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I've saved this guy rendered out as a Smart Object as Washed-out man.psd. In this exercise we're going to apply the Shadows/Highlights command as an editable Smart Filter. So, make sure that the Dead calm Smart Object is selected here inside the Layers panel, then go up to the Image menu, choose Adjustments and choose Shadows/Highlights. Now, if you followed my instructions for creating a keyboard shortcut for this command back in chapter 17, then you can also get this command by pressing Ctrl+Alt+S or Command+Option+S on the Mac, and that brings up the Shadows/Highlights dialog box.
Now, if you're only seeing two sliders like this, that's fine for now; just go ahead and change the Amount value to 10% so that we're brightening the Shadows ever so slightly and then tab to the Highlights value and raise it to 50%, which means that we're dimming down the Highlights considerably. Now, we need more values than this if we want to get very far because we need the support options that are available to Shadows/Highlights to get the best effect. So, I'm going to turn on the Show More Options check box and for those of you who are seeing all these options in the first place, the Shadows Amount value should be 10% and the Highlights Amount value should be 50%, and what I'm doing is I'm just re-creating the effect we created back in chapter 17.
Now, the Tonal Width for both Shadows and Highlights should be 50% and that's me just saying that the lightest 50% of the colors are the Highlights and the darkest 50% of the colors are the Shadows. A Radius value of 50 pixels for Highlights works well for this image, but I'm going to take the Shadows value up to 100 pixels like so and that's going to spread out our halo, so they're not quite so noticeable inside of the Shadow regions, and then finally, I'm going to raise the Midtone Contrast value to 60, plus 60 that is.
Both the Black and White Clip values you want to leave alone, they should read their defaults which is 0.01%. Color Correction by default is set to 20%, like so. I don't care what it's set to. If you want to raise that to 100%, be my guest, because in just a moment we're going to wipe that out anyway. So, why don't we do it just so that you can see the results of what I am about to show you. Set your Color Correction value to 100%. Really, though between you and me, I leave that value set to zero all the time. I do not even mildly approve of the Color Correction option here inside Shadows/Highlights.
Anyway, click OK in order to accept that modification. So now, you may well ask, well Deke, if you don't like that value, why do we just crank it up to 100% because the next thing you want to do, now that you've assigned Shadows/Highlights as a Smart Filter, so you can double-click on that option, once again the Shadows/Highlights item that is, in order to bring back up your settings and change them to anything else you want. For example, you could change this to negative 100 if you so desire in order to reduce the saturation of the colors, which actually looks a heck of a lot better than what we were seeing before, but I'm going to cancel out because what we're next going to do is double-click on the little Settings Icon to bring up the Blend Options dialog box right here and we're going to do the very same thing with Shadows/Highlights that we would with either Unsharp Mask or Smart Sharpen and that is we're going to change the mode to Luminosity.
The reason that we're doing this is because we just want to affect the luminance of the image; we don't want to affect the colors at all. So by virtue of the fact we choose Luminosity, we throw away any hue modifications that might be inherent in the Shadows/Highlights Filter. We also throw away the effects of that color adjustment which enhance the saturation values. One of the reasons that we do the same thing that we do here, we set the Filter to Luminosity just as we do with Unsharp Mask and Smart Sharpen, is because Shadows/Highlights is an analogous feature inside the software.
So, both Unsharp Mask and Smart Sharpen are looking at radius values and they're using those radius values in order to enhance the edge contrast inside the image, that's the exact same thing that's happening with Shadows/Highlights. Albeit, it's not a sharpening filter but it does increase edge contrast and it does produce halos and so on. Anyway, so Luminosity is the way to go, click OK in order to apply that Blend mode. Then I want you to right-click inside of this Filter Mask, that's right next door to the word Smart Filters and I want you to choose Delete Filter Mask in order to get rid of it.
And so, just to get a sense of what kind of difference that made, I'll turn Off Smart Filters for a moment, so we can see this is the original washed out version of the image and then I'll just press Ctrl+Z or Command+Z on the Mac to turn the Filter back on. In the next exercise, we're going to nest this Smart Object inside of another Smart Object. Then we're going to apply Gaussian Blur and High Pass and a Filter Mask.
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