the background layer. So this is the original version of the image that I loaded several movies ago and this is the retouched image so far. The only thing left is to whiten up the teeth and increase the saturation of the irises, and I'll show you how to do exactly that in the next two movies.
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