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Smart Sharpen and masking

From: Photoshop CS4 for Photographers

Video: Smart Sharpen and masking

In this movie, we will working on the file corwig_sign and here is where we will actually apply what we have learned about Smart Sharpen to an image. So go ahead and open it up in Photoshop and then press F to go to Full Screen View mode. Now I have to make a quick comment about this photo and here is why. I really like this photo because it's a hand painted sign on the side of a wood building and you can see the wood there and I think that's so beautiful. It's a little bit of that lost art of hand painted signs and my grandfather, that's actually what he did for living is he -- he was a commercial artist and he hand painted signs and here is a cool trivia fact about my grandfather. He could paint as well with his right hand as he could with his left hand. How cool is that? All right well, anyway. Enough about that. Let's go to sharpening this image.

Smart Sharpen and masking

In this movie, we will working on the file corwig_sign and here is where we will actually apply what we have learned about Smart Sharpen to an image. So go ahead and open it up in Photoshop and then press F to go to Full Screen View mode. Now I have to make a quick comment about this photo and here is why. I really like this photo because it's a hand painted sign on the side of a wood building and you can see the wood there and I think that's so beautiful. It's a little bit of that lost art of hand painted signs and my grandfather, that's actually what he did for living is he -- he was a commercial artist and he hand painted signs and here is a cool trivia fact about my grandfather. He could paint as well with his right hand as he could with his left hand. How cool is that? All right well, anyway. Enough about that. Let's go to sharpening this image.

What I want to do here is double-click the Zoom tool, take it to 100% so I can see some of the details of this photograph. Now when I look at the image. I see you know what, it's looking pretty good. For the most part the image is really sharp. I just want to make it snap a little bit more. So I'll go ahead and navigate to the Background layer and Right-click or Ctrl-click and choose Convert for Smart Object. Next navigate to the Filter pulldown menu, I'm going to choose Sharpen and then select Smart Sharpen. Now we are going to start off by choosing just the Basic option here. One of the things that I want to do is to zoom way in on the image, get into some of the texture. Now here we have our overall Amount, I'm going to decrease that.

You can see the overall amount and how that's affecting the image, okay interesting. Now what's the Radius about? Again, that's a reach. So when we increase this, what we are going to see is that the sharpening is reaching out further. I'll go ahead and increase that a little bit more and I'll pan around and see if I can find another spot. This will be a good spot for us as well. So here we can see the reach especially around the black line as it extends out. Well, right now we are using Lens Blur. What about Gaussian Blur? Well Gaussian Blur, what we are going to see when we go there and bring this up a little bit and compare that to Lens Blur is that Lens Blur's just going to bring things in a little bit further. I'll zoom-in so we can actually see the details there.

There is the Gaussian, see how it extends that out a little bit. I guess I need to exaggerate this more, so you can see what I'm talking about, right. Find a nice sweet spot there and then Lens Blur just tightens that up a little bit. And let's do with More Accurate. Well More Accurate, it's kind of interesting. I'll lower my amounts here just to touch and move over to another part of the image and click on More Accurate and what you can see there. There are just little small details that are starting to be a little bit more pronounced. So we increase our Radius and our overall Amount here. We can see that More Accurate does again bring out some of those small details.

Now I did say that this is good for small details, now that's not the only time when this is really helpful. There are other times, either when you have real low amounts or real high amounts of sharpening. That this will actually bring that halo down a little bit closer. So again, keep that in mind and let's see if our combination, here is our Gaussian a little bit more diffused. Lens, a little bit more exact on the edges, kind of tricky to see. You will start to see it with your own images Okay, well zoom out a little bit. I click in the window for before, I let go for my after. We are starting to see, how our sliders work. Well, what then is appropriate sharpening for this image? We are going to turn on the Advanced options, which will give me the shadow and highlight tabs. I'm going to zero those out. I'm going to zero up my Shadow sliders as well and here is why? I want to deconstruct how they work, right. So go ahead and increase my overall Amount, my Radius. We can think of the spread.

Now how does this actually apply to images? Well, if you have a web files, it's going to be like, 0.1 or 0.2 or 0.3. You are saying I want just some real little tiny bit of sharpening. I think of that like sandpaper. Those of you who have ever worked with wood, like having that real fine sandpaper, the finished sandpaper, because you have this small little delicate file. On the other hand if you have a real high res file, give me that core stuff. I just need to-- I need to get rid of all these rough edges, right. So the radius kind of has to do with your resolution in that sense. Well I'm going to exaggerate the radius here, so we can see our before and after, okay. More Accurate, I want to click that off. I don't want as many details there and then I'm going to go into my Shadow and Highlight tabs here. I'm going to increase the amounts.

