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Sharpening details

From: Photoshop CC Essential Training

Video: Sharpening details

Almost every digital capture can benefit from some amount of sharpening in Camera Raw. Just to make up from any loss of sharpness in the capture process. So let's take a look at this image here of the cannon and we'll use Cmd+R or Ctrl+R in order to open that into Camera RAW. Now depending on whether or not you have your shadow and highlight clipping warnings on, you might see some little red overlays or some blue overlays. So let's go ahead and turn both those off by clicking on them in the histogram. Now we're going to move over to the detail panel and take a look at the sharpening.

Sharpening details

Almost every digital capture can benefit from some amount of sharpening in Camera Raw. Just to make up from any loss of sharpness in the capture process. So let's take a look at this image here of the cannon and we'll use Cmd+R or Ctrl+R in order to open that into Camera RAW. Now depending on whether or not you have your shadow and highlight clipping warnings on, you might see some little red overlays or some blue overlays. So let's go ahead and turn both those off by clicking on them in the histogram. Now we're going to move over to the detail panel and take a look at the sharpening.

What Camera Raw is automatically adding, and what we can see here for the amount being 25, that is what we're going to call input or capture sharpening, as opposed to output sharpening. And the goal here in Camera Raw is to add as much sharpening as needed, to simply make the image look good on the screen here. This is not where you would add sharpening for a specific output device, that's handled later in the workflow when you actually save a file from Camera Raw or by using something like the un-sharp or smart sharpen filters in Photoshop before you print. So when your looking at how much sharpening to add you want to make sure that your viewing your image at 100% so I'll use the keyboard shortcut command option zero or control alt zero to automatically zoom to 100%. I just want to mention that if you're following along with your own images and they happen to be JPEG images.

You'll notice that the amount is actually set to zero. And that's because Camera Raw assumes that if you're capturing with JPEG, there's been some kind of default amount of sharpening that's already been added to that image, so Camera Raw won't automatically add additional sharpening. And this amount, this 25 that you see in the camera RAW settings, that's actually a different number under the hood for each camera. So, even though you might bring up 10 different images from 10 different cameras.

And the slider is always set to 25 as a default for each of those files, you should just know that camera raw is actually changing the amount of sharpening that's applied to each image because the quality of the camera and the sensors change from one model to another. Now let's talk about the four sliders. The Amount slider is the amount of contrast that you're going to be adding to your image. As we move it over to the right, you can see that there's been a lot of contrast added to the image. So the amount is simply the amount of contrast, because when Camera Raw finds an edge, and it adds this amount to the edge, it's trying to fool your eye into thinking that the image is sharper. By adding that added contrast.

The radius slider determines how many pixels the amount is added to when camera raw finds an edge. So as you move the radius slider to the right you'll notice that you'll get kind of thicker and thicker edges to your sharpening. Now, obviously this is too much, so let's back off on the radius. Usually you want to keep that between about one and two, and I'm going to also back off on the amount of sharpening. I think it's really handy to keep one hand on the P key, because that will toggle on and off the preview here, so you can see the before and after when you're adding your sharpening.

It might be a little bit difficult for you to see once the video is compressed, but if you move these values yourself I'm sure you'll be able to see the added contrast that's being added with the amount slider. So again toggling with a P, that's before and after. You just want to make sure that you don't start seeing any halos. So lemme hold down the space bar and move over to this area right here. What I'm looking at is the bottom of the cannon here. If I increase the amount slider and we increase the radius. Can you see that light halo on this side of the cannon.

And then the darker halo that is being formed at the very base area there and the darker areas. That halo is caused by two great an amount as well as too great of a radius. So again I'm going to bring that radius down, as well as the amount, I wanted to point that out because it's important that you look at your entire image when you're adding sharpening because there might be some areas that the sharpening is more noticeable than other areas. Alright, let's increase the sharpening and the radius again, all the way because I want to show you what the detail and masking sliders do.

If we move the detail slider all the way over to the right, to 100. That says to put the emphasize on sharpening all of the little details, and you can see now how everything in the image is being sharpened. As I move the Detail slider over to the left, now the areas that had less contrast, like for example kind of the flatter areas here in the spokes or the sky area back here, you'll notice that the sharpening is being suppressed in those areas of lower contrast and it's only being applied in the areas of higher contrast, or where there's more of an edge.

