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Photoshop for Designers: Color
Illustration by John Hersey

Shifting targeted colors using Hue/Saturation


From:

Photoshop for Designers: Color

with Nigel French

Video: Shifting targeted colors using Hue/Saturation

Sometimes when you want to affect a particular color in an image, it's unnecessary to first select it. You can target that color using Hue/Saturation. I am going to come and apply Hue/ Saturation as an adjustment layer; it's always preferable to do this nondestructively. So I am doing it here rather than here. And then I am going to identify the cause that I wish to change. Before I do that though, I just want to point out that Hue/Saturation uses the same color model as Photoshop's Color Picker; Hue to affect the color, Saturation to affect the intensity of the color, and Lightness to affect the Brightness or the value of the color.
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  1. 1m 41s
    1. Welcome
      1m 0s
    2. Using the exercise files
      41s
  2. 25m 26s
    1. Defining color terms
      2m 38s
    2. Understanding the color wheel
      4m 3s
    3. Understanding color relationships
      1m 7s
    4. Using Kuler to understand color harmony rules and create color palettes
      4m 2s
    5. Using the Kuler web site
      3m 10s
    6. Colors on screen and on paper
      1m 42s
    7. Color as a signifier
      3m 14s
    8. Color inspirations
      2m 39s
    9. Color and accessibility
      2m 51s
  3. 38m 22s
    1. Demystifying the Color Picker
      2m 57s
    2. Understanding the role of foreground and background colors
      5m 39s
    3. Choosing colors
      6m 41s
    4. Managing swatches
      7m 40s
    5. Transparency
      9m 42s
    6. Color channels
      5m 43s
  4. 41m 4s
    1. Understanding additive and subtractive color
      2m 57s
    2. RGB mode
      1m 56s
    3. CMYK mode
      2m 41s
    4. Lab mode
      3m 49s
    5. Indexed mode
      2m 16s
    6. Grayscale mode
      5m 0s
    7. Color management
      14m 15s
    8. Color depth (8-, 16-, 24-, and 32-bit)
      4m 19s
    9. Monitor calibration
      3m 51s
  5. 26m 43s
    1. Evaluating color with the Histogram panel
      3m 18s
    2. Evaluating color with the Info panel
      1m 48s
    3. Boosting color with levels
      3m 48s
    4. Auto Tone and Auto Contrast
      7m 38s
    5. Manually setting the black and white point
      3m 50s
    6. Curves
      6m 21s
  6. 18m 30s
    1. What is color correction?
      5m 45s
    2. White balancing in Camera Raw
      1m 46s
    3. Color correction with color balance
      1m 34s
    4. Color balancing using photo filters
      1m 26s
    5. Color correction with variations
      4m 27s
    6. Color correction by the numbers
      3m 32s
  7. 33m 14s
    1. Selecting color with the Magic Wand
      4m 43s
    2. Selecting color with the Quick Selection tool
      2m 26s
    3. Selecting color with Color Range
      4m 0s
    4. Neutralizing whites with the Multiply blend mode
      2m 55s
    5. Neutralizing blacks with the Screen blend mode
      57s
    6. Masking colors with the Blend If sliders
      2m 54s
    7. Masking hair with a channel mask and removing contaminant colors
      2m 58s
    8. Shifting targeted colors using Hue/Saturation
      5m 4s
    9. Matching colors using Hue/Saturation
      3m 16s
    10. Matching colors using the Match Color command
      1m 36s
    11. Matching colors using the Color blend modes
      2m 25s
  8. 21m 8s
    1. Saturating colors
      4m 9s
    2. Desaturating colors
      1m 57s
    3. Desaturating in Camera Raw
      3m 1s
    4. Creating a color accent with selective saturation
      2m 38s
    5. Enhancing a sunrise with a gradient map
      5m 49s
    6. Increasing vibrance
      1m 19s
    7. Using selective color
      2m 15s
  9. 32m 42s
    1. Designing with spot colors
      12m 15s
    2. Adding a fifth color to a CMYK image
      5m 0s
    3. Adding spot colors to a grayscale image
      5m 24s
    4. Create a metallic print effect
      3m 8s
    5. Creating duotones, tritones, and quadtones
      6m 55s
  10. 30m 45s
    1. Creating a silkscreen print look with a limited color palette
      7m 59s
    2. Combining color with black and white
      2m 22s
    3. Creating a nostalgic travel poster using the Cut Out filter
      6m 27s
    4. Mapping an image to a color look up table (CLUT)
      7m 56s
    5. Converting to black and white
      6m 1s
  11. 48m 34s
    1. Creating a hand-tinted portrait (the easy way)
      3m 29s
    2. Creating a hand-tinted portrait (the harder way)
      11m 23s
    3. Creating an Andy Warhol look
      4m 44s
    4. Applying a gradient map
      4m 4s
    5. Sepia toning an image
      8m 41s
    6. Color tinting an image
      5m 15s
    7. Split toning an image
      2m 9s
    8. Working with line art
      8m 49s
  12. 23s
    1. Goodbye
      23s

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Photoshop for Designers: Color
5h 18m Intermediate Jan 04, 2012

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In this Photoshop for Designers course, Nigel French focuses on the tools and features in Photoshop designed for choosing, applying, and editing color. The course looks at concepts such as the color wheel and color harmonies as well as the practicalities of using the Color Picker, leveraging the power of color channels, and the characteristics of different color modes in Photoshop. The course includes exercises on correcting color, enhancing color, shifting and replacing colors, working with spot color channels, hand coloring black and white images, and designing with a reduced color palette.

