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Setting justified paragraph alignment

From: Photoshop for Designers: Type Essentials

Video: Setting justified paragraph alignment

Now, that fourth alignment option that are we used to is Justified and that is not available on the Tool Options. There we just have left, center, and right. But let's say we want to justify our text. This text is justified. Now, The Gettysburg Address is 200-odd words. I am not sure exactly how many, but however many it is, this is really pushing the limit of the amount of text that you should work with in Photoshop. It's probably too much. But this nonetheless makes a point, because it gives us the chance to work with justified type.

Setting justified paragraph alignment

Now, that fourth alignment option that are we used to is Justified and that is not available on the Tool Options. There we just have left, center, and right. But let's say we want to justify our text. This text is justified. Now, The Gettysburg Address is 200-odd words. I am not sure exactly how many, but however many it is, this is really pushing the limit of the amount of text that you should work with in Photoshop. It's probably too much. But this nonetheless makes a point, because it gives us the chance to work with justified type.

There are several things involved here to creating justified type. We need to jump through a few hoops in order to get decent-looking justified type. So firstly, how do we get justified type in the first place? I am just going to select the type and then come to the Paragraph panel. If you don't see your Paragraph panel, it's under the Window menu right there. And we have four justification options. In the next movie, I'll be looking at this one, Justify All. We're all about using this one, Justify with last line left.

These other two are not very useful. I mean if you want the last line of the paragraph centered or if you want the last line of the paragraph right aligned, that's when you would use those. But everything I say about this justification option could apply to these two. So we have the type justified. That's the starting point. We have hyphenation turned on. That's going to make easier to get decent justified text, so that's working in our favor. We also have text with first line indent, so we can easily tell where one paragraph begins.

But what we don't have and what we are after, what we always try and achieve with justified text, is equal spacing between the words. You can see on this line in particular the spacing between those words is really quite nasty, and it's not too good on that one either. I mean, you know, we have all seen worse and the sun would still rise tomorrow if this saw the light of day as it is, but there is much that we can do to improve this. So what we want to do is select all of that text and then come to the Paragraph panel, and the first thing is we want to use this, the Every-line Composer.

With the Every-line Composer turned on--and you can see how things shifted when I chose that-- Photoshop has to look on every line of the paragraph to figure out the word spacing within that whole paragraph, as opposed to looking on just a single line, so it's more work for it to do. Consequently, it's going to take longer, but the result is almost always going to be a better one. So that's the first thing we want to do. The second thing we want to do is come and set our justification options. Let me just move this over here, and we have got these three things, Word Spacing, Letter Spacing, Glyph Scaling, and they all factor in to the justification result, but only one of them, the Word Spacing, is really being used, because we see the Letter Spacing is all set to zero for the Minimum, Desired or Maximum, Glyph Scaling at 100 for Minimum, Desired or Maximum.

So I am going to leave the Word Spacing as it is, but I am going to allow a little bit Letter Spacing to come in to play. And I am going to say that the spacing between the letters can vary between this amount -2. The Desired will stay the same and the maximum will go up to as much as +2. Now and you can see the type change as we do that. Already it's looking better. The Glyph Scaling, well that can vary between 98% as the minimum, and this is the horizontal scaling of the letters. And I know in an earlier movie I said, "Don't ever touch the Horizontal scale." So you might think, well, isn't he contradicting himself.

Well, yes, maybe, slightly, but sometimes you've got to do that, and the result here if we apply this gently, then no one is ever going to know, and the end result is going to be a better one. And the Maximum will be 102. So now we have got much more even spacing between our letters, much improved. So let me just click OK to that. I will just come and get that paragraph panel out of the way. There are maybe a couple of other things that we can do as well. Perhaps we want to change the hyphenation options.

So I will come back to the Paragraph panel and from the panel menu, we'll go to Hyphenation, and we can say here I only want words with at least seven characters to be hyphenated, and I want at least three characters after the first hyphen and at least three before the last hyphen. So we are still hyphenating; we're just being more strict with how the hyphenation happens. Unfortunately, we can't set the hyphen limit, which is the number of hyphens in a row, to anything less than 2, as you might expect.

