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For this installment of Photoshop for Designers, Nigel French explains the fundamentals of working with type in Photoshop, distinguishing when it is appropriate to set type in Photoshop rather than InDesign or Illustrator and what makes Photoshop unique for certain type treatments. This course demonstrates essential techniques, such as entering and editing text; interacting with type layers; and adjusting the color, transparency, character and paragraph formatting of type.
Now, that fourth alignment option that are we used to is Justified and that is not available on the Tool Options. There we just have left, center, and right. But let's say we want to justify our text. This text is justified. Now, The Gettysburg Address is 200-odd words. I am not sure exactly how many, but however many it is, this is really pushing the limit of the amount of text that you should work with in Photoshop. It's probably too much. But this nonetheless makes a point, because it gives us the chance to work with justified type.
There are several things involved here to creating justified type. We need to jump through a few hoops in order to get decent-looking justified type. So firstly, how do we get justified type in the first place? I am just going to select the type and then come to the Paragraph panel. If you don't see your Paragraph panel, it's under the Window menu right there. And we have four justification options. In the next movie, I'll be looking at this one, Justify All. We're all about using this one, Justify with last line left.
These other two are not very useful. I mean if you want the last line of the paragraph centered or if you want the last line of the paragraph right aligned, that's when you would use those. But everything I say about this justification option could apply to these two. So we have the type justified. That's the starting point. We have hyphenation turned on. That's going to make easier to get decent justified text, so that's working in our favor. We also have text with first line indent, so we can easily tell where one paragraph begins.
But what we don't have and what we are after, what we always try and achieve with justified text, is equal spacing between the words. You can see on this line in particular the spacing between those words is really quite nasty, and it's not too good on that one either. I mean, you know, we have all seen worse and the sun would still rise tomorrow if this saw the light of day as it is, but there is much that we can do to improve this. So what we want to do is select all of that text and then come to the Paragraph panel, and the first thing is we want to use this, the Every-line Composer.
With the Every-line Composer turned on--and you can see how things shifted when I chose that-- Photoshop has to look on every line of the paragraph to figure out the word spacing within that whole paragraph, as opposed to looking on just a single line, so it's more work for it to do. Consequently, it's going to take longer, but the result is almost always going to be a better one. So that's the first thing we want to do. The second thing we want to do is come and set our justification options. Let me just move this over here, and we have got these three things, Word Spacing, Letter Spacing, Glyph Scaling, and they all factor in to the justification result, but only one of them, the Word Spacing, is really being used, because we see the Letter Spacing is all set to zero for the Minimum, Desired or Maximum, Glyph Scaling at 100 for Minimum, Desired or Maximum.
So I am going to leave the Word Spacing as it is, but I am going to allow a little bit Letter Spacing to come in to play. And I am going to say that the spacing between the letters can vary between this amount -2. The Desired will stay the same and the maximum will go up to as much as +2. Now and you can see the type change as we do that. Already it's looking better. The Glyph Scaling, well that can vary between 98% as the minimum, and this is the horizontal scaling of the letters. And I know in an earlier movie I said, "Don't ever touch the Horizontal scale." So you might think, well, isn't he contradicting himself.
Well, yes, maybe, slightly, but sometimes you've got to do that, and the result here if we apply this gently, then no one is ever going to know, and the end result is going to be a better one. And the Maximum will be 102. So now we have got much more even spacing between our letters, much improved. So let me just click OK to that. I will just come and get that paragraph panel out of the way. There are maybe a couple of other things that we can do as well. Perhaps we want to change the hyphenation options.
So I will come back to the Paragraph panel and from the panel menu, we'll go to Hyphenation, and we can say here I only want words with at least seven characters to be hyphenated, and I want at least three characters after the first hyphen and at least three before the last hyphen. So we are still hyphenating; we're just being more strict with how the hyphenation happens. Unfortunately, we can't set the hyphen limit, which is the number of hyphens in a row, to anything less than 2, as you might expect.
If I were to put that to 1, it's not going to let me, so I am going to have to leave that at 2. Hyphenations don't have any effect when working with justified text. So that's irrelevant. Capitalized words, there aren't many. It's not really going to have any effect of this body on text. It might, depending on text that you are working with. I am going to turn that off. All right, so things are getting better and better with every one of these steps. The last step is that I would like to have some hanging punctuation, by which I mean I am going to press Command+H or Ctrl+H to hide my extras, so we don't see the highlight color of the text, and we can see if I zoom in on over here, I have a hyphen occurring at the edge of that text frame.
If I now come to the Paragraph panel, I can choose Roman Hanging Punctuation, and look what happens to the hyphens. They get pushed out beyond the edge of the type area. Very nice look, if you like that sort of thing. Personally, I do. Some people don't, but I think it's great. So there we have some decent-looking justified text in Photoshop. Who would have thought such a thing was possible? Indeed it is.
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