Again, we'll turn that up to a 100% and everything's being sharpened. As we move it down toward 0, we're saying don't sharpen all those areas of lower contrast. All right. I'll move it all the way up again so we can take a look at the masking slider. As I move the masking slider, it works kind of in the other direction. As I move the masking slider over to a hundred percent, it has been suppressing the values in the image that have less contrast. So, you might be wondering what's the difference between these two sliders. The difference is in the way they are suppressing it.

If I hold down my option key, and I start dragging the detail slider, you can see the mask that Camera RAW is creating in order to apply the amount and radius to. And as I move it over to the left, you can see that those areas like the sky and the spokes Aren't being sharpened. When I move it over to the right you can see that everything in the image is being sharpened. Now if I let go of that but hold down the Option or the Alt key again when I drag the masking slider we can see that the mask that it creates is a much more organic mask, and again we can see those areas where the sharpening is being applied and where it's not. So wherever the mask is black here, the sharpening is not being applied. Wherever it's white, the sharpening is being applied. So this masking slider is actually the preferred slider for me when I'm sharpening something that is more organic, something like a person's face. If I'm going to be sharpening a landscape like this, that has lots of leaves or trees or small details, then I prefer to use the Detail slider in order to suppress the amount of sharpening.

Alright. So let's go ahead and back off on the Amount here, get it a little bit more realistic. Same with the radius, I usually try to keep my radius down between one and two and then just increase the amount until I think the image looks good. Again, we can tap the p key to preview. And that's before, and after. So, you can see that I'm not over sharpening. I really don't have any halos showing in the image. And, at the same time, I've got the correct amount of suppression, so we're not seeing that sharpening occur in the sky or in these areas that are rather flat, like these spokes at the wheel, here.

As we can see, adding the correct amount of sharpening is really quite easy once you know what each of these sliders does. Go ahead and click Done, return back to the Bridge, and since it was sharpening that we changed, we probably won't see that preview updated, but it actually has been.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Photoshop CC Essential Training
Photoshop CC Essential Training