One of the things, we are going to start to see when we do that, increase the Radius, which is the reach there. We are going to start to see that we can began to remove some of the sharpening and if I take this all the way up, I'll go ahead and bring it all the way up so you can see what's happening here. I'm able to remove those halos or the sharpening almost in its entirety. So here we can see we just have a little bit of the highlight edge sharpening and we will zoom in and tab it more so you can see what I'm talking about. So there you can see I still have sharpening, when I take this off. It's then bringing back all those halos and I can then remove them this way. Now the trick with these controls is, you just want to eye it. You want to look to try to bring back some of those halos and lot of times when you do though, go ahead and bring that back even further. You then well want to go back to the Sharpening tab and then modify that one as well.

All right, well so far so good. We will zoom back to 100%, so we can actually see the real details of the image. What would be appropriate sharpening for an image like this? It's a kind of a medium res file. Well what may be good for an image like this is your amount somewhere above 100 and that's pretty typical. Typical amount is going to swing from 100 up to probably 175, somewhere in there, and then your Radius is going to be pretty low. Now because I have increased these sliders pretty high, I'm going to have a little bit higher amount and radius in this image. I'm going to click on my image to look at the before and after. Now one of the things that I know is going to happen here is in this movie, when it's compressed or when you are watching on the DVD or online, you are not going to be able to see the sharpening very well. So I'm going to go ahead and increase this, just kind of knowing that that's going to happen just a bit and also I want to do that to talk about what happens if you over sharpen.

So in my opinion, I have over sharpen this image and I'll zoom-in, perhaps this will help the view. There is my before and after, right. Those edges are glowing, doesn't look good. But I'm going to click OK to apply that and then I'm going to zoom-in on the image, so we have that nice zoomed in view and look at the before and after. Here is before and after. Well, what can I do in this case? Well, I can go ahead and click on a couple of different options. One is, I can click on the Smart Sharpen where there to reopen and modify those settings. Two, I can click on the option which allows me to apply some blending and here all I need to do is lower the Opacity and I can then remove the sharpening in its entirety or I can slowly bring that up.

And here is something else that you can do. You can click in your mask and the once your mask selected, press Command+ I on a Mac/Ctrl+I on a PC. That fills that mask with black. Now we are completely hiding or concealing the sharpening. There isn't any sharpening. Click on the Masks panel and you have this option to control the Density or intensity of that mask. Now as I change that amount, watch the mask color. Well now that mask is much more grey. We can see that in those two icons i.e. it's allowing through for more sharpening. So in this case, if I'm working with a mask, we will talk more about mask later, I can then control the overall amount of sharpening by using the slider and then again, all I need to do is look at my before and after and try to find that sweet spot.

Now when you are evaluating your sharpening, double-click your Zoom tool. You want to be at a 100%, so you can see the actual details. Now that's not always going be the case, you are going to need to zoom out a little bit sometimes, zoom-in other times, but that 100% view gives you a feel for the sharpening. In addition, a couple of things that you need to think about. One is if you are going to print this image on a velvet fine art paper or a matte paper, we are going to need a little bit more sharpening, right? Because of the dot gain. What dot gain is, think of it a few, take a permanent marker and put it on a paper towel. It's how that ink spreads into the paper towel.

Well another way of thinking of it. If you have a tea bag and if you set a tea bag on a napkin, the moisture or the water seeps into the napkin. If you set it on a table, it doesn't really go very far because it's not very porous. So on the other hand, if you are going to print on the nonporous surface like a glossy paper, there isn't a lot of dot gain. We need a little bit less sharpening, because the sharpening isn't going to be diminished quite as much. All right, well finally, when you evaluate your sharpening, your before and after. When I evaluate mine here is my before, here is my after. What I want to be thinking about here is I want to apply some sharpening so that they don't notice the sharpening. The sharpening isn't the point. The point is the photograph.