If I were to put that to 1, it's not going to let me, so I am going to have to leave that at 2. Hyphenations don't have any effect when working with justified text. So that's irrelevant. Capitalized words, there aren't many. It's not really going to have any effect of this body on text. It might, depending on text that you are working with. I am going to turn that off. All right, so things are getting better and better with every one of these steps. The last step is that I would like to have some hanging punctuation, by which I mean I am going to press Command+H or Ctrl+H to hide my extras, so we don't see the highlight color of the text, and we can see if I zoom in on over here, I have a hyphen occurring at the edge of that text frame.

If I now come to the Paragraph panel, I can choose Roman Hanging Punctuation, and look what happens to the hyphens. They get pushed out beyond the edge of the type area. Very nice look, if you like that sort of thing. Personally, I do. Some people don't, but I think it's great. So there we have some decent-looking justified text in Photoshop. Who would have thought such a thing was possible? Indeed it is.

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This video is part of

Image for Photoshop for Designers: Type Essentials
Photoshop for Designers: Type Essentials

60 video lessons · 16388 viewers

Nigel French
Author

 
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  1. 1m 31s
    1. Welcome
      56s
    2. Using the exercise files
      35s
  2. 6m 12s
    1. The pros and cons of setting type in Photoshop
      1m 27s
    2. Exploring type anatomy and terminology
      1m 8s
    3. Setting type preferences
      3m 37s
  3. 34m 28s
    1. Interacting with type layers
      1m 53s
    2. Entering and selecting point type
      6m 27s
    3. Copying a type layer
      3m 6s
    4. Choosing fonts
      3m 15s
    5. Sizing type
      2m 20s
    6. Understanding pixel/point size and resolution
      1m 49s
    7. Entering and selecting paragraph type
      2m 42s
    8. Finding and replacing text
      2m 20s
    9. Spell-checking your type
      55s
    10. Converting point type to paragraph type and vice versa
      1m 23s
    11. Creating returns and non-breaking spaces in paragraph type
      1m 18s
    12. Entering glyphs and special characters
      4m 28s
    13. Applying anti-aliasing to type
      2m 32s
  4. 39m 35s
    1. Changing fonts across multiple layers
      38s
    2. Changing type color
      4m 5s
    3. Sampling color
      3m 19s
    4. Working with transparency
      1m 46s
    5. Applying a gradient
      4m 22s
    6. Setting leading
      3m 56s
    7. Tracking type
      3m 7s
    8. Kerning type
      3m 44s
    9. Using horizontal and vertical scale options
      1m 39s
    10. Using Baseline Shift
      2m 39s
    11. Casing and underlining options
      2m 36s
    12. Giving emphasis
      41s
    13. Using smart quotes
      1m 3s
    14. Working with OpenType fonts
      5m 9s
    15. Resetting the Character panel
      51s
  5. 28m 31s
    1. Aligning paragraphs left, right, and center
      2m 17s
    2. Setting justified paragraph alignment
      6m 1s
    3. Aligning type on an axis
      2m 51s
    4. Setting forced justified paragraph alignment
      3m 4s
    5. Evenly spacing type elements with unique lengths
      2m 29s
    6. Aligning type with guides and Smart Guides
      2m 20s
    7. Aligning type along a radial axis
      2m 32s
    8. Grouping layers
      1m 29s
    9. Adding space between paragraphs and paragraph indents
      2m 9s
    10. Creating a bulleted list
      1m 46s
    11. Setting the hanging punctuation option
      42s
    12. Resetting the Paragraph panel
      51s
  6. 9m 19s
    1. Using type mask tools
      3m 10s
    2. Creating masks from type layers
      2m 36s
    3. Masking with a clipping mask
      1m 41s
    4. Masking with Pattern Overlay
      1m 52s
  7. 37m 24s
    1. Setting type around a circle
      5m 55s
    2. Setting type along a pen path
      3m 42s
    3. Setting type around a shape
      4m 29s
    4. Create a work path from type
      5m 59s
    5. Rotating type with Free Transform
      1m 15s
    6. Working with vertical type
      1m 54s
    7. Working with stacked type
      1m 44s
    8. Transforming type using the Warp tool
      4m 9s
    9. Distorting type
      3m 50s
    10. Converting type to shape layers
      4m 27s
  8. 17s
    1. Final thoughts
      17s

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