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In Photoshop CS6 for Photographers, author, photographer, and teacher Chris Orwig explores Photoshop from the perspective of the photographer.
The course details the features and techniques behind enhancing and retouching photos, preparing them for print and online publishing, and much more. Chris demonstrates how to make basic edits in Camera Raw, develop and save color profiles, work with layers and selections, tone and sharpen, and retouch images while retaining their natural character.
Chris also shares some creative tips and project ideas, such as converting a photo to black-and-white and enhancing a portrait with hand-painted masks. The course also covers workflow details, such as organizing images in Bridge and Mini Bridge, optimizing Photoshop preferences, and calibrating your monitor.
So far, we have taken a look at how we can make selections based on shape. Well, here I want to transition to talking about how we can use what's called Color Range. And in the next few movies we will be working on a few different images to take a look at how we can use this tool in different situations. Let's say that what we want to do is change the overall color or tone of this shirt. Well, to do that, we could go to Select and then click on Color Range. This dialog is actually really powerful, and what it allows us to do is to sample specific colors or to select from our pulldown menu a color in our image.
Let's say we want to go to Cyans. Well, here we'll try to create a selection of those colors, or we might want to try Blues. Now what this window is showing us is, in a sense, a preview of the selected area. White is selected, black isn't selected. You can also change this by clicking on this menu here. Let's choose, say, White Matte. I want to see a different perspective that we faintly selected this area of the image. Well, this faint selection, it isn't strong enough. So what I need to do is go back to just the Sampled Colors, and I want to click on the image.
I'll stay in this White Matte view because it's kind of helpful to see this. When I click on the image, either in this window or in this window here, you can see it's now showing me the selected area. Remember white means selected, black, not selected. What I could then do is I could increase my Fuzziness. As I do that, you are going to see that the edges they become softer, decrease that, well, they become harder. What about Range? Well, Range defines how far out from the area where you click the selection extends, a small area or a larger area.
You can see it's extending out further. These two controls work together as well, the more the Fuzziness, the more we can see that that range is going to reach into different areas of the picture. Well, here we have a decent selection of the shirt. Yet it's not very strong down here. We don't see enough of it down here. Well, to add to a selection, just click on this icon here, a little plus icon next to it, and then go ahead and click and drag around your image. You can see that as I am doing this, it's just building up more of the selection and I have a nice selection now of the shirt.
But I also have some of the background. We can see the jeans in the background. We can diminish that by decreasing our Fuzziness, right. We can remove that from this selection. Well, we have a pretty good selection now. We created this by using these Eyedropper tools and by using our two controls Fuzziness and Range. The next step is to go ahead and click OK. Now that we have this active selection, what you want to do is choose any of your Selection tools, say like the Lasso tool.
This will activate the Refine Edge dialog. The reason why you want to choose one of these tools is this allows you to refine the edges of the selection which we just made. Go to Refine Edge. We've seen this one before, right? We know that Smart Radius really helps out when we have edges. Notice how those edges, well, they just look so much better. Let me show you that before and after. A little bit too choppy there, right? Now much better. Add some contrast, maybe smooth things out a little bit. Actually, it looks like Smooth didn't work out so well for me.
I'll go ahead and leave that at 0. Well, I just want to refine that up a little bit and then click OK. So why did I do that? What am I trying to illustrate here? Well, first I'm trying to illustrate this idea of how you can work with Color Range to make a selection based on color. Next, how we can use this tool with what we already know about refining our selections using Refine Edge. Again, we're just kind of combining things here a little bit. The final step will be to use an adjustment in order to control color.
There are lots of ways to do this. One really simple way is to click on one of our Adjustment layer icons, say, Color Balance, and then here I'll go ahead and click and drag the slider. You can see how I can change the overall color of the shirt. Perhaps I want this to be more red, or maybe we could change it to a different color as well. We have a lot of creative control once we've made the selection. We can make really subtle adjustments, or we can make something which was really dramatic and strong. And you can make other adjustments as well, as you work with these controls and you could use other adjustment layers, too, on top of what we've done here.
So the point isn't necessarily the color of the shirt, but that we were able to select it and then modify it by using Color Range. Let's take a look at another scenario. Here, we are going to click on tent.psd. With this file, one of the things that I notice is that this area of the tent on the right-hand side in this photograph that I captured, it's a little too dark. I want to breathe some life into the area. Well, to do that, we might select that part of the tent by going to Color Range. So here, I'll go ahead and choose my Move tool and then choose Select and then click on Color Range.
What I want to do is click on the Sampled Color, whether I want to work on the sky or the tent. I click on that area. Remember, you can change your view so that you can see this in different ways. Sometimes it's helpful to be able to see more of this, perhaps, with a background. You could have it on black or on white. Next, we can use an icon like this one here and just click and drag across the image in order to build up the selection. And I am just clicking and dragging here, trying to click across these areas of the tent that I want to modify.
If ever I bring in areas that I don't want to change--in this case you can see some of the scene that I was looking at what I captured this image is now coming in as a selection in there. So what I am going to do is use the icon with the minus sign and just click across that. I don't want to select that. I'll control my Fuzziness here a little bit, also this range as far as what areas I want to select and just make a few more changes to this until I get a nice selection there. Now here, what we are going to do is just click OK in order to apply this, and after we're satisfied with our selection, and all that we'll see is marching ants, no changes yet.
The changes come when we create an adjustment. Again, we could choose one of these icons here. We'll talk more about them later, but for now let's choose Brightness/Contrast. By doing that, once we now use these controls--because we first made that selection--what it's going to do is just control that area of the image, and you can see primarily it's that side over there. Perhaps I'll add a little bit of contrast as well and just break that up a little bit, and you can see how we've now adjusted the image.
Here is before, and now here's after. So this type of an adjustment it can be immensely helpful. And it's not only helpful in situations like this where we are taking a color and changing it and doing something kind of creative, it's also really helpful in corrective situations where we have an incorrect color that we need to kind of fix. Well, let's take a look at how we can fix color with the selection technique, and let's do that in the next movie.
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