So I'm trying to keep that in mind that I'm looking for any problem areas. If I see any problem areas, I'm going to go ahead and modify this and then finally, the last thing is, typically you want to create a print, see how it looks. Look at your print at a normal viewing distance and the nice thing about the technique that we have learned here is, you can continually modify. You see that we have a ton of flexibility, either changing or sharpening amount, the overall mask or the blending. All right well, this movie was a bit longer, yet I hope you have picked up some real valuable information in this one.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Photoshop CS4 for Photographers
Photoshop CS4 for Photographers

228 video lessons · 36668 viewers

Chris Orwig
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 3m 28s
    1. Introduction
      2m 43s
    2. Using the exercise files
      45s
  2. 19m 32s
    1. Taking visual snapshots
      2m 33s
    2. What's new in the Photoshop CS4 menus
      1m 24s
    3. The importance of the 30-minute blink
      2m 38s
    4. Isolation
      3m 32s
    5. Taking notes
      2m 29s
    6. Creative memorization
      2m 16s
    7. Verbalize, human, fun
      1m 18s
    8. Lessons from a legend: Douglas Kirkland
      2m 10s
    9. Resources and links
      1m 12s
  3. 30m 42s
    1. Is Photoshop CS4 worth it?
      2m 50s
    2. Seeing the new Tools panel
      3m 22s
    3. Working with the Application bar
      2m 51s
    4. Navigating with the Hand and Zoom tools
      4m 27s
    5. Rotating with the new Rotate View tool
      2m 0s
    6. New ways of arranging documents
      5m 41s
    7. Working with the panels
      2m 34s
    8. Customizing your workspace
      2m 11s
    9. Creating custom keyboard shortcuts
      3m 12s
    10. Creating custom menus
      1m 34s
  4. 39m 36s
    1. Choosing your Color settings
      5m 4s
    2. Setting Image Interpolation preferences
      3m 1s
    3. Zoom preferences
      2m 40s
    4. Interface preferences
      7m 46s
    5. File-handling preferences
      2m 33s
    6. Performance preferences: Memory
      5m 40s
    7. Performance preferences: Cursor
      5m 46s
    8. Performance preferences: Transparency and Gamut
      4m 44s
    9. Reviewing the other preferences
      2m 22s
  5. 21m 14s
    1. Bit Depth 101
      4m 34s
    2. Introducing image size
      2m 47s
    3. Image Resize overview
      7m 54s
    4. Resizing by cropping
      3m 33s
    5. Straightening
      2m 26s
  6. 10m 10s
    1. Introducing color management
      2m 3s
    2. Monitor calibration basics
      2m 43s
    3. Advanced monitor calibration
      2m 36s
    4. Creating a neutral work environment
      2m 48s
  7. 11m 17s
    1. Using Photoshop, Bridge, and Lightroom together
      2m 20s
    2. Bridge as a digital light box
      1m 19s
    3. General Bridge preferences
      2m 49s
    4. Thumbnail Bridge preferences
      1m 38s
    5. Advanced and Cache Bridge preferences
      3m 11s
  8. 28m 1s
    1. Creative tip 1: Discarding, the great selection technique
      4m 6s
    2. Introducing the Bridge interface
      3m 27s
    3. Getting photos from your camera
      4m 14s
    4. Choosing a workspace
      4m 16s
    5. Customizing the workspace and the Synchronized window
      4m 10s
    6. Using Bridge to rate and sort
      4m 3s
    7. Sorting with filters
      3m 45s
  9. 33m 53s
    1. Previewing multiple files
      5m 6s
    2. The Bridge Review mode
      7m 4s
    3. The Bridge Full Screen mode
      3m 8s
    4. Bridge slideshows
      4m 25s
    5. Stacking images
      3m 24s
    6. Renaming and batch-renaming
      4m 11s
    7. Adding favorites
      1m 58s
    8. Grouping images with Collections
      4m 37s
  10. 15m 3s
    1. Setting up metadata
      3m 34s
    2. Customizing the workspace for metadata
      2m 20s
    3. Creating a metadata template to add a copyright notice
      3m 55s
    4. Keywording images
      3m 33s
    5. Filtering images based on metadata
      1m 41s
  11. 9m 54s
    1. Recording an action
      2m 16s
    2. Batch-processing an action
      2m 11s
    3. Simplifying repetitive steps using the Image Processor
      2m 21s
    4. Opening multiple images as layers