164 video lessons · 54591 viewers

Julieanne Kost
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 1m 42s
    1. What is Photoshop?
      1m 42s
  2. 4m 18s
    1. Welcome
      1m 4s
    2. Using the exercise files
      25s
    3. Installing Adobe Bridge
      1m 23s
    4. What's new
      1m 26s
  3. 40m 58s
    1. What is Adobe Bridge?
      3m 3s
    2. Getting photos from a camera
      6m 0s
    3. A tour of workspaces in Bridge
      8m 30s
    4. Customizing how thumbnails are displayed
      4m 42s
    5. Changing file names and batch renaming
      4m 39s
    6. Adding basic metadata with metadata templates
      4m 46s
    7. Creating and applying keywords to images
      7m 1s
    8. Viewing images in Full Screen Preview mode
      2m 17s
  4. 27m 23s
    1. Using Review mode to filter out rejected images
      5m 32s
    2. Saving images in collections
      3m 52s
    3. Rating and labeling images
      4m 31s
    4. Using the Filter panel to view different subsets
      3m 7s
    5. Using smart collections
      3m 39s
    6. Viewing final selects in a slideshow
      2m 50s
    7. Organizing groups of images into stacks
      3m 52s
  5. 29m 57s
    1. Comparing raw and JPEG files
      5m 5s
    2. Starting in Camera Raw instead of Photoshop
      4m 1s
    3. Touring the Camera Raw user interface
      5m 29s
    4. Previewing before and after adjustments
      3m 18s
    5. Toggling onscreen Shadow/Highlight clipping warnings
      4m 44s
    6. Choosing output settings
      3m 34s
    7. Saving a copy without going to Photoshop
      3m 46s
  6. 56m 7s
    1. Using the nondestructive Crop tool: Door and window with ramp
      3m 42s
    2. Correcting a tilted horizon line with the Straighten tool
      4m 12s
    3. Fixing color casts with the White Balance tool
      3m 52s
    4. Fixing blown-out highlights
      5m 42s
    5. Revealing hidden shadow detail
      4m 36s
    6. Reducing distracting color noise with Noise Reduction
      5m 55s
    7. Correcting lens distortion
      5m 17s
    8. Making perspective corrections to images
      5m 51s
    9. Removing chromatic aberration
      3m 32s
    10. Sharpening details
      7m 23s
    11. Making an average photo great
      6m 5s
  7. 1h 3m
    1. Using the Graduated Filter tool
      5m 39s
    2. Adding a radial gradient
      6m 35s
    3. Making local adjustments with the Adjustment Brush
      11m 19s
    4. Retouching blemishes with the Spot Removal tool
      4m 35s
    5. A quick portrait retouching technique using Clarity
      7m 49s
    6. Converting to black and white
      3m 17s
    7. Editing images directly with the Targeted Adjustment tool
      3m 56s
    8. Selective coloring effects with the Adjustment Brush
      5m 56s
    9. Easy sepia and split-tone effects
      4m 11s
    10. Adding digital film grain texture effects
      2m 27s
    11. Adding vignettes and border effects
      4m 24s
    12. Saving variations within a single file with the Snapshot command
      3m 27s
  8. 19m 16s
    1. Copying and pasting settings across files
      1m 52s
    2. Processing multiple files in Camera Raw
      4m 22s
    3. Saving and using a library of Camera Raw presets
      5m 47s
    4. Saving multiple files in Camera Raw
      3m 36s
    5. Using Image Processor to batch process multiple files
      3m 39s
  9. 27m 6s
    1. Opening files from Bridge
      3m 9s
    2. Customizing the interface in Photoshop
      5m 16s
    3. Managing panels
      5m 1s
    4. Switching and saving workspaces
      3m 45s
    5. Switching tools using the keyboard
      3m 21s
    6. Customizing the keyboard shortcuts
      6m 34s
  10. 22m 49s
    1. Working with tabbed documents
      2m 51s
    2. Arranging documents
      3m 37s
    3. Stopping Photoshop from tabbing documents
      2m 49s
    4. Panning, zooming, and using the Rotate View tool
      9m 51s
    5. Cycling through the different screen modes
      3m 41s
  11. 26m 19s
    1. Understanding file formats
      8m 26s
    2. Choosing the resolution you need
      5m 15s
    3. Understanding Resize vs. Resample
      9m 40s
    4. How big a print can you make with your image?
      2m 58s
  12. 59m 15s
    1. Using Undo and the History panel
      6m 40s
    2. Using crop options
      4m 20s
    3. Understanding Hide vs. Delete for the Crop tool
      3m 52s
    4. Cropping to the perfect print size
      3m 51s
    5. Making the canvas bigger with the Crop tool
      5m 2s
    6. Making the canvas bigger using the Canvas Size command
      4m 57s
    7. Straightening a crooked image
      4m 21s
    8. Removing keystoning from buildings
      2m 6s
    9. Using the Perspective Crop tool
      2m 4s
    10. Scaling, skewing, and rotating with Free Transform
      8m 29s
    11. Nondestructive transformations with Smart Objects
      3m 56s
    12. Warping images
      4m 48s
    13. Preserving important elements with Content-Aware Scale
