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Sharpening

From: Photo Restoration with Photoshop

Video: Sharpening

Old photos sometimes lose some of their detail, or perhaps it gets lost when you're removing texture, for instance. There are a couple ways to get it back, or at least a little of it. This image is just a little soft around the edges. It could have a little more clarity; it needs to be a little more sharp. So let's begin by duplicating the original layer using Ctrl+J, Command+J, and go to Filter > Other > High Pass.

Sharpening

Old photos sometimes lose some of their detail, or perhaps it gets lost when you're removing texture, for instance. There are a couple ways to get it back, or at least a little of it. This image is just a little soft around the edges. It could have a little more clarity; it needs to be a little more sharp. So let's begin by duplicating the original layer using Ctrl+J, Command+J, and go to Filter > Other > High Pass.

The High Pass filter is in all versions of Photoshop, and what High Pass does, as with all sharpening filters, is find the edges in an image and enhances them. We need to find a radius that really brings out all the important parts in the image you are working on--and in this case that would be the people. So we're going to move our little window up here and find one of the people. We are going to bring it down a little so we can really see it.

Now you can move your slider and see how it's going to bring the detail out, still little soft over here. You won't be able to find an edge that isn't there. So if the edge is completely gone, you may not be able to get a really good sharpening. Let's see. That's with our sharpening back here. We can move this and see how this is coming along. That's it about 43.

Let's move it up just a bit. I want to get some pretty serious sharpening here. This is kind of soft, but we are more concerned, I think, with the faces. All right, let's go right around 50, 50.5, and click OK. Now go to your Layer Blend modes. I usually start with Soft Light because that's where I have the best luck. See how this has brought out some detail here that you didn't see very clearly in your original--here on the chair for instance. And even the important parts around the faces, it just makes them pop a little more.

If you think it's a bit much, of course you can lower your Opacity to adjust it if it doesn't look natural to you. So now we are going to hide the visibility of that layer, click back on our background, and go over one more method of sharpening that's only in Photoshop CS5. First thing we're going to do with this is go up to Image > Duplicate and just click Ok. It doesn't matter if you name it or not. Now on the copy you made, I'm going to go down here and click on our layer, and Flatten Image just discards that layer, because you have to have a flat image to use this method.

Go to Image > Adjustments > HDR Toning. Now, I came upon this as a sharpening method for restoration kind of by mistake. HDR Toning is a setting usually used in photography, not photo restoration, but it really works as a sharpening method. Now go up to Presets. You can run through your defaults and see how each one is going to look on your image. You will notice especially this one, Monochromatic artistic, has a lot of the look of the High Pass filter.

Just keep an eye on your original and see how it's going to bring out the details. Then if you click on one--let's say we like to look at Photorealistic, but we'd really like to bring some detail out. Go down here to Tone and Detail and move your Detail slider over. You can make some other adjustments. Here is your Shadows. See if that does anything you like. That brightens things up a little bit. Maybe Highlight, too light. You can just do everything you want and try things, and you can always hold down your Alt or Option to reset.

If you don't like how it's going, it turns your Cancel button into a Reset button. And you can just get move any slider you want, get a little Vibrance, Saturation, bring in your colors more. You can make your Radius larger. It does a little more of what the High Pass Filter did with the radius. Just move your sliders around and experiment. When you get to a point that you like that, you can click OK, and we will wait for it to do its calculating.

Now we want to get our HDR Toning copy, our sharpen copy, back into our original image. So what you'll do, make sure you have the Move tool selected and click on the picture and drag it over into the tab of your original photo. Hold down your Shift key, move your arrow over your image, and drop it, and now you've got it centered. By holding down the Shift key, it centers it. Again, Layer Blend mode, Soft Light. You can see that's brought the image out quite a bit.