      3m 6s
  12. 1h 13m
    1. What is Camera Raw?
      2m 47s
    2. Understanding the Camera Raw preferences
      3m 15s
    3. Opening files in Camera Raw
      5m 23s
    4. The Camera Raw interface and essential controls
      5m 13s
    5. White Balance, Straighten, and Tone
      3m 2s
    6. Crop, Rotate, and Vignette
      5m 6s
    7. Improving color and tone
      4m 45s
    8. Saturation vs. Vibrance
      4m 46s
    9. Converting an image to black and white
      4m 7s
    10. Split-toning an image
      3m 32s
    11. Working with tone subjectively
      5m 56s
    12. Adjustment Brush essentials
      3m 19s
    13. Using the Adjustment Brush
      7m 24s
    14. Working with the Graduated filter
      4m 6s
    15. Sharpening and noise reduction
      6m 10s
    16. Working with multiple images
      4m 45s
  13. 38m 42s
    1. Creative tip 2: Worth the risk
      2m 30s
    2. Introducing layers
      2m 53s
    3. Working with layers
      2m 21s
    4. Working with History and the History Brush
      4m 1s
    5. Aligning layers
      1m 56s
    6. Organizing layers
      4m 17s
    7. Layer style effects
      4m 21s
    8. Creating a clipping mask
      4m 27s
    9. Creating a reflection of an image
      2m 37s
    10. Targeting and moving layers
      5m 36s
    11. Reviewing layers shortcuts
      3m 43s
  14. 31m 31s
    1. Introducing masking
      2m 8s
    2. Creating a simple layer mask
      3m 51s
    3. Masking shortcuts
      3m 25s
    4. Using Color Range to create a detailed mask
      3m 48s
    5. Creating a layer mask with Color Range
      5m 5s
    6. Masking and brightening eyes
      3m 35s
    7. Masking and selective sharpening
      2m 58s
    8. The Quick Mask mode
      6m 41s
  15. 24m 15s
    1. Creating a custom border with masking
      5m 41s
    2. Using pre-built borders
      7m 6s
    3. Exploring sample image frames
      4m 59s
    4. Frame plugin highlight: Photoframe
      6m 29s
  16. 51m 47s
    1. Creating a mask with the Quick Selection tool
      5m 39s
    2. Working with the Quick Selection tool
      4m 12s
    3. Creating color range selections
      4m 46s
    4. Advanced selection enhancements
      5m 1s
    5. Using the Magic Wand
      2m 33s
    6. Using the Lasso tool
      5m 37s
    7. Pen and path shortcuts
      5m 20s
    8. Understanding paths
      4m 7s
    9. Creating path selections
      6m 3s
    10. The Magnetic Lasso tool and paths
      8m 29s
  17. 21m 10s
    1. Introducing the Adjustments panel
      2m 26s
    2. Brightness and contrast
      3m 39s
    3. Understanding the difference between Vibrance and Saturation
      2m 55s
    4. Using the Target Adjustment tool
      4m 9s
    5. Hue/Saturation adjustments and masking
      3m 15s
    6. Hue/Saturation blending with Shadow/Highlight
      4m 46s
  18. 17m 45s
    1. Introducing levels
      1m 58s
    2. Enhancing color and tone with levels
      3m 3s
    3. Modifying color with levels
      3m 47s
    4. Levels and masking
      3m 13s
    5. Using levels and masking to get the most out of adjustments
      5m 44s
  19. 40m 58s
    1. Demystifying curves
      6m 52s
    2. Using curves for contrast and tone
      3m 33s
    3. Midtones and advanced blending
      2m 50s
    4. Curves and general Hue/Saturation
      2m 54s
    5. Enhancing color with curves
      6m 18s
    6. Curves, color, masking, and tone
      5m 10s
    7. Curves and masking
      4m 54s
    8. Creative tip 3: Using curves for publication
      5m 14s
    9. Using, modifying, and saving curves presets
      3m 13s
  20. 24m 7s
    1. Creative tip 4: Ordinary ingredients = extraordinary results
      2m 23s
    2. Introducing blend modes
      5m 36s
    3. Blend modes visualized
      6m 48s
    4. Blending multiple images
      6m 9s
    5. Blend modes shortcuts
      3m 11s
  21. 42m 57s
    1. Correcting color with eyedroppers
      4m 37s
    2. Advanced color correction with eyedroppers
      2m 27s
    3. Color correction with Camera Raw
      3m 3s
    4. Performing difficult color correction with Camera Raw
      3m 1s
    5. Performing easier color correction with a color chart
      2m 31s
    6. Color-correcting skin by the numbers
      3m 42s