      4m 49s
  13. 41m 55s
    1. Exploring layer basics
      13m 25s
    2. Loading, selecting, and transforming layers
      9m 28s
    3. Organizing layers into layer groups
      8m 47s
    4. Merging, rasterizing, and flattening layers
      10m 15s
  14. 1h 15m
    1. Using the Marquee and Lasso tools
      11m 41s
    2. Combining selections
      6m 40s
    3. Converting a selection into a layer mask
      7m 40s
    4. Using the Quick Selection tool and Refine Edge
      7m 12s
    5. Selecting soft-edged objects using Refine Edge
      9m 28s
    6. Touching up a layer mask with the Brush tool
      5m 42s
    7. Changing the opacity, size, and hardness of the painting tools
      9m 9s
    8. Blending images with a gradient layer mask
      4m 55s
    9. Combining multiple exposures with layer masks
      5m 5s
    10. Making selections with Color Range
      5m 17s
    11. Selecting with Focus Mask
      3m 10s
  15. 42m 5s
    1. Introducing adjustment layers
      3m 29s
    2. Starting with a preset
      2m 36s
    3. Improving tonal quality with Levels
      7m 32s
    4. Increasing midtone contrast with Curves
      5m 7s
    5. Removing a color cast with Auto Color
      2m 37s
    6. Changing the color temperature with Photo Filter
      1m 56s
    7. Shifting colors with Hue/Saturation
      5m 39s
    8. Making washed-out colors pop with Vibrance
      2m 7s
    9. Converting color to black and white
      3m 32s
    10. Creating traditional darkroom toning effects
      2m 51s
    11. Controlling which layers are affected by an adjustment layer
      3m 49s
    12. Three different ways to add an adjustment layer
      50s
  16. 24m 41s
    1. Adjusting shadows and highlights
      5m 49s
    2. Replacing color using Selective Color
      5m 39s
    3. Using fill layers to create a hand-painted look
      7m 18s
    4. Using a gradient fill layer to add a color wash
      5m 55s
  17. 40m 53s
    1. Removing blemishes with the Healing Brush and Patch tools
      10m 21s
    2. A quick technique for smoothing skin and pores
      3m 4s
    3. Making teeth bright and white
      2m 47s
    4. Brightening eyes, to make a person appear more alert
      6m 31s
    5. Taming flyaway hair
      4m 53s
    6. De-emphasizing wrinkles with the Healing Brush
      1m 53s
    7. Body sculpting with Liquify
      5m 6s
    8. Removing unwanted details with Content-Aware Fill
      6m 18s
  18. 22m 47s
    1. Creating panoramas with Photomerge and Auto-Blend
      5m 50s
    2. Combining multiple frames of an action sequence
      6m 21s
    3. Swapping heads in a family portrait
      4m 3s
    4. Working with bracketed exposures (HDR)
      6m 33s
  19. 1h 0m
    1. Overview of filters
      3m 3s
    2. Applying filters nondestructively with Smart Filters
      5m 56s
    3. Straightening images using the Adaptive Wide Angle filter
      5m 28s
    4. Creating a soft glow with the Gaussian Blur filter
      3m 23s
    5. Creating an infrared look with Diffuse Glow
      5m 4s
    6. Adding noise with the Add Noise filter
      7m 7s
    7. Sharpening an image with Unsharp Mask and Smart Sharpen
      7m 22s
    8. Giving an image texture with the Texturizer filter
      1m 53s
    9. Using the Field, Iris, and Tilt-Shift Blurs
      6m 9s
    10. Using the Spin and Path Blurs
      7m 38s
    11. Applying the Camera Raw filter
      2m 48s
    12. Applying a filter to multiple layers
      4m 11s
  20. 24m 3s
    1. Cycling through the blending modes
      5m 24s
    2. Scanning or photographing paper to add a deckled edge
      4m 55s
    3. Adding texture with blend modes
      1m 58s
    4. Making a cast shadow more realistic with Multiply
      5m 57s
    5. Sharpening an image with High Pass and Overlay
      2m 49s
    6. Adding a realistic off-center vignette
      3m 0s
  21. 35m 37s
    1. Exploring character (point) type
      11m 58s
    2. Adding paragraph (area) type
      4m 7s
    3. Adding type on a path
      7m 3s
    4. Clipping an image inside type
      3m 41s
    5. Warping type
      2m 36s
    6. Defining character and paragraph styles
      6m 12s
  22. 24m 13s
    1. Using the shape tools
      13m 45s
    2. Custom shape layers
      6m 15s
    3. Adding a keyline to an image
      4m 13s
  23. 24m 48s
    1. Adding a drop shadow effect
      8m 57s
    2. Adding edges, textures, and color overlays using styles
      5m 11s
    3. Creating a transparent logo or watermark
      4m 46s
    4. Knowing how and when to scale layer effects
      5m 54s
  24. 11m 43s
    1. Creating contact sheets
      4m 29s
    2. Creating PDF presentations
      3m 25s
    3. Saving for the web
      3m 49s
  25. 23m 9s
    1. Working with video clips
      12m 14s
    2. Adding special effects to video files
      5m 56s
    3. Adding pans and zooms to still images
      4m 59s
  26. 1m 4s
    1. Next steps
      1m 4s

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