Topics include:
  • Defining color terms
  • Using Kuler to create color palettes
  • Understanding additive and subtractive color
  • Understanding color management
  • Using the Levels, Curves, Auto Tone, and Auto Contrast adjustments
  • Color correction
  • Selecting color—from the Magic Wand to Color Range
  • Neutralizing blacks and whites with blend modes
  • Matching colors
  • Saturating and de-saturating colors
  • Increasing saturation with Vibrance
  • Designing with spot color
  • Colorizing images
Subjects:
Design Color Design Techniques
Software:
Photoshop
Author:
Nigel French

Shifting targeted colors using Hue/Saturation

Sometimes when you want to affect a particular color in an image, it's unnecessary to first select it. You can target that color using Hue/Saturation. I am going to come and apply Hue/ Saturation as an adjustment layer; it's always preferable to do this nondestructively. So I am doing it here rather than here. And then I am going to identify the cause that I wish to change. Before I do that though, I just want to point out that Hue/Saturation uses the same color model as Photoshop's Color Picker; Hue to affect the color, Saturation to affect the intensity of the color, and Lightness to affect the Brightness or the value of the color.

So we're off to affecting the Reds in this image, I would like to change the color of this telephone box. And I can do this in a couple of different ways. Because the Reds are so distinctly red, I could just come and choose Reds and then move the Hue Slider, but I might get a better result if I first of all choose my Eyedropper and let Photoshop know exactly what Reds I mean, because color is a very subjective thing. So I can get this Eyedropper and then just click on it, and as I do so you may see these color bars down here on my Color Spectrum just shift ever so slightly.

And what these are reflecting are the colors that are about to be affected by what I am going to do next. Between here and here, the colors are going to be completely affected, and then we have a drop-off from here to here, where they're only partially affected, and from here to here, where they're only partially affected. That's one way of doing it, or I could use the Targeted Adjustment tool. Same difference really, I actually prefer to do it the way I have just done it, which is the older way of doing things. I find the Targeted Adjustment tool not quite to my liking.

Anyway, having targeted the colors, all I do now is move the Hue Slider and we have a purple telephone box, as simple as that. The other colors in the image don't shift, because there are no other Reds in the image. Not entirely true. If we look at the chimneypots up here, they are red, and they are shifting a bit, but does it matter? Well, not really, I don't think. But if they were other Reds, then they would be affected. So let's take a look at a slightly more complicated example. Let's say I want to give this houseboat a paint job.

Well, I can come to my Hue/ Saturation Slider and this time I will use the Targeted Adjustment, I will click on that. And I will then click to identify the colors that I am interested in shifting, and it's the Yellows, they are identified as such, and there is the range of colors that I am about to affect. And now, if I just drag to the right I increase the Saturation, drag to the left I decrease the Saturation, but I am after affecting the Hue, so I hold down the Command key or the Ctrl key and drag to the right or to the left.

And I am going to go to the left. I think I would like an orange houseboat. And of course the problem is that, yes, I get an orange houseboat, but I also get orange daffodils. So this is a slightly more complicated example and this is going to involve the intervention of a layer mask. We already have a layer mask here. It comes with the Hue/ Saturation adjustment layer. I am going to now fill this with black. Black is currently, in my case, my Background Color, so I am going to press X to make it my Foreground Color, press Alt or Option and my Backspace/Delete key to fill my layer mask with Black, effectively invalidating in my previous change.

I am now going to press B to choose a Brush tool and if necessary adjust the size of my brush, and make sure that White is my foreground color. And now, without needing to be particularly accurate, I am going to paint over my houseboat so that I restore the effect of that Hue/Saturation adjustment. And the reason I can be relatively sloppy here is because the areas that I am painting over, the white of the paint trim and the door, they don't have any Yellows or negligible Yellows in them to shift, so they are not going to be affected by this Hue/ Saturation adjustment layer anyway.

It's just the daffodils really in the foreground and the hull of this yacht here that would be slightly affected. So I can just paint over this general area to get the result that I want. And now that that's in place, I can update my color scheme to my heart's desire. So using this mask I can just come back to my Hue/Saturation adjustment layer and I can move one way or the other, and we can have a different paint job every day of the week and it's only going to affect the houseboat itself.

So the takeaway message here is that sometimes you don't need to select your colors by area using your Selection tools, but rather you can target them by color.

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