    7. Color-correcting by the numbers
      4m 10s
    8. Color correction: Studio shot
      3m 6s
    9. Color correction: Light skin tone
      3m 6s
    10. Color correction: Dark skin tone
      3m 44s
    11. Color correction: Multiple skin tones
      6m 40s
    12. Color correction plugin highlight: SkinTune 2
      2m 50s
  22. 44m 44s
    1. Replacing color with Hue/Saturation
      3m 2s
    2. Replacing a color
      5m 6s
    3. Modifying color with Selective Color
      3m 5s
    4. Color focus
      5m 59s
    5. Experimenting with cool and warm colors
      5m 18s
    6. Enhancing a portrait with sunset colors
      5m 16s
    7. Enhancing a landscape with sunrise colors
      5m 19s
    8. Enhancing a color group shot
      3m 17s
    9. Using photo filters with black-and-white photos
      3m 14s
    10. Using photo filters with color photos
      5m 8s
  23. 22m 3s
    1. Introducing the Burn and Dodge tools
      2m 56s
    2. Using the Burn and Dodge tools
      3m 47s
    3. Darkening corners with the Soft Light blend mode
      3m 0s
    4. Adding contrast to the highlights
      2m 30s
    5. Darkening a portion of an image
      2m 45s
    6. Correcting bright and dark tones
      3m 56s
    7. Reducing highlights with the Multiply blend mode
      3m 9s
  24. 19m 30s
    1. Creative tip 5: Seeing beyond the color - your gear is good enough
      4m 58s
    2. Introducing black-and-white conversion
      3m 37s
    3. Portrait black-and-white conversion
      3m 31s
    4. Landscape black-and-white conversion
      2m 40s
    5. Adding grain and tone to a black-and-white image
      4m 44s
  25. 11m 16s
    1. Introducing Smart Filters
      2m 36s
    2. Applying Smart Filters
      3m 21s
    3. Blending and masking Smart Filters
      5m 19s
  26. 19m 38s
    1. Noise reduction with Surface Blur
      4m 36s
    2. The Noise Reduction filter
      2m 54s
    3. Advanced noise reduction with Channels
      5m 32s
    4. Advanced noise reduction with the Dfine plugin
      6m 36s
  27. 33m 29s
    1. The Dust and Scratches Filter
      3m 57s
    2. Using masking to remove dust and scratches
      5m 10s
    3. Introducing the trio of healing tools
      6m 18s
    4. Using the Healing and Clone Stamp tools
      4m 21s
    5. Using the Patch tool
      7m 40s
    6. Cleaning up an image with what's there
      6m 3s
  28. 58m 58s
    1. Creative tip 6: A beautiful mistake
      2m 51s
    2. Cleaning up a background
      3m 21s
    3. Removing blemishes
      4m 19s
    4. Cleaning up backgrounds and blemishes
      3m 46s
    5. Brightening eyes
      3m 12s
    6. Changing eye color
      4m 55s
    7. Darkening the edge of an eye
      1m 32s
    8. Adding makeup
      2m 25s
    9. Correcting distortion
      2m 19s
    10. Reducing eye wrinkles
      4m 4s
    11. Adding height and reducing wrinkles
      7m 55s
    12. Whitening teeth
      4m 6s
    13. Whitening teeth using Quick Mask
      3m 39s
    14. Softening skin
      5m 5s
    15. Removing red-eye
      2m 21s
    16. The next steps in retouching
      3m 8s
  29. 38m 35s
    1. Introducing Smart Sharpen
      3m 23s
    2. Smart Sharpen demystified
      4m 10s
    3. Smart Sharpen and masking
      8m 46s
    4. Using the Unsharpen Mask filter
      5m 19s
    5. Black-and-white High Pass sharpening
      8m 2s
    6. Color High Pass sharpening
      3m 27s
    7. Sharpening and tone
      5m 28s
  30. 28m 38s
    1. Resizing for email and the web
      3m 1s
    2. Image size considerations
      2m 54s
    3. Preparing files for the web
      4m 37s
    4. Sharpening for the web
      2m 12s
    5. Correcting color for the web
      3m 10s
    6. The Save for Web dialog
      3m 51s
    7. Creating a web gallery
      6m 21s
    8. Sharing your photos online
      2m 32s
  31. 23m 33s
    1. Creating contact sheets
      4m 19s
    2. Presenting your photos as a PDF slideshow
      2m 55s
    3. Desktop printing recommendations
      1m 40s
    4. Preparing to print
      5m 53s
    5. Using Soft Proof to pre-visualize printing
      3m 46s
    6. Using the Print dialog
      3m 31s
    7. Print settings
      1m 29s
  32. 23s
    1. Goodbye
      23s

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