Lower your Opacity about 75 or so, and you've got a much nicer, sharper image. If you need to clarify things a bit in an image or bring some detail back when you've had to soften things up, such as when you've reduced texture in a photo, you can try these methods, and chances are at least one of them will work to sharpen things up a bit.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Photo Restoration with Photoshop
Photo Restoration with Photoshop

70 video lessons · 15861 viewers

Janine Smith
Author

 
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  1. 1m 33s
    1. Welcome
      48s
    2. What you should know before watching this course
      13s
    3. Using the exercise files
      32s
  2. 16m 47s
    1. Customizing your workspace
      2m 17s
    2. Using layers
      1m 58s
    3. Assessing the damage
      1m 52s
    4. Rebuilding color channels in a grayscale image
      3m 47s
    5. Using a Black & White adjustment layer
      1m 57s
    6. Using the Clone Stamp, Healing Brush, and Patch tools
      4m 56s
  3. 27m 30s
    1. Fixing a faded black-and-white photo
      2m 20s
    2. Removing small splits, specks, and spots
      3m 44s
    3. Repairing red-eye
      4m 58s
    4. Reducing paper texture
      4m 34s
    5. Reducing dot patterns in printed photos
      3m 51s
    6. Fixing lens distortion
      4m 19s
    7. Straightening a crooked image
      3m 44s
  4. 24m 16s
    1. Fixing large rips, tears, and other damage
      3m 9s
    2. Removing long scratches
      3m 24s
    3. Fixing creases
      5m 8s
    4. Stitching large photos using Photomerge
      3m 17s
    5. Reassembling torn photos
      4m 56s
    6. Replacing missing pieces
      4m 22s
  5. 27m 55s
    1. Removing stains
      3m 48s
    2. Removing ink marks
      2m 34s
    3. Repairing adhesive tape damage on a black-and-white photo
      2m 14s
    4. Repairing adhesive tape damage on a color photo
      6m 1s
    5. Fixing mold damage
      5m 20s
    6. Reducing starburst light glare
      5m 11s
    7. Reducing eyeglass light glare
      2m 47s
  6. 21m 32s
    1. Understanding the basics of levels
      2m 50s
    2. Understanding the basics of curves
      3m 29s
    3. Finding the black, white, and gray points in an image
      3m 28s
    4. Adjusting color levels by channel
      1m 58s
    5. Making selective contrast adjustments
      4m 48s
    6. Adjusting image shadows and highlights
      4m 59s
  7. 18m 13s
    1. Adjusting color with the Photo Filter adjustment
      2m 23s
    2. Correcting color casts using inverse color correction
      3m 2s
    3. Correcting color problems using the Color Balance adjustment
      3m 19s
    4. Correcting color casts using the Variations command
      3m 55s
    5. Correcting color by combining levels and curves
      1m 44s
    6. Improving color by adjusting the hue and saturation
      3m 50s
  8. 33m 14s
    1. Removing distracting elements
      5m 35s
    2. Repairing and recreating backgrounds
      7m 43s
    3. Extracting areas using masks
      5m 5s
    4. Matching colors in elements you add
      4m 11s
    5. Matching textures
      4m 45s
    6. Replacing facial features and missing body parts
      5m 55s
  9. 29m 59s
    1. Converting to black and white
      4m 48s
    2. Enhancing faded color
      3m 30s
    3. Smoothing a subject's skin
      4m 2s
    4. Enhancing black-and-white photos with duotone
      2m 34s
    5. Enhancing the eyes
      4m 10s
    6. Bringing out facial features with light
      5m 22s
    7. Sharpening
      5m 33s
  10. 32m 32s
    1. Assessing the damage
      1m 26s
    2. Repairing the crack
      1m 52s
    3. Replacing the missing body parts
      3m 5s
    4. Removing the specks, spots, and scratches
      3m 7s
    5. Fixing the missing corner
      1m 14s
    6. Lightening the stains
      5m 22s
    7. Restoring the faded tone in the face
      3m 8s
    8. Balancing the tone in the image
      1m 58s
    9. Evening the color with a Black & White adjustment layer
      49s
    10. Cleaning up the image
      2m 24s
    11. Adding definition to the face
      2m 20s
    12. Softening the image
      58s
    13. Sharpening the image
      2m 4s
    14. Bringing back some of the original tone
      1m 34s
    15. Comparing the image before and after
      1m 11s
  11. 24s
    1. Final thoughts
      24s

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