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Photoshop is one of the world’s most powerful image editors, and it can be daunting to try to use skillfully. Photoshop CS4 One-on-One: Advanced, the second part of the popular and comprehensive series, follows internationally renowned Photoshop guru Deke McClelland as he dives into the workings of Photoshop. He explores such digital-age wonders as the Levels and Curves commands, edge-detection filters, advanced compositing techniques, vector-based text, the Liquify filter, and Camera Raw. Deke also teaches tried-and-true methods for sharpening details, smoothing over wrinkles and imperfections, and enhancing colors without harming the original image. Exercise files accompany the course.
Recommended prerequisite: Photoshop CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals.
Download Deke's customized keyboard layouts and color settings for Photoshop from the Exercise Files tab.
All right friends, I have gone ahead and saved my progress so far as Yummy, yummy juice.psd, and we are about to create a layer style. Now here's how it works. Each one of these items, Drop Shadow, Inner Shadow, Bevel and Emboss; each one of them is an independent layer effect. Altogether they represent a layer style that you can save and apply to other layers at your whim. Here is how you do it. So, you have spent like 20-30 minutes assembling this wonderful collection of layer effects that's get you this Yummy, yummy juice, right here.
Now you want to save it off, so you never have to do that work again. Well, what you do is you bring up the Style's palette. So Click on the word Styles here on this Style tab, up here at the top of the screen. If you don't see it, you can go to the Window menu and choose Styles. That will bring up the Style palette. Now notice at the bottom of the Style palette there are three little icons here. This is Trash can icon that allows you to throw styles away. There is this little page icon that allows you to create a new style, and I'll show you different way to do that. But if you Click on Create New Style, it will bring up a dialog box, you type in a name, turn on or off some check boxes, Click OK, and you are done. But I'm going to Click Cancel. I'll show you that in just a second.
Then we have this option right here, this icon that allows you to clear the style. Notice if you Click on Clear Style, everything about this layer is going to go away. So not only the layer effects, but also Screen, Fill, everything. So notice what happens, I Click on Clear Style, and we just get a flat layer of goofy orange and that's it. Notice that it's also, the blend mode is set to Normal, Opacity, 100% Fill, 100% as well. So you might think, why in the world would you ever want to do that? Why you want to take all of your hard work and absolutely totally trash it? And the reason is, let's say you duplicated a layer, and you want to do something different with it, and it's just laden with layer effects and blending options.
Why then you can get rid of them really fast by Clicking on that icon. All right, I'm going to press Ctrl+Z, Command+Z on the Mac to undo that lunatic maneuver, because I don't want to do that. What I want to do is create a new style, and I'm going to do this in a way I haven't shown you so far. I'm going to bring over my bucket, and notice, my Bucket is talking to me. It's saying, Click to create a new style. If you move your cursor over an empty area inside the Style's palette, then it becomes the bucket, and if you Click with the Bucket, then you bring up the New Style dialog box, just as if you would Click on that little Page icon. So it's just a different way to work. I can't say its any easier actually, it's just different.
All right, I'm going to call this Liquid effect. Notice that I'm not calling it orange liquid. In the past I have, and it might make sense, because there are some orange shadows that are assigned to both the Bevel and Emboss effect, and to the Inner Shadow and Drop Shadow effects. Notice that I'm not calling it orange liquid, which is something I have done in the past. You might think that I should, because after all a lot about these effects are orange. We have some orange shading that is applied by the Drop Shadow effect, and by the Inner Shadow effect, and by the Bevel and Emboss effect. But the majority of the orangeness associated with this layer is imparted by the fact that it is actually orange. If you were to apply this effect to a layer that had a different color going on, as we will in the next exercise, then you would see it's not orange.
Anyway, note the check boxes right here. We have got Include layer effects. Sure, we should definitely include all the layer effects, Include layer blending options. Also on by default. Notice both of these are on by defaults. This check box right here is going to go ahead and Save Screen, and Fill and any other special blending settings. Click OK to accept that. We want to save both of those. Now we might as well also save the effects with the logo layer, because it's got a lot of stuff going on. That Bevel and Emboss effect that's applied to those letters, it's wicked cool; it's really, really good. There's a lot of stuff going on. All you got to do is Double-Click on it in order to learn all about it. But what I want to do is Click on the logo layer, and let's go ahead and save it out as well. Go up, move the cursor into an empty area of the style's palette. You get the little talking bucket; go ahead and Click inside of that area.
Oh, look at he check boxes. Layer effects is turned on, but layer blending options is turned off. That's because there are no special layer blending options; it's just Normal 100, 100. Were there no effects, but a bunch of different blending options, then this would be turned on by default, and this would be turn off by default. So you can just go ahead and save the blending options as a style if you want to, which can be useful sometimes. All right, but we might as well accept what it says, and what I would like to do is say no, no, no; include layer Blending Options which would mean Normal, you would go ahead and reset that layer to Normal, and you would set its Opacity and Fill values to 100 and 100. The problem is, this check box whether on or off, refuses to save any settings that are typical settings. So if the default value for the blend mode if Normal which it is, then it gets ignored by this checkbox. So everything gets ignored essentially by this check box. So turning it on doesn't do us any good. You can experiment with that if you want.
I'll leave it turned on. So we can see in the next exercise it doesn't help us. I'll go ahead and call this, Babbled letters, and I'll Click OK. Now we have two styles. Now something to note about these little two styles. They are Static styles, meaning that there's no way to edit them. If you decide to change your mind about a few settings, you've got to create a new style right there, and throw the old one away. To get rid of a style by the way, you can drag it to the Trash Can if you want to, but the easier thing to do is, press the Alt or Option key, and you get a little pair of scissors, and then you Click, and that will be the demise of that style. Don't do it, I don't think that's an undo-able operation. So you have to be careful on that one.
Also, worth knowing about Styles here is that even though you have saved them to the Styles palette you haven't saved them to the Document. They are not included as members of this image at all, they are just part of Photoshop's Preference settings now. So if you were to crash for example, you would lose these styles. But if you were to quit Photoshop successfully and then restart it, then they would come back up as happy little members of your Preferences, and you can use them inside of other images if you want to. All right, so having said that, in the next exercise I'm going to show you how to apply these styles in a couple of different ways to other layers inside your image. Stay tuned.
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